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Comenius Multilateral School Partnership       Legends of my town               PROJECT         15.05.2012 - 20.05.2012   ...
Welcome to Gdańsk!We are pleased to have you as our guests. Our ancestors put in the emblem of the city the sen-tence: “Ne...
Uphagen’s House                                            The origins of Artus Court go back to the                      ...
The Neptune Fountain                          The Neptune Foun-               once in its history. There are four arched  ...
The Crane                                                  Oliwa Cathedral                                     The Crane  ...
Ołowianka                                               It is a ghost of the beautiful Judyta Speymann                    ...
Tri-city consisting of three Polish cities: Gdańsk, Gdynia and Sopot.Sopot is a genuine seaside health resort             ...
Gdynia is a young, but quickly expanding port              cruises around the Bay of Gdańsk in thesituated right by the se...
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Gdansk

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Gdansk

  1. 1. Comenius Multilateral School Partnership Legends of my town PROJECT 15.05.2012 - 20.05.2012 -1-
  2. 2. Welcome to Gdańsk!We are pleased to have you as our guests. Our ancestors put in the emblem of the city the sen-tence: “Nec temere, nec temide” – “neither rashly, nor tremulously”. City of Gdańsk is a part of theTri-city (Gdańsk, Sopot and Gdynia), and is rather young European city dated since 997. However,we are very proud of our local homeland and we warmly encourage you to have a walk tour of thecity to discover the most important monuments in very centre of the Old Town. Our school is situ-ated in the old suburb of Gdańsk called Gdańsk Stare Szkoty, where we can find a beautiful ba-roque St. Ignis church. The Old Town of Gdańsk is easily accessible from our suburb. You can getthere in 15 min by bus. We hope that our guide leaflet will help you in planning the sightseeing.Golden Gate the front wall there is a quotation from Psalm 122 in German language: "May they be se-The Zlota Brama, or Golden Gate, is the cure who love you! Peace be within yoursecond gate on the Royal Route. The gate walls and security within your towers!" Belowwas designed and constructed in 1612 for the the figures, but above the proud Gdansk CitySt. George Brotherhood, an elite rifle club and symbol, reads another Latin Maxim: ‘Smallsocial group, by Abraham van der Block and states grow in harmony, large states fall inJan Strakowski. discord’. The gate is a mix of Flemish and The Długa Street and the Długi Targ Street Italian styles and since its recon- The Długa and Długi Targ Streets which are struction and also known as Trakt Królewski (the Royal renovation in 1957 Route) rank among the most beautiful streets it has served as a in Gdańsk. The wealthiest Gdańsk patricians symbol of the city used to live there and almost every tenement as a whole. The house has its own interesting history to tell. actual portal of this The oldest preserved houses date back to the gate is slightly Middle Ages, but most of the buildings were rotated, so that as erected in modern times. Tenement housesyou walk through the gate, you are treated to on Długa Street arean exceptional view of Dluga Street and the typical Gdańsk housesOld Town Hall! The gate itself is adorned with with narrow facadesgold trim, but has a very clean, sharp look to topped with gables orit. Eight figures stand proudly on top of the attics, richly decoratedgate, four facing the Upland Gate. They sym- with coats of arms,bolise aspirations of the townsmen: Pax - allegoric figures andPeace, Libertas - Freedom, Fortuna - Wealth, silhouettes of ancientand Fama – Fame. The remaining four are heroes. The mostfacing Dluga Street and symbolise civic vir- important seculartues: (Concordia - Concord, Justita - Justice, buildings – the Hall ofPietas - Piety, and Prudentia - Reason). On the Main City and the Artus Court are located in Długi Targ Street. -2-
  3. 3. Uphagen’s House The origins of Artus Court go back to the Middle Ages and its name stems from the Uphagens House European culture of knighthood. The common stands at 12 Długa name of the courts originates from the name Street and is the only of the legendary leader of the Celts, Arthur, burgher tenement who lived in Britannia in the 5th and 6th centu- house in Gdańsk ry. restored with its interi- The name of the building: “Curia Regis Artus” or. A brick building (The Royal Court of Artus), which was con- was erected here at structed in Gdańsk between 1348 and 1350, the end of the 15th appeared for the first time in city documents in century and its rem- 1357 in relation to land rent. The first court nants are still in the was erected on a plot of land