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Ideas & Insights SeriesForging New Paths in Publishing &   Scholarly Communications          May 24th, 2012
Agenda11:00 am – 12:15 pm  Opening & Keynote: Progress, Pressures and Prospects12:15 pm – 2:00 pm  Transformations: A Trio...
Speakers• Heather Joseph, SPARC• Patrick Alexander, Pennsylvania State University  Press• Keith Seitter, American Meteorol...
Agenda11:00 am – 12:15 pm  Opening & Keynote: Progress, Pressures and Prospects12:15 pm – 2:00 pm  Transformations: A Trio...
Our Mission:Expand the distribution of the results of  research and scholarship in a way thatleverages digital networked t...
Pressure: Price Barriers                                                              www.righttoresearch.orgSource: http:...
Library budgets journal prices                              MIT Libraries Materials Purchases vs. CPI % Increase 1986-2006...
Pressure: Distribution  I ask the author for a copy. I get it from a colleague at aninstitution with a subscription.
Pressure - We need to be able to applycomputational tools to our scholarship
Pressure - Copyright
Pressure – Use - We Don’t want a      “Read-Only” World.
Prospect
“By open access, we mean its free              availability on the public          internet, permitting any users to      ...
Progress
Opportunities to Advance OA          • Infrastructure          • Legal Constructs          • Policy Framework          • C...
OA Papers Published 2000-2010                   18000                   16000                                             ...
Open Access Repositories            FEDERATION19                              www.arl.org/sparc
20
Growth of Open Access Policies
Access is National Policy Issue
Ongoing Challenges• Researcher awareness of OA not high enough• Perceived barriers still in place:  •   Disciplinary diffe...
Strategies to Consider• Consider OA issues at the beginning, not the  end, of research process• Faculty control the destin...
Strategies to Consider• Incentive and reward structures need to be  aligned with goal of open• Must be a priority at highe...
Agenda11:00 am – 12:15 pm  Opening & Keynote: Progress, Pressures and Prospects12:15 pm – 2:00 pm  Transformations: A Trio...
Why does my monograph cost         $100.00?             COSTS                                   INCOME                    ...
2013 Budget allocations: NSF/NIH v NEH/NEA
“Open Access” PublishingDefine “open access” (lower case) as freeaccess online without need of a subscription.AMS maintain...
AMS and open access            BAMS articles open since            they went online in 1997• All journal content online ol...
Journal Excess IncomeThe AMS journals generate about 10% excessincome that is used for other programs that servethe commun...
Discussion PointsThe AMS journal program represents a very traditionalmodel, but there are increasing pressures to move to...
Open Access = Share research       freely and openly online• Everyone can  read, store and  index your paper• Easy to find...
Effective discovery, navigation, and management of content is crucial     Researchers need new approaches     to the:     ...
PLoS Article-Level Metrics:A systematic encoding of measuresthat speak to the value and reliabilityof information.It forms...
We can capture the broad ecosystem ofchannels used in research disseminationtoday: • article“usage,”              •   scho...
PLoS ALMs Overall Initiative• Collect data at the research article level beyond usage  and citations, measures which might...
Agenda11:00 am – 12:15 pm  Opening & Keynote: Progress, Pressures and Prospects12:15 pm – 2:00 pm  Transformations: A Trio...
A Portal (if not quite Platform)
Wouldn’t it be nice……if WFU had its own digital publishing platform?        • e-textbooks?        • e-coursepacks?        ...
Final Research Report (March 2012)  Free download available from   http://wp.sparc.arl.org/lps                            ...
“Library-based publishing is defined as „the  organized production and dissemination of  scholarly works in any format as ...
Develop Best Practices for                 Library Publishing   Develop meaningful impact metrics for library publishing ...
Collaborate to Create          Community-based Resources   Create a shared repository of policies, tools, and templates ...
Formalize Skills & Training   Create formal and informal training venues   Articulate the particular value delivered by ...
