E-Infrastructures and Public Policies


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E-Infrastructures and Public Policies

  1. 1. 4th BELIEF International Symposium 16th & 17th July 2009, São Paulo, Brazil E-Infrastructure in Public Policies for Information Society Dr. Susana Finquelievich Argentina
  3. 3. E-infrastructures in NISPs <ul><li>A NISP is a roadmap, a plan for the inclusion and appropriation of the benefits derived from the construction of an Information Society </li></ul><ul><li>The NISP is a highway, not a harbour </li></ul><ul><li>It is a process, a collaborative, open, and permanent building task </li></ul>Dr. Susana Finquelievich - LINKS - Argentina
  4. 4. Dr. Susana Finquelievich - LINKS - Argentina
  5. 5. E-INFRASTRUCTURES POLICY IN EU Dr. Susana Finquelievich - LINKS - Argentina
  6. 6. E-Infrastructures Policy in EU <ul><li>The European Council (March 2009) has allocated y €1 billion to invest in broadband in rural areas of the EU </li></ul><ul><li>Part of the European Economic Recovery Plan to reinforce the European economy and to reinforce Europe’s long-term competitiveness </li></ul><ul><li>Twin policy goals supported by investment in broadband infrastructure: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>supporting appropriate regional development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>maximizing the potential of the whole European economy </li></ul></ul>Dr. Susana Finquelievich - LINKS - Argentina
  7. 7. E-infrastructures and social integration <ul><li>Social integration will be supported by the provision of broadband services such as those relating to e-government or social networking </li></ul><ul><li>These are particularly important in rural areas, where geographical isolation is an important consideration </li></ul><ul><li>But a restricted focus on physical infrastructure is not sufficient </li></ul>Dr. Susana Finquelievich - LINKS - Argentina
  8. 8. Broadband and skills <ul><li>The DG Information Society 2007 conference “Bridging the Broadband Gap” identified in its conclusions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ ICT skills and digital literacy are critical to the effectiveness of any broadband strategy” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Any large-scale strategic initiative on broadband must encompass a skills dimension </li></ul></ul>Dr. Susana Finquelievich - LINKS - Argentina
  9. 9. Physical infrastructure needs to be complemented with a skills infrastructure <ul><li>The investment in e-infrastructures must include a focus on skills development </li></ul><ul><li>The goal: to ensure that the maximum potential is extracted from the infrastructure once it is put in place </li></ul>Dr. Susana Finquelievich - LINKS - Argentina
  10. 10. Which specific skills? <ul><li>Skills directly connected with economic development. Organisations and individuals search to move up the value chain </li></ul><ul><li>They engage in activities that will give them a substantial and secure economic return </li></ul><ul><li>Specialised ICT skills that support value-added activities: Internet services and e-business activity, mainly among SMEs </li></ul>Dr. Susana Finquelievich - LINKS - Argentina
  11. 11. Other abilities <ul><li>Common end-user ICT skills that uphold core business activities (e-mail, e-commerce activities, etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>Basic, introductory ICT skills that assist marginalised groups (i.g. the aged, the geographically isolated), to access essential Internet services (e-government, distance learning), and to engage in social networking </li></ul>Dr. Susana Finquelievich - LINKS - Argentina
  12. 12. E-Infrastructure and E-Science <ul><li>By facilitating new scientific discoveries and innovation, e-Infrastructures are an essential tool in supporting the ‘Lisbon Strategy’ for sustainable growth and jobs </li></ul><ul><li>FP7 has built up a significant momentum for the deployment of e-Infrastructures </li></ul><ul><li>The goal is not only to strengthen scientific excellence, but also to promote innovation and industrial competitiveness </li></ul>Dr. Susana Finquelievich - LINKS - Argentina
  13. 13. A hub for E-Science: 3 vectors <ul><li>To reinforce EU´s research capacity in high-performance computing </li></ul><ul><li>To consolidate e-Infrastructures as research platforms to ensure research continuity </li></ul><ul><li>To focus on the innovation potential of e-Infrastructures </li></ul><ul><li>Dimensions to be explored: </li></ul><ul><li>The transfer of expertise to areas beyond science (e.g. e-Health, e-Government, e-Learning) </li></ul><ul><li>The use of e-Infrastructures as cost-efficient platforms for large-scale technological experimentation (e.g. Future Internet, massively parallel software, Living Labs) </li></ul>Dr. Susana Finquelievich - LINKS - Argentina
  14. 14. E-INFRASTRUCTURES POLICY IN LAC Dr. Susana Finquelievich - LINKS - Argentina
