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  1. 1. SOCIAL STUDIES<br /><ul><li> CONCEPTS
  2. 2. MEAN IDEAS</li></li></ul><li>First paragraph<br />Luisa Fernanda <br />Ortiz Alvarado<br />DIEGO VILLAMIZAR<br />
  3. 3. division of powers<br />consists of differentiated legislative, executive, and judicial powers. However, while separation of powers prohibits one branch from interfering with another, division of power permits such interference. For example, in Indonesia, the President (who wields executive power) can introduce a new bill, but the people’s consultative assembly (holding legislative power) chooses to either legalize or reject the bill.<br />
  4. 4. Catholic church<br />The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the world's largest Christian church. It has more than a billion members, over half of all Christians and more than one-sixth of the world's population, although the number of lapsed Catholics is not reliably known. A communion of the Western, (or Latin Rite) Church, and 22 autonomous Eastern Catholic Churches (called particular churches), it comprised a total of 2,795 dioceses in 2008. The Church's highest earthly authority in matters of faith, morality, and governance is the Pope, currently Pope Benedict XVI, who holds supreme authority in concert with the College of Bishops, of which he is the head.<br />
  5. 5. Federal sistem<br />A federal system of government is one that divides the powers of government between the national (federal) government and state and local governments. The Constitution of the United States established the federal system, also known as federalism. Under federalism, each level of government has sovereignty in some areas and shares powers in other areas. For example: both the federal and state governments have the power to tax. Only the federal government can declare war.<br />
  6. 6. CONSTITUTIONAL GOVERnMENT<br />its limits on the powers of governments<br />In each department there is a Governor who serves as the direct agent of the President of the Republic and who heads up the administration Sectional. The fundamental powers of the Governor, are:a) To implement and enforce the orders in the Department of the National Government and the Ordinances of the respective Assembly b) opening and closing sessions of the Assembly and call it into special session when deemed necessary; c) direct the management administrative employees to appoint or renew, approve or reject the measures taken by these and to make rules in favor of a better way of Section d) submit to the Assembly the draft ordinances aimed at improving economic, social, educationally, and everything that relates to public works, health, management of rectal as income and expenditure, and so on., e) Represent the Department in administrative and judicial business; f) To provide assistance to justice in cases determined by law g) punish Ordinances adopted by the Assembly when notice that are directed towards the common good; h) Review the actions of municipal councils and mayors to make sure that adhere to the Constitution, Law and Ordinances.<br />DEPARTMENTAL<br /> GOVERnMENTS<br />
  7. 7. DEPARTAMENTAL ASSEMBLIES<br />The Departmental Assembly in Colombia are in each department, public corporation, political-administrative, elective, which enjoys administrative autonomy and its own budget. Composed of not less than 11 nor more than 31 members, popularly elected for a period of 4 years. Issued Ordinances Departmental Assembly binding in its territorial jurisdiction (department). Its equivalent in the cities is the City Council and in the communities or local level is the Local Management Board, in very broad sense, equivalent to the national level is the Congress who is the sole legislative organ of the Colombian State, as this is a unitary state .<br />
  8. 8. MEAN IDEAS <br />
  9. 9. Colombia has had ten constitutions , the last of which -- adopted in 1886 -- established the present – day unitary republic.<br />These constitutions addressed three important issues : the division of powers, the strength of the chief executive , and the role of the roman catholic church.<br />The unitary constitutions of 1821 and 1830 --inspired by president Simon Bolivar Palacio -- gave considerable power to the central government at the expense of the departmental governments. <br />