UN Conference


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  • Congratulations Laaaaala. You made it concise, but complete. I really liked the slide about The Game Theory. It was something I could have added to mine, very interesting nd well expressed. Congrats! However, I really agree with Ruod when it comes to the colors. It do not make ir difficult, but kinda hurt my eyes, lol. Well, maybe my screen it too shining.
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  • Laara, congrats on your presentation. It is really good. romulo said it all. I would anly advise you to be more careful with the colors you choose: black and blue make reading difficult. I would also tell you to use some more visual aids such as pictures, map, videos in order to make your presentation more attrative to your audience.

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  • Laara, I loved it! You were also able to articulate what we have read with key international relations concepts. Particularly, to use the Game Theory to explain the NPT negotiations was a great move (I don't think I would be able to do the same).
    I didn't love the layout you chose for your presentation. Maybe it is too dark. You could use lighter ( and more diplomatic) colors to help you to set the conciliatory tone of your presentation. If I were you, I would also use more visual resources. Pictures can make the difference not only by helping people to understand certain concepts, but also by distracting the audience from you when you get nervous by speaking in public.
    One more reason I have to love your presentation is the fact that it stands for itself. It is a very hard thing to do. I, particularly, didn't worry a lot about that. But it was great that you did! If I knew that someone could summarise the text ideas so well I wouldn't even have read it two weeks ago (lol).
    I share the visions you have about the effectiveness of sanctions and about what is required from each actor to deal with nuclear negotiations using trust concepts. It is nice to realize that you didn't read the text only, but also made a high standard analistic work on it. Congratulations Laara! Good luck at the UN.
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UN Conference

  1. 1. UN Conference The Concept of Trust in International Relations and the Iran-Turkey-Brazil Agreement
  2. 2. Concepts of Trust <ul><li>The rationalist approach: the importance of interests; </li></ul><ul><li>The binding approach: the notion that actors will honour their promises; </li></ul><ul><li>Which one should we choose to discuss the Iran issue?(2 nd ) And to discuss the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty?(1 st , 2 nd ) </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Game Theory and the Trust Issue <ul><li>Entities which have conflicts tend not to take direct negotiations with each other; </li></ul><ul><li>Indirect negotiations tend to be harder than face-to-face negotiations; </li></ul><ul><li>Once a party betrays the other one, it is difficult to restablish the trust; </li></ul><ul><li>An agreement must be designed in order to set a positive outcome for both parties. </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Iran question and the Game Theory <ul><li>Since United States and Iran do not appear to present good relations, seems a good idea neutral countries as Turkey and Brazil to intermediate the negotiation with Iran in the nuclear issue; </li></ul><ul><li>Iran have not betrayed the Nuclear Non-Prolifeation Treaty until the present moment; </li></ul><ul><li>The purpose of this agreement is to help ensure the world Iran will not break the NPT, so there is no reason to do not accept it. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Some Principles of the UN to be remembered <ul><li>All Member States have sovereign equality; </li></ul><ul><li>Countries must try to settle their differences by peaceful means ; </li></ul><ul><li>Countries must avoid using force or threatening to use force; </li></ul><ul><li>The UN may not interfere in the domestic affairs of any country. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty <ul><li>Article IV </li></ul><ul><li>1. Nothing in this Treaty shall be interpreted as affecting the inalienable right of all the Parties to the Treaty to develop research, production and use of nuclear energy for peaceful purposes without discrimination and in conformity with articles I and II of this Treaty. </li></ul>
  7. 7. The effectiveness of sanctions <ul><li>Sanctions: lead to the increase of the distance among countries; </li></ul><ul><li>Sanctions are more aggressive to the countries sovereign than agreements; </li></ul><ul><li>Punishments tend to have worse results than peaceful agreements; </li></ul><ul><li>e.g.: the Iraque war </li></ul>
  8. 8. Conclusion <ul><li>Once Iran is a signatory of the NPT, Iran is commited with its compliance; </li></ul><ul><li>Iran stated peaceful purposes for its nuclear technology development; </li></ul><ul><li>There is no prove of the contrary; </li></ul><ul><li>UN can not sanction Iran if there is no proves it is breaking the rules; </li></ul>
  9. 9. A request for the Islamic Republic of Iran <ul><li>Allow the International Atomic Energy Agency to continue its inspections so as to prove that what is stated by the Islamic Republic is true. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Peace Peace