SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 17
UNIT 1.
SPANISH STATE
INITIAL QUESTIONS
• How many Autonomous Communities are
there in Spain?
• How many provinces are there in Spain?
• Do you know the name of some Autonomous
Community with only one province?
• Do you know what is a Constitution?
• When was the current Spanish Constitution
approved?
1. POLITICAL MAP OF SPAIN.
Chafarinas
Alhucemas
Alborán
• Spain is a country on the European continent.
• It lies between two large bodies of water: the
Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea.
• Most of its territory is located on the Iberian
Peninsula, although it also consists of two
archipelagos (the Islas Canarias and the Islas
Baleares) and two cities in North Africa: Ceuta
and Melilla. Besides, other smaller islands are part of
Spanish territory: the Chafarinas Islands, the Alhucemas
Islands and Alborán Island.
• Spain is organised into 17 Autonomous
Communities and 2 autonomous cities. The
Autonomous Communities are divided into
provinces (50), which are made up of
municipalities.
AUTONOMUS COMMUNITIES
WHY IS THE SPANISH STATE ORGANIZED IN THIS WAY?
 Because of the Spanish Constitution of 1978. It regulates the form of the State and
the main characteristics of the territorial organisation.
 Title VIII: The territorial organization of the State. Principles around which the
territorial organization of Spain is established. Some articles:
– “Artículo 137: El Estado se organiza territorialmente en municipios, en provincias y en las
Comunidades Autónomas que se constituyan […]”.
– “Artículo 139: Todos los españoles tienen los mismos derechos y obligaciones en cualquier
parte del territorio del Estado […]”.
– “Artículo 141: La provincia es una entidad local con personalidad jurídica propia,
determinada por la agrupación de municipios […]”.
– “Artículo 155: Si una Comunidad Autónoma no cumpliere las obligaciones
que la Constitución […], o actuare de forma que atente gravemente al interés
general de España, el Gobierno, previo requerimiento al Presidente de la
Comunidad Autónoma y, en el caso de no ser atendido, con la aprobación por
mayoría absoluta del Senado, podrá adoptar las medidas necesarias para obligar
a aquélla al cumplimiento forzoso de dichas […]”.
LET´S PRACTICE!!!!!!
• Provinces:
• https://mapasinteractivos.didactalia.net/comunidad/mapasfla
shinteractivos/recurso/provincias-de-espaa/108fb9ee-6654-
465a-a9ed-e84be977a27a
• Autonomous Communities:
• https://mapasinteractivos.didactalia.net/comunidad/mapasfla
shinteractivos/recurso/comunidades-autonomas-de-
espaa/9f69dbbf-8dda-4403-b8e1-47d77887b7a6
THE SPANISH CONSTITUTION OF 1978
The Constitution: is the fundamental law of the state, which establishes
its basic principles and laws. In Spain, it was approved in 1978.
Approval of the Spanish Constitution
• 31/10/1978: approved by
Courts.
• 06/12/1978: ratified by the
Spanish people.
• 27/12/1978: signed by the
monarch.
• 29/12/1978: published BOE.
40TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE SPANISH CONSTITUTION!!!!
BASIC PRINCIPLES
• A SOCIAL AND DEMOCRATIC STATE.
• A PARLIAMENTARY MONARCHY.
• SEPARATION OF POWERS.
• SOVEREIGNTY OF THE PEOPLE.
• A SOCIAL AND DEMOCRATIC STATE
Artículo 1.1: http://www.congreso.es/consti/constitucion/indice/titulos/articulos.jsp?ini=1&fin=9&tipo=2
– There are rights for all the citizens (social). Fundamental laws (from article 14 to
29 and 30.2)
• http://www.congreso.es/consti/constitucion/indice/titulos/articulos.jsp?ini=10&fin=55&tipo=2
– The citizens can vote the governors, who have to respect the laws
or should be subject to the law (democratic).
• A PARLIAMENTARY MONARCHY
Article 1.3: http://www.congreso.es/consti/constitucion/indice/titulos/articulos.jsp?ini=1&fin=9&tipo=2
– The head of the State is the Monarch, Felipe VI: he represents
Spain in international relations. He does not intervene in
government matters.
– The head of the Government is the President of Spain (currently,
Pedro Sánchez).
• Functions of the monarch (article 62):
• http://www.congreso.es/consti/constitucion/indice/titulos/articulos.jsp?ini=56&fin=65&tipo=2
• SEPARATION OF POWERS.
– Legislative power: make laws (Cortes Generales: Congress of
Deputies y Senate).
– Executive power: govern the country according to the laws
(Government). It is made up of the Prime Minister (Mariano
Rajoy) and the ministers.
– Judicial power: enforce laws (judges and magistrates).
• SOVEREIGNTY OF THE PEOPLE
• Articulo 1.2: http://www.congreso.es/consti/constitucion/indice/titulos/articulos.jsp?ini=1&fin=9&tipo=2
– Sovereignty resides in the people, because citizens can elect
their political representatives.
– The elections are held every four years by universal suffrage.
It means that all Spanish people over 18 can vote.
CENTRAL GOVERNMENT
• Is composed of all the institutions that can act throughout
the whole Spain.
• All the central government bodies reside in the capital of
the state: Madrid.
http://www.lamoncloa.gob.es/gobierno/Paginas/index.aspx
AUTONOMOUS AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS
AUTONOMOUS GOVERNMENT
• 17 Autonomous Communities
and two Autonomous cities.
• Each Autonomous Community
has its own set of laws:
Statute of Autonomy.
• Autonomous Parliament.
LOCAL GOVERNMENT
• Autonomous Communities are divided into
provinces (made up of municipalities).
• Provinces: there are 50 in Spain. The
institutions that are responsible for governing
are the Provincial Councils.
• Municipalities: cities, towns or villages. It is
governed by the council, presided by the mayor
and made up od councillors.
Emiliano García Page: President of Castilla-
La Mancha
José Manuel Caballero Serrano: President
of Provincial Council
Pilar Zamora: Mayor Ciudad Real
SPAIN
Parliamentary
monarchy
Monarchy
Head of State: King.
Representative
functions
Parliament:
Congreso y Senado
Parliament:
Congreso y
Senado
Separation of
power
Legislative
Las Cortes
Congreso de los
Diputados
Senado
Executive
Government
President and
Ministers
Establishes
objectives State
according to laws
Judicial
Judges and
magistrates
Enforce laws
Territorial
organisation
Autonomous
Communities
Provinces
Municipalities
Activities
Thanks for your attention!!!

