So it’s cloud computing that makes this new picture possible.And when we talk about Web-scale management and cloud computing here at OCLC we simply mean, “Web-based applications with shared data and services.” We mean that all you need in your library is a Web browser –you aren’t installing any clients or any software. As far as shared data, we’re familiar with sharing bibliographic data, which we’ve been doing for years now, but we mean moving beyond that and being able to share other types of data, which we’ll talk about more. And then shared services, we mean that you access shared services through your Web browser as applications, but that there are shared services that are reusable and extensible, which we’ll talk about more.CLICK (2) Now the Gardner Group has talked about 4 types of cloud computing. There’s infrastructure. For example, Amazon WebServices, this isn’t Amazon the bookseller, but you’re buying space to store data on their computers, storing it “in the clouds.” There are platforms like Google and Facebook. For instance, lots of people create applications on the Facebook platform and deploy them, and you go out on Facebook and can use them. Then there are applications that are delivered through your Web browser, like g-mail and salesforce.com. And there are services, that you can use and rebuild, like mint.com.CLICK With OCLC Web-scale Management Services, we’re talking about all 4 types. We’re providing the infrastructure for you to store your data and that’s where your services are. We’re providing a platform for you to actually do development on, as you will see. Then we’re providing ready-made applications, such as Circulation and Acquisitions, to run on your Web browser. And we’re also offering services, that can be re-used and integrated with other services.CLICKSo as Michael Dula – one of our pilot libraries and also an early adopter said - the reason they wanted to be a pilot library is that they want “to manage information not servers”
OCLC member libraries have worked together for over 40 years to build to world’s largest database of library collections. It’s purpose has been to work with shared data both to improve cataloging efficiencies for libraries but to also increase access to the world’s knowledge held by libraries. WorldCat represents the shared data about the world’s libraries, connecting library data to other information providers on the open web, ensuring information seekers can find and get the materials and services available in the world’s libraries.CLICK: Now the cooperative is taking it to the next level with OCLC WorldShare.WorldShare is the shared infrastructure—that will allow libraries to create, collect, manage and share their resources in new and more efficient ways at Webscale.
The Web has allowed us to do things differently than we used to. So instead of going to the bookstore, I just go online and order the book, and of course now I’m downloading an ebook. So how I purchase and read is evolving.But what is perhaps more interesting and relevant is that with the Web I can do different things. So now I can write a novel, self-help book, travel guide, and then self publish it straight to Amazon Kindle, taking advantage of the infrastructure and community that Amazon has already built. That is doing a very different thing than I ever could before the web.Let’s look at various industries and how the Web has changed them.
CLICK: We know shopping has changed dramatically, but what Amazon has done is much more than just making it easy to purchase things online. CLICK: They built a platform which is now the infrastructure for tens of thousands of business. CLICK: And they pushed it further to become the platform for many businesses and other institutions to store data and run software in the cloud. CLICK: They then created Web Services so other businesses could easily interact with their data and platform.CLICK: Looking at Facebook, while they changed the way we interact with families and friends, again they pushed it further and built a platform for others to deploy apps which take advantage of their infrastructure and community.CLICK: Apple didn’t just completely change the way we purchase music, but they went further to provide a platform for others to create any type of app they wanted and share it easily, whether for entertainment, business or education.CLICK: And finally Google who changed the way we search for information. But like the others they went further and built a platform to do many interesting useful things such as aggregating data in Google maps and making it re-usable by others, creating cloud based applications like Google docs to make collaboration easier and less expensive.
What all these have taken advantage of is the fact the Web scales. It can scale up or scale down based on the current need. So organizations can easily scale up because they have access to infrastructure and platforms which enable them to reach broad, geographically diverse communities, But at the same time they can scale down to scope their services to focus on meeting the needs of their users, down to a single user. For example, Amazon scales up to let me search thousands of businesses at once but at the same time narrow down to my specific need, last item I needed was a wireless enthernet bridge.This is what we call Webscale.
[CLICK] So the web allows large communities to easily come together, individuals, businesses, and organizations.[CLICK] Because businesses can draw on shared data stores and shared infrastructure they can spend less time focusing on what it takes to run the business relation to the consumer and instead focus on improve consumer experience etc. And the consumer spends less time looking and more time doing.[CLICK] In the business world it is the dramatically improved relation between the consumer and their businesses which make webscale so important to them.
