Leonard Transportation Center      California State University, SB     Third Annual Regional Dialogue“Winning Strategies f...
Thesis: The probability of global    warming/climate change has serious land                 use challenges:•   Planning• ...
Global Warming and Energy Availability
Competing Demand for Energy         Petroleum Overview¹ Petroleum products supplied used as an approximation for consumpti...
AB 32 and SB 375
1. Planning                                                    Rockville Pike                                             ...
“Together, We Can”           --Mayor Doug Hutchinson, Ft. Collins, CO
Population Growth: Both aChallenge and Opportunity  U.S. will add 110 million between 2010 and 2050West and Southwest will...
Donuts and Cookies as Public Policy
“America’s Future Lies in  Dead Malls”—Bill FultonLakewood, CO(Villa Italia Mall)Belmar
Belmar
Belmar
Before…Smyrna, Georgia--Before
…and AfterMarket Village—Smyrna, Georgia
2. Well Designed Compact Development                       Harbor Town, Memphis, TN
Don’t Be Afraid of Higher Densities             Arlington, VA
What is good density? It is not this!A lot of people think of this when they thinkof density. They think of ugly architect...
Emphasize Infill: ReinforceInvestment in Established Places                    ULI SC: “Enhance and                    Rev...
…As an Antidote to Sprawl
Reinvest
In 2001, Americans spent $214 billion on housing,40% on remodeling, 60% on new construction.In the next 10 to 20 years, th...
The “RE” Century    Storm Cunningham, The Restoration Economy, 2002•    By 2012, restorative development will likely accou...
3. Infrastructure
I-35W Bridge Collapse    Minneapolis    Aug., 2007
How are we doing – ASCE   America’s Infrastructure DRoads: D                  Bridges: CTransit: D+Freight : C-    Aviatio...
Federal Commitment Decreases                Infrastructure Spending as Percent of Federal Spending    12                 N...
Fix It FirstFord Heights, Illinois
Build New
Create A National Infrastructure Bank
Raise taxes? US Gas Tax                   Substantially Below European     Tax per gallon USD                             ...
Tap the Private Sector           Privatization                                          Increasing User Fees              ...
Charge the UsersFreeways are not really free
4. Give Accessibility to Transit        High Priority
TOD--DOTEast Point, GA
Plano, TexasBefore and After
Reduce Dependence on the               Car
Light Rail                          Commuter RailHeavy Rail                  Buses                          Express Buses ...
Bus Rapid TransitLane County Transit DistrictEugene, OR
Provide Transportation Choices         Loveland, Colorado
Tale of Two Cities• Atlanta  – population     2,959,950  – bike dealers   28• Denver  – Population     1,980,140  – Bike d...
Hiking, Biking, RollerBlading Trails
Not anti-car, but pro-pedestrian
The Pedestrian Friendly     Environment
Walkable Urbanity
Interesting Walks
Tree Canopy
BuildingsClose to theSidewalks
Parks and Squares• Town square photo
IndigenousArchitecture
Examples of Walkable   Developments
Bethesda Row
5. Workforce Housing
Drive Until You Qualify Moving farther saves $5000/ mile    Portland -$2/day on    mortgage Orange County – est.$10,000 De...
Majority Of Workers In All Commute Categories At    Least Somewhat Likely To Move Closer To Work If           There Were M...
Mixed-IncomeCommunities
Affordable (Workforce) Housing       Irvine, CA
6. Urban Retail
Bridge Street Town Centre, Huntsville, Alabama
Bethesda, MD
Valencia TownCenter---Valencia, CA
7. SUSTAINABILITY    “Meeting the needs of the presentwithout compromising the ability of future generations to meet their...
What is Sustainable Development?                • Compact – high net                  density with amenity                ...
Unsustainable Land Use in USA   Large Lot     Strip Commercial  Subdivisions
Create Green Infrastructure      Hammond, Indiana
The community green, bounded by the       dwellings it serves.
