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SoS part 2 - songs 1 to 3

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SoS part 2 - songs 1 to 3

  1. 1. The Song of Solomon5 Studies<br />Study 2, Songs 1 - 3<br />7th July 2010<br />
  2. 2. Last time’s study on a single slide<br />Study 1, Introduction & Background<br />The superlative name – THE SONG OF SONGS<br />The author and timing – Solomon, probably around 960 BC<br />The pattern – Solomon’s 3 books & the 3 sections of temple<br />The book of love – between Bridegroom and Bride<br />The key to unlocking its content – Judaism (God and Israel), Christianity (Christ and Saints)<br />The characters – almost all dialogue is Bride, Bridegroom or Virgins (>95%)<br />The structure – 12 Israelitish songs (3 – 25 verses in length)<br />The warning – “thou art unto them as a very lovely song... they hear thy words, but they do them not” (Ezekiel 33v32)<br />
  3. 3. Reminder of our 5 studies (God willing)<br />Study 2<br />Study 4<br /><ul><li>Introduction & Background
  4. 4. Songs 1–3
  5. 5. Songs 4–6
  6. 6. Songs 7–9
  7. 7. Songs 10–12 & Conclusion</li></ul>Study 1<br />Study 3<br />Study 5<br />
  8. 8. The 12 Songs – our suggested split<br />Song 1ch. 1v1-8<br />[8 verses]<br />Song 2 ch. 1v9-2v7<br />[16 verses]<br />Song 3ch. 2v8-17<br />[10 verses]<br />Song 4ch. 3v1-5<br />[5 verses]<br />Song 1ch. 1v1-8<br />[8 verses]<br />Song 2 ch. 1v9-2v7<br />[16 verses]<br />Song 3ch. 2v8-17<br />[10 verses]<br />Song 5ch. 3v6-4v7<br />[13 verses]<br />Song 6ch. 4v8-5v1<br />[10 verses]<br />Song 7ch. 5v2-6v10<br />[25 verses]<br />Song 8 ch. 6v11-13<br />[3 verses]<br />Song 9ch. 7v1-9<br />[9 verses]<br />Song 10ch. 7v10-8v4<br />[8 verses]<br />Song 11ch. 8v5-7<br />[3 verses]<br />Song 12ch. 8v8-14<br />[7 verses]<br />= total 117 verses<br />
  9. 9. SONG 1 – chapter 1 v 1 - 8<br />
  10. 10. Overview of Song 1<br />Song 1: The Bride In The King’s Chamber<br />In numbers<br />A synopsis<br /><ul><li>8 verses total (includes 1 verse introduction)
  11. 11. 7 verses dialogue
  12. 12. Bride (5 verses)
  13. 13. Virgins (2 verses)</li></ul>1 v. 1 Introduction and Title<br />1 v. 2-3 Her desire for her beloved<br />1 v. 4-6 Her modesty and self-effacing humility<br />1 v. 7 Her desire to be with her beloved<br />1 v. 8 Exhortation to labour and patiently awaiting his coming<br />
  14. 14. Notice the changes in person<br />Song 1 (chapter 1 v 1-8) – The Bride In The King’s Chamber<br />1v1The song of songs, which is Solomon's.<br />2Let him kiss me with the kisses of his mouth: for thy love is better than wine.<br />3Because of the savour of thy good ointments thy name is as ointment poured forth, therefore do the virgins love thee.<br />4Draw me, we will run after thee: the king hath brought me into his chambers: we will be glad and rejoice in thee, we will remember thy love more than wine: the upright love thee.<br />5I am black, but comely, O ye daughters of Jerusalem, as the tents of Kedar, as the curtains of Solomon.<br />6Look not upon me, because I am black, because the sun hath looked upon me: my mother's children were angry with me; they made me the keeper of the vineyards; but mine own vineyard have I not kept.<br />7Tell me, O thou whom my soul loveth, where thou feedest, where thou makest thy flock to rest at noon: for why should I be as one that turneth aside by the flocks of thy companions?<br />8If thou know not, O thou fairest among women, go thy way forth by the footsteps of the flock, and feed thy kids beside the shepherds' tents.<br />
