What is Science Fiction?
• Science fiction is a writing style which
combines science and fiction.
• It is constrained by what we presently
regard as the basic physical laws of
• It evolved as a response to fantasy.
Science Fiction VS. Fantasy
In Science Fiction, there needs to be some
possibility that the events could possibly
In Fantasy, the author can use far-fetched
assumptions. ie; unicorns, three-legged
The first Science Fiction novel
Mary Shelley used a scientific
rationale, combined with certain
religious ideas, to convince the reader
that her story was possible but
touched upon the improbable.
Twenty Thousand Leagues
under the Seas
Jules Verne is a very well-known author
who wrote science fiction books with
elements that are very close to reality.
In fact a lot of the futuristic elements he
wrote about have now been invented.
Sci Fi in the Movies
Even before talkies, science fiction made
its mark on film:
from 1926 was
the first classic
Sci Fi in the 1930’s
Several great classic films were
produced in the 30’s.
Was based on
a novel by
author H. G. Wells
Sci Fi in the 1950’s
About 500 films and shorts that can be
classified science fiction were made
between 1948 and 1962
Science fiction really became a popular
genre after the atomic bomb was
dropped on Hiroshima.
This event inspired a lot of after-the-bomb
and alien invasion films.
Sci Fi Movies in the ’60’s
In 1960 another novel by H.G. Wells was filmed.
The Time Machine, starring Rod Taylor.
Sci Fi Movies in the 70’s
1977 the debut of
Star Wars sparked
a revitalization of
Due to the huge
success of this film,
the market for and
interest in science
fiction as film and
Sci Fi Movies Today
In the last couple of decades the amount of sci fi
movies has exploded – probably because of new
possibilities with technology.