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Feast and Famine: <ul><li>How the world moved to a two-tiered food system </li></ul><ul><li>Harriet Friedmann, University ...
Northern Hunger <ul><li>First food banks: 1980s </li></ul><ul><li>First anti-hunger organizations: 1990s </li></ul><ul><li...
Northern Feasts <ul><li>The supermarket revolution </li></ul><ul><li>Eating globally </li></ul><ul><li>New food imports: t...
 
 
The South As Global Farm <ul><li>Debt crisis and export imperative: 1980s </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Led to…… </li></ul></u...
 
 
And even…
So what is happening to diets in the global south?
Is the Northern diet one to which people everywhere should aspire? <ul><li>The novelty of the industrial diet </li></ul><u...
Great Britain - $253 per week for food (Hungry Planet)
The Nutrition Transition
Kenya: An Example Thanks to Kristie O’Neill <ul><li>Exporting healthy food </li></ul><ul><li>Importing processed foods hig...
Maize Available for Consumption from 1993-2005 in kcal/per capita/day
Palm Oil Available for Consumption from  1993-2005  in kcal/per capita/day
Soyabean Oil and Other Oil   Available for Consumption from   1961-2005 in kcal/per capita/day
<ul><li>A tasty dish of fried bhajia and sausage. Over-consumption of cheap cooking fats, driven by their tasty flavour, p...
Avocado and Green Bean Production   in tonnes from   1961-2005
 
 
 
<ul><li>A tasty dish of fried bhajia and sausage. Over-consumption of cheap cooking fats, driven by their tasty flavour, p...
But more is going on… In cities…
Stephen Ajengo explains how a sack is prepared. COOPI provided the top soil, sand, manure and seedlings. The project targe...
And in the countryside
 
Two futures <ul><li>World Development Report 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>International Assessment of Agricultural Knowledge, Sc...
 
Or…
 
Egypt - $68.53 a week for food (Peter Menzel, Hungry Planet)
Ecuador- $31.55 a week for food
Questions for the South <ul><li>Is good diet mainly about money? </li></ul><ul><li>Is living on $2 per day twice as good a...
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Feast and Famine: How the World Moved to a Two-tiered Food System - Professor Harriet Friedmann, University of Toronto

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Feast and Famine: How the World Moved to a Two-tiered Food System - Professor Harriet Friedmann, University of Toronto

  1. 1. Feast and Famine: <ul><li>How the world moved to a two-tiered food system </li></ul><ul><li>Harriet Friedmann, University of Toronto </li></ul>
  2. 2. Northern Hunger <ul><li>First food banks: 1980s </li></ul><ul><li>First anti-hunger organizations: 1990s </li></ul><ul><li>Cuts to social assistance; creation and removal of food supplement to social assistance: 2000s </li></ul>
  3. 3. Northern Feasts <ul><li>The supermarket revolution </li></ul><ul><li>Eating globally </li></ul><ul><li>New food imports: the healthy ones </li></ul>
  4. 6. The South As Global Farm <ul><li>Debt crisis and export imperative: 1980s </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Led to…… </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>“ Non-traditional” exports…. </li></ul>
  5. 9. And even…
  6. 10. So what is happening to diets in the global south?
  7. 11. Is the Northern diet one to which people everywhere should aspire? <ul><li>The novelty of the industrial diet </li></ul><ul><li>Nutrition Transition: democratization of fat </li></ul><ul><li>Deficiencies because of abundance </li></ul><ul><li>What is lost? </li></ul>
  8. 12. Great Britain - $253 per week for food (Hungry Planet)
  9. 13. The Nutrition Transition
  10. 14. Kenya: An Example Thanks to Kristie O’Neill <ul><li>Exporting healthy food </li></ul><ul><li>Importing processed foods high in fats and sugars and salt </li></ul>
  11. 15. Maize Available for Consumption from 1993-2005 in kcal/per capita/day
  12. 16. Palm Oil Available for Consumption from 1993-2005 in kcal/per capita/day
  13. 17. Soyabean Oil and Other Oil Available for Consumption from 1961-2005 in kcal/per capita/day
  14. 18. <ul><li>A tasty dish of fried bhajia and sausage. Over-consumption of cheap cooking fats, driven by their tasty flavour, poses a major public health crisis in Kenya. Photo/PETERSON GITHAIGA Source: Daily Nation, Kenya 26 May 2010 </li></ul>
  15. 19. Avocado and Green Bean Production in tonnes from 1961-2005
  16. 23. <ul><li>A tasty dish of fried bhajia and sausage. Over-consumption of cheap cooking fats, driven by their tasty flavour, poses a major public health crisis in Kenya. Photo/PETERSON GITHAIGA Source: Daily Nation, Kenya 26 May 2010 </li></ul>
  17. 24. But more is going on… In cities…
  18. 25. Stephen Ajengo explains how a sack is prepared. COOPI provided the top soil, sand, manure and seedlings. The project targets 1,000 households in Mathare. Source: Irin Africa 25 May 2010
  19. 26. And in the countryside
  20. 28. Two futures <ul><li>World Development Report 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>International Assessment of Agricultural Knowledge, Science and Technology for Development </li></ul>
  21. 30. Or…
  22. 32. Egypt - $68.53 a week for food (Peter Menzel, Hungry Planet)
  23. 33. Ecuador- $31.55 a week for food
  24. 34. Questions for the South <ul><li>Is good diet mainly about money? </li></ul><ul><li>Is living on $2 per day twice as good as living on $1 per day? </li></ul><ul><li>Does it not depend on the farming system and its relation (or lack of relation) to what people eat? </li></ul>

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