The Rise Of Christianity

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This slide show was created by Learner Middle & High School World History teacher Lisa Byard. Learner is an online middle & high school.

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  • Students should be able to write that the destruction of the Wailing Wall signified a turning point in Jewish history. With the temple gone the priests ’ role weakened.
  • The resurrection became the central event of a new religion called Christianity.
  • The trinity is the central belief in Christians. The Father, son and Holy Spirit.
  • The Rise Of Christianity

    1. 1. The rise of Christianity
    2. 2. I. The beginning of Christianity <ul><li>To keep peace the Romans allowed the people in the provinces to practice their different religions. </li></ul><ul><li>As long as the people honored the gods of Rome & the “ divine spirit ” of the emperor. </li></ul>Byard
    3. 3. A. Jews and the roman empire <ul><li>Jews known as zealots , feared Judaism would be weakened by outside influences & therefore, supported rebellion against Rome to establish their own independent state. </li></ul>Byard
    4. 4. A. Jews and the Roman Empire <ul><li>Other Jews believed that GOD would soon send a messiah or savior to lead the Jews to freedom. </li></ul><ul><li>From A.D. 66 to A.D. 70 the Jews revolted against Rome </li></ul>Byard
    5. 5. A. Jews of the Roman Empire <ul><li>The Romans destroyed all but the western wall of the second temple </li></ul><ul><li>The western wall is known as the Wailing Wall </li></ul>Byard
    6. 6. What was the significance of this destruction?
    7. 7. A. Jews and the Roman Empire <ul><li>Rabbis -- Jewish scholars who interpreted scripture ( Jewish law) -- began to lead Jewish congregations </li></ul>Byard
    8. 8. A. Jews and the roman empire <ul><li>Hadrian ended the last Jewish revolt. </li></ul><ul><li>He banned all Jews from the holy city of Jerusalem </li></ul><ul><li>So, Jews built communities outside Jerusalem & from here Christianity arose </li></ul>Byard
    9. 9. B. The teachings of Jesus <ul><li>Jesus began teaching around A.D. 27. </li></ul><ul><li>He wandered the countryside w/ his followers & disciples. </li></ul><ul><li>He performed miracles. </li></ul>Byard
    10. 10. B. The teachings of Jesus <ul><li>His life & teachings are recorded in the gospels of Matthew, Mark, Luke & John. </li></ul><ul><li>The gospels make up the 1 st 4 books of the new testament. </li></ul>Byard
    11. 11. B. The teachings of Jesus <ul><li>Jesus ’ teachings were derived from Jewish traditions. </li></ul><ul><li>He emphasized that: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>people must love GOD above all else. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>they should love others as they love themselves </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>there is only ONE true GOD </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>GOD cares for all people; especially those that are suffering </li></ul></ul>Byard
    12. 12. c. The death of Jesus <ul><li>Romans believed Jesus was an enemy of the state </li></ul><ul><li>He was arrested & put on trial by Pontius Pilate (the governor). </li></ul><ul><li>Soon after, Jesus was crucified </li></ul>Byard
    13. 13. C. The death of Jesus <ul><li>According to the gospels, Jesus arose from the dead. </li></ul><ul><li>He remained on earth for 40 days before ascending to heaven. </li></ul><ul><li>His followers believed this is what proved that he was the messiah. </li></ul><ul><li>They called him Jesus Christ ( christos - the Greek word for messiah) </li></ul>Byard
    14. 14. C. The death of Jesus <ul><li>Followers believed that through his death all people could be redeemed or saved from GOD ’s final judgment. </li></ul>Byard
    15. 15. What became the central event of a new religion? What was the religion called?
    16. 16. II. The spread of Christianity <ul><li>Jesus disciples believed that GOD ’s final judgment was coming soon. </li></ul><ul><li>Christianity spread slowly </li></ul><ul><li>Christianity was appealing because it accepted everyone, poor & rich alike. </li></ul><ul><li>The Roman government viewed Christianity as a Jewish sect. </li></ul>Byard
    17. 17. II. The spread of Christianity <ul><li>Many Christians became martyrs ( they were put to death for their belief ) when Rome outlawed Christianity because they viewed it as a threat. </li></ul>Byard
    18. 18. II. The spread of Christianity <ul><li>After the era of the 5 good emperors violence & unrest shook the empire (200s A.D. ) </li></ul><ul><li>After realizing that they could not punish all Christians, Rome accepted Christianity as a religion </li></ul>Byard
    19. 19. III. The Romans adopt Christianity <ul><li>The Roman emperor Constantine declared his support for Christianity. </li></ul><ul><li>He was baptized on his deathbed. </li></ul><ul><li>Theodosius made Christianity the official religion of the empire </li></ul>Byard
    20. 20. III. The Romans Adopt Christianity <ul><li>The Christian church became more organized. </li></ul><ul><li>Priests conducted services & ceremonies </li></ul><ul><li>Bishops were above priests & headed the church in each city </li></ul>Byard
    21. 21. III. The Romans adopt Christianity <ul><li>Patriarchs of these cites became pope (latin word meaning “ father ”) </li></ul><ul><li>Peter, Jesus ’ disciple was considered the first pope. </li></ul>Byard
    22. 22. What is the central belief for Christians?

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