The Servant Songs of Isaiah         - Song 1       Laindon Bible Study        28th March 2012
Study 1          Our five studies (God willing)                  Study 2                                  Study 3         ...
A one slide recap Study 1•   Some of the most moving and evocative passages in scripture take form of songs•   Isaiah prop...
The Four Servant Songs table 1           Isaiah                                                             Intensity     ...
The Four Servant Songs table 2           Isaiah              Direct Song      reference          quotes in        Quotatio...
CORE = OUR FOCUS                   The extent of each song their end                                                      ...
Gentle                                                                     QuietPatient                  Song 1 – Tone of ...
“Behold my servant...” who?• Indisputably our Lord Jesus Christ, given use of  the Servant Song in Matthew 12 v 18-21• But...
The Prophecy of Isaiah        Section 1            Section 2                   Section 3       (chs. 1-35)          (chs. ...
Some clear parallels/types• Hezekiah initiated a spiritual revival in the  land, which was symbolically in darkness• He le...
Hezekiah = chizqiyah                              Song 1 & Hezekiah                                             (cognate c...
The NT quotation of Song 1Isaiah 42 v 1-4                     Matthew 12 v 14-211 Behold my servant, whom I         14 The...
The tone of Jesus’ service• “Not make him known” (cp. Mark 3 v 12 & 8 v 26-30)• A servant doing his master’s bidding (John...
Verses 1-2Isaiah 42 v 1-21 Behold my servant, whom I uphold; mine elect, in whom my souldelighteth; I have put my spirit u...
Verses 3-4Isaiah 42 v 3-43 A bruised reed shall he not break, and the smoking flax shall he notquench: he shall bring fort...
Verses 5-7Isaiah 42 v 5-75 Thus saith God the Lord, he that created the heavens, and stretched themout; he that spread for...
The lesson from this song for us28th March 2012   The Servant Songs of Isaiah - Song 1   17
Conclusion Song 1• Meekness   • Calmness       • Gentleness           • Quietness               • Patience                ...
28th March 2012   The Servant Songs of Isaiah - Song 1   19
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Servant songs of Isaiah - Song 1

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Servant songs of Isaiah - Song 1

  1. 1. The Servant Songs of Isaiah - Song 1 Laindon Bible Study 28th March 2012
  2. 2. Study 1 Our five studies (God willing) Study 2 Study 3 Study 4 Study 5 Our key question: What does it take to be God’s servant?28th March 2012 The Servant Songs of Isaiah - Song 1 2
  3. 3. A one slide recap Study 1• Some of the most moving and evocative passages in scripture take form of songs• Isaiah prophesied during reigns of 4 kings of Judah739-680 BC, most notably Hezekiah• Section 3 of Isaiah (chapters 40-66) focuses on theme of comfort & deliverance• Found in this section are the 4 servant songs – stand out in style, form and content• Marked out in many modern Bibles e.g. NIV/Jerus. (headings), ESV (commentary)• The servant is an individual (more often addressed “him”–“he”–“his”–“me”–“I”)• The success of this servant in contrast to often failure of Israel as God’s servant• Who is the servant? – Historical setting (Isaiah? Hezekiah? Other contemporary?) and a fulfilment (Jesus Christ)• Each song has a particular theme to do with service – Song 1: Tone of service, Song 2: Origin of service, Song 3: Basis of service, Song 4: Results of service• Growing intensity in successive songs: servants situation, response, God’s provision• 11 NT direct quotations taken from these 4 songs (10% of quotations of prophets)• The importance of being a servant a scriptural theme (Phil. 2 v 7, Mark 10 v 42-45)• To be a (future) ruler we must first of all become a servant (Matthew 25 v 21)28th March 2012 The Servant Songs of Isaiah - Song 1 3
  4. 4. The Four Servant Songs table 1 Isaiah Intensity Intensity Intensity Service Servant’s Servant’s God’s Song reference theme situation response provision (minimum) Divinely Not ch. 42 v 1-4 Delighted in One Tone selected discouraged [probably to v7] –v1 –v1 –v4 Laboured/ Submission Strengthened Two ch. 49 v 1-6 Origin spent – v 4 – v 1/5 –v5 Smitten/ Resolve HelpedThree ch. 50 v 4-9 Basis ashamed – v 6 – v 7 – v 7/9 ch. 52 v 13 – Cut off Satisfaction Prolonged Four Results ch. 53 v 12 –v8 – v 11 – v 1028th March 2012 The Servant Songs of Isaiah - Song 1 4
