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Servant songs of Isaiah - Song 4

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Servant songs of Isaiah - Song 4

  1. 1. The Servant Songs of Isaiah - Song 4 Could Song 4 have any other fulfilment? Laindon Bible Study 12th December 2012 “Behold, my servant...” cp. 2 Chro. 32 v 16 If so, how can we relate it to King Hezekiah?
  2. 2. Study 5 Study 4 Study 3 Study 2 Study 1 Our five studies conclude The heart of the matter: How can we model ourselves upon God’s ideal servant? 12th December 2012 The Servant Songs of Isaiah - Song 4 2
  3. 3. * God’s Word Translation • • • • Useful heading in GWT* for Song 3: ‘The LORD’s Servant Trusts in the LORD’s Help’ The servant’s situation and response intensified (but so also did God’s provision) This Song not quoted in NT, however once again content was very clearly Messianic Historical relevance in times of Hezekiah, particularly Rabshakeh’s voice of reproach: – – – – • The comforting and restful words of Hezekiah to the besieged city (Isa. 50 v 4 cp. 2 Chron. 32 v 6,8) Hezekiah’s affliction, as if “plowers plowed upon my back” (Isa. 50 v 6 cp. Song of Degrees: Psa. 129 v 2-3) Hezekiah, Judah’s most trusting King, confident in the LORD’s help (Isa. 50 v 7,9 cp. 2 Chron. 32 v 8) Overall: Hezekiah, God’s servant, rebelled against Assyrians, not God (Isa. 50 v 5 cp. 2 Kings 18 v 5,7) The basis of our Lord’s service was sacrifice through choice: – – – – • • • A one slide recap of Song 3 Jesus’ tongue (words) guided only by God (Isa. 50 v 4 cp. John 7 v 16-17 & 12 v 49-50) Jesus endured physical trials and affliction (Isa. 50 v 6 cp. Matthew 26 v 67) Jesus stedfastly set his face to go up to Jerusalem (Isa. 50 v 7 cp. Luke 9 v 51) Jesus trusted fully in God’s help and salvation (Isa. 50 v 7,9 cp. Psa. 22 v 19) An insight into the process by which Jesus learnt, his ear wakened each morning We too can be justified: “If God be for us, who can be against us?” (Rom. 8 v 31-34) Key summarising words for the song (connecting to basis of service): teachableness, subjection, surrender, dependence, trust, choice, commitment and endurance 12th December 2012 The Servant Songs of Isaiah - Song 4 3
  4. 4. Servant’s situation Tone Divinely selected –v1 Not discouraged –v4 Delighted in –v1 ch. 49 v 1-6 Origin Laboured/ spent – v 4 Submission – v 1/5 Strengthened –v5 Three ch. 50 v 4-9 Basis Smitten/ Resolve ashamed – v 6 – v 7 Helped – v 7/9 Cut off –v8 Prolonged – v 10 One Two Four ch. 42 v 1-4 [probably to v7] ch. 52 v 13 – ch. 53 v 12 12th December 2012 Results The Servant Songs of Isaiah - Song 4 Satisfaction – v 11 God’s provision Intensity Service theme Song Servant’s response Intensity Isaiah reference (minimum) Intensity The Four Servant Songs table 1 4
  5. 5. Intensity of service (situation/response) Pictorially represented 12th December 2012 The Servant Songs of Isaiah - Song 4 God’s provision 5
  6. 6. The Four Servant Songs table 2 Song One Two Isaiah reference (minimum) ch. 42 v 1-4 [probably to v7] ch. 49 v 1-6 Three ch. 50 v 4-9 Four ch. 52 v 13 – ch. 53 v 12 Direct quotes in NT Quotations 1 42 v 1-4 cited Matthew 12 v 18-21 1 49 v 6 cited Acts 13 v 47 Nil 9 No citations 52 v 15 cited Romans 15 v 21; 53 v 1 cited John 12 v 38; 53 v 1 cited Romans 10 v 16; 53 v 4 cited Matthew 8 v 17; 53 v 4-5 cited 1 Peter 2 v 24; 53 v 7-8 cited Acts 8 v 32-33; 53 v 9 cited 1 Peter 2 v 22; 53 v 12 cited Mark 15 v 28; 53 v 12 cited Luke 22 v 37 11 (/ 110 = 10%) 12th December 2012 The Servant Songs of Isaiah - Song 4 6
  7. 7. Despised Rejected Song 4 – Results of service Smitten Cut off Isaiah 52 v 13-53 v 12 13 Behold, my servant shall deal prudently, he shall be exalted and extolled, and be very high. 14 As many were astonied at thee; his visage was so marred more than any man, and his form more than the sons of men: 15 So shall he sprinkle many nations; the kings shall shut their mouths at him: for that which had not been told them shall they see; and that which they had not heard shall they consider. 53v1 Who hath believed our report? and to whom is the arm of the Lord revealed? 2 For he shall grow up before him as a tender plant, and as a root out of a dry ground: he hath no form nor comeliness; and when we shall see him, there is no beauty that we should desire him. 3 He is despised and rejected of men; a man of sorrows, and acquainted with grief: and we hid as it were our faces from him; he was despised, and we esteemed him not. 4 Surely he hath borne our griefs, and carried our sorrows: yet we did esteem him stricken, smitten of God, and afflicted. 