Linq 2013 plenary_keynote_mulder


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Linq 2013 plenary_keynote_mulder

  1. 1. Open(ing up) Educationin 5 components & the pan-EuropeanOpenupEd MOOCs initiativeFred MulderUNESCO Chair in OER at OUNL(former Rector OUNL 2000 – 2010)1LINQ 201316-17 May 2013Rome, Italy
  2. 2. Page 2Open ………?Open Education Open Learning (1971 OU-UK; other OUs) Open CourseWare (2001: MIT) Open Educational Resources (2002: UNESCO) Open Education (2008: Cape Town Declaration) Massive Open Online Courses (2011: xMOOCs / 2008:cMOOCs)Opening up Education (2012: EU)> Terminology Jungle <> Need for Clarification <2
  3. 3. Page 3Open Education in Wikipedia“Open education is a collective term that refers toeducational organizations that seek to eliminate barriersto entry. Such institutions, for example, would not haveacademic admission requirements. Such universitiesinclude Open University in Britain and AthabascaUniversity in Canada. Such programs are commonlydistance learning programs like e-learning, mooc andopencourseware, but not necessarily.”> Restricted view <> Unclear <> Confusing <3
  4. 4. Page 4Open Educational Resources …4“… are teaching, learning, and research resourcesthat reside in the public domain or have been releasedunder an intellectual property license that permitstheir free use and re-purposing by others.Open educational resources include full courses,course materials, modules, textbooks, streaming videos,tests, software, and any other tools, materials,or techniques used to support access to knowledge.”(Hewlett Foundation)
  5. 5. Page 55OER is NOTOpen Educationmore componentsare required …
  6. 6. Page 6Open Education (Supply)OpenEducationOEROLS OTE6
  7. 7. Page 7Open Learning Services (OLS)Complementary to OER, free or to be paid,and including a variety ofonline and virtual facilities for:tutoring, advice, meetings, communities,teamwork, presentations, testing,examination, consulting sources,internet navigation, etcetera …7
  8. 8. Page 8Open Teaching Efforts (OTE)Complementary to OER and OLS, to be paid for,referring to the human contributionto the education provided,the efforts of teachers, instructors, trainers,developers, and support staffin their various roles,in a professional, open, and flexiblelearning environment and culture.8
  9. 9. Page 99Open Education is NOTSupply side onlyshould also includeDemand side …
  10. 10. Page 10Open Education (plus Demand)OpenEducationOEROLS OTE10OLN OECOpen toEmployability &CapabilitiesdevelopmentOpen toLearners’NeedsOpenLearningServicesOpenTeachingEfforts
  11. 11. Page 11Open to Learners’ Needs (OLN)Learners expect affordable, ‘do-able’,good quality, interesting, beneficial education,but also the „classical‟ openness (OUs):freedom of time / pace / place,open entry, open programming,and provisions for lifelong learning,credentialing, smooth switching betweenformal and informal learning,etcetera …11
  12. 12. Page 12Open to Employability &Capabilities development (OEC)„Society‟ expects education to suitthe changing society and labour market,the decisive role of knowledge and innovation,and the influence of globalization,but also to offer scope for new skills,critical thinking, ethics, creativity,personal growth, and citizenship.12
  13. 13. Page 13135COEModel> does justice to diversity <> to be used for mapping <
  14. 14. Page 14‘Fingerprint’ in 5COE modelOEROLSOTEOLNOEC140% 100%Example nr. 1Institutional profile(fully converted to OER)in Open(ing up) Education
  15. 15. Page 15‘Fingerprint’ in 5COE modelOEROLSOTEOLNOEC140% 100%Example nr. 2Institutional profile(more traditional, but …)in Open(ing up) Education
  16. 16. Page 16‘Fingerprint’ in 5COE modelOEROLSOTEOLNOEC140% 100%Example nr. 3Institutional profile(more traditional, but …)in Open(ing up) Educationin the FUTURE …
  17. 17. Page 17‘Fingerprint’ in 5COE modelOEROLSOTEOLNOEC140% 100%Example nr. 4Typical xMOOCas positionedin Open(ing up) Education
  18. 18. Page 18‘Fingerprint’ in 5COE modelOEROLSOTEOLNOEC140% 100%Example nr. 5Typical cMOOCas positionedin Open(ing up) Education
  19. 19. Page 19‘Fingerprint’ in 5COE modelOEROLSOTEOLNOEC140% 100%Not recommendedto have all slidersextreme left orextreme right