  15. 15. Song 1 (chapter 1 v 1-8) – The Bride In The King’s Chamber<br />1v1The song of songs, which is Solomon's.<br />2Let him kiss me with the kisses of his mouth: for thy love is better than wine.<br />3Because of the savour of thy good ointments thy name is as ointment poured forth, therefore do the virgins love thee.<br />4Draw me, we will run after thee: the king hath brought me into his chambers: we will be glad and rejoice in thee, we will remember thy love more than wine: the upright love thee.<br />5I am black, but comely, O ye daughters of Jerusalem, as the tents of Kedar, as the curtains of Solomon.<br />6Look not upon me, because I am black, because the sun hath looked upon me: my mother's children were angry with me; they made me the keeper of the vineyards; but mine own vineyard have I not kept.<br />7Tell me, O thou whom my soul loveth, where thou feedest, where thou makest thy flock to rest at noon: for why should I be as one that turneth aside by the flocks of thy companions?<br />8If thou know not, O thou fairest among women, go thy way forth by the footsteps of the flock, and feed thy kids beside the shepherds' tents.<br />“Kiss” – a token of love (“a kiss of charity” 1 Peter 5v14)<br />“Better than wine” – the intoxicating love of the Bridegroom, connect with emblems?<br />“Ointment” – 165 of its 193 appearances this Hebrew word (shemen) is translated “oil”. Association with oil in tabernacle/temple service and also used for anointing<br />
  16. 16. Song 1 (chapter 1 v 1-8) – The Bride In The King’s Chamber<br />1v1The song of songs, which is Solomon's.<br />2Let him kiss me with the kisses of his mouth: for thy love is better than wine.<br />3Because of the savour of thy good ointments thy name is as ointment poured forth, therefore do the virgins love thee.<br />4Draw me, we will run after thee: the king hath brought me into his chambers: we will be glad and rejoice in thee, we will remember thy love more than wine: the upright love thee.<br />5I am black, but comely, O ye daughters of Jerusalem, as the tents of Kedar, as the curtains of Solomon.<br />6Look not upon me, because I am black, because the sun hath looked upon me: my mother's children were angry with me; they made me the keeper of the vineyards; but mine own vineyard have I not kept.<br />7Tell me, O thou whom my soul loveth, where thou feedest, where thou makest thy flock to rest at noon: for why should I be as one that turneth aside by the flocks of thy companions?<br />8If thou know not, O thou fairest among women, go thy way forth by the footsteps of the flock, and feed thy kids beside the shepherds' tents.<br />“Draw me... into his chambers”<br />“The king's daughter is all glorious within [NKJV “within the palace”, ESV “in her chamber”]: her clothing is of wrought gold. She shall be brought unto the king in raiment of needlework: the virgins her companions that follow her shall be brought unto thee. With gladness and rejoicing shall they be brought: they shall enter into the king's palace.” (Psalm 45v13-15)<br />
  17. 17. Song 1 (chapter 1 v 1-8) – The Bride In The King’s Chamber<br />1v1The song of songs, which is Solomon's.<br />2Let him kiss me with the kisses of his mouth: for thy love is better than wine.<br />3Because of the savour of thy good ointments thy name is as ointment poured forth, therefore do the virgins love thee.<br />4Draw me, we will run after thee: the king hath brought me into his chambers: we will be glad and rejoice in thee, we will remember thy love more than wine: the upright love thee.<br />5I am black, but comely, O ye daughters of Jerusalem, as the tents of Kedar, as the curtains of Solomon.<br />6Look not upon me, because I am black, because the sun hath looked upon me: my mother's children were angry with me; they made me the keeper of the vineyards; but mine own vineyard have I not kept.<br />7Tell me, O thou whom my soul loveth, where thou feedest, where thou makest thy flock to rest at noon: for why should I be as one that turneth aside by the flocks of thy companions?<br />8If thou know not, O thou fairest among women, go thy way forth by the footsteps of the flock, and feed thy kids beside the shepherds' tents.<br />“I am so black; but [you are] lovely and pleasant [the ladies assured her]...” (Amplified Bible)<br />Bride self-effacing >> “I am black... as the tents of Kedar”<br /> “Black” = shachor = ‘dusky’; “Kedar” = son of Ishmael = ‘dusky (of the skin or the tent)’ = goat’s hair curtains, blackened by sun. Indicates persecution (as Revelation 7v16)<br />Virgins exalt her >> “Comely... as the curtains of Solomon”<br /> “Comely” = suitable, or beautiful; “Curtains of Solomon” = of the tabernacle/temple<br />
