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Why Toll Roads in theSCAG Region?        Hasan Ikhrata, Executive Director Southern California Association of Governments ...
6 Counties                             San Bernardino Ventura   Los Angeles                                              R...
We are faced with major challengesmore people 6 million                    Regional Roadway                         Speed ...
Growth in Vehicle Miles Traveled   Greatly Exceeds Population Growth200%                              Vehicle Miles Travel...
We are faced with major challenges         Aging Infrastructure
We are faced with major challenges                                                     42.5                               ...
We are faced with major challenges                           51.4       28.1      2003                2035  In Million Dai...
We are faced with major challengesMillions of Air Passengers           83% Increase                2006    2035 Bob Hope  ...
Airport Ground Access• Concentration of Aviation Demand in Coastal Areas of  Los Angeles County and Orange County• Airport...
We are faced with major challenges                    Air Quality           Energy
Air quality challenges             52%             of all Americans exposed to harmful PM2.5             diesel particulat...
We also have major fiscal challenges• Increased construction  costs• Declining purchasing  power of state gas tax• Questio...
Highway Construction Price Index 350 300 250 200 150 100  50            1997         1998         1999    2000       2001 ...
Toll Roads Can Bridge the Funding Gap         Constructing today brings         economic and mobility         benefits to ...
Draft 2008 RTP Revenues                        In Nominal Dollars                             Federal                     ...
What Tolls/Pricing Can Achieve …    Speed        Reduces    Reduces the Increase and   Emissions   Consumption Reduction i...
SR 91 Express Lanes: The First PrivatelyFinanced Toll Road in Fifty Years• A four lane, 10 mile toll facility in the  medi...
91 Express Lanes: Current Toll Schedule             New Toll Schedule Effective January 1, 2008            Eastbound 3 to ...
91 Express Lanes: Fiscal YTD Performance                                         Revenues are up 8.7%        $3,500,000 $3...
Proven Benefits in the Region …                      Peak period throughput, CA SR-91,                          priced vs....
Planned Toll and HOT Lane Facilities
High Desert Corridor ( US-395 to I-5)                                               •SR-91 Express Lanes                  ...
Dedicated Lanes for Clean Technology Trucks               (Proposed Regional Toll Truck Lanes)Constrained RTP• I-710  – Co...
SR-710 Gap Closure   Congestion and traffic flows can produce strong revenue stream        Complex project that can be man...
I-15 HOT LanesAdopt as a priority, the construction of twotolled express lanes in each direction onthe I-15 …Seek legislat...
What’s Ahead• Metro’s Los Angeles County Congestion  Pricing Initiatives• SCAG Six-County Regional Congestion  Pricing Stu...
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LTC, Annual Forum, For Whom the Road Should Toll: The Future of Toll Roads and Road Pricing in California, 05/02/2008, Hasan Ikhrata

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Hasan Ikhrata, Execuitive Director; Southern California Association of Governments

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LTC, Annual Forum, For Whom the Road Should Toll: The Future of Toll Roads and Road Pricing in California, 05/02/2008, Hasan Ikhrata

  1. 1. Why Toll Roads in theSCAG Region? Hasan Ikhrata, Executive Director Southern California Association of Governments Second Annual Leonard Transportation Center Forum May 2, 2008
  2. 2. 6 Counties San Bernardino Ventura Los Angeles Riverside Orange187 Cities Imperial38,000 Square Miles18 Million People
  3. 3. We are faced with major challengesmore people 6 million Regional Roadway Speed 31 mph 27 mph