belonging to the cellars of the present city since 1344, by the Saint George Brother- house. In the following hood at its own expense and effort. The centuries its owners Brotherhood associated the knights from rich changed and the German families. Over time, Artus Courthouse underwent numerous modifications. In began to accept not just merchant customs,1775 it was bought and reconstructed by John but also started to take on the role of anUphagen, a merchant, amateur historian and official merchant house.bibliophile. After his death the almost intact The Gdańsk Vestibule was restored after warhouse remained the property of the Uphagens damage – its Baroque staircase from theuntil the beginning of the 20th century. In beginning of the 18th century was transferred1911 a museum devoted to interior design from Kłanin palace along with the decorativewas opened here, which remained open until ceiling painting and two 18th century cup-1944 when its décor and furnishings were boards. Its furnishings also include the recon-moved outside Gdańsk due to the approach- structed fireplace, 18th century sculptures,ing military operations. In 1981 the house was 18th century Dutch ceramics from Delft, brassdonated to the Gdańsk Historical Museum candle holders, original Dutch flag-stones onand after restoration it was opened for visitors the walls with pastoral themes and a model ofon 7th June 1998. The preserved elements of a 1775 Gdańsk ship. In addition two paintingsinterior decoration, including wood panelling were hung above the wooden panel line:and stoves, were installed inside. Fabrics and “Three Kings Greetings” by Andreas Stechwindow hooks were restored. Furnishings and “Portrait of an Amsterdam counsellor” bysuch as furniture, musical instruments, pic- Jacob van Loo. The paintings are separatedtures and ceramics come mostly from the by a pair of large ornamental candle holders.second half of the 18th century. On every last The western wall of the great Gdańsk Vesti-Sunday of the month "Music Sunday Concerts bule has the entrance passage connecting itat Uphagen House" are staged here. to the Great Hall of Artus Court. The museumArtus Court continues to supplement theArtus Court is a complex of buildings forming furnishings ofa branch of the Gdańsk History Museum, Gdańsk Vestibulelocated within the Main City boundaries and in order to restoreforming a part of the representative city route the baroquecalled the Royal Route. Długi Targ located character of anear the historical harbour on the Motława Gdańsk merchantriver forms part of the route. The Artus Court house drawing-complex consists of the following parts: the room.ground floor of two connected town housescalled The Old Bench House, Artus Court andthe New Bench House. The Old and NewBench House are the town houses with nar-row facades typical of Gdańsk architecture. -3-
  4. 4. The Neptune Fountain The Neptune Foun- once in its history. There are four arched tain has stood in front passages through this gate and there is a of the Artus Court symbol over each: The eagle of the Prussian since 1633 and is a Kings, and the emblems of Poland, Gdansk, symbol of Gdańsk. It and Royal Prussia. Between the years 1747- was built on the 1845 it used to be the seat of The Natural initiative of the Mayor Society. During the II World War the building of Gdańsk, Bartłomiej was destroyed by the fire and only partially Schachmann. The regained its former grandeur and beauty in model was prepared the following years. Today, the gate is man- by Peter Husen and aged by the Polish National Museum and is Johann Rogge, and it the home of a great many exhibitions andwas cast in 1615 in Augsburg. The design of galleries. Former Polish President and symbolthe whole fountain was prepared by Abraham of Solidarity, Lech Walesa, has his office invan den Blocke. The ornamented grill sur- the Green Gate. The present look of therounding the fountain dates back to 1634. In building has been greatly improved in thethe years 1757-1761 Johann Karl Stender recent renovation.redecorated the basin and the base of thefountain in the Rococo style, by adding a large St. Marys Basilicaarray of sea creatures. According to one ofthe Gdańsk legends it was Neptune himselfwho contributed to the creation of the famousGdańsk liqueur called Goldwasser. He gotangry at people throwing golden coins into thefountain and hit the water with his trident sohard that the gold fell to pieces, forming smallgolden flakes which now shine in the tastyherbal liqueur.Green Gate The Church of the Blessed Virgin Mary, the largest brick church in the world, went through several stages of development over the period from 1343 to 1502. Its interior displays many exquisite pieces of Medieval and Baroque art, including the stone Pieta from about 1410, a copy of the Last Judgement by Hans Mem- ling, the original canvas dating back