5 But he was wounded for our transgressions, he was bruised for our iniquities: the chastisement of our peace was upon him; and with his stripes we are healed. 6 All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned every one to his own way; and the Lord hath laid on him the iniquity of us all. 7 He was oppressed, and he was afflicted, yet he opened not his mouth: he is brought as a lamb to the slaughter, and as a sheep before her shearers is dumb, so he openeth not his mouth. 8 He was taken from prison and from judgment: and who shall declare his generation? for he was cut off out of the land of the living: for the transgression of my people was he stricken. 9 And he made his grave with the wicked, and with the rich in his death; because he had done no violence, neither was any deceit in his mouth. 10 Yet it pleased the Lord to bruise him; he hath put him to grief: when thou shalt make his soul an offering for sin, he shall see his seed, he shall prolong his days, and the pleasure of the Lord shall prosper in his hand. 11 He shall see of the travail of his soul, and shall be satisfied: by his knowledge shall my righteous servant justify many; for he shall bear their iniquities. 12 Therefore will I divide him a portion with the great, and he shall divide the spoil with the strong; because he hath poured out his soul unto death: and he was numbered with the transgressors; and he bare the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors. 1st October 2011 Christ in the Prophets 7
  8. 8. Song 4 & Hezekiah (part 1) Isaiah 52 v 13-53 v 6 13 Behold, my servant shall deal prudently, he shall be exalted and extolled, and be very high. 14 As many were astonied at thee; his visage was so marred more than any man, and his form more than the sons of men: 15 So shall he sprinkle many nations; the kings shall shut their mouths at him: for that which had not been told them shall they see; and that which they had not heard shall they consider. 53v1 Who hath believed our report? and to whom is the arm of the Lord revealed? 2 For he shall grow up before him as a tender plant, and as a root out of a dry ground: he hath no form nor comeliness; and when we shall see him, there is no beauty that we should desire him. 3 He is despised and rejected of men; a man of sorrows, and acquainted with grief: and we hid as it were our faces from him; he was despised, and we esteemed him not. 4 Surely he hath borne our griefs, and carried our sorrows: yet we did esteem him stricken, smitten of God, and afflicted. 5 But he was wounded for our transgressions, he was bruised for our iniquities: the chastisement of our peace was upon him; and with his stripes we are healed. 6 All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned every one to his own way; and the Lord hath laid on him the iniquity of us The Servant Songs of Isaiah - Song 4 all. 12th December 2012 Song starts with a prophecy (“shall” x2). Hezekiah was “extolled” following miraculous destruction of Assyrian host (“magnified” = same Hebrew word) a Hezekiah “sick unto death” b, seemingly struck down by a form of leprosy c a 2 Chron. 32v23, b 2 Chron. 32v24, c Isa. 38v21 d 2 Chron. 32v31 8 e 2 Chron. 28v1,24-25 f Deut. 28v27,35
  9. 9. Hezekiah’s malady Elephantiasis? Pleurisy? Plague? Isaiah 38 v 1,21 (see also 2 Kings 20 v 7) 1 In those days was Hezekiah sick unto death. And Isaiah the prophet the son of Amoz came unto him, and said unto him, Thus saith the Lord, Set thine house in order: for thou shalt die, and not live. 21 For Isaiah had said, Let them take a lump of figs, and lay it for a plaister upon the boil, and he shall recover. Heb. shechiyn “used of man (leprosy)” Thayer • Total of 13 appearances in scripture: 4 about 6th Egyptian plague (Exo. 9), 2 as a warning of punishment to Israel (Deut. 28), 1 about Job’s affliction (Job 2), 2 about Hezekiah’s illness (above) and 4 in law of leprosy (Lev. 13) Leviticus 13 v 20 20 And if, when the priest seeth it, behold, it be in sight lower than the skin, and the hair thereof be turned white; the priest shall pronounce him unclean: it is a plague of leprosy broken out of the boil. 12th December 2012 The Servant Songs of Isaiah - Song 4 9
