ribbon development along with highway

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ribbon development along with highway

  1. 1. RIBBON DEVELOPMENT ALONG WITH HIGHWAYS AND ITS PREVENTION
  2. 2. RIBBON DEVELOPMENT• A system of buildings built side by side along a highway. like locating industries, repair shop, petrol pumps with direct access to the highways.• Such development generated great concern in the UK during 1920.• It added in Indian Road Congress on 2nd may 1974.
  3. 3. PROBLEM OF RIBBEN DEVELOPMENT IN INDIA• The development is marked as near all the cities and towns of the country.• Increasing urbanization and growing pressure on land near the city.
  4. 4. EFFECTS OF RIBBON DEVELOPMENT• towns and cities causing traffic and other issues.• the loss of food producing land.• Parking vehicles along roadsides.• Roadside encroachment.• Large number of advertisement cause driver distraction.
  5. 5. Control of Ribbon Development and removal of encroachments along Highways.• Provision of Extra land width for future development.• Provision for service road for traffic, which is purely local in character.• Control of access.• Control of building activities.• Control of roadside advertisement.• Prevention of encroachments and their speedy removal.
  6. 6. Control of Ribbon Development and removal of encroachments along Highways.Provision of Extra land width for future development.One of the most effective methods of ensuring that ribbon developmentDoes not take place is to acquire extra land for fulfill the the futureRequirement.
  7. 7. Control of Ribbon Development and removal of encroachments along Highways.
  8. 8. Control of Ribbon Development and removal of encroachments along Highways.• Provision for service road for traffic, which is purely local in character.As service roads are intended to meet mainly local traffic needs, these could be constructed by the concerned Road Authority who can, if they so desire consider and examine possibility of charging some fee from the owners of the factories/buildings to recoup the cost by adopting some suitable necessary procedure as admissible.
  9. 9. Control of Ribbon Development and removal of encroachments along Highways.
  10. 10. Control of Ribbon Development and removal of encroachments along Highways.• Control of access. In urban areas the spacing of access to Arterial highways should wherever possible be restricted to 500 metre interval. If an highways is likely to be developed as Express way/Motor way the spacing should be 1000 meters.• Individual driveways to private properties other than petrol pumps should not be spaced closer than 300 meter from each other or from an intersection.• On highways with dual carriageway median openings should generally be limited to intersection with public roads and should not be permitted for individual business needs.• Where intersections are a far apart, median openings may be provided at intervals of 2 Km. For permitting Urban and diversion of traffic to one of the carriage ways at times of emergency or major repairs.
  11. 11. Control of Ribbon Development and removal of encroachments along Highways.• Designs of all access points should conform to the minimum geometric standards required for safety at the particular location and adequate warning should be provided through Road Signs and Markings.• Prior permission of the Ministry should be obtained before permitting new access points on National Highways.
  12. 12. Control of Ribbon Development and removal of encroachments along Highways. Control of building activities. •It is desirable that within a prescribed distance from the highway no building activity is allowed. •This distance from road is defined by a hypothetical line(building line). •Beyond this line it is desirable that buildings of height exceeding 13 meters above road level are not built for a further distance defined by what ‘Control Lines’. The minimum desirable standard for ‘Building Lines’ and ‘Control Lines’ for various types of roads are given:
  13. 13. Class of roads Plain & Rolling Terrain Mountainous & Steep Rural Areas Urban & Distance between Building Line and Road Line Industrial boundaries Areas Class of Plain & Rolling Terrai Mountainous & Steep roads n Width Width Rural Areas Urban Distance between BuildingAreas Distance Rural Line Urban Areas between between between and Road Line boundaries & Indust Building Control Building rial Lines Lines line Areas and Width Width Distan Rural Areas Urban Areas (overall (overall betwee betwee ce line Road width) width) n n boundary Buildin Control en betwe (metres) (metres) Lines Buildin g Lines (set back (overall (overall g line width) distance width) and (metre (metre Road s) s) (metres) line bound ary (set back distan ce (metre s) Normal Exceptional Normal Exceptional Nor Excepti Nor Excepti mal (metres) (metres) onal mal onal (metres) (metres) (met (metres (met (metres res) ) res) )National Highways & 80 150 National Highways & 80 150 3-6 3-6 5 5 3 5 3 3 5 3State Highways State Highways Major District 50 100 3 5 3 5 3 RoadMajor District Road 50 100 Other District 25/30* 35 3 -- 5 5 3 5 3 3 5 3 RoadOther District Road 25/30* 35 Village Road 25 30 -- -- 5 5 3 5 3 3 5 3Village Road 25 30 -- 5 3 5 3
  14. 14. Control of Ribbon Development and removal of encroachments along Highways. • Control of roadside advertisement. • Advertisements boards, statues etc. are a source of distraction and cause of accidents on highways and should not be permitted on National Highway land
  15. 15. Control of Ribbon Development and removal of encroachments along Highways. • Prevention of encroachments and their speedy removal • It is noticed that a number of encroachments have developed in the past on arterial highways. It is essential that urgent action is taken to remove all the existing encroachments. • the prosecution has to prove that the land in question is either a public way or a public place.

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