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Reconstructing the Business of Light by Deborah Gottesman

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Reconstructing the Business of Light

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Reconstructing the Business of Light by Deborah Gottesman

  1. 1. leduca'on.org- Reconstructing the Business of Light: A Sweeping Response to LEDs Deborah Gottesman P.ENG., MBA, LC, Assoc.IALD 416 520 4480 deborahgottesman@gottesman.ca www.gottesman.ca Designers Light Forum Tuesday March 28 2017 leduca'on.org- Credit(s) earned on completion of this course will be reported to AIA CES for AIA members. Certificates of Completion for both AIA members and non-AIA members are available upon request. This course is registered with AIA CES for continuing professional education. As such, it does not include content that may be deemed or construed to be an approval or endorsement by the AIA of any material of construction or any method or manner of handling, using, distributing, or dealing in any material or product. ________________________________ Questions related to specific materials, methods, and services will be addressed at the conclusion of this presentation. leduca'on.org- Learning Objectives 1. To grasp the challenges of working with progressive LED technology. 2. To be inspired to turn the challenges into opportunities to raise the bar of design. 3. To appreciate the value and benefits of leveraging available technology. 4. To understand the changing paradigm of the lighting business, from manufacturing through design to installation, to improve design and construction processes. At the end of the this course, participants will be able: : leduca'on.org- Legacy Technology leduca'on.org- CRI 50-69 Poor 70-80 Better 80-100 Best Legacy Technology Color Fidelity leduca'on.org- Legacy Technology 36W Long CFL Color Fidelity
  2. 2. leduca'on.org- Legacy Technology Correlated Color Temperature 4100K Luminous Efficacy 81 lm/W Color Rendering Index 82 Color Fidelity leduca'on.org- Useful Life / Group Relamp Life Legacy Technology Life To 50% Failures (Nom) Life To 50% Failures Preheat (Nom) 15000h 20000h leduca'on.org- Legacy Technology Options leduca'on.org- Legacy Technology Photography: Cody Storm Cooper Options Modification & Custom leduca'on.org- Controls Legacy Technology leduca'on.org- ! Hierarchy ! Materials & Finishes ! Shadows & Contrast ! Sparkle & glare ! Special Effects ! Flexibility ! Standards, Guidelines, Regulations, Codes ! Task ! Occupants ! Light Levels ! Budget Legacy Technology LIGHTING CONCEPT Design Process
  3. 3. leduca'on.org- ! Hierarchy ! Materials & Finishes ! Shadows & Contrast ! Sparkle & glare ! Special Effects ! Flexibility ! Standards, Guidelines, Regulations, Codes ! Task ! Occupants ! Light Levels ! Budget Legacy Technology LIGHTING CONCEPT CONSTRUCTION DWGS (DD/WD) !  Technology !  Quantity Design Process leduca'on.org- ! Hierarchy ! Materials & Finishes ! Shadows & Contrast ! Sparkle & glare ! Special Effects ! Flexibility ! Standards, Guidelines, Regulations, Codes ! Task ! Occupants ! Light Levels ! Budget Legacy Technology LIGHTING CONCEPT CONTRACT ADMIN CONSTRUCTION DWGS (DD/WD) !  Compliance !  Aiming & Setup Design Process !  Technology !  Quantity leduca'on.org- Legacy Technology LIGHTING CONCEPT CONTRACT ADMIN CONSTRUCTION DWGS (DD/WD) Design Process leduca'on.org- Legacy Technology Electrical Mechanical Structural Building Env Landscape Arch LEED/Code Cons Lighting Consultant Electrical Contractor Electrical Distributor Client / Owner General Contractor Manuf. Agent Manuf. Design Team Construction Team Stakeholders The Public Architect Int. Des. “The Project” Contract Administration leduca'on.org- Legacy Technology Electrical Contractor Electrical Distributor $ $ Manuf. Electrical Distributor$ $ Electrical Distributor$ $ Manuf. Agent Manuf. Manuf. Agent Manuf. Manuf. Agent Manuf. Electrical Distributor $ $ Manuf. Tender Period leduca'on.org- -Deepak Chopra “Every great change is preceded by chaos.”
