WHAT WAS THE AFTERLIFE? The ancient Egyptians believed in an afterlife. The afterlife was a heavenly place, complete with a heavenly Nile River. The ancient Egyptians called this heavenly place the land of the Two Fields.
HOW DID THEY TRAVEL THERE? The ancient Egyptians believed that the God Ra was in charge of the afterlife.Ra would choose who could get onto his boat to the Land of two fields
WHO COULD GO TO THE AFTERLIFE?In the beginning, only pharaohs could board Ras magical boat and travel to the land of the Two Fields.But the god Osiris changed that. Osiris was a famous and important god in ancient Egypt because Osiris opened the door to the afterlife to everyone.
WHAT DID YOU NEED FOR THE AFTERLIFE?Just dying would not get to you the land of the Two Fields. You had to earn a place in Ras boat. To board Ras boat, your heart had to be light. To keep your heart light, the ancient Egyptians believed you had to spend a lifetime doing good deeds. Crime was low in Egypt because people really wanted a light heart, to get on Ra’s boat.
There were a couple of other requirements you had to satisfy before you could spend eternity in the afterlife.You had to have your name written down somewhere, and you had to have a preserved body.Why? Because the ancient Egyptians believed that everyone had a soul. If something happened to your preserved body, or if your name was not written down somewhere, a part of your soul would get lost and you would disappear and no longer be able to reach your afterlife.Thats why grave robbing was the most horrible crime in ancient Egypt. Grave robbers not only stole someones wealth, they stole their chance to live happily ever after in the land of the Two Fields.
People needed to be preserved, or mummified, In order to get to the afterlife. The Egyptians thought this would protect the soul. People also wore burial masks so people would know their faces and to look good in the afterlife.
To find out if your heart qualified for the trip to the afterlife, your spirit had to enter the Hall of Maat. The god Anubis weighed your heart. The god Thoth recorded the findings. (In ancient Egypt, everything was recorded and written down.)If your heart was light, lighter than a feather, you passed the test and entered your afterlife. BUT, if your heart was heavy because your deeds were dreadful, the god Ammut would suddenly appear ... and eat you up!No one wanted that, so nearly everyone in ancient Egypt did good deeds to keep their heart light.