to 1472, the astronomical clock built by Hans Düringer between 1464 and 1470 and the main altar put up between 1510 and 1517. The church isThe Renaissance Green Gate stands on the 105 m long, including the tower battlements,site of the most ancient gate in Gdansk, the and the vaults soar 29 m above floor level.Koga Gate. It was erected by a Dutchman, The solid main tower is 77.6 m high and it isRagnier from Amsterdam and Hans Kramer crowned with a viewing gallery which enablesfrom Dresden. The gate was made of brick visitors to enjoy a panoramic view of the city.brought from Netherlands. It was built to In order to get there it is necessary to climbserve as the formal residence of Polish mon- almost 400 steps!archs, but was only used for that purpose -4-
  5. 5. The Crane Oliwa Cathedral The Crane Oliwas towering Cathedral taking pride of – the oldest place at the western end of Oliwa Park was preserved originally built as a simple wooden structure in port crane the 12th century, and it was only in 1224 that in Europe. It the brickwork was added. Built along a classic was built in three-aisle design with a vaulted basilica and 1442-1444 shaped in the form of the Latin cross, todays as two brick interior is dominated by the extraordinary towers organ over the main entrance. Built between between 1755 and 1780 by the organ master Johannwhich a wooden lift mechanism was installed. Wulf, and at the time the largest organ of itsIt played three roles: of a loading and unload- type in Europe, it features moving cherubs,ing crane, fortifications and a town gate. trumpet-playing an-Initially the Crane’s lift mechanism was started gels and comes with aby one wheel. Then it was modernized a few staggering 7,896times and finally there were two pairs of pipes and 110 regis-wheels. The wheels were set in move by ters allowing for anpeople walking inside them. The bottom pair incredible range ofof wheels was used to load and unload goods; pitch and soundsthe top one to set up masts on ships. including ripplingChains, hooks and blocks hang from the water, animal criesCrane until March 1945. Bombardment, which and human voices.destroyed nearly all Gdańsk monuments did Also worth looking outnot save the Crane either – its wooden part for, at the other end ofburnt down completely. The reconstruction the church is the strange and beautiful canopystarted in the 1950s. Nowadays it houses the around the high altar, covered with stars andCentral Maritime Museum. A crane bird sil- featuring 150 angels poking out of a mass ofhouette (which is a symbol of stamina) on top clouds.of the rebuilt monument has been pointing the The Vistulamouth Fortressdirection of wind to sailors for 13 years. The Vistulamouth Fortress is in the NorthernThe Town Hall of the Main Town Port in Gdańsk close to another historical The Town Hall of the place Westerplatte. A wooden guardroom was Main Town houses the at the mouth of the Vistula River as far back Museum of Gdańsk as the Teutonic times. It burnt down in 1433. History which is worth In 1482 a brick lighthouse was built on the seeing. An ancient gothic- spot. It controlled shipping and guarded the renaissance building access to Gdańsk port. It was often attacked situated where Długa during armed conflicts because of its good street meets Długi Market strategic situation. towers over Royal Route – the most representative route in old town of Gdańsk. The Town Hall was re-constructed after a fire and is one of the mostcharacteristic and recognizable monuments inthe city. Every hour a beautiful sound of caril-lon is heard from a clock tower. -5-
  6. 6. Ołowianka It is a ghost of the beautiful Judyta Speymann whispering “Act justly, fear no one”. Monument to the Fallen Shipyard Workers Three majestic crosses with anchors – symbols of hope – have been erected to commemo- rate the bloody victims of the workers strikes in December 1970. The demand relative to erecting this monument at the shipyard’s gatesOłowianka is an island washed by the was one of the mostMotława River on one side and Na Stępce important postulates ofCanal on the other. In the Teutonic times the shipyard workersmonastic tax collector (Polish: szafarz) had who went on strike in August 1980. Thehis buildings there and the oldest name of the crosses are 42 m high and weigh 140 tons. Allplace – Szafarnia (1404 year) comes from official delegations visiting Gdańsk lay flowershim. A bridge joined the place with a castle on at the foot of this monument.the other side of the Motława and from 1417there was also a ferry. In 1576 Na Stępce Monument to the Defenders of the CoastCanal was dug and since then it has been anisland. A present name – Ołowianka comes An immense monument to the Defenders offrom lead (ołów) storehouses. The biggest of the Coast commemorates the Polish soldiersthem was called Lead Court. There were also who, in autumn