So how do we then relate the priorities of our institution and our library to what we see in the business world and their use of the Web and webscale?
What are the priorities of your provost or president. Here are a few that you could add to I’m quite sure. These have been priorities for decades but how students and faculties do things has changed which has changed how these priorities are met.
Narrowing it down now to the library itself, OCLC conducted a survey of several thousand librarians in summer 2011 asking their top 3 priorities. Here are the 5 that received the most votes as top priorities. Because of the dramatic shifts in how teaching, learning and research are accomplished to make our priorities meet the academy’s priorities means we have to be able to do different things than we have in the past.
Top 8 Higher Education Trends of the Decade, CollegeSurfing Insider, Jan. 8, 2010 http://www.collegesurfing.com/blog/2010/01/08/top-8-higher-education-trends-of-the-decade/The College of 2020 According to the Chronicle of Higher Education https://tle.wisc.edu/tleblogs/ambrower/college-2020-according-chronicle-higher-education
We believe it can help you answer those key concerns. CLICK: That 1st key concern which is increasing visibility and relevance in your community and there are two ways that WMS offers a solution. First, it can increase your visibility on the web, and secondly it can free your staff for critical public services. CLICK: The next key concern was demonstrating value to your funders and community. With WMS, you can offer new services for your patrons. CLICK: Finally, your third key concern was helping distract the budget. With the Web-scale solution you can reduce costs, and we will show you how.Clean up Tipping point slides
Kellar, Elizabeth1 firstname.lastname@example.org, MEGA ISSUES DRIVE LOCAL CHANGES. Public Management (00333611); Jan/Feb2011, Vol. 93 Issue 1, p6-11, 6p
If we are going to meet these priorities it means we have to do many things differently in our libraries today. A few different things I can think of are:By doing things differently we should then have capacity to do some different things.
What if the library sponsored an app that students could use for collaborating on projects by bringing together data from the learning management system, library resources and external resources?What if you sponsored an app that helped faculty research by pulling together data sets they are working with, relevant literature from the library on the topic, notes they are creating to allow easy collaboration with colleagues?What would you add to this list?What would make your library relevant today?
What would you add to this list?What would make your library relevant today?
If we want the future now for our libraries then we need;ToolsTools
Let’s look at the environment we now live in and the one the OCLC Cooperative has been working to create.In the last decade the Web has changed out we search for and discover information, how communities come together and how we even think about computing and take advantage of computing power.Over the last 10 years OCLC has been working with libraries to not just respond to this change but to participate in it. Starting in 2000 with the strategy to weave the web into libraries and libraries into the Web, through to syndicating WorldCat to Google for harvesting and bringing WorldCat down to the local library with WorldCat Local to now launching the WorldShare strategy with libraries.Why is the WorldShare strategy and vision so important to libraries?
We find ourselves in a world of disconnects within our library infrastructures. We’ve added systems over the year to cope with the changing collections and formats we now manage. And in reality many of these connecting lines do not exist or are at best dashed and fuzzy.But making the problem more serious is the fact our users live in a larger ecosystem, and we are barely even connected to it.
So the WorldShare strategy is to create a platform where the applications, or apps, that allow us to both manage our library differently but to enable us to start doing different things. When apps are in a shared platform environment they can draw on shared data stores and services, be more easily shared among libraries and really extend our reach. Whether it is apps like these for the routine management of the library we already do.
Or apps that connect to the other external systems we need for complete management and access to our collections
Or extend our reach outward to where our students and faculty spend much of their time
Learning from the business world around us, this is what the OCLC WorldShare Platform was built to do.The WorldShare has the infrastructure, data, and Web services needed to create and share apps which leverage the collective innovation of the community.With the App Gallery it supports OCLC-developed, partner developed and library community developed applications and Web services, leveraging the aggregated data in WorldCat alongside valuable repositories managed by the library and information community.MORE DETAIL BELOW IF WANTED. The OCLC WorldShare Platform is the technical infrastructure that will support OCLC applications, Web services and data moving forward. The platform is built on a shared cloud-computing infrastructure and leverages the aggregated data in WorldCat, the WorldCat knowledge base and the WorldCat Institution Registry.The WorldShare platform provides a flexible and broadly accessible environment that will support applications built by the library community, partners and by OCLC. This framework can support the creation of Webscale services for other organizations, library developers, researchers and partners. Applications can then be easily configured and shared by libraries in order to deliver new functionality and value to their users.The OCLC WorldShare App Gallery allows nonprogrammers to test and install applications by clicking through the steps in the same, central WorldShare interface. In this way, though the creation of applications requires programming expertise, their use does not. Like Apple’s App Store, developers create applications which are submitted for quality testing, and certified apps become visible for installation.Applications on the platform have access to all OCLC subscription resources, as well as many freely-available materials. Applications in the App Gallery can be developed and tested freely… but installation into production requires activation keys. There is no fee associated with access to the OCLC WorldShare Platform. It is a value-added method of cooperation and collaboration built to improve the services to which OCLC members already subscribe.