  4. 4. leduca'on.org- LED Technology Colour hue colorless metameric ablaze bleached fresh warm bold medium dark metamerism neutral cold psychedelic festive glowing harsh iridescent value light brash tertiary secondary vibrant colorful vivid washed-out faded bright fluorescent watery deep loud cool monochrome showy muted flamboyant neutral pastel high key restrained pure dappled tint rich sepia soft tinged tone chroma saturated achromatic shade spectrum overtone prismatic keyed transparent grayscale earth tone analogous contrast gamut complementary cool discordance triadic polychromatic afterimage leduca'on.org- LED Technology Fidelity Index 0< Rf <100 Higher may be better, but not necessarily. Colour Source: https://www.energy.gov/sites/prod/files/2016/04/f30/tm-30_fact-sheet.pdf leduca'on.org- LED Technology Gamut Index Average Level of Saturation Rg ~60 – 140, with Rf > 60 Colour leduca'on.org- LED Technology Vector GraphicsColour Source: https://www.energy.gov/eere/ssl/downloads/evaluating-color-rendition-using-ies-tm-30-15 desaturated original enhanced leduca'on.org- LED Technology Colour leduca'on.org- LED Technology Vector GraphicsColour
  5. 5. leduca'on.org- LED Technology Warm Dim & Tunable WhiteColour leduca'on.org- LED Technology Options Legacy Technology Troffers leduca'on.org- LED Technology Options Today’s ”troffer”? leduca'on.org- LED Technology Options leduca'on.org- LED Technology Options Image courtesy of Quadrangle Architects Ltd. leduca'on.org- LED Technology Options Image courtesy of Quadrangle Architects Ltd.
  6. 6. leduca'on.org- LED Technology Options leduca'on.org- A B C D Case Study: Residential Corridors LED Technology Options leduca'on.org- A B C D Darker walls Less punch on floor to demarcate elevators Washes wall to ceiling Less punch on floor to demarcate elevators Washes wall to ceiling Case Study: Residential Corridors LED Technology Options leduca'on.org- Case Study John St. Roundhouse (Public) LED Technology Options leduca'on.org- LED Technology Case Study: HQ Ontario Assn of Architects Lounge Conf. Mtg. Options Image courtesy of David Fujiwara Architect leduca'on.org- LED Technology Case Study: HQ Ontario Assn of ArchitectsOptions
  7. 7. leduca'on.org- LED Technology Case Study: HQ Ontario Assn of ArchitectsOptions leduca'on.org- LED Technology Case Study: HQ Ontario Assn of ArchitectsOptions leduca'on.org- LED Technology 180 lux 350 lux 270 lux Floor work plane work plane Case Study: HQ Ontario Assn of ArchitectsOptions leduca'on.org- LED Technology Case Study: Swipe DesignOptions leduca'on.org- LED Technology Options leduca'on.org- LED Technology HALOGEN for referenceOptions
  8. 8. leduca'on.org- LED Technology LEDOptions leduca'on.org- LED Technology LED Warm DimOptions leduca'on.org- LED Technology Interior Designer’s Rendering Existing Options Case Study: Residential Corridors leduca'on.org- LED Technology Interior Designer’s Rendering Existing Options Case Study: Residential Corridors leduca'on.org- LED Technology Options Case Study: Residential Corridors leduca'on.org- LED Technology Interior Designer’s Rendering Preliminary Lighting Rendering Options Case Study: Residential Corridors
  9. 9. leduca'on.org- LED Technology Options Case Study: Residential Corridors leduca'on.org- LED Technology Options Case Study: Residential Corridors leduca'on.org- LED Technology Options Case Study: Residential Corridors leduca'on.org- LED Technology Options Case Study: Residential Corridors leduca'on.org- LED Technology Case Study: Residential Corridors 60fc @ 2.5’AFF ~ 28fc @ floor Options Interior Designer’s Rendering Off-site mockup leduca'on.org- LED Technology Case Study: Residential Corridors uniformity 1 : 1.5 Up to 6’ AFF Dims from 10 - 340 lux on floor 80 lux preferred (50 lux V) Options Interior Designer’s Rendering Off-site mockup
