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Management principles


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Management principles

  1. 1. Henry Fayol andmanagementprinciples<br />
  2. 2. Henry Fayol<br />Development of management principles and said it is a skill that can be acquired. Seeks to meet the needs of modern management.<br />Initially developed 14 principles in 1916. During the next 20 years, many American authors discussed these principles and developed new ones. The current list is long and the theory is summarized in the top 14, initially proposed.<br />
  3. 3. Division of labor<br />Division of labor refers to the ability of specialization, where a worker is located in a certain place, acquiring skills and development, security and accuracy in their work. Promotes efficiency, limited an area, establishing the scope of responsibilities.<br />
  4. 4. Authority and responsability<br />Are linked and are co-existing. So if someone is responsible for a job, you must have the authority. For example, a manager who fulfills the two functions<br />
  5. 5. Discipline<br />It is the sincerity of the work and enterprise, fulfilling orders and duties responsibly, in addition to believe and defend corporate policies. It is essential to improve quality and increase the amount of production.<br />
  6. 6. Control Unit<br />An employee must be subordinate to one head and accountable only to him. The consequences of altering or revoking authority is the loss of control, order and stability disturbed affected<br />
  7. 7. Unit Director<br />Fayol defends the idea of "a head and a plan", which states that a working group and its leadership and actions should be governed by one person. This enables effective coordination of individual efforts and good outcome group<br />
  8. 8. Subordination of individual interests to general interests<br />The commercial interests should prevail over the interests of each worker, and import the company's overall objective. Prejudicial attitudes can be, laziness, ignorance or selfishness<br />
  9. 9. Fair compensation of employees<br />Employees'salariesmust be fair and satisfactory. The purpose is to reduce differences that are constant in this area and create a suitable work environment. Besides this, there must be factors that facilitate the work of employees, such as electricity, water and quality of facilities<br />
  10. 10. Centralization and decentralization<br />There must be an epicenter, which has the control and management of employees and business departments. But the degree of authority varies according to needs.<br />
  11. 11. String Scale<br />Is the string of high to low range. It's kind of circuit, where employees should contact their bosses<br />
  12. 12. Order<br />Adequate and orderly provision of physical and social resources. All must act in an effective and optimized to carry out an activity. <br />
  13. 13. Equality<br />Equality at all levels of administration, without any discrimination. The treatment of all employees or managers, should be sympathetic and human. This creates loyalty among people<br />
  14. 14. Stability of employment of staff<br />It refers to the personal holding for a long period of time. This creates a good team and excellent results. If the changes are constant, output will be changing too<br />
  15. 15. Initiative<br />In the pursuit of success, employees have the opportunity to comment, suggest ideas and working methods more effective<br />
  16. 16. Spirit of cooperation<br />To generate good results, individual and group efforts must be integrated, leaving aside personal interests and seeking a common goal<br />