The app shows you the materials on the bestseller list that are not held in your library. The acquisitions operator can select the item for purchase and specify the number of copies…
The acquisitions operator can select the item for purchase and specify the number of copies and has real time price and availability from Amazon.
And then push the item to an Amazon cart, but also create the order in WorldShare Acquisitions.
As a participant in the platform, OCLC is creating the applications needed to manage your library differently, extend access to your collections and help give you the capacity to do different things.CLICK: Already on the platform are Acquisitions, License Management and CirculationCLICK: Coming new to the platform are in depth analytics to help you make decisionsCLICK: Moving to the platform are ILL and metadata management. And libraries using the ILLiad ILL workflow client will also benefit from the new open services created on the platform for WorldShare ILL.CLICK: WorldCat still remains its own valuable part of the overall strategy of the Cooperative, but it also is being rearchitected on the infrastructure and service oriented architecture of the platform.
So this means with WorldShare Management Services all your library needs is a Web browser and your staff can log into a single interface to manage all of you collection management needs. Because the WorldShare Management Service applications are built on the WorldShare Platform it will allow your library, other libraries and other system suppliers tp add new apps into this same interface without needing any intervention from OCLC staff. It also opens the data in the platform for re-use outside WorldShare Management Services to extend you reach and allow you to do different things.
So summarizing OCLC’s strategy for partnering with libraries:It is about participating in the community of the Web with:CLICK: WorldCat being the shared data about the world’s libraries, connecting library data to other information providers on the open web, ensuring information seekers can find and get the materials and services available in the world’s libraries.CLICK: And now the cooperative taking it to the next level with OCLC WorldShare.WorldShare is the shared infrastructure—that will allow libraries to create, collect, manage and share their resources in new and more efficient ways at Webscale.
LYRASIS and OCLC Present: Collaborative Platforms: WorkingWith OCLC WorldShare™ and More Tools for Libraries
Objectives• After this session, you will be able to:• Define web scale / cloud computing• Identify free/reasonably priced web scale tools• Improve your work efficiency by working at web scale• Understand the collaborative features of the OCLC WorldShare™ Platform
Cloud Computing• Basic definition:• The practice of using a network of remote servers hosted on the Internet to store, manage, and process data, rather than a local server.• Web Scale:• Web-scale refers to how major web presences architect systems and services to scale as use grows. --Lorcan Dempsey
Four types of cloud computing Infrastructure Platform Applications ServicesKPMG
Discussion: What are you using?• Share in chat some cloud computing tools you are using in your work life with the group—Share:• What its called• What it does• How you are applying it in a library setting
Cloud computing tools in libraries• Let’s review some practical tools and think about how we can apply them to our work in libraries!
Shared data about the world’s libraries. Find and get it.Shared infrastructure to manage and share resources across libraries and across communities.
The Future Today Doing things Doing different differently things
The Future Today Shopping Entertainment Web Services Platform Data Management Infrastructure Communication Information
The Future Today: The Web scales Organizations have access to infrastructure and platforms that enable them to reach a broad, geographically diverse community… …and at the same time scope their services to focus on meeting the specific needs of their users.
The Future Today: The world at Webscale Consumer Shared Shared Data Infrastructure Business
Priorities in higher education • Student enrollment, retention, and graduation rates • Student learning • Faculty research productivity • Faculty grant proposals and funding • Faculty teaching
Top Priorities for academic libraries• Licensed e-collections/e-books 51%• Future of higher education and the library’s role 42%• Facilities issues 39%• Visibility of library’s collection 30%• Digitization projects 23%
Tipping Point Top concerns in academia: online and distance learning• Over 3.5 million people take online courses today• Most major colleges and universities now offer online degree programs• The concept of ―point, click, study‖ is officially mainstream• Even residential universities, "hybrid" courses will become the norm as discussions, office hours, lectures, study groups, and assignments move on line.
