THE 1940 CENSUS Tips and Tricks for Accessing Erin Apostolos Meredith Public Library April 3, 2012
About the Census Information on Census is as of April 1, 1940. If a family moved or a child was born after this date, that information is not recorded. Anything after that date will not be in the Census. There are thirty-four question; 5% of the population answered five additional questions. Not yet indexed
About the Census If someone wasn’t home, the Census taker would come back. Those people are at the end of the list. People living in hotels and trailer camps are on a separate pages, taken April 8 and 9. Government wanted to know about internal migration: asked where they lived in 1935. Wanted to know if New Deal programs were working; asked questions related to that. Learn more: http://1940census.archives.gov/about/
Types of Questions Asked Address, Names and relationships to Head of Household, Sex, Race, Age at last birthday, marital status, attended school last year, place born, citizenship, Residence info, Employment info, Occupation, Industry, salary Two people on each census page were asked: place of birth, language spoken in childhood, Veteran status, Social Security info, marriage and children info
Getting Started The 1940 Census is not yet indexed so you will need to figure out residency of those you’re searching for. List all relatives you want to find in the Census Pinpoint their Residence Figure out their Enumeration District
How to Pinpoint a Residence Use City Directories-many are available on Ancestry.com, Cyndi’s List http://www.cyndislist.com/directories/us/, NEHGS, libraries. Use the 1930 Census to find an address; may be living in same place.
Figuring out the ED In order to find your relatives, you will have to know their Enumeration District (a geographic area assigned to a Census taker.) Use stevemorse.org/census/unified.html The more you can narrow down the neighborhood, the fewer images you will have to search.
Steve Morse’s Site Click on “See Map” to figure out the cross streets.
Keep Narrowing to one ED Add Cross and back streets until you see one ED.
Jot down the ED Jot down the ED’s next to each person or family that you are looking for. In my example, I am looking for 15-15. Eventually Steve Morse’s site will take you to that ED in the 1940 Census, but at 10:30 this morning, it wasn’t. It will take you to the ED description and the streets in that 1940 ED.
Go to Archives.org http://1940census.archives.gov/ Currently, it is quite bogged down; be patient Click on “Get Started” at bottom
Input Enumeration District State and ED. Click on “View it” Alternatively enter ED for 1930 Census
Click on Image Choose “Quick View”, Full Screen or Download. Choose “Full Screen” for optimal browsing.
Other 1940 Site Options Ancestry.com-Will eventually have them all. As of this morning: American Samoa, Delaware, DC, Guam, Indiana, Maine, Nevada, Panama Canal Zone, Virgin Islands Check Here: http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?d bid=2442
Other 1940 Site Options Family Search-Will eventually have them all. Working with volunteers to index it. As of this morning: Colorado, Delaware, Kansas, Oregon, Virginia. Check here: https://www.familysearch.org/1940census/
Other 1940 Site Options Myheritage.com-As of this morning: California, Illinois , Massachusetts , Maine , Michigan , New Jersey , New York , Nevada , Pennsylvania , Rhode Island , Texas , Virginia http://www.myheritage.com/research/collecti on-10052/1940-united-states-federal-census- images
Help Out Indexing You can volunteer to help index the 1940 Census, which will remain freely available to the public. https://the1940census.com/getting-started/
More on the 1940 Census Compact Guide to the Census http://www.germanroots.com/1940-census- records.html 1940 Enumerator Form http://usa.ipums.org/usa/voliii/form1940.shtml 1940 Enumerator Instructions http://usa.ipums.org/usa/voliii/inst1940.shtml 1940 Census Video Tutorial http://www.familytreeuniversity.com/free-1940- census-genealogy-video-class
Uncle Sam Yourself Be patient and relax. Everyone and their Great- Uncle is trying to access the 1940 Census. Try “Uncle Samming” yourself if it’s too busy. http://www.census.gov/1940census/sam/