Portland, OR   McCall Park
Roles of Green Infrastructure• To shape or direct where growth will go• To protect essential ecological processes  & syste...
Green Building  The Plaza at PPL Center     Allentown, PA
1st LEED Certified McDonald’s      Savannah, Georgia
Why Should Owners and Tenants            Care?“Five years ago, nobody knew about green buildings. Now almost all of our ma...
“The Benefits of Building            Green”• Conserves materials and resources such  as water and energy• Results in a mor...
Green (Clean) Energy                  WW                   Wind                  i i                  n n                 ...
8. Thinking and Acting Metro-Wide
Regional Cooperation:         Denver Bond Issue•   In 2004, Fastrack Referendum•   $2 Billion Bond Approval•   122 miles o...
It All Requires Leadership
Crafting our Legacy:What will the world we leave our children and grandchildren look like?
Let’s work and hope for a happyresult!              The End
www.uli.org/bookstore  Number C-79
LTC, Annual Forum, Greener California: Impacts of Senate Bill 375 and Winning Strategies for Southern California, 05/22/20...
LTC, Annual Forum, Greener California: Impacts of Senate Bill 375 and Winning Strategies for Southern California, 05/22/20...
LTC, Annual Forum, Greener California: Impacts of Senate Bill 375 and Winning Strategies for Southern California, 05/22/20...
LTC, Annual Forum, Greener California: Impacts of Senate Bill 375 and Winning Strategies for Southern California, 05/22/20...
LTC, Annual Forum, Greener California: Impacts of Senate Bill 375 and Winning Strategies for Southern California, 05/22/20...
LTC, Annual Forum, Greener California: Impacts of Senate Bill 375 and Winning Strategies for Southern California, 05/22/20...
LTC, Annual Forum, Greener California: Impacts of Senate Bill 375 and Winning Strategies for Southern California, 05/22/20...
LTC, Annual Forum, Greener California: Impacts of Senate Bill 375 and Winning Strategies for Southern California, 05/22/20...
LTC, Annual Forum, Greener California: Impacts of Senate Bill 375 and Winning Strategies for Southern California, 05/22/20...
LTC, Annual Forum, Greener California: Impacts of Senate Bill 375 and Winning Strategies for Southern California, 05/22/20...
LTC, Annual Forum, Greener California: Impacts of Senate Bill 375 and Winning Strategies for Southern California, 05/22/20...
LTC, Annual Forum, Greener California: Impacts of Senate Bill 375 and Winning Strategies for Southern California, 05/22/20...
LTC, Annual Forum, Greener California: Impacts of Senate Bill 375 and Winning Strategies for Southern California, 05/22/20...
LTC, Annual Forum, Greener California: Impacts of Senate Bill 375 and Winning Strategies for Southern California, 05/22/20...
LTC, Annual Forum, Greener California: Impacts of Senate Bill 375 and Winning Strategies for Southern California, 05/22/20...