More Related Content

What's hot (20)

Unit 2. Spain today.
Unit 2. Spain today. Unit 2. Spain today.
Unit 2. Spain today.
 
Spain´s political system
Spain´s political systemSpain´s political system
Spain´s political system
 
ITALY VS USA
ITALY VS USAITALY VS USA
ITALY VS USA
 
Political organisation of_spain[1]
Political organisation of_spain[1]Political organisation of_spain[1]
Political organisation of_spain[1]
 
Italy vs Uk
Italy vs UkItaly vs Uk
Italy vs Uk
 
Political_system-Italy
Political_system-ItalyPolitical_system-Italy
Political_system-Italy
 
A3 spain
A3 spainA3 spain
A3 spain
 
Power point celia ( sectores)
Power point celia ( sectores)Power point celia ( sectores)
Power point celia ( sectores)
 
Spain
SpainSpain
Spain
 
My country
My countryMy country
My country
 
My country
My countryMy country
My country
 
Spain
SpainSpain
Spain
 
Political organization of Spain
Political organization of SpainPolitical organization of Spain
Political organization of Spain
 
National constitution (Ldl lesson)
National constitution (Ldl lesson)National constitution (Ldl lesson)
National constitution (Ldl lesson)
 
Spain today
Spain todaySpain today
Spain today
 
Constitution
ConstitutionConstitution
Constitution
 
Andalusian estatute in english
Andalusian estatute in englishAndalusian estatute in english
Andalusian estatute in english
 
