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1
Defending Your Design and
Securing Your Budget Requires
Lighting Controls Awareness
2
Credit(s) earned on completion of this course will be
reported to AIA CES for AIA members. Certificates of
Completion for ...
While light levels may be objectively measured, how we perceive light is entirely subjective. Light affects us on a primal...
Learning Points:
1. What lighting controls actually mean in the context of your overall design;
2. How light changes over ...
Resolved: The best way for lighting designers to defend their designs
against cost cutting efforts that compromise the int...
R
AN A/C RESISTOR CIRCUIT
7
A SOURCE OF LIGHT
8
LOW VOLTAGE LIGHT
9
A LIGHT EMITTING DIODE
LIGHT EMITTING DIODE
10
ALTERNATING CURRENT
11
WITH A DIODE (AKA RECTIFIER)
12
FULL WAVE RECTIFIER CIRCUIT
LIGHT EMITTING DIODE
+
-
13
WITH FULL WAVE RECTIFICATION
14
FULL WAVE RECTIFICATION WITH CAPACITORS
15
FULL WAVE RECTIFICATION WITH CAPACITORS
16
FORWARD PHASE DIMMABLE LED DRIVER
17
Resolved: The best way for lighting designers to defend their designs
against cost cutting efforts that compromise the int...
WHAT IS AT STAKE?
19
WHAT IS AT STAKE?
THE CLIENT’S MONEY
20
WHAT IS AT STAKE? YOUR REPUTATION
AS A DESIGNER
THE CLIENT’S MONEY
21
WHAT IS AT STAKE?
THE CLIENT’S MONEY
COMPLETING A
SUCCESSFUL PROJECT
(PERSONAL SATISFACTION)
YOUR REPUTATION
AS A DESIGNER...
LIGHTING CONTROLS
AWARENESS
23
STRATEGIES FOR GETTING YOUR DESIGN BUILT
24
• Maximize Client Contact
STRATEGIES FOR GETTING YOUR DESIGN BUILT
25
• Maximize Client Contact
• Support From The Architect / Engineer
STRATEGIES FOR GETTING YOUR DESIGN BUILT
26
• Maximize Client Contact
• Support From The Architect / Engineer
• Lots Of Renderings And Mockups
STRATEGIES FOR GETTING ...
• Maximize Client Contact
• Support From The Architect / Engineer
• Lots Of Renderings And Mockups
• Attend Every Single M...
• Maximize Client Contact
• Support From The Architect / Engineer
• Lots Of Renderings And Mockups
• Attend Every Single M...
INITIAL MEETING
30
UTILITY / SAFETY
- Use of the space
- Maintenance and operations
- Actual and perceived safety
INITIAL MEETING
31
UTILITY / SAFETY
- Use of the space
- Maintenance and operations
- Actual and perceived safety
ARCHITECTURE / LANDSCAPE
- ...
UTILITY / SAFETY
- Use of the space
- Maintenance and operations
- Actual and perceived safety
ARCHITECTURE / LANDSCAPE
- ...
UTILITY / SAFETY
- Use of the space
- Maintenance and operations
- Actual and perceived safety
ARCHITECTURE / LANDSCAPE
- ...
UTILITY / SAFETY
- Use of the space
- Maintenance and operations
- Actual and perceived safety
ARCHITECTURE / LANDSCAPE
- ...
PRIORITIES
Carpets
Shades
Millwork
Tile
Lighting Fixtures
Lighting Controls
36
MAKING SOMETHING
SIMPLE IS EASY!
37
MAKING SOMETHING
38
EASY TO USE IS NOT SIMPLE!
39
INDIVIDUAL ZONES
40
LIGHTING CONTROLS
LIGHTING CONTROLS
AWARENESS
41
Winning one hundred victories in one hundred
battles is not the pinnacle of skill.
OBLIGATORY SUN TZU QUOTE
42
Winning one hundred victories in one hundred
battles is not the pinnacle of skill.
Subduing your enemy without fighting, t...
Resolved: The best way for lighting designers to defend their designs
against cost cutting efforts that compromise the int...