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LTC, Annual Forum, Greener California: Impacts of Senate Bill 375 and Winning Strategies for Southern California, 05/22/2009, William Hudnut

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William Hudnut; Joseph C. Canizaro Fellow for Public Policy at the Urban Land Institute in Washington, DC

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LTC, Annual Forum, Greener California: Impacts of Senate Bill 375 and Winning Strategies for Southern California, 05/22/2009, William Hudnut

  1. 1. Leonard Transportation Center California State University, SB Third Annual Regional Dialogue“Winning Strategies for Southern California” May 22, 2009 William H. Hudnut III Senior Fellow Emeritus The Urban Land Institute
  2. 2. Thesis: The probability of global warming/climate change has serious land use challenges:• Planning• Compact Development• Infrastructure• Transportation: TOD/DOT• Housing• Retail• Sustainable Development• Regional Thinking and Acting
  3. 3. Global Warming and Energy Availability
  4. 4. Competing Demand for Energy Petroleum Overview¹ Petroleum products supplied used as an approximation for consumption.² Crude oil and natural gas plant liquids production. Source: Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2005
  5. 5. AB 32 and SB 375
  6. 6. 1. Planning Rockville Pike Montgomery County Maryland“We are changing the paradigm from capacity to sustainability”Royce Hansen, Director, Montgomery County Dept. of Parks and Planning
  7. 7. “Together, We Can” --Mayor Doug Hutchinson, Ft. Collins, CO
  8. 8. Population Growth: Both aChallenge and Opportunity U.S. will add 110 million between 2010 and 2050West and Southwest will lead U.S. growthMany other countries will experience populationdeclines
  9. 9. Donuts and Cookies as Public Policy
  10. 10. “America’s Future Lies in Dead Malls”—Bill FultonLakewood, CO(Villa Italia Mall)Belmar
  11. 11. Belmar
  12. 12. Belmar
  13. 13. Before…Smyrna, Georgia--Before
  14. 14. …and AfterMarket Village—Smyrna, Georgia
  15. 15. 2. Well Designed Compact Development Harbor Town, Memphis, TN
  16. 16. Don’t Be Afraid of Higher Densities Arlington, VA
  17. 17. What is good density? It is not this!A lot of people think of this when they thinkof density. They think of ugly architecture,crime and poverty.But the problems typically associated withdensity aren’t caused by density but bypoorly designed development.
  18. 18. Emphasize Infill: ReinforceInvestment in Established Places ULI SC: “Enhance and Revitalize existing Communities.”
  19. 19. …As an Antidote to Sprawl
  20. 20. Reinvest
  21. 21. In 2001, Americans spent $214 billion on housing,40% on remodeling, 60% on new construction.In the next 10 to 20 years, those numbers will be 50-50 Source: Harvard’s Joint Center for Housing Studies
  22. 22. The “RE” Century Storm Cunningham, The Restoration Economy, 2002• By 2012, restorative development will likely account for OVER 50% of all expenditures in US and Europe, representing “a gargantuan new category of business opportunities in the 21st century,”
  23. 23. 3. Infrastructure
  24. 24. I-35W Bridge Collapse Minneapolis Aug., 2007
  25. 25. How are we doing – ASCE America’s Infrastructure DRoads: D Bridges: CTransit: D+Freight : C- Aviation: D+ Drinking Water: D National Power Grid: D ASCE Infrastructure Report Card 2005
  26. 26. Federal Commitment Decreases Infrastructure Spending as Percent of Federal Spending 12 Non-Defense Spending 10 8% 6 4 Total Spending 2 0 1960 1964 1968 1972 1976 1980 1984 1988 1992 1996 2000 2004
  27. 27. Fix It FirstFord Heights, Illinois
  28. 28. Build New
  29. 29. Create A National Infrastructure Bank
  30. 30. Raise taxes? US Gas Tax Substantially Below European Tax per gallon USD CountriesSource: Energy Information Agency; February 4, 2008.