Spanish constitution in english
Spanish constitution in englishSpanish constitution in english
Spanish constitution in english
 
India vs italy
India vs italyIndia vs italy
India vs italy
 
Japan Presentation
Japan PresentationJapan Presentation
Japan Presentation
 

Similar to Unit 1

Unit 7. spanish constitution
Unit 7. spanish constitutionUnit 7. spanish constitution
Unit 7. spanish constitutionDudas-Historia
 
Unit 2. Spain today
Unit 2. Spain todayUnit 2. Spain today
Unit 2. Spain todayalfonsodios
 
Spanish Institutions
Spanish InstitutionsSpanish Institutions
Spanish Institutionsticbilingue
 
Spain today presentation
Spain today presentationSpain today presentation
Spain today presentationcastillosekel
 
Unit 6. politics
Unit 6. politicsUnit 6. politics
Unit 6. politicssarascience
 
Unit 3 social science 5th level
Unit 3 social science 5th levelUnit 3 social science 5th level
Unit 3 social science 5th levelAlfaresbilingual
 
Administration of local government PHILIPPINES
Administration of local government  PHILIPPINESAdministration of local government  PHILIPPINES
Administration of local government PHILIPPINESEdz Gapuz
 
Unit 3 social science 5th level
Unit 3 social science 5th levelUnit 3 social science 5th level
Unit 3 social science 5th levelAlfaresbilingual
 
Autonomous Communities -A Spanish Phenomenon-
Autonomous Communities -A Spanish Phenomenon-Autonomous Communities -A Spanish Phenomenon-
Autonomous Communities -A Spanish Phenomenon-Exist77
 
Philippine Government under Spain
Philippine Government under SpainPhilippine Government under Spain
Philippine Government under SpainEdmundo Dantes
 
POLITICAL MAPS, SPANISH INSTITUTIONS/CULTURE
POLITICAL MAPS, SPANISH INSTITUTIONS/CULTUREPOLITICAL MAPS, SPANISH INSTITUTIONS/CULTURE
POLITICAL MAPS, SPANISH INSTITUTIONS/CULTUREdavidmingarropardos
 
Political structure in Spain and Galicia
Political structure in Spain and GaliciaPolitical structure in Spain and Galicia
Political structure in Spain and GaliciaPARADELA2016
 
Cortés de Cádiz. (2003). The Political Constitution of the Spa
Cortés de Cádiz. (2003). The Political Constitution of the SpaCortés de Cádiz. (2003). The Political Constitution of the Spa
Cortés de Cádiz. (2003). The Political Constitution of the SpaAlleneMcclendon878
 

Similar to Unit 1 (20)

How spainand eu are organized
How spainand eu are organizedHow spainand eu are organized
How spainand eu are organized
 
Spain
SpainSpain
Spain
 
Ppt spain
Ppt spainPpt spain
Ppt spain
 
Unit 7. spanish constitution
Unit 7. spanish constitutionUnit 7. spanish constitution
Unit 7. spanish constitution
 
My country
My countryMy country
My country
 
Unit 2. Spain today
Unit 2. Spain todayUnit 2. Spain today
Unit 2. Spain today
 
Spanish Institutions
Spanish InstitutionsSpanish Institutions
Spanish Institutions
 
Political organization of society
Political organization of societyPolitical organization of society
Political organization of society
 
Spain today presentation
Spain today presentationSpain today presentation
Spain today presentation
 
Unit 6. politics
Unit 6. politicsUnit 6. politics
Unit 6. politics
 
Unit 3 social science 5th level
Unit 3 social science 5th levelUnit 3 social science 5th level
Unit 3 social science 5th level
 
Administration of local government PHILIPPINES
Administration of local government  PHILIPPINESAdministration of local government  PHILIPPINES
Administration of local government PHILIPPINES
 
Unit 3 social science 5th level
Unit 3 social science 5th levelUnit 3 social science 5th level
Unit 3 social science 5th level
 
Autonomous Communities -A Spanish Phenomenon-
Autonomous Communities -A Spanish Phenomenon-Autonomous Communities -A Spanish Phenomenon-
Autonomous Communities -A Spanish Phenomenon-
 
