Vulnerable Migrant Women and Maternity in the UK, Rosalind Bragg

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Rosalind Bragg, of Maternity Alliance, describes the challenges faced by pregnant migrant women in the UK.

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Vulnerable Migrant Women and Maternity in the UK, Rosalind Bragg

  1. 1. Perilous positions: vulnerable migrant women and maternity Rosalind Bragg Maternity Action
  2. 2. Maternity Action <ul><li>National charity </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on equalities </li></ul><ul><li>Policy and campaigning, training and web-based information </li></ul>
  3. 3. Right to health <ul><li>Right to healthcare </li></ul><ul><li>Right to healthy conditions </li></ul>
  4. 4. Right to healthcare <ul><li>Women who are not ‘ordinarily resident’ must be charged </li></ul><ul><li>Maternity care is ‘immediately necessary’ treatment and must be provided irrespective of ability to pay </li></ul>
  5. 5. Right to health care <ul><li>Charging deters women from accessing health care </li></ul><ul><li>Evidence of non-compliance with regulations and guidance </li></ul><ul><li>Serious health risks to mother and child </li></ul>
  6. 6. Right to healthy conditions <ul><li>Pregnancy associated with: </li></ul><ul><li>Out of the workforce </li></ul><ul><li>Homelessness </li></ul><ul><li>Domestic violence and other violence against women </li></ul>
  7. 7. Right to healthy conditions <ul><li>Forms of immigration status: </li></ul><ul><li>UK citizen or ‘settled’ migrant </li></ul><ul><li>Asylum seeker </li></ul><ul><li>Refused asylum seeker </li></ul><ul><li>No recourse to public funds </li></ul><ul><li>Undocumented </li></ul>
  8. 8. UK Citizen or ‘settled’ status Asylum seeker Refused asylum seeker ‘ No recourse’ Undocumented Income: Regular benefits Yes Health in pregnancy grant Yes Maternity grant Yes Tax credits Yes Statutory Maternity Pay or Maternity Allowance Yes Housing: Emergency Housing Yes Social housing Yes
  9. 9. UK Citizen or ‘settled’ status Asylum seeker Refused asylum seeker ‘ No recourse’ Undocumented Income: Regular benefits Yes 70% mainstream Some entitled to vouchers Health in pregnancy grant Yes No No Maternity grant Yes 70% mainstream Some entitled to vouchers Tax credits Yes No No Statutory Maternity Pay or Maternity Allowance Yes No No Housing: Emergency Housing Yes Discretionary Discretionary Social housing Yes No choice housing Some entitled to no choice housing
  10. 10. UK Citizen or ‘settled’ status Asylum seeker Refused asylum seeker ‘ No recourse’ Undocumented Income: Regular benefits Yes 70% mainstream Some entitled to vouchers No No Health in pregnancy grant Yes No No No No Maternity grant Yes 70% mainstream Some entitled to vouchers No No Tax credits Yes No No No No Statutory Maternity Pay or Maternity Allowance Yes No No Yes No Housing: Emergency Housing Yes Discretionary Discretionary Discretionary/ Pilot DV support Discretionary Social housing Yes No choice housing Some entitled to no choice housing No No
  11. 11. Policy environment <ul><li>Invisibility </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of research </li></ul><ul><li>A ‘problem’ in service delivery </li></ul><ul><li>Immigration policy context </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Maternity Action </li></ul><ul><li>Unit F5, 89-93 Fonthill Road </li></ul><ul><li>London N4 3JH </li></ul><ul><li>W: www.maternityaction.org.uk </li></ul><ul><li>E: [email_address] </li></ul>

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