  18. 18. Song 1 (chapter 1 v 1-8) – The Bride In The King’s Chamber<br />1v1The song of songs, which is Solomon's.<br />2Let him kiss me with the kisses of his mouth: for thy love is better than wine.<br />3Because of the savour of thy good ointments thy name is as ointment poured forth, therefore do the virgins love thee.<br />4Draw me, we will run after thee: the king hath brought me into his chambers: we will be glad and rejoice in thee, we will remember thy love more than wine: the upright love thee.<br />5I am black, but comely, O ye daughters of Jerusalem, as the tents of Kedar, as the curtains of Solomon.<br />6Look not upon me, because I am black, because the sun hath looked upon me: my mother's children were angry with me; they made me the keeper of the vineyards; but mine own vineyard have I not kept.<br />7Tell me, O thou whom my soul loveth, where thou feedest, where thou makest thy flock to rest at noon: for why should I be as one that turneth aside by the flocks of thy companions?<br />8If thou know not, O thou fairest among women, go thy way forth by the footsteps of the flock, and feed thy kids beside the shepherds' tents.<br />“Fairest among women” – the book is full of superlatives, this phrase is repeated three times (other appearances are 5v9 and 6v1)<br />“Flock... kids... shepherds’ tents” – references to shepherding, as also found in the description of the Bride in both chapters 4 (v. 1, 2) and 6 (v. 5, 6). We are waiting for the Chief Shepherd to appear (1 Peter 5v4)<br />
  19. 19. SONG 2 – chapter 1 v 9 – 2 v 7<br />
  20. 20. Overview of Song 2<br />Song 2: The Bride In His Garden Retreat<br />In numbers<br />A synopsis<br /><ul><li>16 verses total
  21. 21. 16 verses dialogue
  22. 22. Bride (11 verses)
  23. 23. Bridegroom (4 verses)
  24. 24. Angel (1 verse)</li></ul>1 v. 9-11 The Bridegroom lovingly praises his bride<br />1 v. 12-14 The comfort of his love<br />1 v. 15-2 v. 4 Their joy and loving communion<br />2 v. 5-7 Longing for the marriage<br />
  25. 25. Change to plural voice<br />Feminine<br />Masculine<br />Song 2 (chapter 1 v 9 to chapter 2 v 7) – The Bride In His Garden Retreat<br />9I have compared thee, O my love, to a company of horses in Pharaoh's chariots.<br />10Thy cheeks are comely with rows of jewels, thy neck with chains of gold.<br />11We will make thee borders of gold with studs of silver.<br />12While the king sitteth at his table, my spikenard sendeth forth the smell thereof.<br />13A bundle of myrrh is my wellbeloved unto me; he shall lie all night betwixt my breasts.<br />14My beloved is unto me as a cluster of camphire in the vineyards of En-gedi.<br />15Behold, thou art fair, my love; behold, thou art fair; thou hast doves' eyes.<br />16Behold, thou art fair, my beloved, yea, pleasant: also our bed is green.<br />17The beams of our house are cedar, and our rafters of fir.<br />2v1I am the rose of Sharon, and the lily of the valleys.<br />2As the lily among thorns, so is my love among the daughters.<br />3 As the apple tree among the trees of the wood, so is my beloved among the sons. I sat down under his shadow with great delight, and his fruit was sweet to my taste.<br />4 He brought me to the banqueting house, and his banner over me was love.<br />5 Stay me with flagons, comfort me with apples: for I am sick of love.<br />6 His left hand is under my head, and his right hand doth embrace me.<br />7 I charge you, O ye daughters of Jerusalem, by the roes, and by the hinds of the field, that ye stir not up, nor awake my love, till he please.<br />Parallels, with change of gender<br />