Review the report for more in depth ideas   Assemble a team to make a plan   Assess what publishing services already in ...
Review the report for more in depth ideas   Consider hosted OJS or Digital Commons   Create a sustainability plan   Dev...
This topic & LYRASIS …•   Infrastructure support•   Business model development & testing•   Digitization & Digital Preserv...
Ideas & Insights SeriesForging New Paths in Publishing &   Scholarly Communications          May 24th, 2012
Ideas and insights scholarly comm recap slides
Ideas and insights scholarly comm recap slides
Ideas and insights scholarly comm recap slides
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Ideas and insights scholarly comm recap slides

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Ideas and insights scholarly comm recap slides

  1. 1. Ideas & Insights SeriesForging New Paths in Publishing & Scholarly Communications May 24th, 2012
  2. 2. Agenda11:00 am – 12:15 pm Opening & Keynote: Progress, Pressures and Prospects12:15 pm – 2:00 pm Transformations: A Trio of Publisher Perspectives2:30 pm – 3:45 pm New Roles, New Responsibilities: Libraries and Content Creation
  3. 3. Speakers• Heather Joseph, SPARC• Patrick Alexander, Pennsylvania State University Press• Keith Seitter, American Meteorological Society• Jennifer Lin, Public Library of Science• William Kane, Wake Forest University• October Ivins, IvinseContent Solutions
  4. 4. Agenda11:00 am – 12:15 pm Opening & Keynote: Progress, Pressures and Prospects12:15 pm – 2:00 pm Transformations: A Trio of Publisher Perspectives Patrick Alexander, The Pennsylvania State University Press Keith Seitter, American Meteorological Society Jennifer Lin, Public Library of Science2:00 pm – 2:30 pm Break2:30 pm – 3:45 pm New Roles, New Responsibilities: Libraries and Content Creation
  5. 5. Our Mission:Expand the distribution of the results of research and scholarship in a way thatleverages digital networked technology, reduces financial pressures on libraries, and creates a more open system of scholarly communication.
  6. 6. Pressure: Price Barriers www.righttoresearch.orgSource: http://web.archive.org/web/20050828210650/libraries.mit.edu/about/scholarly/expensive-titles.html
  7. 7. Library budgets journal prices MIT Libraries Materials Purchases vs. CPI % Increase 1986-2006 400% Journal expenditure 350% 300% 250%Percentage Change 200% 150% Inflation 100% 50% 0% 1986 1988 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 -50% Year Consumer Price Index % + Serial Expenditures % + # Serials Purchased % + # Books Purchased % + Book Expenditures % +
  8. 8. Pressure: Distribution I ask the author for a copy. I get it from a colleague at aninstitution with a subscription.
  9. 9. Pressure - We need to be able to applycomputational tools to our scholarship
  10. 10. Pressure - Copyright
  11. 11. Pressure – Use - We Don’t want a “Read-Only” World.