  10. 10. leduca'on.org- LED Technology 60fc @ 2.5’AFF ~ 28fc @ floor Life Definition: L70 of 50,000 hours leduca'on.org- LED Technology 60fc @ 2.5’AFF ~ 28fc @ floor What is LED’s USEFUL LIFE?Life How long can it provide adequate light? leduca'on.org- LED Technology Codes ASHRAE, NECCB… Daylighted area SOURCE: ASHRAE90.1-2010 Figure 3.1 Computing the daylight area under skylights. Controls leduca'on.org- LED Technology Controls leduca'on.org- LED Technology 80 Pages Regular updates Controls leduca'on.org-
  11. 11. leduca'on.org- leduca'on.org- “Twice before over the past 50 years, information technology radically reshaped competition and strategy; we now stand at the brink of a third transformation.” November 2011 leduca'on.org- LED Technology • Est. 20B devices today • 96% of Business will be using IoT by 2020 • Great potential for Lighting devices IoT: The Internet of ThingsControls leduca'on.org- LED Technology https://www.digitallumens.com/products/lightrules/ IoT: The Internet of ThingsControls leduca'on.org- LED Technology IoT: The Internet of ThingsControls https://www.digitallumens.com/products/lightrules/ leduca'on.org- LED Technology Image courtesy of Hammerschlag + Joffe IoT: The Internet of ThingsControls
  12. 12. leduca'on.org- LED Technology http://yorkdale.com/centre-info/parking/#parking_map IoT: The Internet of ThingsControls leduca'on.org- LED Technology Case Study: Residential Corridors Interior Designer’s Rendering Off-site mockup Controls leduca'on.org- LED Technology Case Study: Residential CorridorsControls L85 is 50,000 hrs L projected 100,000 hrs leduca'on.org- LED Technology Case Study: Residential CorridorsControls 20% Leverage Useful Life leduca'on.org- LED Technology Case Study: Residential Corridors 20% 30% ? Leverage Useful Life Controls leduca'on.org- LED Technology Case Study: Residential CorridorsControls Standard Output (½ watts) Tuned to 11 fc init, 8fc EOL With controls
  13. 13. leduca'on.org- LED Technology Case Study: Residential CorridorsControls (½ watts) NPV > $600,000 IRR ~ 37% leduca'on.org- LED Technology Case Study: Yonge Sheppard Centre (Retail) Interiors & rendering: GH+A Architect: Quadrangle Architects Ltd. Process leduca'on.org- LED Technology Case Study: Yonge Sheppard Centre (Retail)Process leduca'on.org- LED Technology Case Study: Yonge Sheppard Centre (Retail)Process 2 x 26W leduca'on.org- LED Technology 2 x 26W Module A Module AModule A Module A Module A (Module B) (Module B) SHOP DRAWING Shop DrawingsProcess leduca'on.org- LED Technology Shop DrawingsProcess
  14. 14. leduca'on.org- LED Technology Architect: Quadrangle Architects Ltd. Process Case Study: Yonge Sheppard Centre (Retail) leduca'on.org- LED Technology SHOP DRAWING SHOP DRAWING Shop DrawingsProcess leduca'on.org- LED Technology Shop DrawingsProcess SHOP DRAWING leduca'on.org- ! Hierarchy ! Materials & Finishes ! Shadows & Contrast ! Sparkle & glare ! Special Effects ! Flexibility ! Standards, Guidelines, Regulations, Codes ! Task ! Occupants ! Light Levels ! Budget LIGHTING CONCEPT CONTRACT ADMIN CONSTRUCTION DWGS (DD/WD) !  Compliance !  Aiming & Setup !  Technology !  Quantity LED Technology ARCH. CONCEPT ! Daylighting ! Budget Design Process MOCK UP & SAMPLES leduca'on.org- LED Technology Project Timeline LIGHTING CONCEPT CONTRACT ADMINCONSTRUCTION DWGSARCH. CONC. Traditional Design Process Preferred Design Process Effort&Effect Integrated Design Process Concept by Patrick MacLeamy HOK