45
46
47
48
49
CONTROLLING LIGHT
50
CONTROLLING LIGHT
51
CONTROLLING LIGHT
52
53
54
55
LIGHTING CONTROLS
AWARENESS
56
57
Claude Monet Rouen Cathedral
58
59
Paint By Number
60
LIGHTING CONTROLS
AWARENESS
61
62
CONTROL
63
CONTROL
64
CONTROL
YOUR
DESIGN
65
CONTROL
YOUR
DESIGN
SIMPLE!
LIGHTING CONTROLS
AWARENESS
66
67
68
69
70
YOUR
DESIGN
CONTROL
LIGHTING CONTROL
NARRATIVE
71
LIGHTING CONTROL NARRATIVE
72
• What Are The Critical Aspects Of Your Design?
LIGHTING CONTROL NARRATIVE
73
• How Are The Qualities Of Light Defined?
• ...
• What Are The Critical Aspects Of Your Design?
• Have You Defined A Complete Working System?
LIGHTING CONTROL NARRATIVE
7...
• What Are The Critical Aspects Of Your Design?
• How Much Programming Does The Project Require?
LIGHTING CONTROL NARRATIV...
• What Are The Critical Aspects Of Your Design?
• How Much Programming Does The Project Require?
LIGHTING CONTROL NARRATIV...
77
LIGHTING CONTROLS
AWARENESS
78
• Lighting design is important;
• Design is about making choices and striking the right balance between competing forces;
...
This concludes The American Institute of Architects
Continuing Education Systems Course
80
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Brother, can you spare a zone? Better design, smarter budgets and the fight for lighting control awareness

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While light levels may be objectively measured, how we perceive light is entirely subjective. Light affects us on a primal emotional level. On a biological level, our brains are hardwired for long nights huddled around camp fires. More than just cycles of light and dark, color temperatures tied to the sun’s appearance at high noon and sunrise/sunset play a central role in regulating our body’s biochemistry. How light affects us changes throughout the course of our lives, can be culturally dependent and is ultimately, entirely personal. In order to illicit the desired emotional response, a lighting designer needs to be able to make choices about where, when, and what kind of light to put on any given surface. These choices need to be perfectly reproducible but also flexible and able to adapt to changes in ambient conditions and space usage requirements. This is what a lighting control system does. Designing a lighting control can be hard. Yes, it requires a thorough understanding of the technology, but that is not what makes it hard. What makes it hard is understanding how best to apply the technology within the context of the entirety of the job. What does the system need to be able to do, both now and in the future? How, and by whom, is the system is going to be used on a daily basis? What sort of special events, overrides and/or automatic triggers may help the space achieve the client’s desired level of efficiency? First and foremost, have you guaranteed that someone with no formal training or experience can easily turn on the lights? And what about the budget? It is easy to assume that hard means expensive. While that may be true for certain projects, it is by no means universally true. As I mentioned above, the difficult part is developing the detailed narrative. The actual equipment and installation required may not be very expensive in the scheme of your project. In fact, part of good design involves finding elegant solutions that streamline parts, pieces and installation requirements. A well designed system, tailored for your project and your needs, should cost less than a generic system capable of “doing it all.” Often, after careful analysis, a basic time clock and some presets may be all that a project needs. Make controls parts of your initial design conversation. They may not seem glamorous, but they give life to your design. They are the first thing your client experiences when they enter the space and the last thing they touch when they leave.
