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NRCS Manure Related Conservation Innovation Grants

http://www.extension.org/67585 A number of the manure related Conservation Innovation Grants (CIG) have been successful. Several feed management related projects have been major successes under the CIG program. Other successful projects have dealt with such technologies as anaerobic digesters; community digesters; environmental credit trading; lagoon management; manure to energy generation; alternative litter sources, storage, and handling; and pathogen, odor, and emissions mitigation, to name just a few. The presentation will provide specific numbers of projects ahttp://www.extension.org/67585 A number of the manure related Conservation Innovation Grants (CIG) have been successful. Several feed management related projects have been major successes under the CIG program. Other successful projects have dealt with such technologies as anaerobic digesters; community digesters; environmental credit trading; lagoon management; manure to energy generation; alternative litter sources, storage, and handling; and pathogen, odor, and emissions mitigation, to name just a few. The presentation will provide specific numbers of projects and fund fu

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NRCS Manure Related CIGs
Glenn H. Carpenter
National Leader Animal Husbandry
April 4, 2013
2
The ancient Egyptians hatched eggs in compost piles.
3
Greeks and Romans believed that manure from a
rooster spread over the body would protect from
attack by lions and panthers.
4
Pliny the Elder (first century AD) wrote of the belief
that hens manure massaged into the scalp would cure
baldness.
5
John Adams Compost
"20 loads of sea weed, ….and 20 Loads of
Marsh Mud, and what dead ashes I can get
from the Potash Works and what Dung I
can get from Boston, and …..." This
mixture, combined with livestock waste,
weeds, and kitchen scraps“ in the Course
of a Year would make a great Quantity of
Choice manure. "
6
Jefferson and manure
•In 1793, Thomas Jefferson wrote:
"We will try this winter to cover our garden with a
heavy coating of manure. When earth is rich it bids
defiance to droughts, yields in abundance, and of the
best quality.”

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NRCS Manure Related Conservation Innovation Grants

  • 1. NRCS Manure Related CIGs Glenn H. Carpenter National Leader Animal Husbandry April 4, 2013
  • 2. 2 The ancient Egyptians hatched eggs in compost piles.
  • 3. 3 Greeks and Romans believed that manure from a rooster spread over the body would protect from attack by lions and panthers.
  • 4. 4 Pliny the Elder (first century AD) wrote of the belief that hens manure massaged into the scalp would cure baldness.
  • 5. 5 John Adams Compost "20 loads of sea weed, ….and 20 Loads of Marsh Mud, and what dead ashes I can get from the Potash Works and what Dung I can get from Boston, and …..." This mixture, combined with livestock waste, weeds, and kitchen scraps“ in the Course of a Year would make a great Quantity of Choice manure. "
  • 6. 6 Jefferson and manure •In 1793, Thomas Jefferson wrote: "We will try this winter to cover our garden with a heavy coating of manure. When earth is rich it bids defiance to droughts, yields in abundance, and of the best quality.”
  • 7. 7 George Washington and Manure •In June 1785 GW had asked a friend to help him find a farm manager in England who knew how to …… above all, Midas like… convert every thing he touches into manure, as the first transmutation towards Gold"
  • 8. 8 Washington’s composter •In 1787 Washington gave detailed directions for constructing his manure “repository”: “When you go about the repository for the compost ... if the bottom should not be of good clay, put the clay there and ram it well before you pave it, to prevent the liquid manure from sinking, and thereby being lost.”
  • 9. 9 Washington’s composter •He also directed that the manure pit have masonry sides and that the bottom was to be paved with cobble stones. The repository was a long, narrow building (31x12-ft in dimension) supported by posts on a brick foundation on three sides and by posts set directly into the ground on the fourth.
  • 12. 12 Summary of Conservation Innovation Grants since 2004: Conservation Innovation Grants 2002 Farm Bill Up to 10 percent of EQIP Demonstration and technology transfer
  • 13. 13 Summary of Conservation Innovation Grants since 2004: Summary of Conservation Innovation Grants since 2004: Almost 500 CIGs since 2004 181.7 Million dollars total
  • 14. 14 Summary of Conservation Innovation Grants since 2004: 122 Animal Related Grants 24.7 percent of grants have been animal related $47.12 million dollars for animal related grants 26 percent of funds went to animal related grants
  • 15. 15 Summary of Conservation Innovation Grants since 2004: 96 manure related grants 19.5 percent of grants have been manure related $39.6 million dollars for manure related grants 22 percent of funds went to manure related grants.