  15. 15. leduca'on.org- Legacy Technology LIGHTING CONCEPT CONTRACT ADMIN CONSTRUCTION DWGS (DD/WD) Design Process leduca'on.org- LIGHTING CONCEPT CONTRACT ADMIN CONSTRUCTION DWGS (DD/WD) LED Technology ARCH. CONCEPT Design Process leduca'on.org- Electrical Mechanical Structural Building Env Landscape Arch LEED/Code Cons Lighting Consultant Electrical Contractor Electrical Distributor Client / Owner General Contractor Manuf. Agent Manuf. Design Team Construction Team LED Technology Stakeholders The Public Architect Int. Des. “The Project” leduca'on.org- Architect Int. Des. Electrical Mechanical Structural Building Env Landscape Arch LEED/Code Cons Lighting Consultant Electrical Contractor Electrical Distributor Client / Owner General Contractor Manuf. Agent Manuf. Design Team Construction Team LED Technology Stakeholders The Public “The Project” leduca'on.org- Electrical Contractor Manuf. Electrical Distributor$ $ Electrical Distributor Manuf. Agent Manuf. Manuf. Agent Manuf. Electrical Distributor Manuf. LED Technology $ $Electrical Distributor Manuf. Agent Manuf. $ $ leduca'on.org- “What about competition?” -clients
  16. 16. leduca'on.org- Case Study John St. Roundhouse (Public) LED Technology Options leduca'on.org- LED Technology Case Study: Yonge Sheppard Centre (Retail)Process leduca'on.org- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XSR0Xady02o leduca'on.org- This concludes The American Institute of Architects Continuing Education Systems Course Image Credits: Colour – Gamut Index, Vector Graphics: Xicato LED Options-The new troffer? Pinnacle Architectural Lighting LED Options Axis Lighting LED Options-OAA HQ case study Beta Calco leduca'on.org- Reconstructing the Business of Light: A Sweeping Response to LEDs Deborah Gottesman P.ENG., MBA, LC, Assoc.IALD 416 520 4480 deborahgottesman@gottesman.ca www.gottesman.ca Designers Light Forum Tuesday March 28 2017 Questions?
  17. 17. Reconstructing the Business of Light: A Sweeping Response to LEDs LEDs have changed the paradigm of the lighting industry. We must reconstruct our approach to suit. Colour metrics are more accurate and complex. There is a wide range of suppliers so we must work harder to obtain colour consistency across a project. We can now even prescribe what colour we want our white to be. Instead of lamp life, consider useful life. Leveraging controls can reduce replacement costs. LED luminaires have allowed for unprecedented freedom in design. The performance of LED luminaires depends on many things, such as: light engine, driver, and optics. There is a wide variety of configurations to achieve luminaire performance. Modifications and custom are less difficult and more affordable. Mock ups and reviewing samples are strongly recommended. The process to specify and design with LED luminaires has added steps. LED drivers are inherently dimmable. Wireless controls are reliable and inexpensive. It is critical to coordinate the lighting controls luminaire by luminaire. Integrating technology can provide many experiential advantages, but adds layers of design and coordination. Aesthetically similar luminaires can have very different performance. It is often difficult to find equals. Competition is still possible with a single name specification. Lighting design is now part of creating the experience!

Reconstructing the Business of Light

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