  31. 31. Tap the Private Sector Privatization Increasing User Fees Unlikely 24%Likely 37% Unlikely Indifferent 45% Likely 3% 73% Indifferent Increasing Taxes 19% Likely Unlikely 62% 35% Indifferent 3%Sources: ULI survey of directors of planning for state departments of transportation
  32. 32. Charge the UsersFreeways are not really free
  33. 33. 4. Give Accessibility to Transit High Priority
  34. 34. TOD--DOTEast Point, GA
  35. 35. Plano, TexasBefore and After
  36. 36. Reduce Dependence on the Car
  37. 37. Light Rail Commuter RailHeavy Rail Buses Express Buses and Bus Rapid Transit
  38. 38. Bus Rapid TransitLane County Transit DistrictEugene, OR
  39. 39. Provide Transportation Choices Loveland, Colorado
  40. 40. Tale of Two Cities• Atlanta – population 2,959,950 – bike dealers 28• Denver – Population 1,980,140 – Bike dealers 149
  41. 41. Hiking, Biking, RollerBlading Trails
  42. 42. Not anti-car, but pro-pedestrian
  43. 43. The Pedestrian Friendly Environment
  44. 44. Walkable Urbanity
  45. 45. Interesting Walks
  46. 46. Tree Canopy
  47. 47. BuildingsClose to theSidewalks
  48. 48. Parks and Squares• Town square photo
  49. 49. IndigenousArchitecture
  50. 50. Examples of Walkable Developments
  51. 51. Bethesda Row
  52. 52. 5. Workforce Housing
  53. 53. Drive Until You Qualify Moving farther saves $5000/ mile Portland -$2/day on mortgage Orange County – est.$10,000 Decentralization Incentive
  54. 54. Majority Of Workers In All Commute Categories At Least Somewhat Likely To Move Closer To Work If There Were More Affordable Housing 57%TOTAL VERY LIKELY/ 57% LIKELY/SOMEWHAT 58% 64% LIKELY 51% 14% 14% Very Likely 15% 7% 24% 15% 18% Likely 13% 17% 8% 28% 25% Somewhat Likely 30% 39% 20% Total <30 min 43% 43% 31-60 min Not at all Likely 42% 61-90 min 36% 49% 91+ min 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100%
  55. 55. Mixed-IncomeCommunities
  56. 56. Affordable (Workforce) Housing Irvine, CA
  57. 57. 6. Urban Retail
  58. 58. Bridge Street Town Centre, Huntsville, Alabama
  59. 59. Bethesda, MD
  60. 60. Valencia TownCenter---Valencia, CA
  61. 61. 7. SUSTAINABILITY “Meeting the needs of the presentwithout compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.”Source: The World Commission on Environment and Development ************************************** “Planning that takes into account future needs in three areas: environment, economy and social equity.” Source: Northeast Illinois Planning Commission, “Building Sustainable Communities”
  62. 62. What is Sustainable Development? • Compact – high net density with amenity • Diverse – mix of uses and users • Land Efficient – conserves important natural and cultural features • Vibrant – Richness of Place • Connected – multiple modes of circulation, linked open spaces
  63. 63. Unsustainable Land Use in USA Large Lot Strip Commercial Subdivisions
  64. 64. Create Green Infrastructure Hammond, Indiana
  65. 65. The community green, bounded by the dwellings it serves.
  66. 66. Portland, OR McCall Park
  67. 67. Roles of Green Infrastructure• To shape or direct where growth will go• To protect essential ecological processes & systems• To preserve working landscapes & resource based industries• To perform environmental work (managing stormwater, recharging groundwater, reducing the urban heat island, cleaning air & water) Ed McMahon, ULI Senior Fellow
  68. 68. Green Building The Plaza at PPL Center Allentown, PA
  69. 69. 1st LEED Certified McDonald’s Savannah, Georgia
  70. 70. Why Should Owners and Tenants Care?“Five years ago, nobody knew about green buildings. Now almost all of our major tenants want LEED space. At Hines we specialize in Class A space, and we’ve reached the point where clients don’t think it’s Class A unless it’s green.” Jerry Lea - Hines La Jolla Commons, CA – LEED Gold
  71. 71. “The Benefits of Building Green”• Conserves materials and resources such as water and energy• Results in a more efficient use of resources – respect for the environment• Minimizes waste• Creates a healthy and comfortable setting for inhabitants• Causes positive publicity• Is more sustainable than building conventionally
  72. 72. Green (Clean) Energy WW Wind i i n n d d Solar S o lBiomass
  73. 73. 8. Thinking and Acting Metro-Wide
  74. 74. Regional Cooperation: Denver Bond Issue• In 2004, Fastrack Referendum• $2 Billion Bond Approval• 122 miles of light rail• 57 new transit stops• 7 Counties & 32 Municipalities
  75. 75. It All Requires Leadership
  76. 76. Crafting our Legacy:What will the world we leave our children and grandchildren look like?
  77. 77. Let’s work and hope for a happyresult! The End
  78. 78. www.uli.org/bookstore Number C-79

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