  • 16. 16
  • 17. 17 Manure related CIGs Varying degrees of success for a number of reasons •Lack of planning •Lack of funding (match) •Lack of understanding of the grant
  • 18. 18 Manure related CIGs Projects have dealt with such technologies as anaerobic digesters; community digesters; environmental credit trading; lagoon management; manure to energy generation; alternative litter sources, storage, and handling; and pathogen, odor, and emissions mitigation, to name just a few.
  • 19. 19 Successful manure related CIG Entity Title Outcome
  • 20. 20 2004 successful manure related CIG Alabama Mountains, Rivers and Valleys RC&D, Inc. On-Farm Demonstrations of Low Cost Alternatives for Temporary Litter Facilities Steel truss buildings showed an attractive cost-benefit ratio and good farmer acceptance. Long-term performance has not been evaluated – a potential problem in a caustic environment.
  • 21. 21 2004 successful manure related CIG University of Georgia Research Foundation, Inc. Using cropping alternatives to improve water quality in high nutrient status farms Identified a localized crop (Pearl Millet) that could be grown to utilize soil phosphorus and improve associated water quality. Pearl Millet is an acceptable feed for poultry.
  • 22. 22 2005 successful manure related CIG Wisconsin Department of Agriculture, Trade, and Consumer Protection Wisconsin's Dairy and Livestock Air Emission/Odor Project Evaluated various BMPs. Provided NRCS with a basis for recommending certain practices for mitigating odors, ammonia, and hydrogen sulfide from dairies.
  • 23. 23 2005 successful manure related CIG Iowa Cattleman's Association Vegetative Treatment System Technology Implementation Looked at VTAs under varying situations. Resulted in tech notes on the siting, design, and management of VTAs, and a collaborative report on Vegetative Treatment Systems for open feedlot runoff. Found at: www.heartlandwq.iastate.edu /ManureManagement/AlternativeTech/vtsguidance
  • 24. 24 2005 successful manure related CIG Virginia Tech Precision Feeding to Reduce Nutrient Losses from VA Dairy Farms Significant educational programming was completed as part of this project. Worked directly with over 200 farmers. Developed incentive system. A total of 3 national webcasts (webinars), 8 conference presentations, 4 peer-reviewed extension publications, 5 newsletters, and 2 abstracts were presented to farmers and their advisors.
  • 25. 25 2005 successful manure related CIG Washington State University Development and Integration of a National Feed Management Education Program and Assessment Tools into a CNMP Educational tools on feed management. Feed management fact sheets. Training of TSPs for the feed management CNMP. Creation of a Feed Nutrient management tool. Fact sheets are available on WSU dairy nutrient management page, or on LPES.
  • 26. 26 2005 successful manure related CIG Penn State University Controlling Odor and Nutrient Losses to Surface Runoff, Groundwater and Air with New and Conventional Manure Injection Technologies on No- Till and Sod Soils This project gave NRCS a scientific basis to recommend certain manure application practices for reducing nutrient losses to water and air in the Chesapeake Bay area.
  • 27. 27 2006 successful manure related CIG Coaltec Energy USA, Inc. Gasification of Poultry Litter to Produce Bio-Energy for Heat Learned that proper management and preparation of the gasifier fuel is essential. Proper storage of litter, the addition of wood or other material to manage the moisture content of the litter, and changes to the feed system to provide a more consistent fuel to the gasifier can be very beneficial to this system.
  • 28. 28 2006 successful manure related CIG Cayuga County SWCD Cayuga County Environmental Regional Digester This project demonstrated the value of mesophyllic digester design to community digesters that co-digest other products along with dairy waste. It showed the value of large scale digesters and large scale digestion.
  • 29. 29 2007 successful manure related CIG Environmental Credit Group Providing Carbon Credit Incentives for the Adoption of Lagoon Covers on Hog Farms in NC and Dairies in NY This project found that the possibility of covering lagoons to flare methane is entirely possible, but the current market price and condition for greenhouse gas credits was not found to be sufficient to stimulate farmers to adopt this technology.
