Improving Teaching and Learning For The
Technology is becoming a dominant aspect of
our society (Harvey-Woodall, 2009).
Future occupations will require collaboration
across international and cultural boundaries
and new way of integrating knowledge (Haste,
It is necessary for students occupational
prospects (Lebens, Graff & Mayer, 2009).
• Traditional methods no longer capture the
interest of children growing up in this
computer age (Harvey-Woodall, 2009).
• Students demonstrate higher motivation and
engagement when using technology (Harvey-
Differentiated Instruction (DI)
• DI is a teaching method based on the idea
that instruction should vary according to the
individual and diverse needs and interests of
students in the classroom (Looi, et al., 2009).
• Supports instructional activities that enable
differentiated instruction (Looi, et al., 2009).
• Use of technology can help teachers
understand the individual learning styles of
the students they teach (Harvey-Woodall,
• Higher levels of motivation and engagement
result in increased student achievement
• Can contextualize learning because it can
happen any time or place (Looi, et al., 2009).
• Teachers should become familiar with the
latest technology in an effort to make
teaching activities as relevant and current as
possible (Harvey-Woodall, 2009).
• Research suggests ICT implementation can
support the achievement of disadvantaged
and low achieving learners (Lebens, Graff &
• Online education provides flexibility for
students and teachers (Webb, 2009).
• Learning can happen any time and anywhere
(Looi, et al., 2009).
• Advocates believe it offers unique educational
benefits such as the time-shifting ability
• Spoken word can influence a learner‟s
cognition and motivation (Hew, 2009).
• Take pictures of things outside the classroom
for use in learning activities inside the
classroom (e.g. Studying angles in math
• Calculator function
• Use the voice recorder for interviews in
• Use the MP3 function to listen to notes.
• Can support a variety of collaborative
• Supports metacognitive tasks, like reflection
• Published online so they are accessible to
others at different times and places.
• Students feel they are working in a student-
owned and centered workspace.
Larusson & Alterman, 2009
• Are interactive electronic whiteboards
(Gerard, Widener & Greene, 1999)
• Increases motivation, attention and time on
task (Mechling, Gast & Krupa, 2007).
• Can help improve the mastery of letter
sounds by simultaneously hearing the sound,
seeing the letter, and touching the letter
(Campbell & Mechling, 2009).
• Powerful tools and information resources for
academic work and life in general.
• Can be used to produce web pages or blogs
to express their personal ideas or opinions.
(Chou et al., 2009)
The instructor plays a major role in how
technology is utilized within the classroom.
Teachers must understand how technology
can be connected with pedagogy and
Substantial support from administrators.
Longer, ongoing PD that focuses on
integrating technology into the classroom.
Presented within context of student-centered
Should be researched based.
Student achievement should be at the
Must address needs of the individual (Wells,
Create leadership roles (Wells, 2007).
Constant support person in close proximity
“Extension agent” model for inservice training
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investigation of observational and incidental learning of nontarget information. Remedial and Special Education,
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achievement?. Jackson State University, 1-10.
Haste, H. (2009). What is „competence‟ and how should education incorporate new technology‟s tools to
generate „competent civic agents‟. The Curriculum Journal, 20(3), 207-223.
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Rogers, K. (2009). Cell phones as instructional tools. Principal Leadership, 9(6), 65-67.
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