  5. 5. The Four Servant Songs table 2 Isaiah Direct Song reference quotes in Quotations (minimum) NT ch. 42 v 1-4 One 1 42 v 1-4 cited Matthew 12 v 18-21 [probably to v7] Two ch. 49 v 1-6 1 49 v 6 cited Acts 13 v 47Three ch. 50 v 4-9 Nil No citations 52 v 15 cited Romans 15 v 21; 53 v 1 cited John 12 v 38; 53 v 1 cited Romans 10 v 16; 53 v 4 cited Matthew 8 v 17; ch. 52 v 13 – Four 9 53 v 4-5 cited 1 Peter 2 v 24; ch. 53 v 12 53 v 7-8 cited Acts 8 v 32-33; 53 v 9 cited 1 Peter 2 v 22; 53 v 12 cited Mark 15 v 28; 53 v 12 cited Luke 22 v 37 11 (/ 110 = 10%)28th March 2012 The Servant Songs of Isaiah - Song 1 5
  6. 6. CORE = OUR FOCUS The extent of each song their end ch. 52 v 13 – ch. 42 v 1-4 ch. 49 v 1-6 ch. 50 v 4-9 53 v 12ADDENDUM ... v 5-7 ... v 7-13??? ... v 10-11??? 28th March 2012 The Servant Songs of Isaiah - Song 1 6
  7. 7. Gentle QuietPatient Song 1 – Tone of Service EncouragingIsaiah 42 v 1-4 [5-7] The Lord commissions his special servant ESV1 Behold my servant, whom I uphold; mine elect, in whom my souldelighteth; I have put my spirit upon him: he shall bring forth judgment to theGentiles. 2 He shall not cry, nor lift up, nor cause his voice to be heard in thestreet. 3 A bruised reed shall he not break, and the smoking flax shall he notquench: he shall bring forth judgment unto truth. 4 He shall not fail nor bediscouraged, till he have set judgment in the earth: and the isles shall wait forhis law.[5 Thus saith God the Lord, he that created the heavens, and stretched themout; he that spread forth the earth, and that which cometh out of it; he thatgiveth breath unto the people upon it, and spirit to them that walk therein: 6 Ithe Lord have called thee in righteousness, and will hold thine hand, and willkeep thee, and give thee for a covenant of the people, for a light of theGentiles; 7 To open the blind eyes, to bring out the prisoners from the prison,and them that sit in darkness out of the prison house.]28th March 2012 The Servant Songs of Isaiah - Song 1 7
  8. 8. “Behold my servant...” who?• Indisputably our Lord Jesus Christ, given use of the Servant Song in Matthew 12 v 18-21• But who was the individual servant that the people of Isaiah’s day ‘beheld’?2 Chronicles 32 v 9-10, 169 After this did Sennacherib king of Assyria send his servants to Jerusalem,(but he himself laid siege against Lachish, and all his power with him,) untoHezekiah king of Judah, and unto all Judah that were at Jerusalem, saying, 10Thus saith Sennacherib king of Assyria, Whereon do ye trust, that ye abide inthe siege in Jerusalem? 16 And his servants spake yet more against theLord God, and against his servant Hezekiah.28th March 2012 The Servant Songs of Isaiah - Song 1 8
  9. 9. The Prophecy of Isaiah Section 1 Section 2 Section 3 (chs. 1-35) (chs. 36-39) (chs. 40-66)• Prophecies of • Historical • Prophecies of condemnation content, days of comfort (judgement) Hezekiah (deliverance)1st October 2011 Christ in the Prophets 9
  10. 10. Some clear parallels/types• Hezekiah initiated a spiritual revival in the land, which was symbolically in darkness• He led the people to keep a special passover• Hezekiah was scorned and derided by the Assyrians (and perhaps questioned by many of his own people?)• He was to be cut off in the prime of his life, with no seed (but in a figure he received life out of death and a seed was born)28th March 2012 The Servant Songs of Isaiah - Song 1 10
  11. 11. Hezekiah = chizqiyah Song 1 & Hezekiah (cognate chazak – yah) Hold = chazakIsaiah 42 v 1-7 Hezekiah = God’s1 Behold my servant, whom I uphold; mine elect, in whom my servant asoul delighteth; I have put my spirit upon him: he shall bring Faced by scorn offorth judgment to the Gentiles. 2 He shall not cry, nor lift up, Assyrians,nor cause his voice to be heard in the street. 3 A bruised reed Hezekiah’sshall he not break, and the smoking flax shall he not quench: command tohe shall bring forth judgment unto truth. 4 He shall not fail nor remain silent bbe discouraged, till he have set judgment in the earth: and theisles shall wait for his law. 5 Thus saith God the Lord, he that Spiritual revivalcreated the heavens, and stretched them out; he that spread encourages theforth the earth, and that which cometh out of it; he that giveth people, fanningbreath unto the people upon it, and spirit to them that walk embers to flame ctherein: 6 I the Lord have called thee in righteousness, and will Gentiles see thehold thine hand, and will keep thee, and give thee for a pushing back ofcovenant of the people, for a light of the Gentiles; 7 To open Assyrians (for 80the blind eyes, to bring out the prisoners from the prison, and years) and wonder dthem that sit in darkness out of the prison house. a 2 Chron. 32v16, b Isa. 36v21, c 2 Chron. 29-31, d 2 Chron. 32v23, e Isa. 37v21-38 Nation liberated e28th March 2012 The Servant Songs of Isaiah - Song 1 11