  10. 10. Song 4 & Hezekiah (part 1) Isaiah 52 v 13-53 v 6 13 Behold, my servant shall deal prudently, he shall be exalted and extolled, and be very high. 14 As many were astonied at thee; his visage was so marred more than any man, and his form more than the sons of men: 15 So shall he sprinkle many nations; the kings shall shut their mouths at him: for that which had not been told them shall they see; and that which they had not heard shall they consider. 53v1 Who hath believed our report? and to whom is the arm of the Lord revealed? 2 For he shall grow up before him as a tender plant, and as a root out of a dry ground: he hath no form nor comeliness; and when we shall see him, there is no beauty that we should desire him. 3 He is despised and rejected of men; a man of sorrows, and acquainted with grief: and we hid as it were our faces from him; he was despised, and we esteemed him not. 4 Surely he hath borne our griefs, and carried our sorrows: yet we did esteem him stricken, smitten of God, and afflicted. 5 But he was wounded for our transgressions, he was bruised for our iniquities: the chastisement of our peace was upon him; and with his stripes we are healed. 6 All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned every one to his own way; and the Lord hath laid on him the iniquity of us all. 12th December 2012 The Servant Songs of Isaiah - Song 4 Song starts with a prophecy (“shall” x2). Hezekiah “extolled” following miraculous destruction of Assyrian host (“magnified” = same word) a Hezekiah “sick unto death” b, seemingly struck down by a form of leprosy c Surrounding Kings do Hezekiah obeisance, due in part to the “wonder that was done in the land” d Hezekiah born to wicked King & amidst wicked generation e Although people perhaps concluded Hezekiah must be personally guilty, he actually suffered curse of whole nation’s disobedience f a 2 Chron. 32v23, b 2 Chron. 32v24, c Isa. 38v21 d 2 Chron. 32v31 10 e 2 Chron. 28v1,24-25 f Deut. 28v27,35
  11. 11. Song 4 & Hezekiah (part 2) Isaiah 53 v 7-12 7 He was oppressed, and he was afflicted, yet he opened not his mouth: he is brought as a lamb to the slaughter, and as a sheep before her shearers is dumb, so he openeth not his mouth. 8 He was taken from prison and from judgment: and who shall declare his generation? for he was cut off out of the land of the living: for the transgression of my people was he stricken. 9 And he made his grave with the wicked, and with the rich in his death; because he had done no violence, neither was any deceit in his mouth. 10 Yet it pleased the Lord to bruise him; he hath put him to grief: when thou shalt make his soul an offering for sin, he shall see his seed, he shall prolong his days, and the pleasure of the Lord shall prosper in his hand. 11 He shall see of the travail of his soul, and shall be satisfied: by his knowledge shall my righteous servant justify many; for he shall bear their iniquities. 12 Therefore will I divide him a portion with the great, and he shall divide the spoil with the strong; because he hath poured out his soul unto death: and he was numbered with the transgressors; and he bare the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors. When Rabshakeh spoke to the people, Hezekiah set the example of answering “not a word” g Exact phrases Hezekiah uses in his recovery Psalm (“cut off” & “land of the living”) h Stricken = Heb. nega “mark (of leprosy)” Thayer 61 of the 78 appearances of nega are in Lev. 13/14 Fifteen years added to Hezekiah’s life, dies when Manasseh, his son, aged 12 i Spoils received by the King j g i 12th December 2012 The Servant Songs of Isaiah - Song 4 2 Kings 18v36, h Isa. 38v10-12, 2 Kings 20v6 cp. 2 Kings 21v1, j 2 Chron. 32 v 23,27-29 11
  12. 12. Hezekiah an amazing type of Christ Cleansed the desecrated house of God Instituted a special passover Defeated God’s blasphemous enemies Recovered from a fatal condition Exalted in the sight of all nations Received from God a precious seed 12th December 2012 The Servant Songs of Isaiah - Song 4 12
  13. 13. An astounding set of echoes “Who in the days of his flesh, when he had “For it became him, for whom are all things, and by whom are all things, in offered up prayers and supplications bringing many sons unto glory, to make with strong crying and tears unto him the captain of their salvation that was able to save him from death, and perfect through sufferings.” Heb. 2 v 10 was heard in that he feared;” Heb. 5 v 7 2 Kings 20 v 5 5 Turn again, and tell Hezekiah the captain of my people, Thus saith the Lord, the God of David thy father, I have heard thy prayer, I have seen thy tears: behold, I will heal thee: on the third day thou shalt go up unto the house of the Lord. “And said unto them, Thus it is written, and thus it behoved Christ to suffer, and to rise from the dead the third day:” Luke 24 v 46 12th December 2012 “Surely goodness and mercy shall follow me all the days of my life: and I will dwell in the house of the Lord for ever.” Psa. 23 v 6 The Servant Songs of Isaiah - Song 4 13
