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Residential Application for LED Lighting

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Residential Applications for LED Lighting: How LED lighting is creating opportunities for creating dynamic lighting layering in residential spaces

LEARNING OUTCOMES

To better understand the key benefits of using LED lighting in residential applications.
To better understand how LED technology is positively impacting lighting design objectives when using lighting layers.
To better understand the specific benefits of LED lighting in kitchen and baths.
To better understand the primary specification issues that designers and architects must define when selecting and applying LED decorative and architectural lighting in residential applications.
To analyze specific case studies of successful LED lighting application.

This session is proudly sponsored by Residential Lighting

Presented by: Joseph A. Rey-Barreau, AIA, IES, i

Published in: Technology
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Residential Application for LED Lighting

  1. 1. Residential Applications for LED Lighting: How LED lighting is creating opportunities for creating dynamic lighting layering in residential spaces Joseph A. Rey-Barreau, AIA, IES Architect/Lighting Designer Associate Professor College of Design/University of Kentucky Co-Founder/Education Director LED University www.bdcuniversity.com/ledu hedjrb@uky.edu
  2. 2. Credit(s) earned on completion of this course will be reported to AIA CES for AIA members. Certificates of Completion for both AIA members and non-AIA members are available upon request. This course is registered with AIA CES for continuing professional education. As such, it does not include content that may be deemed or construed to be an approval or endorsement by the AIA of any material of construction or any method or manner of handling, using, distributing, or dealing in any material or product. ___________________________________________ Questions related to specific materials, methods, and services will be addressed at the conclusion of this presentation.
  3. 3. Sponsors It is predicted that by 2016 LED lighting will be approximately 50% of the residential lighting marketplace. This rapid adoption means that LEDs will soon become the primary lighting source in single-family and multi-family construction. This course will focus on the LED and Solid State Lighting technologies and design concepts that are leading the way in the re-shaping of residential lighting design. The efficiency, small scale and ubiquity of these new technologies are providing designers with opportunities to integrate LED lighting into innovative residential lighting design concepts using multiple LED lighting layers. The course also will cover updates on the latest and most innovative LED product introductions for residential applications.
  4. 4. Sponsors 1. To better understand the key benefits of using LED lighting in residential applications. 2. To better understand how LED technology is positively impacting lighting design objectives when using lighting layers. 3. To better understand the specific benefits of LED lighting in kitchen and baths. 4. To better understand the primary specification issues that designers and architects must define when selecting and applying LED decorative and architectural lighting in residential applications. 5. To analyze specific case studies of successful LED lighting applications.
  5. 5. Introduction
  6. 6. Incandescent bulb 1879
  7. 7. The Incandescent Light Bulb 1879 Thomas Edison develops the first incandescent light bulb 2016
  8. 8. Incandescent and halogen market share Source: McKinsey Global Lighting Market Model
  9. 9. CFL market share Source: McKinsey Global Lighting Market Model
  10. 10. LED market share
  11. 11. 1910 Sears and Roebuck catalog
