Greek Clothing and Theater


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Greek Clothing and Theater

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Greek Clothing and Theater

  1. 1. Information about Greek Clothing andGreek Theatre are both presented here onthis Power Point. If you are researching“Ancient Greek Theatres,” skip ahead tothe slides for “Theatre”.GREEK CLOTHING ANDGREEK THEATRE
  2. 2. Manufacture of Ancient Greek andRoman Clothing:One of the principal occupations of women in ancientsociety was weaving. Women wove garments generally ofwool for their families. Garments were simple inconstruction. They were either designed to be wrappedand draped leaving the right arm free or to be entered --like tunics.GREEK CLOTHING
  3. 3. Material of Ancient Clothing:•Most ancient clothing was made of wool.•Sometimes linen was available.•The very wealthy could also afford silk andcotton.•Most clothing was not dyed, although geometricdesigns would be woven in with colored thread.GREEK CLOTHING
  4. 4. Tunics and Mantles:Most people wore a tunic (a chiton in Greece). The tunic was thebasic garment. It could also be an undergarment. Over it would go amantle of some sort. This was the rectangular himation for theGreeks, which was draped over the left arm..GREEK CLOTHING
  5. 5. Womens Garments:•Greek Women also wore the peplos which wasa square of cloth with the top third foldedover and pinned at the shoulders.•Such garments were worn over the tunicsand under the palla.GREEK CLOTHINGpeplos palla 
  6. 6. The first real hat, the broad - brimmed petasos, wasinvented by the ancient Greeks! It was worn only fortraveling. A chin strap held it on, so when it was notneeded as protection from the weather, it could hangdown ones back.GREEK CLOTHING
  7. 7. Information about Ancient Greek Theatresbegins with this slide.ANCIENT GREEK THEATRE
  8. 8. In ancient Greece, theatre was a really big deal. Crowds of15,000 people would gather to see a play. Theatre was soimportant to the ancient Greeks that prisoners would bereleased from jail temporarily, so they could also attend. GREEK THEATER
  9. 9. Every town had at least one theatre. The ancient Greeks were always braggingabout the wonderful performances in their city-state. The ancient Greeks helddrama competitions with winners for playwriting and performing. Because somany people came to see the plays, the Greeks built huge outdoor theatres onhillsides, so that people could be seated in a way that let them see what wasgoing on down in the orchestra pit - the stage area.  The entire seating sectionwas called the Theatron, which is the origin of our word "theatre". GREEK THEATER
  10. 10. •Part of the reason plays were so important is that originally plays were performed to honor Dionysus, theancient Greek god of harvest and wine. But over time, many different gods got in the act, so to speak,especially the 12 Olympians - the major gods of ancient Greece. The Greeks were always weaving the godsinto their stories.• Orchestra: ("dancing space") was normally circular. It was alevel space where the chorus would dance, sing, and interact with theactors who were on the stage near the skene.•Theatron: ("viewing-place") is where the spectators sat.The theatron was usually part of hillside overlooking theorchestra, and often wrapped around a large portion of the orchestra•Skene: ("tent") was the building directly behind the stage. Theskene was directly in back of the stage, and was usually decorated as apalace, temple, or other building, depending on the needs of the play. Ithad at least one set of doors, and actors could make entrances and exits through them. There was also accessto the roof of the skene from behind, so that actors playing gods and other characters.•Parodos: ("passageways") are the paths by which the chorus and some actors (such as those representingmessengers or people returning from abroad) made their entrances and exits. The audience also used them toenter and exit the theater before and after the performance.GREEK THEATER
  11. 11. Tragedies: The first type they invented was the tragedy. Intragedies, one or more major characters always suffered a disastrousend. Comedies: Comedies were invented next. In comedies, playsalways had a happy end. The third type was the satire. Satires: Satires were plays that made fun of mortal legends andof real people. In ancient Greece, you did not poke fun at the gods -not in a play, not in real life, not ever. But you could poke fun atyour leaders. And that was uniquely Greek. Satires in ancientGreece were often political in nature, and could indeed affectpeoples opinions about current events. THREE TYPES OF PLAYS
  12. 12. •The Ancient Greek term for a mask is prosopon•They were helmet-like masks, covering the entire face and head,with holes for the eyes and a small aperture for the mouth, as wellas an integrated wigTHEATER MASKS
  13. 13. •In a large open-air theatre, the classical masks were able to bring thecharacters face closer to the audience, especially since they had intenselyexaggerated facial features and expressions.•They enabled an actor to appear and reappear in several different roles,thus preventing the audience from identifying the actor to one specificcharacter.•Their variations help the audience to distinguish sex, age, and social status,in addition to revealing a change in a particular character’s appearance•Only 2-3 actors were allowed on the stage at one time, and masks permittedquick transitions from one character to another.•There were only male actors, but masks allowed them to play femalecharacters.MASK FUNCTIONS
  14. 14. For more information visit “The Structure of the Greek Theater”by clicking here: GREEK THEATRES ANDMASKS