Presented by Dan Nichols, Architectural Business Development, Starlite Productions

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Brother, can you spare a zone? Better design, smarter budgets and the fight for lighting control awareness

  1. 1. 1
  2. 2. Defending Your Design and Securing Your Budget Requires Lighting Controls Awareness 2
  3. 3. Credit(s) earned on completion of this course will be reported to AIA CES for AIA members. Certificates of Completion for both AIA members and non-AIA members are available upon request. This course is registered with AIA CES for continuing professional education. As such, it does not include content that may be deemed or construed to be an approval or endorsement by the AIA of any material of construction or any method or manner of handling, using, distributing, or dealing in any material or product. ___________________________________________ Questions related to specific materials, methods, and services will be addressed at the conclusion of this presentation. 3
  4. 4. While light levels may be objectively measured, how we perceive light is entirely subjective. Light affects us on a primal emotional level. On a biological level, our brains are hardwired for long nights huddled around camp fires. More than just cycles of light and dark, color temperatures tied to the sun’s appearance at high noon and sunrise/sunset play a central role in regulating our body’s biochemistry. How light affects us changes throughout the course of our lives, can be culturally dependent and is ultimately, entirely personal. In order to illicit the desired emotional response, a lighting designer needs to be able to make choices about where, when, and what kind of light to put on any given surface. These choices need to be perfectly reproducible but also flexible and able to adapt to changes in ambient conditions and space usage requirements. This is what a lighting control system does. Designing a lighting control can be hard. Yes, it requires a thorough understanding of the technology, but that is not what makes it hard.What makes it hard is understanding how best to apply the technology within the context of the entirety of the job. What does the system need to be able to do, both now and in the future? How, and by whom, is the system is going to be used on a daily basis? What sort of special events, overrides and/or automatic triggers may help the space achieve the client’s desired level of efficiency? First and foremost, have you guaranteed that someone with no formal training or experience can easily turn on the lights? And what about the budget? It is easy to assume that hard means expensive. While that may be true for certain projects, it is by no means universally true. As I mentioned above, the difficult part is developing the detailed narrative. The actual equipment and installation required may not be very expensive in the scheme of your project. In fact, part of good design involves finding elegant solutions that streamline parts, pieces and installation requirements. A well designed system, tailored for your project and your needs, should cost less than a generic system capable of “doing it all.” Often, after careful analysis, a basic time clock and some presets may be all that a project needs. Make controls parts of your initial design conversation. They may not seem glamorous, but they give life to your design. They are the first thing your client experiences when they enter the space and the last thing they touch when they leave. 4 ABSTRACT
  5. 5. Learning Points: 1. What lighting controls actually mean in the context of your overall design; 2. How light changes over time both objectively and subjectively; 3. How the way in which you go about specifying both lighting fixtures and lighting controls can empower you throughout the entire construction process; 4. How to convince your client to spend money on lighting controls; 5. How a properly written Control System Narrative will protect both your lighting fixture specifications and your control specifications against ill-conceived attempts at value engineering. 5
  6. 6. Resolved: The best way for lighting designers to defend their designs against cost cutting efforts that compromise the integrity of their work is by truly understanding the importance of lighting controls. Further, it is imperative that the entire project team share this understanding. Finally, the most effective tool for encouraging Lighting Controls Awareness is a document called the Lighting Control Narrative. It is the first document that you should issue on any given project and it is arguably the most important. 6