Philippine Government under Spain
Philippine Government under SpainPhilippine Government under Spain
Philippine Government under Spain
 
POLITICAL MAPS, SPANISH INSTITUTIONS/CULTURE
POLITICAL MAPS, SPANISH INSTITUTIONS/CULTUREPOLITICAL MAPS, SPANISH INSTITUTIONS/CULTURE
POLITICAL MAPS, SPANISH INSTITUTIONS/CULTURE
 
Spain.4th
Spain.4thSpain.4th
Spain.4th
 
Catalonia. Public Administration
Catalonia. Public AdministrationCatalonia. Public Administration
Catalonia. Public Administration
 
Political structure in Spain and Galicia
Political structure in Spain and GaliciaPolitical structure in Spain and Galicia
Political structure in Spain and Galicia
 
Cortés de Cádiz. (2003). The Political Constitution of the Spa
Cortés de Cádiz. (2003). The Political Constitution of the SpaCortés de Cádiz. (2003). The Political Constitution of the Spa
Cortés de Cádiz. (2003). The Political Constitution of the Spa
 

More from LUCÍA BLANCO FERNÁNDEZ (20)

Verbo (II)
Verbo (II)Verbo (II)
Verbo (II)
 
Planning de clases
Planning de clasesPlanning de clases
Planning de clases
 
El Paleolítico
El Paleolítico El Paleolítico
El Paleolítico
 
La Prehistoria
La PrehistoriaLa Prehistoria
La Prehistoria
 
Biomes project
Biomes projectBiomes project
Biomes project
 
Quinto tema 7. La narrativa
Quinto tema 7. La narrativa Quinto tema 7. La narrativa
Quinto tema 7. La narrativa
 
Tema 2. Dignidad
Tema 2. DignidadTema 2. Dignidad
Tema 2. Dignidad
 
Quinto tema 7. La narrativa (1)
Quinto tema 7. La narrativa (1)Quinto tema 7. La narrativa (1)
Quinto tema 7. La narrativa (1)
 
Unit 6
Unit 6 Unit 6
Unit 6
 
Unit 6
Unit 6Unit 6
Unit 6
 
Unit 5
Unit 5Unit 5
Unit 5
 
Project about cities
Project about citiesProject about cities
Project about cities
 
Recursos literarios
Recursos literariosRecursos literarios
Recursos literarios
 
Europe: rivers
Europe: riversEurope: rivers
Europe: rivers
 
Spain: rivers
Spain: riversSpain: rivers
Spain: rivers
 
Unit 4
Unit 4Unit 4
Unit 4
 
Unit 5.cities
Unit 5.citiesUnit 5.cities
Unit 5.cities
 
Relief Asia
Relief AsiaRelief Asia
Relief Asia
 
Relief oceania
Relief oceaniaRelief oceania
Relief oceania
 
Relief Africa
Relief AfricaRelief Africa
Relief Africa
 

Recently uploaded

Spring gala 2024 photo slideshow - Celebrating School-Community Partnerships
Spring gala 2024 photo slideshow - Celebrating School-Community PartnershipsSpring gala 2024 photo slideshow - Celebrating School-Community Partnerships
Spring gala 2024 photo slideshow - Celebrating School-Community Partnershipsexpandedwebsite
 
An overview of the various scriptures in Hinduism
An overview of the various scriptures in HinduismAn overview of the various scriptures in Hinduism
An overview of the various scriptures in HinduismDabee Kamal
 
The Liver & Gallbladder (Anatomy & Physiology).pptx
The Liver &  Gallbladder (Anatomy & Physiology).pptxThe Liver &  Gallbladder (Anatomy & Physiology).pptx
The Liver & Gallbladder (Anatomy & Physiology).pptxVishal Singh
 
DEMONSTRATION LESSON IN ENGLISH 4 MATATAG CURRICULUM
DEMONSTRATION LESSON IN ENGLISH 4 MATATAG CURRICULUMDEMONSTRATION LESSON IN ENGLISH 4 MATATAG CURRICULUM
DEMONSTRATION LESSON IN ENGLISH 4 MATATAG CURRICULUMELOISARIVERA8
 