It can help answer your key priorities• Key priority #1: Increasing visibility and relevance in your community – WorldShare solution: Increase your visibility on the web – WorldShare solution: Free your staff for critical public services• Key priority #2: Demonstrating value to your funders and community – WorldShare solution: Offer new services for your patrons• Key priority #3: Helping to stretch your budget – WorldShare solution: Reduce your costs
Tipping point… Top concerns in the public sector: changing community demographics• Residents in 20’s & 30’s not engaged within community• Reaching out through social media• More diverse population
Meeting these priorities: Things to do differently • Spend more cataloging time on special collections • Streamline tech services so staff have 8 hours a week freed up for new projects • Manage all your physical and electronic collections in one place • Automatically add and update e collections for discovery and access • Give your students access to everything from your library on their mobile device
Meeting academic library priorities: Different things to do • The library sponsored a student collaboration app that consolidated from multiple sources for student projects • The library sponsored a faculty research app that consolidated data, literature, notes etc for collaboration with colleagues
Meeting public library priorities: Different things to do • The library sponsors a genealogy collaboration app that consolidated information from multiple sources for surname projects • The library sponsored a small business app to pull together multiple resources for small business owners
To have the future now • Tools to do different things in the community we serve • Tools to do things differentlyto gain capacity
Back to the future: A decade of change and new assumptions 100,000 apps in Apple’s S3&EC2 1999 2001 2003 2004 2006 2009 2010 2011 Discovery Community Collaboration 2000 2005 2007
A World of disconnects university.edu Acquisitions Cataloging Print Self BBC Google Service Vendors News Circulation JSTOR Wikipedia ILS Electronic Vendor WebMD iTunes Users OPAC Library Amazon Facebook ERM Meta- search Consortial Google Scholar A to Z System HathiTrust YouTube Resolver ListESPN National/ EasyBib Global Scholar Good System portals Reads
Moving our infrastructure to Webscale university.edu Acquisitions Cataloging Print Self BBC Google Service Vendors News A-Z List Circulation Discovery Delivery Tracker Circulation JSTOR A-Z Wikipedia ILS Electronic Vendor WebMD Acquisitions Cataloging Digital Repository Reserves Mgr iTunes Users OPAC Library Amazon Facebook ERM Self Service Vendor Directory Meta- Patron Admin WorldCat Identities search Consortial Google Scholar A to Z System HathiTrust YouTube Resolver ListESPN National/ EasyBib Global Scholar Good System portals Reads
Moving our infrastructure to Webscale AcademiCal DuraArchive Check Discovery Faculty Press CLOCKSS Checker JSTOR Image Find Study Guides Portico Account DOI Generator Molecule Scan Hathi Text Search
Moving our infrastructure to Webscale Family Tree Info Discovery Project Generator Facebook bookclub ScoreFinder NYT Best Sellers Room Reserve Rate & Recommend Pic2Lib Amazon Wish List Friends of the Library Angry Birds for donations
OCLC WorldShare Platform • The WorldShare Platform leverages OCLC’s infrastructure to deliver an externalized integration environment • Exposes a suite of business- and data-level Web services for use by libraries and other industry partners, beginning with WorldShare Management Services – Creates opportunities for collaborative innovation, making it possible to transform the relationships between libraries, their data, and their systems
What is the WorldShare Platform? A developer ―toolbox‖, with Web service documentation, testing sandbox, and other resources necessary to build applications.
What is the WorldShare Platform? An ―App Gallery‖ to support sharing apps across libraries…and allow ―single click‖ installation for even non-technical users.
What is theWorldShare Platform? A place to facilitate collaborative innovation through online forums, mashathons, etc.
The OCLC WorldShare Platform Library-built Partner-built OCLC-built Applications Applications Applications App Gallery Web Services Platform Data Management Flexible, open platform Infrastructure for the community to share applications and innovation
OCLC apps on the WorldShare Platform On the WorldShare Platform: WorldShare Acquisitions WorldShare License Manager WorldShare Circulation OCLC-built Coming to WorldShare Platform: Applications WorldShare Analytics Moving to WorldShare Platform: WorldShare ILL Metadata management WorldCat and the WorldShare Platform? WorldCat.org and WorldCat Local moving to platform architecture