  12. 12. Prospect
  13. 13. “By open access, we mean its free availability on the public internet, permitting any users to read, download, copy, distribute, prin t, search or link to the full text of these articles, crawl them for indexing, pass them as data to software or use them for any other lawful purpose…” - The Budapest Open Access Initiative – February 14, 200215 www.arl.org/sparc
  14. 14. Progress
  15. 15. Opportunities to Advance OA • Infrastructure • Legal Constructs • Policy Framework • Culture Change17 www.arl.org/sparc
  16. 16. OA Papers Published 2000-2010 18000 16000 BMCNumber of papers 14000 12000 PLoS 10000 8000 Hindawi 6000 Copernicus 4000 2000 Springer Open 0 Choice Oxford Open 2005 2010 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 Year Some data courtesy of Mark Patterson (PLoS), from Patterson: ‘Open Access Publishers: Breaking even and growing fast, ‘ delivered at APE 2011: http://river-valley.tv/open-access-publishers- breaking-even-and-growing-fast/
  17. 17. Open Access Repositories FEDERATION19 www.arl.org/sparc
  18. 18. 20
  19. 19. Growth of Open Access Policies
  20. 20. Access is National Policy Issue
  21. 21. Ongoing Challenges• Researcher awareness of OA not high enough• Perceived barriers still in place: • Disciplinary differences • New forms of scholarship not yet trusted • Uncertainty over sustainability • Deep reliance on current impact measures
  22. 22. Strategies to Consider• Consider OA issues at the beginning, not the end, of research process• Faculty control the destiny of their scholarly output• Library plays crucial role in providing/enabling infrastructure, educational resources to amplify impact of faculty work
  23. 23. Strategies to Consider• Incentive and reward structures need to be aligned with goal of open• Must be a priority at highest level of administration• Need to “model new behaviors” in evaluation, promotion and tenure process• Need more mechanisms to encourage thinking beyond single impact factor
  24. 24. Agenda11:00 am – 12:15 pm Opening & Keynote: Progress, Pressures and Prospects12:15 pm – 2:00 pm Transformations: A Trio of Publisher Perspectives Patrick Alexander, The Pennsylvania State University Press Keith Seitter, American Meteorological Society Jennifer Lin, Public Library of Science2:00 pm – 2:30 pm Break2:30 pm – 3:45 pm New Roles, New Responsibilities: Libraries and Content Creation
  25. 25. Why does my monograph cost $100.00? COSTS INCOME $75.00 selling price$7,500 to create and print 300 copies $100.00 list price 30 free copies |250 qty sold$1,000 Marketing, exhibits $18,750, revenue generated$7,500 overhead $1,500, cost of 20 returns___ (salaries, benefits, utilities, r total income: $17,250 ent, office Result: profit of $1,250 supplies, phones, computers , etc.) ________________ If I publish 50 titles we maketotal costs: $16,000 $862,500, or $62,500 profit 7.5%.total costs 50 titles $800,000
  26. 26. 2013 Budget allocations: NSF/NIH v NEH/NEA
  27. 27. “Open Access” PublishingDefine “open access” (lower case) as freeaccess online without need of a subscription.AMS maintains copyright so that it can act assteward of author’s intellectual property. © American Meteorological Society. Permission to use figures, tables, and brief excerpts from this work in scientific and educational works is hereby granted provided that the source is acknowledged. Any use of material in this work that is determined to be “fair use” under Section 107 of the U.S. Copyright Act or that satisfies the conditions specified in Section 108 of the U.S. Copyright Act (17 USC §108, as revised by P.L. 94-553) does not require the AMS’s permission.
  28. 28. AMS and open access BAMS articles open since they went online in 1997• All journal content online older than two years is open• “Open Choice” option recently addedOpen access institutional repositories can post PDF ofarticles six months after publication (but only the finaldefinitive published version, not an earlier version ofthe manuscript).Recently published content only available with subscription
  29. 29. Journal Excess IncomeThe AMS journals generate about 10% excessincome that is used for other programs that servethe community and the public at large. • Member services not covered by dues • Outreach to public • K–12 Education • AMS Policy Program • History programs • Scholarship and Fellowship admin
  30. 30. Discussion PointsThe AMS journal program represents a very traditionalmodel, but there are increasing pressures to move toward a pureopen access model. • Broad access becomes automatic • Changes the financial model – Waiving author charges for developing world harder without subscription revenue – May jeopardize other community programs done by AMS if revenue is reduced • Changes the dynamic controlling scholarly quality
  31. 31. Open Access = Share research freely and openly online• Everyone can read, store and index your paper• Easy to find – all in PubMed Central
  32. 32. Effective discovery, navigation, and management of content is crucial Researchers need new approaches to the: • structuring • presentation • use • evaluation of research literature. We need post-publication tools to manage research content.At PLoS, this challenge represents the next frontier for OA.