  26. 26. Song 2 (chapter 1 v 9 to chapter 2 v 7) – The Bride In His Garden Retreat<br />9I have compared thee, O my love, to a company of horses in Pharaoh's chariots.<br />10Thy cheeks are comely with rows of jewels, thy neck with chains of gold.<br />11We will make thee borders of gold with studs of silver.<br />12While the king sitteth at his table, my spikenard sendeth forth the smell thereof.<br />13A bundle of myrrh is my wellbeloved unto me; he shall lie all night betwixt my breasts.<br />14My beloved is unto me as a cluster of camphire in the vineyards of En-gedi.<br />15Behold, thou art fair, my love; behold, thou art fair; thou hast doves' eyes.<br />16Behold, thou art fair, my beloved, yea, pleasant: also our bed is green.<br />17The beams of our house are cedar, and our rafters of fir.<br />2v1I am the rose of Sharon, and the lily of the valleys.<br />2As the lily among thorns, so is my love among the daughters.<br />3 As the apple tree among the trees of the wood, so is my beloved among the sons. I sat down under his shadow with great delight, and his fruit was sweet to my taste.<br />4 He brought me to the banqueting house, and his banner over me was love.<br />5 Stay me with flagons, comfort me with apples: for I am sick of love.<br />6 His left hand is under my head, and his right hand doth embrace me.<br />7 I charge you, O ye daughters of Jerusalem, by the roes, and by the hinds of the field, that ye stir not up, nor awake my love, till he please.<br />“Spikenard” – only appearance outside Songs = Mary anointing Jesus for burial (Mk. 14v3)<br />“Myrrh” – association with death and burial (Jesus: John 19v39)<br />“Camphire” = kopher = ‘a cover’ = also translated “ransom” (e.g. Exodus 30v12)<br />
  27. 27. Song 2 (chapter 1 v 9 to chapter 2 v 7) – The Bride In His Garden Retreat<br />9I have compared thee, O my love, to a company of horses in Pharaoh's chariots.<br />10Thy cheeks are comely with rows of jewels, thy neck with chains of gold.<br />11We will make thee borders of gold with studs of silver.<br />12While the king sitteth at his table, my spikenard sendeth forth the smell thereof.<br />13A bundle of myrrh is my wellbeloved unto me; he shall lie all night betwixt my breasts.<br />14My beloved is unto me as a cluster of camphire in the vineyards of En-gedi.<br />15Behold, thou art fair, my love; behold, thou art fair; thou hast doves' eyes.<br />16Behold, thou art fair, my beloved, yea, pleasant: also our bed is green.<br />17The beams of our house are cedar, and our rafters of fir.<br />2v1I am the rose of Sharon, and the lily of the valleys.<br />2As the lily among thorns, so is my love among the daughters.<br />3 As the apple tree among the trees of the wood, so is my beloved among the sons. I sat down under his shadow with great delight, and his fruit was sweet to my taste.<br />4 He brought me to the banqueting house, and his banner over me was love.<br />5 Stay me with flagons, comfort me with apples: for I am sick of love.<br />6 His left hand is under my head, and his right hand doth embrace me.<br />7 I charge you, O ye daughters of Jerusalem, by the roes, and by the hinds of the field, that ye stir not up, nor awake my love, till he please.<br />Notice the reciprocal love between the Bride and the Bridegroom “thou art fair... thou art fair”. Throughout the book there is deep connection between the sayings of the two<br />“Cedar... fir” = evergreen; “rose of Sharon... lily of the valleys” = quite common flowers<br />
  28. 28. Song 2 (chapter 1 v 9 to chapter 2 v 7) – The Bride In His Garden Retreat<br />9I have compared thee, O my love, to a company of horses in Pharaoh's chariots.<br />10Thy cheeks are comely with rows of jewels, thy neck with chains of gold.<br />11We will make thee borders of gold with studs of silver.<br />12While the king sitteth at his table, my spikenard sendeth forth the smell thereof.<br />13A bundle of myrrh is my wellbeloved unto me; he shall lie all night betwixt my breasts.<br />14My beloved is unto me as a cluster of camphire in the vineyards of En-gedi.<br />15Behold, thou art fair, my love; behold, thou art fair; thou hast doves' eyes.<br />16Behold, thou art fair, my beloved, yea, pleasant: also our bed is green.<br />17The beams of our house are cedar, and our rafters of fir.<br />2v1I am the rose of Sharon, and the lily of the valleys.<br />2As the lily among thorns, so is my love among the daughters.<br />3 As the apple tree among the trees of the wood, so is my beloved among the sons. I sat down under his shadow with great delight, and his fruit was sweet to my taste.