  14. 14. Song Four throughout the NT Isaiah Part of OT passage particularly drawn on ch. 52 / 53 Direct quotation NT 52 v 15 “...that which had not been told them shall they see...” Romans 15 v 21 53 v 1 “Who hath believed our report?” John 12 v 38 53 v 1 “Who hath believed our report?” Romans 10 v 16 53 v 4 “...he hath borne our griefs, and carried our sorrows...” Matthew 8 v 17 53 v 4-5 “...with his stripes we are healed.” 1 Peter 2 v 24 53 v 7-8 “...he is brought as a lamb to the slaughter...” Acts 8 v 32-33 53 v 9 “...he had done no violence, neither... any deceit in... mouth.” 1 Peter 2 v 22 53 v 12 “...he was numbered with the transgressors...” Mark 15 v 28 53 v 12 “...he was numbered with the transgressors...” Luke 22 v 37 1st October 2011 Christ in the Prophets 14
  15. 15. The results of Jesus’ service (part 1) Isaiah 52 v 13-53 v 6 13 Behold, my servant shall deal prudently, he shall be exalted and extolled, and be visage was so marred more than any man, and his form more than the sons of men: 15 So shall he sprinkle many nations; the kings shall shut their mouths very high. 14 As many were astonied at thee; his at him: for that which had not been told them shall they see; and that which they had not heard shall they consider. 53v1 Who hath believed our report? and to 1. Jesus physically altered by his hard labour; personal appearance not notable (John 8v57) whom is the arm of the Lord revealed? 2 For he shall grow up before him as a tender plant, and as a root out of a dry ground: he hath no form nor comeliness; and when we shall see him, there is no beauty that we should desire him. 3 He is despised and rejected of men ; a man of sorrows, and acquainted with grief: and we hid as it were our faces from him; he was despised, and we esteemed him not. 4 Surely he hath borne our griefs, and carried our sorrows: yet we did esteem him stricken, smitten of God, and afflicted. 5 But he was wounded for our transgressions, he was bruised for our iniquities: the chastisement of our peace was upon him; and with his stripes we are healed. 6 All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned every one to his own way; and the Lord hath laid on him the iniquity of us all. 12th December 2012 The Servant Songs of Isaiah - Song 4 English Standard Version “As many were astonished at you— his appearance was so marred, beyond human semblance, and his form beyond that of the children of mankind—” New English Translation “(just as many were horrified by the sight of you) he was so disfigured he no longer looked like a man; his form was so marred he no longer looked human –” 15
  16. 16. The results of Jesus’ service (part 1) Isaiah 52 v 13-53 v 6 13 Behold, my servant shall deal prudently, he shall be exalted and extolled, and be visage was so marred more than any man, and his form more than the sons of men: 15 So shall he sprinkle many nations; the kings shall shut their mouths very high. 14 As many were astonied at thee; his at him: for that which had not been told them shall they see; and that which they had not heard shall they consider. 53v1 Who hath believed our report? and to whom is the arm of the Lord revealed? 2 For he shall grow up before him as a tender plant, and as a root out of a dry ground: he hath no form nor comeliness; and when we shall see him, there is no beauty that we should desire him. 3 He is despised and rejected of men ; a man of sorrows, and acquainted with grief: and we hid as it were our faces from him; he was despised, and we esteemed him not. 4 Surely he hath borne our griefs, and carried our sorrows: yet we did esteem him stricken, smitten of God, and afflicted. 5 But he was wounded for our transgressions, he was bruised for our iniquities: the chastisement of our peace was upon him; and with his stripes we are healed. 6 All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned every one to his own way; and the Lord hath laid on 1. Jesus physically altered by his hard labour; personal appearance not notable (John 8v57) 2. Jesus the arm of the Lord’s salvation (Isaiah 52v10, 59v17) 3. Jesus ‘disesteemed’ and not acknowledged (John 1v10-11, 6v60-66) 4. Jesus fulfilled the type of the scapegoat him the iniquity of us all. 12th December 2012 The Servant Songs of Isaiah - Song 4 (Leviticus 16v20-22) 16