  33. 33. PLoS Article-Level Metrics:A systematic encoding of measuresthat speak to the value and reliabilityof information.It forms the foundation for literature-derived intelligence that reveal newdiscoveries and support complexdecisions throughout all stages of theresearch process.
  34. 34. We can capture the broad ecosystem ofchannels used in research disseminationtoday: • article“usage,” • scholarly and nonscholarly citations, • blog and news coverage, • social network sharing • research community input Research Dissemination IS Research ImpactPublication Dissemination ALMs Collectively as a suite, Article-Level Metrics aims to measure research impact in a transparent and comprehensive manner.
  35. 35. PLoS ALMs Overall Initiative• Collect data at the research article level beyond usage and citations, measures which might provide insight into “impact” across the dissemination domains• Present these data on the article & within search• Develop ALM data toolset• Provide an extensible, open platform which allows others to use the same tool, and also allows us to apply the tool to 3rd party content• Reach out to publishers, decision makers, funding bodies, governance organizations to promote adoption of article level metrics
  36. 36. Agenda11:00 am – 12:15 pm Opening & Keynote: Progress, Pressures and Prospects12:15 pm – 2:00 pm Transformations: A Trio of Publisher Perspectives2:00 pm – 2:30 pm Break2:30 pm – 3:45 pm New Roles, New Responsibilities: Libraries and Content Creation William Kane, Wake Forest University October Ivins, IvinseContent Solutions
  37. 37. A Portal (if not quite Platform)
  38. 38. Wouldn’t it be nice……if WFU had its own digital publishing platform? • e-textbooks? • e-coursepacks? • including syllabi? • e-commerce? • the Press: • could convert books/poems into ebooks/epoems? • the Library: • could re-purpose/-distribute WakeSpace/Institutional Repository • special collections • public domain content • Admissions, Athletics, CER, students, etc. • could <gasp>monetize content
  39. 39. Final Research Report (March 2012) Free download available from http://wp.sparc.arl.org/lps 42
  40. 40. “Library-based publishing is defined as „the organized production and dissemination of scholarly works in any format as a service provided by the library.‟ An institutional repository might be part of a library publishing program if it is involved in some way in the production process (e.g., peer reviewing). Repositories that only house works for dissemination (e.g., collections of post-prints) are not considered part of library publishing. Simply digitizing or otherwise reformatting works would not be considered publishing.” __ ARL Research Library Publishing Services, 2008 43
  41. 41. Develop Best Practices for Library Publishing Develop meaningful impact metrics for library publishing services Establish editorial quality and performance criteria Promote sustainability best practices Develop return-on-investment justifications for funding library publishing programs 44
  42. 42. Collaborate to Create Community-based Resources Create a shared repository of policies, tools, and templates Develop centrally hosted software solutions for publishing platforms Share service models and revenue approaches Promote collaborations and partnerships 45
  43. 43. Formalize Skills & Training Create formal and informal training venues Articulate the particular value delivered by library publishing programs Establish dedicated library publishing 46
  44. 44. Review the report for more in depth ideas Assemble a team to make a plan Assess what publishing services already in place on campus Do you have access to a University Press? Set goals for your program Identify staffing resources Determine what types of publications you will support Conduct interviews with faculty or student publication candidates 47
  45. 45. Review the report for more in depth ideas Consider hosted OJS or Digital Commons Create a sustainability plan Develop your MOUs and related documents Start with a pilot project Plan an evaluation process and timeline Participate in the SPARC LPS forum to share results and seek advice Participate in CE programs 48
  46. 46. This topic & LYRASIS …• Infrastructure support• Business model development & testing• Digitization & Digital Preservation• Education & Training• Facilitate information sharing, partnerships• Facilitate other aspects of LPS strategic agenda?
  47. 47. Ideas & Insights SeriesForging New Paths in Publishing & Scholarly Communications May 24th, 2012

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