of 1939, made a heroic effortgranaries there. The best preserved is Royal to fight with the superior forces of Hitlers well-one. At present the Baltic Filharmony is there. equipped army. Close to the monument weYou can get to Ołowianka over one of two can also see historic structures related to thebridges over Na Stępce Canal. heroic defence of this post in 1939, the tombs of heroic soldiers and the T-34 tank belongingThe Golden House to the Polish Armoured Brigade named after the Westerplatte Heroes. It is one of the most beautiful buildings in Gdańsk. It was erected in 1609 by the Jan Speyman, the Mayor of the city and at the same time a wealthy merchant and an open-minded patron of the arts, and his wife, Judyta (from the Bahra family). The construction wasbased on a design prepared by Abraham vanden Blocke, who was also responsible for apart of the sculptural decorations which werecompleted in 1618. The house is famous forits richly-decorated façade. The legend goesthat from time to time the corridors of thehouse are frequented by a luminous creature. -6-
  7. 7. Tri-city consisting of three Polish cities: Gdańsk, Gdynia and Sopot.Sopot is a genuine seaside health resort fee you can enter the pier, and admire thecenter. coastline. Youll enjoy the sight of the Grand Hotel (one of the largest and most impressiveSopot has a great geographical location – in the Tri-City) on one side, and the Zhonglying between the beautiful woods of the Tri- Hua Chinese Hotel on the other, where theCity Landscape Park, and the numerous sand Southern Baths used to be. In summer, therebeaches of the Bay of Gdańsk. Sopot is are jazz concerts on the hotels terrace everyknown for its sanitaria many artists and end- Thursday. Another destination for a long walkless quantities of tourists, who mainly visit the are the Castle Hill Caves, Sopots oldestcity during the summertime. historic site and the only monument of this kind located in the center of a contemporary European city.Monte Casino Street is the center of Sopot, apedestrianised promenade. On both sides ofthe street there are countless XIX-XXth- The Forest Opera is also an interesting place,century houses, some of them housing pubs famous for its interwar Wagner concerts, andor restaurants today. To discover the real since 1961 – for the International Song Festi-charm of the town, turn into one of Monte vals. Another place worth a visit is the horseCasinos side streets, where youre bound to racetrack, situated between Gdańsk andadmire numerous art nouveau houses, parks Sopot, built over a hundred years ago, andand gardens. One such beautiful street shel- occupying a surface of 33 ha, which used toters the splendid Sierakowskich Court – today host international horseracing events famousthe seat of The Sopot Friends Society. throughout Europe.At the end of Monte Casino youll find the When you are in Sopot we also recommendWooden Pier. It is the longest wooden pier in you visit Aqua ParkEurope. During the summertime, for a small -7-
  8. 8. Gdynia is a young, but quickly expanding port cruises around the Bay of Gdańsk in thesituated right by the seashore, offering many daytime, while at night it serves as a boat-tourist attractions as well as splendid shop- restaurant.ping opportunities and a lot of entertainment.The city was founded as a Polish harbour in1926. Because of its unusual location, you willeasily catch great views of the sea and beauti- ful scenery, and also find long promenades, beautiful waterfronts, marinas and yacht clubs. Gdynia is the only city in Poland and one of the few in Europe to pride itself on such a long and accessible seashore. Scenes that you could otherwise admire only in the depths of the oceans offered by The The city has a good Maritime Museum and Aquarium will leavetransportation system, so you wont have any you more than impressed. Now we recom-problems reaching Gdynia from either of the mend taking a walk along the Seaside Prom-other cities. You can get here by SKM trains, enade. You can enjoy the beautiful panoramaor by car. of the harbour and of the city from the top of Stone Hill, easily recognizable by the largeKosciuszko square is the sightseeing center cross at its top. On your way to the little hill,of Gdynia. The ships moored in the dock- you will pass the famous Musical Theatre,yards, like the "Błyskawica" or “Dar Pomorza” which stages the worlds most-famed musi-for instance, are the biggest tourist attractions. cals.In summertime you can embark on the touristship "Viking II", which offers sightseeing Gdynia is also a great city for shopping. Zespół Kształcenia Podstawowego i Gimnazjalnego nr 6 w Gdańsku Szkoła Podstawowa nr 19 · Gimnazjum nr 7 im. Zasłużonych Ludzi Morza ul. Emilii Hoene 6, 80-041 Gdańsk tel./fax: 58 306 75 00 e-mail: sp19gim7@wp.pl www.zkpig6.gda.pl -8-

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