  7. 7. R AN A/C RESISTOR CIRCUIT 7
  8. 8. A SOURCE OF LIGHT 8
  9. 9. LOW VOLTAGE LIGHT 9
  10. 10. A LIGHT EMITTING DIODE LIGHT EMITTING DIODE 10
  11. 11. ALTERNATING CURRENT 11
  12. 12. WITH A DIODE (AKA RECTIFIER) 12
  13. 13. FULL WAVE RECTIFIER CIRCUIT LIGHT EMITTING DIODE + - 13
  14. 14. WITH FULL WAVE RECTIFICATION 14
  15. 15. FULL WAVE RECTIFICATION WITH CAPACITORS 15
  16. 16. FULL WAVE RECTIFICATION WITH CAPACITORS 16
  17. 17. FORWARD PHASE DIMMABLE LED DRIVER 17
  18. 18. Resolved: The best way for lighting designers to defend their designs against cost cutting efforts that compromise the integrity of their work is by truly understanding the importance of lighting controls. Further, it is imperative that the entire project team share this understanding. Finally, the most effective tool for encouraging Lighting Controls Awareness is a document called the Lighting Control Narrative. It is the first document that you should issue on any given project and it is arguably the most important. 18
  19. 19. WHAT IS AT STAKE? 19
  20. 20. WHAT IS AT STAKE? THE CLIENT’S MONEY 20
  21. 21. WHAT IS AT STAKE? YOUR REPUTATION AS A DESIGNER THE CLIENT’S MONEY 21
  22. 22. WHAT IS AT STAKE? THE CLIENT’S MONEY COMPLETING A SUCCESSFUL PROJECT (PERSONAL SATISFACTION) YOUR REPUTATION AS A DESIGNER 22
  23. 23. LIGHTING CONTROLS AWARENESS 23
  24. 24. STRATEGIES FOR GETTING YOUR DESIGN BUILT 24
  25. 25. • Maximize Client Contact STRATEGIES FOR GETTING YOUR DESIGN BUILT 25
  26. 26. • Maximize Client Contact • Support From The Architect / Engineer STRATEGIES FOR GETTING YOUR DESIGN BUILT 26
  27. 27. • Maximize Client Contact • Support From The Architect / Engineer • Lots Of Renderings And Mockups STRATEGIES FOR GETTING YOUR DESIGN BUILT 27
  28. 28. • Maximize Client Contact • Support From The Architect / Engineer • Lots Of Renderings And Mockups • Attend Every Single Meeting STRATEGIES FOR GETTING YOUR DESIGN BUILT 28
  29. 29. • Maximize Client Contact • Support From The Architect / Engineer • Lots Of Renderings And Mockups • Attend Every Single Meeting STRATEGIES FOR GETTING YOUR DESIGN BUILT 29
  30. 30. INITIAL MEETING 30
  31. 31. UTILITY / SAFETY - Use of the space - Maintenance and operations - Actual and perceived safety INITIAL MEETING 31
  32. 32. UTILITY / SAFETY - Use of the space - Maintenance and operations - Actual and perceived safety ARCHITECTURE / LANDSCAPE - What are you lighting? - What is the relative importance of the lighting to the architecture - Is your lighting appropriate for the location? INITIAL MEETING 32
  33. 33. UTILITY / SAFETY - Use of the space - Maintenance and operations - Actual and perceived safety ARCHITECTURE / LANDSCAPE - What are you lighting? - What is the relative importance of the lighting to the architecture - Is your lighting appropriate for the location? DRAMATIC / POINT OF VIEW - Who is the audience? Where are your primary views? - What is the experience that you’re trying to share? - How would you like people to relate to the space and to each other? INITIAL MEETING 33
  34. 34. UTILITY / SAFETY - Use of the space - Maintenance and operations - Actual and perceived safety ARCHITECTURE / LANDSCAPE - What are you lighting? - What is the relative importance of the lighting to the architecture - Is your lighting appropriate for the location? DRAMATIC / POINT OF VIEW - Who is the audience? Where are your primary views? - What is the experience that you’re trying to share? - How would you like people to relate to the space and to each other? PERFECT LIGHTING DESIGN INITIAL MEETING 34
  35. 35. UTILITY / SAFETY - Use of the space - Maintenance and operations - Actual and perceived safety ARCHITECTURE / LANDSCAPE - What are you lighting? - What is the relative importance of the lighting to the architecture - Is your lighting appropriate for the location? DRAMATIC / POINT OF VIEW - Who is the audience? Where are your primary views? - What is the experience that you’re trying to share? - How would you like people to relate to the space and to each other? PERFECT LIGHTING DESIGN INITIAL MEETING 35
  36. 36. PRIORITIES Carpets Shades Millwork Tile Lighting Fixtures Lighting Controls 36
  37. 37. MAKING SOMETHING SIMPLE IS EASY! 37
  38. 38. MAKING SOMETHING 38 EASY TO USE IS NOT SIMPLE!
