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Impacts of Climate Change on Animal Agriculture

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for more, http://www.extension.org/69093 Changes in precipitation and temperature vary by region. In general the US is seeing more precipitation and the timing and intensity of precipitation is also changing. While global temperatures are increasing, it is the variability and intensity of temperatures that are of greatest consequence to animal agriculture.

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Impacts of Climate Change on Animal Agriculture

  1. 1. Impacts of Climate Change on Animal Agriculture David Schmidt, PE University of Minnesota
  2. 2. Economic Losses from Heat Stress by US Livestock Industries = $2.4 Billion per year -St. Pierre et al 2003
  3. 3. Changing Precipitation Amount, Intensity, Timing Regional, Seasonal
  4. 4. Changing Temperatures Averages, Maximums, Overnight Lows Regional and Seasonal
  5. 5. Extremes Flooding, Drought Regional and Seasonal
  6. 6. Risk and Probability From: Livestock Energetics and Thermal Environment Return Frequency
  7. 7. Risk and Probability 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 1900 1920 1940 1960 1980 2000 2020 Days/year Year Pipestone MN, Low temp 72 F or above (cliMATE)
  8. 8. Assessing Impacts (Assessing Vulnerabilities or Risk Assessment)
  9. 9. Four Impact Categories Farm Inputs Animal Production Farm Logistics Farm Exports
  10. 10. Farm Inputs Impacts: Pests, Weeds, and Disease, Growing Season Feed and Forage: Availability and Cost
  11. 11. Farm Inputs Feed and Forage: Availability Quality Pasture: Quality, Availability, Timing
  12. 12. Farm InputsFeed and Forage Carbon Dioxide
  13. 13. Farm Inputs Energy: Availability and Cost Electricity Blackouts Storm Damage Fuel Supply Disruption Fuel Price Variability
  14. 14. Farm Inputs Water: Availability, Quality, Price Drinking Feed production
  15. 15. Animal Production (Assessing Vulnerabilities or Risk Assessment)
  16. 16. Economic Losses from Heat Stress by US Livestock Industries = $2.4 Billion per year -St. Pierre et al 2003
  17. 17. Animal Production Heat Stress: Efficiencies Intake and Conversion Courtesy: Mike Brumm (Swine Impacts, AACC)
  18. 18. Vulnerabilities: -Species -Stage of production -Genetics Higher producing dairy cows Faster growing animals (swine, cattle, poultry) -Health status of animals -Acclimation period Animal Production Heat Stress: Feed Intake and Conversion Temperature Humidity Air speed Event Duration Night time cooling period
  19. 19. Animal Production Heat Stress: Reproduction and Other http://www.lallemandanimalnutrition.com/blog/heat-stress-an-underestimated-issue-for-dairy-cows
  20. 20. Animal Production Pests and Diseases
  21. 21. Animal Production Catastrophic Death Loss
  22. 22. Logistical Impacts (Assessing Vulnerabilities or Risk Assessment)
  23. 23. Logistics Manure Management: Capacity, Nutrient Loss, Application Windows
  24. 24. Logistics Geographic Location
  25. 25. Logistics Transportation and Animal Handling Flooding and Storms Roads and Bridges Heat Handling and feeding Time of day to haul or handle animals Density on truck Time on the truck
  26. 26. Logistics Labor Travel to work Heat stress at work Heat stress at home Flooded basements
  27. 27. Export Impacts (Assessing Vulnerabilities or Risk Assessment)
  28. 28. Farm Exports Daily Livestock Report Vol. 12, No. 145 / July 28, 2014 USDA: Weekly livestock poultry and grain market highlights Aug 11, 2014 Prices Supply and Demand Global Connections More Variability
  29. 29. Impact Audit Climate Changes Farm Inputs Animal Production Logistics Exports Precipitation Temperature Extremes Identify Vulnerabilities
  30. 30. More Details Course Reading and Project Website www.animalagclimatechange.org
  31. 31. Livestock and Poultry Environmental Learning Center Project Support This project was supported by Agricultural and Food Research Initiative Competitive Grant No. 2011-67003-30206 from the USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture.
  32. 32. www.animalagclimatechange.org National Lead: University of Nebraska Regional Partners: University of Georgia; Cornell University; University of Minnesota; Texas A&M AgriLife Extension, and Washington State University. Project Partners Our Mission Animal agriculture in a changing climate fosters animal production practices that are: environmentally sound and economically viable, and that create resiliency for animal producers and their partners.

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