會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文
會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文
會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文中 央社
 
e-Sealing at EADTU by Kamakshi Rajagopal
e-Sealing at EADTU by Kamakshi Rajagopale-Sealing at EADTU by Kamakshi Rajagopal
e-Sealing at EADTU by Kamakshi RajagopalEADTU
 
8 Tips for Effective Working Capital Management
8 Tips for Effective Working Capital Management8 Tips for Effective Working Capital Management
8 Tips for Effective Working Capital ManagementMBA Assignment Experts
 
diagnosting testing bsc 2nd sem.pptx....
diagnosting testing bsc 2nd sem.pptx....diagnosting testing bsc 2nd sem.pptx....
diagnosting testing bsc 2nd sem.pptx....Ritu480198
 
How to Send Pro Forma Invoice to Your Customers in Odoo 17
How to Send Pro Forma Invoice to Your Customers in Odoo 17How to Send Pro Forma Invoice to Your Customers in Odoo 17
How to Send Pro Forma Invoice to Your Customers in Odoo 17Celine George
 
Book Review of Run For Your Life Powerpoint
Book Review of Run For Your Life PowerpointBook Review of Run For Your Life Powerpoint
Book Review of Run For Your Life Powerpoint23600690
 
TỔNG HỢP HƠN 100 ĐỀ THI THỬ TỐT NGHIỆP THPT TOÁN 2024 - TỪ CÁC TRƯỜNG, TRƯỜNG...
TỔNG HỢP HƠN 100 ĐỀ THI THỬ TỐT NGHIỆP THPT TOÁN 2024 - TỪ CÁC TRƯỜNG, TRƯỜNG...TỔNG HỢP HƠN 100 ĐỀ THI THỬ TỐT NGHIỆP THPT TOÁN 2024 - TỪ CÁC TRƯỜNG, TRƯỜNG...
TỔNG HỢP HƠN 100 ĐỀ THI THỬ TỐT NGHIỆP THPT TOÁN 2024 - TỪ CÁC TRƯỜNG, TRƯỜNG...Nguyen Thanh Tu Collection
 
Scopus Indexed Journals 2024 - ISCOPUS Publications
Scopus Indexed Journals 2024 - ISCOPUS PublicationsScopus Indexed Journals 2024 - ISCOPUS Publications
Scopus Indexed Journals 2024 - ISCOPUS PublicationsISCOPE Publication
 
PSYPACT- Practicing Over State Lines May 2024.pptx
PSYPACT- Practicing Over State Lines May 2024.pptxPSYPACT- Practicing Over State Lines May 2024.pptx
PSYPACT- Practicing Over State Lines May 2024.pptxMarlene Maheu
 
SURVEY I created for uni project research
SURVEY I created for uni project researchSURVEY I created for uni project research
SURVEY I created for uni project researchCaitlinCummins3
 
UChicago CMSC 23320 - The Best Commit Messages of 2024
UChicago CMSC 23320 - The Best Commit Messages of 2024UChicago CMSC 23320 - The Best Commit Messages of 2024
UChicago CMSC 23320 - The Best Commit Messages of 2024Borja Sotomayor
 
BỘ LUYỆN NGHE TIẾNG ANH 8 GLOBAL SUCCESS CẢ NĂM (GỒM 12 UNITS, MỖI UNIT GỒM 3...
BỘ LUYỆN NGHE TIẾNG ANH 8 GLOBAL SUCCESS CẢ NĂM (GỒM 12 UNITS, MỖI UNIT GỒM 3...BỘ LUYỆN NGHE TIẾNG ANH 8 GLOBAL SUCCESS CẢ NĂM (GỒM 12 UNITS, MỖI UNIT GỒM 3...
BỘ LUYỆN NGHE TIẾNG ANH 8 GLOBAL SUCCESS CẢ NĂM (GỒM 12 UNITS, MỖI UNIT GỒM 3...Nguyen Thanh Tu Collection
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Spring gala 2024 photo slideshow - Celebrating School-Community Partnerships
Spring gala 2024 photo slideshow - Celebrating School-Community PartnershipsSpring gala 2024 photo slideshow - Celebrating School-Community Partnerships
Spring gala 2024 photo slideshow - Celebrating School-Community Partnerships
 