  17. 17. The results of Jesus’ service (part 2) Isaiah 53 v 7-12 7 He was oppressed, and he was afflicted, yet he opened not his mouth: he is brought as a lamb to the slaughter, and as a sheep before her shearers is dumb, so he openeth not his mouth. 8 He was taken from prison and from judgment: and who shall declare his generation? for he was cut off out of the land of the living: for the 5. Jesus’ words at his trials very few, mostly silent (Matthew 26v63, 27v12-14, Luke 23v9, also see whole of Psalm 39) transgression of my people was he stricken. 9 And he made his grave with the wicked, and with the rich in his death; because he had done no violence, neither was any deceit in his mouth. 10 Yet it pleased the Lord to bruise him; he hath put him to grief: when thou shalt make his soul an offering for sin, he shall see his seed, he shall prolong his days, and the pleasure of the Lord shall prosper in his hand. 11 He shall see of the travail of his soul, and shall be satisfied: by his knowledge shall my righteous servant justify many; for he shall bear their iniquities. 12 Therefore will I divide him a portion with the great, and he shall divide the spoil with the strong; because he hath poured Revised Standard Version out his soul unto death: and he was numbered with the transgressors; and he bare the sin of many, and made “Yet it was the transgressors. Lord to bruise him; intercession for the will of the 6. Jesus without progeny (Psalm 22v6 imagery) 7. Jesus submitted to God’s will over his own (Luke 22v42) 8. The future seed of the Lord Jesus Christ, his own generation he has put him to grief; when he makes himself an offering for sin, he shall see his offspring, he shall prolong his days; the will of the Lord shall prosper in 12th December 2012 The Servant Songs of Isaiah - Song 4 his hand;” (Psalm 22v31 imagery) 17
  18. 18. Real contrast – he & him / we & our Isaiah 52 v 13-53 v 12 13 Behold, my servant shall deal prudently, he shall be exalted and extolled, and be very high. 14 As many were astonied at thee; his visage was so marred more than any man, and his form more than the sons of men: 15 So shall he sprinkle many nations; the kings shall shut their mouths at him: for that which had not been told them shall they see; and that which they had not heard shall they consider. 53v1 Who hath believed our report? and to whom is the arm of the Lord revealed? 2 For he shall grow up before him as a tender plant, and as a root out of a dry ground: he hath no form nor comeliness; and when we 3 He is despised and rejected of men; a man of sorrows, and acquainted with grief: and we hid as it were our faces from him; he was despised, and we esteemed him not. 4 Surely he hath borne our griefs, and carried our sorrows: yet we did esteem him stricken, smitten of God, and afflicted. 5 But he was wounded for our transgressions, he was bruised for our iniquities: the chastisement of our peace was upon him; and with his stripes we are healed. 6 All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned every one to his own way; and the Lord hath laid on him the iniquity of us all. 7 He was oppressed, and he was afflicted, yet he opened not his mouth: he is brought as a lamb to the slaughter, and as a sheep before her shearers is dumb, so he openeth not his mouth. 8 He was taken from prison and from judgment: and who shall declare his generation? for he was cut off out of the land of the living: for the transgression of my people was he stricken. 9 And he made his grave with the wicked, and with the rich in his death; because he had done no violence, shall see him, there is no beauty that we should desire him. neither was any deceit in his mouth. 10 Yet it pleased the Lord to bruise him; he hath put him to grief: when thou shalt make his soul an offering for sin, he shall see his seed, he shall prolong his days, and the pleasure of the Lord shall prosper in his hand. 11 He shall see of the travail of his soul, and shall be satisfied: by his knowledge shall my righteous servant justify many; for he shall bear their iniquities. 12 Therefore will I divide him a portion with the great, and he shall divide the spoil with the strong; because he hath poured out his soul unto death: and he was numbered with the transgressors; and he bare the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors. 12th December 2012 The Servant Songs of Isaiah - Song 4 18
  19. 19. The lesson from this final song for us 12th December 2012 The Servant Songs of Isaiah - Song 4 19
  20. 20. Conclusion Song 4 • Despised • Rejected • Smitten • Cut off • Restored • Exalted • Magnified • Satisfied 12th December 2012 The Servant Songs of Isaiah - Song 4 20
  21. 21. Conclusion Four Songs What will it take for us to be God’s servant? Tone Origin Basis Results (Song 1) (Song 2) (Song 3) (Song 4) Gentle Word-led Teachableness Despised Patient Cooperation Trust Rejected Quiet Submission Commitment Smitten Encouraging God’s glory Surrender Cut off 12th December 2012 The Servant Songs of Isaiah - Song 4 21
  22. 22. 12th December 2012 The Servant Songs of Isaiah - Song 4 22

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