  20. 20. Page 20‘Fingerprint’ in 5COE modelOEROLSOTEOLNOECBut 100% OER would beproper in all cases regardless of:> institutional identity> learning philosophy> educational sector> political context140% 100%
  21. 21. Page 21Opening up Education (OuE)seems a subtle change but is pretty relevant …OuE underlines the dynamics and the process(there is no fixed model for education over time)OuE can adequately accommodate diversity(there is no single ideal model for education)brings in nuance and offers an umbrella for:> Open Educationalists, MOOCers, and other devotees <> Elite Universities, Open Universities, and the wider variety <> Educational Institutes from primary through university level <> Learners with their diversity in needs and circumstances <15
  22. 22. Page 22European Union …with „Opening up Education‟ is preparingJIT for a breakthrough moveis in an effective position with its tools:policy guidance, EU regulation, EU funding schemes, exchangeof good practices, innovative pilots, …can inspire, mobilize, facilitate, and support EU countries andeducational institutes in their OuE endeavourscan harmonize, create synergies, underline diversity (whenappropriate) among EU countries and educational institutescan add value in the global educational market16
  23. 23. Page 23EU: „Opening up Education‟Perspective of OuE?Successor of the remarkably successful „Bologna‟ for HE,an innovation where top-down and bottom-up merged,with a shared feeling of momentum and a clear goal:contribute to mobility, quality, and harmonization----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------„Opening up Education‟, significant for all educational sectors,an innovation where top-down and bottom-up are merging,with an upcoming feeling of momentum and a clear goal:contribute to accessibility, quality, efficiency, and innovation17
  24. 24. Page 24EU: „Opening up Education‟To be launched after Summer 2013Fully exploit the potential of OER and ICT …… for futureproof Education, Skills, and Jobs------------------------------------------> Learning & Teaching >> Content <> Infrastructures <------------------------------------------Substantial budget for 2014-2020(Part of Erasmus for All, Horizon 2020)18
  25. 25. Page 25Going pan-European …with OpenupEd MOOCsMOOCs: predominantly USwhere it all started as of 2011and … expanded massively (Coursera, Udacity, edX)some EU universities have joint US initiativesnational launches in UK and AustraliaTIME for a European initiative!nice umbrella: the EC launch ‘Opening up Education’that’s why OpenupEd is our namefirst pan-European MOOCs initiative19
  26. 26. Page 26OpenupEd MOOCsLaunched April 25Joint press release EADTU & European CommissionEuropean values: Equity, Quality, and Diversity> Learner at the Centre <> High-quality Learning Materials <> Self-study Model <> Diversity in Language and in Culture <In Tradition of acclaimed Open Universities model:EADTU initiative (thought about the term MOUCs)20
  27. 27. Page 27OpenupEd partnershipFrom the EU:France, Italy, Lithuania, the Netherlands,Portugal, Slovakia, Spain, the UKOutside the EU, from:Russia, Turkey, IsraelPlanning to join, from:Cyprus, Denmark, Estonia, France,Greece, Poland (2x), Slovenia, SpainOpen to other potential partners21
  28. 28. Page 28OpenupEd coursesAround 60 at the startWide variety in subjects and level12 LanguagesScheduled or self-paced20 to 200 hours of studyRecognition options22
  29. 29. Page 29OpenupEd common featuresOpenness to learnersDigital opennessLearner-centred approachIndependent learningMedia-supported interactionRecognition optionsQuality focusSpectrum of diversityNot meant to be a strict orderbut rather to give general guidance23
  30. 30. Page 30OpenupEd, a decentralized modelInstitutions themselves are leadingOpenupEd central communication portal,a referatory to the institutional platformsPublic affair, no venture capital involved-------------------------------This is just a startof an exciting expedition!www.openuped.eu24
  31. 31. SOURCESFred Mulder & Ben Janssen, Opening up Education.Fred Mulder & Hester Jelgerhuis, An International Perspectiveon OER: the Influence of IGOs on the OER Movement.In: TREND REPORT: Open Educational Resources 2013.SURF SIG OER, Utrecht (NL). YOU!