An overview of the various scriptures in Hinduism
An overview of the various scriptures in HinduismAn overview of the various scriptures in Hinduism
An overview of the various scriptures in Hinduism
 
The Liver & Gallbladder (Anatomy & Physiology).pptx
The Liver &  Gallbladder (Anatomy & Physiology).pptxThe Liver &  Gallbladder (Anatomy & Physiology).pptx
The Liver & Gallbladder (Anatomy & Physiology).pptx
 
DEMONSTRATION LESSON IN ENGLISH 4 MATATAG CURRICULUM
DEMONSTRATION LESSON IN ENGLISH 4 MATATAG CURRICULUMDEMONSTRATION LESSON IN ENGLISH 4 MATATAG CURRICULUM
DEMONSTRATION LESSON IN ENGLISH 4 MATATAG CURRICULUM
 
會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文
會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文
會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文
 
e-Sealing at EADTU by Kamakshi Rajagopal
e-Sealing at EADTU by Kamakshi Rajagopale-Sealing at EADTU by Kamakshi Rajagopal
e-Sealing at EADTU by Kamakshi Rajagopal
 
OS-operating systems- ch05 (CPU Scheduling) ...
OS-operating systems- ch05 (CPU Scheduling) ...OS-operating systems- ch05 (CPU Scheduling) ...
OS-operating systems- ch05 (CPU Scheduling) ...
 
VAMOS CUIDAR DO NOSSO PLANETA! .
VAMOS CUIDAR DO NOSSO PLANETA!                    .VAMOS CUIDAR DO NOSSO PLANETA!                    .
VAMOS CUIDAR DO NOSSO PLANETA! .
 
Mattingly "AI & Prompt Design: Named Entity Recognition"
Mattingly "AI & Prompt Design: Named Entity Recognition"Mattingly "AI & Prompt Design: Named Entity Recognition"
Mattingly "AI & Prompt Design: Named Entity Recognition"
 
Supporting Newcomer Multilingual Learners
Supporting Newcomer  Multilingual LearnersSupporting Newcomer  Multilingual Learners
Supporting Newcomer Multilingual Learners
 
8 Tips for Effective Working Capital Management
8 Tips for Effective Working Capital Management8 Tips for Effective Working Capital Management
8 Tips for Effective Working Capital Management
 
diagnosting testing bsc 2nd sem.pptx....
diagnosting testing bsc 2nd sem.pptx....diagnosting testing bsc 2nd sem.pptx....
diagnosting testing bsc 2nd sem.pptx....
 
How to Send Pro Forma Invoice to Your Customers in Odoo 17
How to Send Pro Forma Invoice to Your Customers in Odoo 17How to Send Pro Forma Invoice to Your Customers in Odoo 17
How to Send Pro Forma Invoice to Your Customers in Odoo 17
 
Book Review of Run For Your Life Powerpoint
Book Review of Run For Your Life PowerpointBook Review of Run For Your Life Powerpoint
Book Review of Run For Your Life Powerpoint
 
TỔNG HỢP HƠN 100 ĐỀ THI THỬ TỐT NGHIỆP THPT TOÁN 2024 - TỪ CÁC TRƯỜNG, TRƯỜNG...
TỔNG HỢP HƠN 100 ĐỀ THI THỬ TỐT NGHIỆP THPT TOÁN 2024 - TỪ CÁC TRƯỜNG, TRƯỜNG...TỔNG HỢP HƠN 100 ĐỀ THI THỬ TỐT NGHIỆP THPT TOÁN 2024 - TỪ CÁC TRƯỜNG, TRƯỜNG...
TỔNG HỢP HƠN 100 ĐỀ THI THỬ TỐT NGHIỆP THPT TOÁN 2024 - TỪ CÁC TRƯỜNG, TRƯỜNG...
 