  4. 4. Growth in Vehicle Miles Traveled Greatly Exceeds Population Growth200% Vehicle Miles Traveled150%100% Population 50% 0 -50%-100% 1970 1974 1978 1982 1986 1990 1994 1998 2002 2006 Source: Statewide Totals – Caltrans – US Dept of Labor
  5. 5. We are faced with major challenges Aging Infrastructure
  6. 6. We are faced with major challenges 42.5 36.0 18.3 14.2 2005 2010 2020 2030 In Million TEUs Source: POLA, POLBExplosive Growth inGoods Movement
  7. 7. We are faced with major challenges 51.4 28.1 2003 2035 In Million Daily Vehicle Miles TraveledMajor Increase in RegionalTruck Travel
  8. 8. We are faced with major challengesMillions of Air Passengers 83% Increase 2006 2035 Bob Hope 5.7 9.4 John Wayne 9.6 10.8 LAX Long Beach 61.0 2.7 78.0 4.2 Explosive Growth Ontario Palm Springs 7.0 1.5 31.6 4.1 in Air Travel Palmdale 0.1 12.9 San Bernardino 0.0 9.4 87.6 160.4
  9. 9. Airport Ground Access• Concentration of Aviation Demand in Coastal Areas of Los Angeles County and Orange County• Airports with Available Capacity to Serve Regional Demand in North Los Angeles County and Inland Empire• Serving Regional Demand is Primarily a Ground Access Challenge• Same Travel Corridors to Solve this Problem Shared by Commuters and Truckers
  10. 10. We are faced with major challenges Air Quality Energy
  11. 11. Air quality challenges 52% of all Americans exposed to harmful PM2.5 diesel particulate matter above the federal standard live here South • 5,400 premature deaths annually Coast Air Basin • 980,000 lost work days annually
  12. 12. We also have major fiscal challenges• Increased construction costs• Declining purchasing power of state gas tax• Questionable health of the Federal Highway Trust Fund• Questionable viability of the State Highway Account
  13. 13. Highway Construction Price Index 350 300 250 200 150 100 50 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 HWY CPI California HWY CPI FHWA CPI Sources: http://www.bls.gov/cpi/ http://www.wsdot.wa.gov/biz/construction/constructioncosts.cfm Base: 1997= 100
  14. 14. Toll Roads Can Bridge the Funding Gap Constructing today brings economic and mobility benefits to the region $ Cost of structural steel, Today copper and petroleum Tomorrow based products are on the rise Building Future Projects Today
  15. 15. Draft 2008 RTP Revenues In Nominal Dollars Federal $43.0B State $82.2B 8% 14% 51% 27% New * Local $155.8B $287.9B * Total Includes Revenues from Tolls
  16. 16. What Tolls/Pricing Can Achieve … Speed Reduces Reduces the Increase and Emissions Consumption Reduction in and Helps of Fossil Delays Meets Air Fuels Quality Mandates
  17. 17. SR 91 Express Lanes: The First PrivatelyFinanced Toll Road in Fifty Years• A four lane, 10 mile toll facility in the median of SR 91 (Riverside Freeway)• First fully automated toll road in the world and first variably priced toll road in the United States• Opened in December 1998 at an estimated cost of $134 million• Initially privately financed and operated• Purchased by the OCTA in 2002 for $187 million
  18. 18. 91 Express Lanes: Current Toll Schedule New Toll Schedule Effective January 1, 2008 Eastbound 3 to 4 PM toll is $10, or $1 Per Mile Eastbound Westbound SR-55 to Riverside County Line Riverside County Line to SR-55 Sun M Tu W Th F Sat Sun M Tu W Th F Sat Midnight $1.20 $1.20 $1.20 $1.20 $1.20 $1.20 $1.20 Midnight $1.20 $1.20 $1.20 $1.20 $1.20 $1.20 $1.20 1:00 AM $1.20 $1.20 $1.20 $1.20 $1.20 $1.20 $1.20 1:00 AM $1.20 $1.20 $1.20 $1.20 $1.20 $1.20 $1.20 2:00 AM $1.20 $1.20 $1.20 $1.20 $1.20 $1.20 $1.20 2:00 AM $1.20 $1.20 $1.20 $1.20 $1.20 $1.20 $1.20 3:00 AM $1.20 $1.20 $1.20 $1.20 $1.20 $1.20 $1.20 3:00 AM $1.20 $1.20 $1.20 $1.20 $1.20 $1.20 $1.20 4:00 AM $1.20 $1.20 $1.20 $1.20 $1.20 $1.20 $1.20 4:00 AM $1.20 $2.25 $2.25 $2.25 $2.25 $2.25 $1.20 5:00 AM $1.20 $1.20 $1.20 $1.20 $1.20 $1.20 $1.20 5:00 AM $1.20 $3.70 $3.70 $3.70 $3.70 $3.55 $1.20 6:00 AM $1.20 $1.90 $1.90 $1.90 $1.90 $1.90 $1.20 6:00 AM $1.20 $3.80 $3.80 $3.80 $3.80 $3.70 $1.20 7:00 AM $1.20 $1.90 $1.90 $1.90 $1.90 $1.90 $1.20 7:00 AM $1.20 $4.20 $4.20 $4.20 $4.20 $4.10 $1.65 8:00 AM $1.55 $1.90 $1.90 $1.90 $1.90 $1.90 $1.90 8:00 AM $1.65 $3.80 $3.80 $3.80 $3.80 $3.70 $1.90 9:00 AM $1.55 $1.90 $1.90 $1.90 $1.90 $1.90 $1.90 9:00 AM $1.65 $3.05 $3.05 $3.05 $3.05 $3.05 $2.35 10:00 AM $2.35 $1.90 $1.90 $1.90 $1.90 $1.90 $2.35 10:00 AM $2.35 $1.90 $1.90 $1.90 $1.90 $1.90 $2.35 11:00 AM $2.35 $1.90 $1.90 $1.90 $1.90 $1.90 $2.35 11:00 AM $2.35 $1.90 $1.90 $1.90 $1.90 $1.90 $2.70 Noon $2.80 $1.90 $1.90 $1.90 $1.90 $2.90 $2.80 Noon $2.35 $1.90 $1.90 $1.90 $1.90 $1.90 $2.70 1:00 PM $2.80 $2.65 $2.65 $2.65 $2.90 $4.50 $2.80 1:00 PM $2.70 $1.90 $1.90 $1.90 $1.90 $1.90 $2.70 2:00 PM $2.80 $3.80 $3.80 $3.80 $3.90 $5.10 $2.80 2:00 PM $2.70 $1.90 $1.90 $1.90 $1.90 $1.90 $2.70 3:00 PM $2.35 $4.10 $4.70 $5.95 $5.70 $10.00 $2.80 3:00 PM $2.70 $1.90 $1.90 $1.90 $1.90 $2.35 $2.70 4:00 PM $2.35 $6.85 $8.00 $8.50 $9.25 $9.50 $2.80 4:00 PM $2.85 $1.90 $1.90 $1.90 $1.90 $2.35 $2.85 5:00 PM $2.35 $6.65 $8.50 $8.50 $9.25 $8.00 $2.80 5:00 PM $2.85 $1.90 $1.90 $1.90 $1.90 $2.35 $2.85 6:00 PM $2.35 $4.10 $5.45 $4.95 $5.75 $4.90 $2.35 6:00 PM $2.85 $1.90 $1.90 $1.90 $1.90 $2.80 $2.35 7:00 PM $2.35 $2.90 $2.90 $2.90 $4.15 $4.55 $1.90 7:00 PM $2.35 $1.20 $1.20 $1.20 $1.20 $1.90 $1.90 8:00 PM $2.35 $1.90 $1.90 $1.90 $2.65 $4.15 $1.90 8:00 PM $2.35 $1.20 $1.20 $1.20 $1.20 $1.20 $1.20 9:00 PM $1.90 $1.90 $1.90 $1.90 $1.90 $2.65 $1.90 9:00 PM $2.35 $1.20 $1.20 $1.20 $1.20 $1.20 $1.20 10:00 PM $1.20 $1.20 $1.20 $1.20 $1.20 $1.90 $1.20 10:00 PM $1.20 $1.20 $1.20 $1.20 $1.20 $1.20 $1.20 11:00 PM $1.20 $1.20 $1.20 $1.20 $1.20 $1.20 $1.20 11:00 PM $1.20 $1.20 $1.20 $1.20 $1.20 $1.20 $1.20
  19. 19. 91 Express Lanes: Fiscal YTD Performance Revenues are up 8.7% $3,500,000 $3,500,000 over last year Fiscal $3,250,000 $3,250,000 YTD* $3,000,000 $3,000,000 Revenues are up 2.1% FY 2006 over Vollmer 2003 $2,750,000 $2,750,000 FY 2005 Forecast Fiscal YTD* $2,500,000 $2,500,000 Vollmer 2003 Forecast $2,250,000 $2,250,000 FY 2007 +9% FY 2004 $2,000,000 FY 2008 +8% $2,000,000 FY 2006 FY 2009 +8% FY 2005 $1,750,000 $1,750,000 FY 2004 $1,500,000 $1,500,000 * As of January 31, 2007
  20. 20. Proven Benefits in the Region … Peak period throughput, CA SR-91, priced vs. unpriced lanes 1800 1600 Greater 1400 Mobility 1200 Vehicles/lane/hr 1000 800 600 400 200 0 Priced lanes Unpriced lanes Source: http://ops.fhwa.dot.gov/speeches/itsworld_paniati06/index.htm
  21. 21. Planned Toll and HOT Lane Facilities
  22. 22. High Desert Corridor ( US-395 to I-5) •SR-91 Express Lanes extended to I-15 •OC to RC CETAP Cor. •I-15 HOT Lanes (SR-74 to San Bern. County •SR-91 / SR241 ConnectorSR-710 Gap Closure •SR-91 / I-15 Connector
  23. 23. Dedicated Lanes for Clean Technology Trucks (Proposed Regional Toll Truck Lanes)Constrained RTP• I-710 – Cost of $8 billion (nominal) – Need combination of tolls, container fees, public subsidies – Assumed toll rates of $0.40/mile (today’s dollars)Strategic RTP• East-West Corridorand I-15
  24. 24. SR-710 Gap Closure Congestion and traffic flows can produce strong revenue stream Complex project that can be managed through a PPP model Financial markets and Global Developers have expressed interest Preliminary studies show the foundation for a successful toll facility * *Assumed two 46-ft inner diameter tunnels could provide two levels of lanes in each direction; cost of $4.6 billion (nominal); would require private equity investment; assumed average user would pay $5.64 and average trucker would pay $15.23
  25. 25. I-15 HOT LanesAdopt as a priority, the construction of twotolled express lanes in each direction onthe I-15 …Seek legislative approval for toll facilitieson the I-15Will tolling accelerate RCTC’s I-15 projectdelivery? “Compared to a pay as you go strategy, the I-15 project could be accelerated 10 to 20 years with tolls” RCTC Staff
  26. 26. What’s Ahead• Metro’s Los Angeles County Congestion Pricing Initiatives• SCAG Six-County Regional Congestion Pricing Study – Long-term regional network strategies

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