  12. 12. Legacy fixtures and LED replacement lamps
  13. 13. Sorce: McKinsey and Company “….focus will shift from light source replacement to new fixture installation……..”
  14. 14. Integrated LED fixtures
  15. 15. Fixtures with multiple light source options Medium Base A19 GU24 GU24 GU24 Retrofit GU24 Medium Base LED Light Engine
  16. 16. “LED fixture product generations will soon be measured in months, rather than years or decades.” LED Technology 2016 Sorce: McKinsey and Company
  17. 17. Yet SSL technology is actually in its infancy. Credit: Yukio Narukawa, et al.
  18. 18. “The Nobel Prize in Physics 2014 was awarded jointly to Isamu Akasaki, Hiroshi Amano and Shuji Nakamura "for the invention of efficient blue light- emitting diodes which has enabled bright and energy- saving white light sources".
  19. 19. Light Experiences and Human-Centric Lighting
  20. 20. Light experiences
  21. 21. Light experiences
  22. 22. Light experiences
  23. 23. Light experiences
  24. 24. Light experiences
  25. 25. Light experiences
  26. 26. Light experiences
  27. 27. Light experiences
  28. 28. Tunable Lighting
  29. 29. Tunable lighting
  30. 30. Tunable lighting
  31. 31. Lighting to fit your mood or your need Tunable lighting
  32. 32. Lighting to fit your mood or your need Lighting to fit your mood or your need Tunable lighting
  33. 33. Tunable lighting Tunable lighting
  34. 34. Tunable lighting Tunable lighting
  35. 35. Tunable lighting
  36. 36. Tunable lighting
  37. 37. Custom compositions Tunable lighting Tunable lighting
  38. 38. Custom compositions Tunable lighting Tunable lighting Custom compositions
  39. 39. Custom compositions Tunable lighting Tunable lighting Custom compositions
  40. 40. What about color quality?
  41. 41. Red Rooms Louvre, Paris
  42. 42. On the occasion of the 450th anniversary of the death of Michelangelo LEDs are now used to illuminate the Michelangelo frescoes in the Sistine Chapel.
  43. 43. “The new lighting is intended to minimize ultraviolet and infrared rays and to bring out what are believed to be the original hues in the painting that have faded over time. “ LA Times
  44. 44. LED Facts
  45. 45. Lumen The most common measure of light output (or luminous flux) is the lumen. Light Source Lumens 60 Watt Incandescent 820 15 Watt CFL 950 8 Watt LED 810
  46. 46. Incandescent lumen output
  47. 47. Incandescent and LED comparison
  48. 48. Efficacy Light Source Lumens Lm/W 60 Watt Incandescent 820 14 15 Watt CFL 950 63 8 Watt LED 810 101 The light output emitted by a light source divided by the nominal light source wattage and expressed in lumens per watt (lm/W).
  49. 49. Efficacy
  50. 50. LED 200+ lpw Est. 2020 Efficacy
  51. 51. Correlated Color Temperature (CCT) A measure of the color appearance of a white light source. CCT is measured on the Kelvin absolute temperature scale.
  52. 52. 2700K, 3000K, 3500K, 4000K Color temperature tuning Dimming (2700K to 1800K) Correlated Color Temperature (CCT)
  53. 53. The Color Temperature Dilemma
  54. 54. The color rendering index (CRI) scale is used to compare the effect of a light source on the color appearance of its surroundings. A scale of 0 to 100 defines the CRI. A higher CRI means better color rendering, or less color shift. Color Rendering Index (CRI) · 97 Lumens per Watt · CRI 90+ · 2700K, 3000K, 3500K, 4000K
  55. 55. LEDs fall within the category of Solid State Lighting Solid-state lighting (SSL) includes devices that use diodes to create lighting, including: Light Emitting Diodes (LED) Organic Light Emitting Diodes (OLED) The terms SSL and LED are often used interchangeably. LED Facts
  56. 56. LED ArraySingle LED A group of LEDs is called an Array of LEDs LED is an acronym for Light Emitting Diode LED Facts
  57. 57. Creating the substrate wafers Substrate wafer LED Facts
