Journalistic sources


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Journalistic sources

  1. 1. JOURNALISTIC SOURCES Prepared b y: Larisa Rankovic
  2. 2. Where to look for the sources? Who they are? <ul><li>A) People who are responsible for decision s and actions (directly and indirectly involved parties) </li></ul><ul><li>B) People who have to take the consequences (directly or indirectly affected) </li></ul>
  3. 3. Sources are also… <ul><li>C) People who know something (e.g. experts) </li></ul><ul><li>D) Formalities (law, rules, agreements, normal practice…) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Sources are also… <ul><li>E) General knowledge (encyclopedias, databases, Internet…) </li></ul><ul><li>F) Media </li></ul><ul><li>G) Reporter’s own resources (observations, experience…) </li></ul>
  5. 5. E XAMPLES from the PRESS <ul><li>Several texts on drinking water in Serbia </li></ul><ul><li>– Ways to approach a story </li></ul><ul><li>- Types of sources </li></ul>
  6. 6. DISCUSSION <ul><li>What kind of sources were used in these texts? </li></ul><ul><li>Was this choice good? </li></ul><ul><li>What is missing: Who else could have been sources? </li></ul>
  7. 7. TIPS ON DEALING WITH SOURCES <ul><li>Be available </li></ul><ul><li>Be honest </li></ul><ul><li>Be accurate </li></ul><ul><li>Find new sources </li></ul><ul><li>Talk to consumers </li></ul><ul><li>Learn where records are (record-keeping practices of the offices you cover) </li></ul>
  8. 8. TIPS ON DEALING WITH SOURCES <ul><li>Become an expert (if possible) </li></ul><ul><li>Admit you’re not an expert </li></ul><ul><li>Find experts </li></ul><ul><li>Admit your mistakes </li></ul><ul><li>Ask for documentation </li></ul><ul><li>Establish a connection </li></ul><ul><li>Beware of getting too close </li></ul><ul><li>Etc… </li></ul><ul><li>Source: </li></ul>
  9. 9. ANONYMOUS SOURCES <ul><li>The Washington Post 's Policies on Sources – selected </li></ul><ul><li>Named sources are vastly to be preferred to unnamed sources. </li></ul>
  10. 10. ANONYMOUS SOURCES <ul><li>We have learned that : persistently pushing sources to identify themselves actually works—not always but more often than many reporters initially expect. </li></ul><ul><li>Editors have an obligation to know the identity of unnamed sources used in a story, so that editors and reporters can jointly assess the appropriateness of using them. </li></ul>
  11. 11. ANONYMOUS SOURCES <ul><li>We prefer at least two sources for factual information in Post stories that depends on confidential informants (A relevant document can sometimes serve as a second source). </li></ul><ul><li>We must strive to tell our readers as much as we can about why our unnamed sources deserve our confidence. </li></ul>
  12. 12. ANONYMOUS SOURCES <ul><li>A voiding attributions to &quot;sources&quot; or &quot;informed sources.&quot; Instead we should try to give the reader something more (e.g. &quot;sources familiar with the thinking of defense lawyers in the case&quot; or smth. s imilar ) </li></ul><ul><li>We do not promise sources that we will refrain from additional reporting or efforts to verify the information they may give us. </li></ul>
  13. 13. SOMETHING MORE... <ul><li>Tips and experiences from Serbia and other ex Yugoslav countries on how to find and deal with the sources is also possible to find on: </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>