Scopus Indexed Journals 2024 - ISCOPUS Publications
Scopus Indexed Journals 2024 - ISCOPUS PublicationsScopus Indexed Journals 2024 - ISCOPUS Publications
Scopus Indexed Journals 2024 - ISCOPUS Publications
 
PSYPACT- Practicing Over State Lines May 2024.pptx
PSYPACT- Practicing Over State Lines May 2024.pptxPSYPACT- Practicing Over State Lines May 2024.pptx
PSYPACT- Practicing Over State Lines May 2024.pptx
 
SURVEY I created for uni project research
SURVEY I created for uni project researchSURVEY I created for uni project research
SURVEY I created for uni project research
 
UChicago CMSC 23320 - The Best Commit Messages of 2024
UChicago CMSC 23320 - The Best Commit Messages of 2024UChicago CMSC 23320 - The Best Commit Messages of 2024
UChicago CMSC 23320 - The Best Commit Messages of 2024
 
BỘ LUYỆN NGHE TIẾNG ANH 8 GLOBAL SUCCESS CẢ NĂM (GỒM 12 UNITS, MỖI UNIT GỒM 3...
BỘ LUYỆN NGHE TIẾNG ANH 8 GLOBAL SUCCESS CẢ NĂM (GỒM 12 UNITS, MỖI UNIT GỒM 3...BỘ LUYỆN NGHE TIẾNG ANH 8 GLOBAL SUCCESS CẢ NĂM (GỒM 12 UNITS, MỖI UNIT GỒM 3...
BỘ LUYỆN NGHE TIẾNG ANH 8 GLOBAL SUCCESS CẢ NĂM (GỒM 12 UNITS, MỖI UNIT GỒM 3...
 