  15. 15. LAC countries and their NISPs (ECLAC 2009) Dr. Susana Finquelievich - LINKS - Argentina 2nd generation countries 1st generation countries Elaborating a digital agenda for the 1st time Chile Grenada Jamaica Mexico Uruguay Argentina, Bahamas, Barbados, Brazil, Costa Rica, Colombia Trinidad & Tobago ---------------------- Cuba, Dominican Republic, Panama and Peru (projects began within the past 5 years) Bolivia Ecuador El Salvador Guatemala Honduras Nicaragua Paraguay Venezuela
  16. 16. LAC: evolution of Information Society issues <ul><li>Access and infrastructure: </li></ul><ul><li>From </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Installation of public telephones </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Creation of telecommunications funds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Public ICT access centres (telephone and Internet) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>To </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Increase access to broadband Internet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increase WiFi coverage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Public ICT education & training centres </li></ul></ul>Dr. Susana Finquelievich - LINKS - Argentina
  17. 17. E-LAC 2010 <ul><li>The establishment of a Regional Action Plan (eLAC2010) is a great achievement </li></ul><ul><li>LA countries are reporting considerable progress in the formulation of NISPs </li></ul><ul><li>Priorities: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Access and infrastructure, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>E-Government, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Development of capabilities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Contents </li></ul></ul>Dr. Susana Finquelievich - LINKS - Argentina
  18. 18. E-Infrastructre Policy in the Province of San Luis, Argentina <ul><li>San Luis Digital, started in 2007 </li></ul><ul><li>Inhabitants: 420.000 </li></ul><ul><li>Organization in Charge: University of La Punta, Ministry of Progress </li></ul><ul><li>Main goal: To become an ICT production and export pole </li></ul>Dr. Susana Finquelievich - LINKS - Argentina
  19. 19. Accomplishments <ul><li>e-infrastructure (Information Highway, Data Center, Wi Fi in 69 settlements above 50 inhabitants) </li></ul><ul><li>Universal access facilities: Ciber AUIs, Digital Inclusion Centers) </li></ul><ul><li>Informatic equipments for schools, Classmates for all the children in elementary education </li></ul><ul><li>Training for the population (Entre Clases) </li></ul><ul><li>Skills development </li></ul>Dr. Susana Finquelievich - LINKS - Argentina
  20. 20. A WiFi province <ul><li>Free Wi-Fi has been implemented in 69 towns </li></ul><ul><li>Support: The information Highway (AUI). </li></ul><ul><li>Its main ring started with a 31 mbps bandwith. Today: 600mbps. </li></ul><ul><li>It will be enlarged to 1 G before 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>Classmate computers have been distributed to elementary schools </li></ul>Dr. Susana Finquelievich - LINKS - Argentina
  21. 21. A peripheric, upwards, integrated and long term policy <ul><li>Peripheric: The implementation of e-infrastructures goes from the geographic and economic periphery to the centre. The remotest and lowest income towns are the first served. </li></ul><ul><li>Upwards: It is addressed first to children, senior citizens, and vulnerable groups </li></ul><ul><li>Integrated: besides e-infrastructure, SLD constantly launches aplications, contents, and programs oriented to ICT use and appropriation (250 programs) </li></ul><ul><li>SLD implies long term (20 years) programs. Possibility of relevant and increasingly emergent results in the mid and long run </li></ul>Dr. Susana Finquelievich - LINKS - Argentina
  22. 22. Internet users: Comparison between rhe world, Argentina and San Luis Dr. Susana Finquelievich - LINKS - Argentina Zone/data World LAC South America Chile Argentina San Luis Internet users /100 inhabitants 23,8 29,9 33,0 50,9 50,3 67,3
  23. 23. MAIN FINDINGS Dr. Susana Finquelievich - LINKS - Argentina
  24. 24. THE PRIORITIES <ul><li>E-Infrastructures are within the first 3 priorities in NISPs of diverse development countries and regions </li></ul><ul><li>Without E-Infrastructures (extended, porous, capillary) there is no Information Society </li></ul><ul><li>Investment in ICT infrastructure is a vital step to promote economic development and social integration </li></ul>Dr. Susana Finquelievich - LINKS - Argentina
  25. 25. SKILLS AND KNOWLEDGE <ul><li>Neither the mere production of technology nor the existence of technological infrastructure automatically leads to the creation of an information society </li></ul><ul><li>Without the relevant skills and knowledge, e-infrastructures may either not be used to their full potential or may not be used at all </li></ul>Dr. Susana Finquelievich - LINKS - Argentina
  26. 26. E-infrastructures and contents <ul><li>The more developed is Information Society in a country </li></ul><ul><li>The more linked are E-infrastructures and contents in their NISP </li></ul>Dr. Susana Finquelievich - LINKS - Argentina
  27. 27. THANK YOU! [email_address] www.links.org.ar