  12. 12. The NT quotation of Song 1Isaiah 42 v 1-4 Matthew 12 v 14-211 Behold my servant, whom I 14 Then the Pharisees went out, and held a counciluphold; mine elect, in whom against him, how they might destroy him. 15 But whenmy soul delighteth; I have put Jesus knew it, he withdrew himself from thence: andmy spirit upon him: he shall great multitudes followed him, and he healed thembring forth judgment to the all; 16 And charged them that they should not makeGentiles. 2 He shall not cry, him known: 17 That it might be fulfilled which wasnor lift up, nor cause his spoken by Esaias the prophet, saying, 18 Behold myvoice to be heard in thestreet. 3 A bruised reed shall servant, whom I have chosen; my beloved, inhe not break, and the whom my soul is well pleased: I will put my spiritsmoking flax shall he not upon him, and he shall shew judgment to thequench: he shall bring forth Gentiles. 19 He shall not strive, nor cry; neitherjudgment unto truth. 4 He shall any man hear his voice in the streets. 20 Ashall not fail nor be bruised reed shall he not break, and smoking flaxdiscouraged, till he have set shall he not quench, till he send forth judgmentjudgment in the earth: and unto victory. 21 And in his name shall the Gentilesthe isles shall wait for his law. trust.28th March 2012 The Servant Songs of Isaiah - Song 1 12
  13. 13. The tone of Jesus’ service• “Not make him known” (cp. Mark 3 v 12 & 8 v 26-30)• A servant doing his master’s bidding (John 17 v 4) – Eloquence without screaming – Clarity without loudness – Distinction without showiness• God’s message did not need to be shouted, as a still small voice it proceeded (1 Kings 19 v 11-12)28th March 2012 The Servant Songs of Isaiah - Song 1 13
  14. 14. Verses 1-2Isaiah 42 v 1-21 Behold my servant, whom I uphold; mine elect, in whom my souldelighteth; I have put my spirit upon him: he shall bring forth judgment tothe Gentiles. 2 He shall not cry, nor lift up, nor cause his voice to be heard inthe street.Matthew 3 v 16-17 OT:6817 qu^x* tsa`aq (tsaw-ak); a primitive root; to shriek; (by implication)16 And Jesus, when he was baptized, to proclaim (an assembly):went up straightway out of the water: (Strong’s)and, lo, the heavens were opened untohim, and he saw the Spirit of Goddescending like a dove, and lighting OT:6963 loq qowl (kole); or qol (kole);upon him: 17 And lo a voice from from an unused root meaning to callheaven, saying, This is my beloved Son, aloud; a voice or sound:in whom I am well pleased. (Strong’s)28th March 2012 The Servant Songs of Isaiah - Song 1 14
  15. 15. Verses 3-4Isaiah 42 v 3-43 A bruised reed shall he not break, and the smoking flax shall he notquench: he shall bring forth judgment unto truth. 4 He shall not fail nor bediscouraged, till he have set judgment in the earth: and the isles shall wait forhis law.Matthew 11 v 28 Hidden play on words:28Come unto me, all ye • “discouraged” (v 4) = same word as “bruised”that labour and are heavy (v 3) [ratsats], andladen, and I will give you • “fail” (v 4) *kahah] is the root of the wordrest. “smoking” (v 4) *keheh]Matthew 18 v 8 “A crushed reed he will not break, a dim wick he will not extinguish; he will faithfully make just decrees. He will not11For the Son of man is grow dim or be crushed before establishing justice on thecome to save that which earth; the coastlands will wait in anticipation for hiswas lost. decrees.” (NET)28th March 2012 The Servant Songs of Isaiah - Song 1 15
  16. 16. Verses 5-7Isaiah 42 v 5-75 Thus saith God the Lord, he that created the heavens, and stretched themout; he that spread forth the earth, and that which cometh out of it; he thatgiveth breath unto the people upon it, and spirit to them that walk therein: 6 Ithe Lord have called thee in righteousness, and will hold thine hand, andwill keep thee, and give thee for a covenant of the people, for a light of theGentiles; 7 To open the blind eyes, to bring out the prisoners from theprison, and them that sit in darkness out of the prison house.Luke 2 v 29-32 Matthew 11 v 4-629 Lord, now lettest thou thy servant 4 Jesus answered and said unto them, Go anddepart in peace, according to thy word: 30 shew John again those things which ye do hearFor mine eyes have seen thy salvation, 31 and see: 5 The blind receive their sight, and theWhich thou hast prepared before the face lame walk, the lepers are cleansed, and the deafof all people; 32 A light to lighten the hear, the dead are raised up, and the poor haveGentiles, and the glory of thy people the gospel preached to them. 6 And blessed is he,Israel. whosoever shall not be offended in me.28th March 2012 The Servant Songs of Isaiah - Song 1 16
  17. 17. The lesson from this song for us28th March 2012 The Servant Songs of Isaiah - Song 1 17
  18. 18. Conclusion Song 1• Meekness • Calmness • Gentleness • Quietness • Patience • Endurance • Encouragement • Compassion28th March 2012 The Servant Songs of Isaiah - Song 1 18
  19. 19. 28th March 2012 The Servant Songs of Isaiah - Song 1 19

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