Unit 1

  • 2. INITIAL QUESTIONS • How many Autonomous Communities are there in Spain? • How many provinces are there in Spain? • Do you know the name of some Autonomous Community with only one province? • Do you know what is a Constitution? • When was the current Spanish Constitution approved?
  • 3. 1. POLITICAL MAP OF SPAIN. Chafarinas Alhucemas Alborán
  • 4. • Spain is a country on the European continent. • It lies between two large bodies of water: the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea. • Most of its territory is located on the Iberian Peninsula, although it also consists of two archipelagos (the Islas Canarias and the Islas Baleares) and two cities in North Africa: Ceuta and Melilla. Besides, other smaller islands are part of Spanish territory: the Chafarinas Islands, the Alhucemas Islands and Alborán Island. • Spain is organised into 17 Autonomous Communities and 2 autonomous cities. The Autonomous Communities are divided into provinces (50), which are made up of municipalities.
  • 6. WHY IS THE SPANISH STATE ORGANIZED IN THIS WAY?  Because of the Spanish Constitution of 1978. It regulates the form of the State and the main characteristics of the territorial organisation.  Title VIII: The territorial organization of the State. Principles around which the territorial organization of Spain is established. Some articles: – “Artículo 137: El Estado se organiza territorialmente en municipios, en provincias y en las Comunidades Autónomas que se constituyan […]”. – “Artículo 139: Todos los españoles tienen los mismos derechos y obligaciones en cualquier parte del territorio del Estado […]”. – “Artículo 141: La provincia es una entidad local con personalidad jurídica propia, determinada por la agrupación de municipios […]”. – “Artículo 155: Si una Comunidad Autónoma no cumpliere las obligaciones que la Constitución […], o actuare de forma que atente gravemente al interés general de España, el Gobierno, previo requerimiento al Presidente de la Comunidad Autónoma y, en el caso de no ser atendido, con la aprobación por mayoría absoluta del Senado, podrá adoptar las medidas necesarias para obligar a aquélla al cumplimiento forzoso de dichas […]”.
  • 7. LET´S PRACTICE!!!!!! • Provinces: • https://mapasinteractivos.didactalia.net/comunidad/mapasfla shinteractivos/recurso/provincias-de-espaa/108fb9ee-6654- 465a-a9ed-e84be977a27a • Autonomous Communities: • https://mapasinteractivos.didactalia.net/comunidad/mapasfla shinteractivos/recurso/comunidades-autonomas-de- espaa/9f69dbbf-8dda-4403-b8e1-47d77887b7a6
  • 8. THE SPANISH CONSTITUTION OF 1978 The Constitution: is the fundamental law of the state, which establishes its basic principles and laws. In Spain, it was approved in 1978.
  • 9. Approval of the Spanish Constitution • 31/10/1978: approved by Courts. • 06/12/1978: ratified by the Spanish people. • 27/12/1978: signed by the monarch. • 29/12/1978: published BOE. 40TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE SPANISH CONSTITUTION!!!!
  • 10. BASIC PRINCIPLES • A SOCIAL AND DEMOCRATIC STATE. • A PARLIAMENTARY MONARCHY. • SEPARATION OF POWERS. • SOVEREIGNTY OF THE PEOPLE.
  • 11. • A SOCIAL AND DEMOCRATIC STATE Artículo 1.1: http://www.congreso.es/consti/constitucion/indice/titulos/articulos.jsp?ini=1&fin=9&tipo=2 – There are rights for all the citizens (social). Fundamental laws (from article 14 to 29 and 30.2) • http://www.congreso.es/consti/constitucion/indice/titulos/articulos.jsp?ini=10&fin=55&tipo=2 – The citizens can vote the governors, who have to respect the laws or should be subject to the law (democratic). • A PARLIAMENTARY MONARCHY Article 1.3: http://www.congreso.es/consti/constitucion/indice/titulos/articulos.jsp?ini=1&fin=9&tipo=2 – The head of the State is the Monarch, Felipe VI: he represents Spain in international relations. He does not intervene in government matters. – The head of the Government is the President of Spain (currently, Pedro Sánchez). • Functions of the monarch (article 62): • http://www.congreso.es/consti/constitucion/indice/titulos/articulos.jsp?ini=56&fin=65&tipo=2
  • 12. • SEPARATION OF POWERS. – Legislative power: make laws (Cortes Generales: Congress of Deputies y Senate). – Executive power: govern the country according to the laws (Government). It is made up of the Prime Minister (Mariano Rajoy) and the ministers. – Judicial power: enforce laws (judges and magistrates). • SOVEREIGNTY OF THE PEOPLE • Articulo 1.2: http://www.congreso.es/consti/constitucion/indice/titulos/articulos.jsp?ini=1&fin=9&tipo=2 – Sovereignty resides in the people, because citizens can elect their political representatives. – The elections are held every four years by universal suffrage. It means that all Spanish people over 18 can vote.
  • 13. CENTRAL GOVERNMENT • Is composed of all the institutions that can act throughout the whole Spain. • All the central government bodies reside in the capital of the state: Madrid. http://www.lamoncloa.gob.es/gobierno/Paginas/index.aspx
  • 14. AUTONOMOUS AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS AUTONOMOUS GOVERNMENT • 17 Autonomous Communities and two Autonomous cities. • Each Autonomous Community has its own set of laws: Statute of Autonomy. • Autonomous Parliament. LOCAL GOVERNMENT • Autonomous Communities are divided into provinces (made up of municipalities). • Provinces: there are 50 in Spain. The institutions that are responsible for governing are the Provincial Councils. • Municipalities: cities, towns or villages. It is governed by the council, presided by the mayor and made up od councillors. Emiliano García Page: President of Castilla- La Mancha José Manuel Caballero Serrano: President of Provincial Council Pilar Zamora: Mayor Ciudad Real
  • 15. SPAIN Parliamentary monarchy Monarchy Head of State: King. Representative functions Parliament: Congreso y Senado Parliament: Congreso y Senado Separation of power Legislative Las Cortes Congreso de los Diputados Senado Executive Government President and Ministers Establishes objectives State according to laws Judicial Judges and magistrates Enforce laws Territorial organisation Autonomous Communities Provinces Municipalities
  • 17. Thanks for your attention!!!