  • 30. 30 2007 successful manure related CIG Brinson Farms Methane Capture on Broiler Poultry Farm for Renewable Energy and Environmental Protection This project was successful from the standpoint of methane production and energy generation from broiler litter, but the need to add water to bring the litter from approximately 30 to over 90 percent moisture and the associated problems with handling the high moisture digestate leaves questions unanswered.
  • 31. 31 2010 successful manure related CIG Washington State University Decision aid tool to enhance adoption of feed management 592 practice standard feed nutrient management planning economics FNMP WSU refined the FNMP$ tool, and developed case studies. Develop and distribute a "Users Guide" on the Decision Aid Tool to NRCS. Conduct then quantify the results of training workshops. Publish fact sheet on the newly developed Assessment Tool with cost savings and feed management strategies at the whole farm scale.
  • 32. 32 2010 manure related CIGs University of Maryland Eastern Shore Gypsum Curtains: Reducing soluble phosphorous (P) losses from P-saturated soils on poultry operations Western United Dairymen Water balance approach for seepage measurements from liquid dairy manure storage ponds
  • 33. 33 2010 manure related CIGs WNC Communities Innovative composting for western North Carolina livestock facility Fermentation Experts, Inc. Fermented liquid feeding to reduce phosphorous in swine manure
  • 34. 34 2010 manure related CIGs The University of Vermont and State Agricultural College Digging Deeper: New and Innovative Tools to Improve Nutrient Management of Livestock and Specialty Crop Farms Washington State University An integrated nutrient recovery, Class-A fiber production process, and H2S scrubbing system that works in series with dairy manure anaerobic digesters—farm-scale demonstration on two Washington State
  • 35. 35 2010 manure related CIGs Washington State University Impact of Anaerobic Digestion on Air Quality in a Community Anaerobic Digester The Pennsylvania State University Without Carrot or Stick: Promoting BMPs on Small Dairy Farms
  • 36. 36 2010 manure related CIGs Great Lakes Ag Energy, LLC Use of a constructed wetland and a mass culture of attached, filamentous algae to compliment methane-digester technology in managing dairy-farm phosphorus runoff NC State University Manure Belt Collection System and Energy Recovery System
  • 37. 37 2011 manure related CIGs National Fish and Wildlife Foundation Using excess manure to generate farm income in the Chesapeake’s phosphorus hotspots AviHome, LLC. Commercial demonstration of the Reduction of Ammonia Production and other environmental Benefits in Poultry Houses through use of a Plenum Flooring System
  • 38. 38 2011 manure related CIGs Cornell University Demonstration and Validation of vermicompost based fertilizers and substrates in greenhouse production as an organic nutrient source that returns animal waste to plant production while reducing nutrient leaching to the environment Rodale Institute Nutrient management in organic no-till systems
  • 39. 39 2011 manure related CIGs University of Idaho Demonstration and evaluation of alternative manure management techniques in Southern Idaho University of Kentucky Research Foundation Compost bedded pack barn housing system for dairy manure storage/treatment
  • 40. 40 2011 manure related CIGs Greentrust Alliance, Inc. Application of Innovative Bioremediation technology to N/P Removal Associated with Agricultural Operations Quasar Energy Group, LLC Anaerobic Digester Facility to process livestock waste and divert nutrients from the watershed
  • 41. 41 2011 manure related CIGs Penn. State University Use of stackable material anaerobic digester for combined heat and power generation, manure odor reduction and food waste energy recovery Eastern Shore RC&D On Farm demonstration of energy generation and phosphorus recycling as an alternative to land application of poultry litter on the DelMarVA
  • 42. 42 Summary Through the use of a number of conservation practice technologies NRCS can help farmers and ranchers handle manure and other waste products in such a way that there is no negative impact on water or air quality.
  • 43. 43 Summary Through the CIG program, NRCS can help bring new technologies to the forefront by providing a means of technology transfer, either directly to industry, or through inclusion of the new technology in NRCS’ conservation practice standards.
  • 44. 44 Summary For more information about CIG go to the CIG webpage at: http://www.nrcs.usda.gov/wps/portal/nrcs/ main/na
  • 46. 46 References •Smith, Page, The Chicken Book, (Boston: Little, Brown, 1975) •John Adams, Diary and Autobiography of Adams, ed. L. H. Butterfield (Cambridge, Mass.. Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1961), 1:249 •George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. •http://www.monticello.org/grounds/veg_nineteenth.html