<br />4 He brought me to the banqueting house, and his banner over me was love.<br />5 Stay me with flagons, comfort me with apples: for I am sick of love.<br />6 His left hand is under my head, and his right hand doth embrace me.<br />7 I charge you, O ye daughters of Jerusalem, by the roes, and by the hinds of the field, that ye stir not up, nor awake my love, till he please.<br />“lily among thorns” = Bridegroom’s response to the Bride’s modesty (marks her out)<br />“banqueting house” = house of vineyard / wine; “his banner” = Eastern weddings custom<br />“I am sick of love” or NET / NRSV “I am faint with love” <br />
  29. 29. SONG 3 – chapter 2 v 8 - 17<br />
  30. 30. Overview of Song 3<br />Song 3: The Bridegroom’s Call<br />In numbers<br />A synopsis<br /><ul><li>10 verses total
  31. 31. 10 verses dialogue
  32. 32. Bridegroom (5 ½ verses)
  33. 33. Bride (4 ½ verses)</li></ul>2 v. 8-9 Her excitement at signs of his coming<br />2 v. 10-13 The Bridegroom’s call<br />2 v. 14 His desire for his bride<br />2 v. 15 Preparations at his coming<br />2 v. 16-17 The bride’s response<br />
  34. 34. Indicates change in speaker<br />Song 3 (chapter 2 v 8-17) – The Bridegroom’s Call<br />8 The voice of my beloved! behold, he cometh leaping upon the mountains, skipping upon the hills.<br />9 My beloved is like a roe or a young hart: behold, he standeth behind our wall, he looketh forth at the windows, shewing himself through the lattice.<br />10 My beloved spake, and said unto me, Rise up, my love, my fair one, and come away.<br />11For, lo, the winter is past, the rain is over and gone;<br />12 The flowers appear on the earth; the time of the singing of birds is come, and the voice of the turtle is heard in our land;<br />13 The fig tree putteth forth her green figs, and the vines with the tender grape give a good smell. Arise, my love, my fair one, and come away.<br />14 O my dove, that art in the clefts of the rock, in the secret places of the stairs, let me see thy countenance, let me hear thy voice; for sweet is thy voice, and thy countenance is comely.<br />15 Take us the foxes, the little foxes, that spoil the vines: for our vines have tender grapes.<br />16 My beloved is mine, and I am his: he feedeth among the lilies.<br />17 Until the day break, and the shadows flee away, turn, my beloved, and be thou like a roe or a young hart upon the mountains of Bether.<br />Masculine<br />
  35. 35. Song 3 (chapter 2 v 8-17) – The Bridegroom’s Call<br />8 The voice of my beloved! behold, he cometh leaping upon the mountains, skipping upon the hills.<br />9 My beloved is like a roe or a young hart: behold, he standeth behind our wall, he looketh forth at the windows, shewing himself through the lattice.<br />10 My beloved spake, and said unto me, Rise up, my love, my fair one, and come away.<br />11For, lo, the winter is past, the rain is over and gone;<br />12 The flowers appear on the earth; the time of the singing of birds is come, and the voice of the turtle is heard in our land;<br />13 The fig tree putteth forth her green figs, and the vines with the tender grape give a good smell. Arise, my love, my fair one, and come away.<br />14 O my dove, that art in the clefts of the rock, in the secret places of the stairs, let me see thy countenance, let me hear thy voice; for sweet is thy voice, and thy countenance is comely.<br />15 Take us the foxes, the little foxes, that spoil the vines: for our vines have tender grapes.<br />16 My beloved is mine, and I am his: he feedeth among the lilies.<br />17 Until the day break, and the shadows flee away, turn, my beloved, and be thou like a roe or a young hart upon the mountains of Bether.<br />“Like a roe or a young hart” – both clean animals in the law (Deuteronomy 14v5). Both fleet and sure footed. Both also appear together in verse 17 and ch. 8 v. 14. Link with miraculous healing in kingdom, see Isaiah 35v6 “lame man leap as an hart”<br />“The voice... behind our wall... through the lattice” – the Bridegroom begins to reveal himself to the Bride, but still separated <br />