  58. 58. What is a diode? • A diode is a very simple type of semiconductor. • A semiconductor is a solid material with a varying ability to conduct electrical current. Source: Lighting Research Center/RPI LED Facts
  59. 59. The semiconductor die consists of a chip of semiconducting material treated to create a structure called a p-n (positive-negative) junction. Semiconductor die Source: U.S. Dept. of Energy LED Facts
  60. 60. When a voltage is applied across the electrodes the current flows from the anode (P side) to the cathode (N side). Source: U.S. Dept. of Energy LED Facts
  61. 61. • When an electron meets a hole at the P-N junction it falls in to a lower energy state. • The excess energy of the electron is emitted as a Photon (Photons) (Photons) LED Facts
  62. 62. • LEDs emit heat mostly in the form of conduction. • To dissipate this heat, LEDs are mounted on heat- conducting material called a heat sink. Emitted light Heat Source: U.S. Dept. of Energy LED Facts
  63. 63. Heat loss (%) Source: U.S. Dept. of Energy LED Facts
  64. 64. LED lighting trends in residential applications
  65. 65. Linear LED lighting
  66. 66. Xenon
  67. 67. Xenon LED Replacement
  68. 68. 14’ x 18’ 64 linear feet 18 linear feet
  69. 69. LED TAPE LED TAPE
  70. 70. LED TAPE NOT HERE
  71. 71. LED TAPE LED TAPE
  72. 72. T 14’ 36’ 36’ 22’ v 1 144 1 18 Total: 72 linear feet 4752 lumens 720 total watts 5w xenon 33 lumens 2000 hrs. 1000w 24v. transformer
  73. 73. 14’ 22’ Total: 72 linear feet 10944 lumens 187 total watts High output LED tape
  74. 74. Indirect LED Lighting Systems
  75. 75. LED Replacement Lamps
  76. 76. LED replacement lamps
  77. 77. Legacy fixtures and LED replacement lamps
  78. 78. Lamping: 6 x 60W G9 Halogen Lumens: 800 lumens Total Lumens: 4800 lumens CCT: 3000K Life 2000 hrs. Lamping: 6 x 4W G9 LED Lumens: 280 lumens Total Lumens: 1680 lumens CCT: 3500K Life 20000 hrs. Legacy fixtures and LED replacement lamps
  79. 79. Legacy fixtures and LED replacement lamps
  80. 80. Integrated LED fixtures
  81. 81. Integrated LED fixtures
  82. 82. Integrated LED fixtures
  83. 83. Integrated LED fixtures
  84. 84. Integrated LED fixtures
  85. 85. Integrated LED fixtures
  86. 86. Integrated LED fixtures
  87. 87. • 3 watts • 360 lumens • 3000K Integrated LED fixtures
  88. 88. • 10 watts • 1265 lumens • 3000K Integrated LED fixtures
  89. 89. Integrated LED fixtures
  90. 90. Integrated LED fixtures
  91. 91. • 3500K • 80+ CRI • 40000 hrs. Integrated LED fixtures
  92. 92. • 100 watt LED • 7000 lumens • 3000K • 80+ CRI • 40000 hrs. Integrated LED fixtures
  93. 93. Summary
  94. 94. LED market share
  95. 95. Source: McKinsey and Company “….focus will shift from light source replacement to new fixture installation……..”
  96. 96. “LED fixture product generations will soon be measured in months, rather than years or decades.” LED Technology 2015 Source: McKinsey and Company
  97. 97. Light experiences
  98. 98. Tunable lighting Custom compositions
  99. 99. Linear LED systems
  100. 100. Linear LED systems
  101. 101. Linear LED systems
  102. 102. Linear LED systems
  103. 103. Linear LED systems
  104. 104. Integrated LED fixtures
  105. 105. • 3500K • 80+ CRI • 40000 hrs. Integrated LED fixtures
  106. 106. • 100 watt LED • 7000 lumens • 3000K • 80+ CRI • 40000 hrs. Integrated LED fixtures
  107. 107. Integrated LED fixtures
  108. 108. Integrated LED fixtures
  109. 109. Integrated LED fixtures
  110. 110. This concludes The American Institute of Architects Continuing Education Systems Course
  111. 111. Residential Applications for LED Lighting: How LED lighting is creating opportunities for creating dynamic lighting layering in residential spaces Joseph A. Rey-Barreau, AIA, IES Architect/Lighting Designer Associate Professor College of Design/University of Kentucky Co-Founder/Education Director LED University www.bdcuniversity.com/ledu hedjrb@uky.edu

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