  39. 39. 39
  40. 40. INDIVIDUAL ZONES 40 LIGHTING CONTROLS
  41. 41. LIGHTING CONTROLS AWARENESS 41
  42. 42. Winning one hundred victories in one hundred battles is not the pinnacle of skill. OBLIGATORY SUN TZU QUOTE 42
  43. 43. Winning one hundred victories in one hundred battles is not the pinnacle of skill. Subduing your enemy without fighting, that is the pinnacle of skill. OBLIGATORY SUN TZU QUOTE 43
  44. 44. Resolved: The best way for lighting designers to defend their designs against cost cutting efforts that compromise the integrity of their work is by truly understanding the importance of lighting controls. Further, it is imperative that the entire project construction team share this understanding. Finally, the most effective tool for encouraging Lighting Controls Awareness is a document called the Lighting Control Narrative. It is the first document that you should issue on any given project and it is arguably the most important. 44
  45. 45. 45
  46. 46. 46
  47. 47. 47
  48. 48. 48
  49. 49. 49 CONTROLLING LIGHT
  50. 50. 50 CONTROLLING LIGHT
  51. 51. 51 CONTROLLING LIGHT
  52. 52. 52
  53. 53. 53
  54. 54. 54
  55. 55. 55
  56. 56. LIGHTING CONTROLS AWARENESS 56
  57. 57. 57
  58. 58. Claude Monet Rouen Cathedral 58
  59. 59. 59 Paint By Number
  60. 60. 60
  61. 61. LIGHTING CONTROLS AWARENESS 61
  62. 62. 62 CONTROL
  63. 63. 63 CONTROL
  64. 64. 64 CONTROL YOUR DESIGN
  65. 65. 65 CONTROL YOUR DESIGN SIMPLE!
  66. 66. LIGHTING CONTROLS AWARENESS 66
  67. 67. 67
  68. 68. 68
  69. 69. 69
  70. 70. 70 YOUR DESIGN CONTROL
  71. 71. LIGHTING CONTROL NARRATIVE 71
  72. 72. LIGHTING CONTROL NARRATIVE 72
  73. 73. • What Are The Critical Aspects Of Your Design? LIGHTING CONTROL NARRATIVE 73 • How Are The Qualities Of Light Defined? • How Is Dimming Defined?
  74. 74. • What Are The Critical Aspects Of Your Design? • Have You Defined A Complete Working System? LIGHTING CONTROL NARRATIVE 74 • How Are The Qualities Of Light Defined? • How Is Dimming Defined? • Does It Include Fixtures, Drivers And Controls? • What Constitutes A Change In The Specification?
  75. 75. • What Are The Critical Aspects Of Your Design? • How Much Programming Does The Project Require? LIGHTING CONTROL NARRATIVE 75 • Have You Outlined Your Design Intent In Detail? • Have You Defined The Client’s Expectations? • How Are The Qualities Of Light Defined? • How Is Dimming Defined? • Have You Defined A Complete Working System? • Does It Include Fixtures, Drivers And Controls? • What Constitutes A Change In The Specification?
  76. 76. • What Are The Critical Aspects Of Your Design? • How Much Programming Does The Project Require? LIGHTING CONTROL NARRATIVE 76 • What Makes The Space Successful? • Have You Outlined Your Design Intent In Detail? • What Is Important To The Design Team? • What Is Important To The Client? • Have You Defined The Client’s Expectations? • How Are The Qualities Of Light Defined? • How Is Dimming Defined? • Have You Defined A Complete Working System? • Does It Include Fixtures, Drivers And Controls? • What Constitutes A Change In The Specification?
  77. 77. 77
  78. 78. LIGHTING CONTROLS AWARENESS 78
  79. 79. • Lighting design is important; • Design is about making choices and striking the right balance between competing forces; • Lighting is not a static element. It is constantly changing in response to time, need and individual perspective. That is what makes it both incredibly cool and incredibly challenging; • Your ability to understand, manipulate and control light is what makes you a lighting designer; • The lighting control system, whether simple or complex, is where it all begins; • Your entry-point into this conversation with the client is the Lighting Control Narrative: developed in conjunction with the architect and the end-user, it describes in both flowing poetry and incredible specificity, exactly how the space needs to look, work and feel once everything is installed. • Lighting fixtures and controls are tools working together, in harmony. You cannot make changes to any one part without considering the potential ramifications to the whole. • Make the architect and owner allies in your shared vision for the space and efforts to value engineer the design will involve a simple question to the owner: which part of the cohesive whole that we’ve designed do you care the least about? What first impression, overall feeling, or level of functional use are YOU, the owner, willing to sacrifice? CONCLUSION: LIGHTING CONTROLS AWARENESS 79
  80. 80. This concludes The American Institute of Architects Continuing Education Systems Course 80

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