  36. 36. Song 3 (chapter 2 v 8-17) – The Bridegroom’s Call<br />8 The voice of my beloved! behold, he cometh leaping upon the mountains, skipping upon the hills.<br />9 My beloved is like a roe or a young hart: behold, he standeth behind our wall, he looketh forth at the windows, shewing himself through the lattice.<br />10 My beloved spake, and said unto me, Rise up, my love, my fair one, and come away.<br />11For, lo, the winter is past, the rain is over and gone;<br />12 The flowers appear on the earth; the time of the singing of birds is come, and the voice of the turtle is heard in our land;<br />13 The fig tree putteth forth her green figs, and the vines with the tender grape give a good smell. Arise, my love, my fair one, and come away.<br />14 O my dove, that art in the clefts of the rock, in the secret places of the stairs, let me see thy countenance, let me hear thy voice; for sweet is thy voice, and thy countenance is comely.<br />15 Take us the foxes, the little foxes, that spoil the vines: for our vines have tender grapes.<br />16 My beloved is mine, and I am his: he feedeth among the lilies.<br />17 Until the day break, and the shadows flee away, turn, my beloved, and be thou like a roe or a young hart upon the mountains of Bether.<br />“Rise up... the winter is past... flowers appear... arise” – language of resurrection/revival<br />“Dove” – 31 references to dove in scripture, 6 in Song of Songs. Clean bird in law, used in sacrifice (Leviticus 5v7: “pigeon” = dove). Purity and innocence (Psalm 55v6-8). Most important in context of Songs is they have a single mate for life, not forsaken until death<br />“Foxes” – used in Ezekiel 13v4 to symbolise false prophets. They spoiled Israel’s vine<br />
  37. 37. Song 3 (chapter 2 v 8-17) – The Bridegroom’s Call<br />8 The voice of my beloved! behold, he cometh leaping upon the mountains, skipping upon the hills.<br />9 My beloved is like a roe or a young hart: behold, he standeth behind our wall, he looketh forth at the windows, shewing himself through the lattice.<br />10 My beloved spake, and said unto me, Rise up, my love, my fair one, and come away.<br />11For, lo, the winter is past, the rain is over and gone;<br />12 The flowers appear on the earth; the time of the singing of birds is come, and the voice of the turtle is heard in our land;<br />13 The fig tree putteth forth her green figs, and the vines with the tender grape give a good smell. Arise, my love, my fair one, and come away.<br />14 O my dove, that art in the clefts of the rock, in the secret places of the stairs, let me see thy countenance, let me hear thy voice; for sweet is thy voice, and thy countenance is comely.<br />15 Take us the foxes, the little foxes, that spoil the vines: for our vines have tender grapes.<br />16 My beloved is mine, and I am his: he feedeth among the lilies.<br />17 Until the day break, and the shadows flee away, turn, my beloved, and be thou like a roe or a young hart upon the mountains of Bether.<br />“Until the day break...” – also appears in Songs ch. 4 v. 6. “Break” in Hebrew literally means ‘breathes’, breathing life into new day. NET: “Until the dawn arrives...”<br />“The mountains of Bether”, bether = ‘section’, ‘part’, ‘piece’. Not a literal mountain, links back to dividing of an animal for ‘cutting a covenant’ (only other appearances of this word are in this context: Genesis 15v10, Jeremiah 34v18-19)<br />
  38. 38. Some brief conclusions<br />A lot of instruction can be gained through simply understanding the different speaking parts. Watch out for<br />Introductions<br />Changes in gender<br />Use of plural / singular<br />The use of particular plants and animals is very deliberate (and enlightening)<br />Embedded throughout the Songs is a description of Christ (both his first and second coming)<br />
  39. 39. Study 3 – 25th August (God willing)<br />Study 2<br /><ul><li>Introduction & Background
  40. 40. Songs 1–3
  41. 41. Songs 4–6</li></ul>Study 1<br />Study 3<br />

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