Chapter 4 presentation

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Bone Fractures

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Chapter 4 presentation

  1. 1. Presentation #4 Bone Fractures By Lizann Baker
  2. 2. Bone Fractures
  3. 3. Definition of Bone FractureA fracture is a complete or incomplete break in abone resulting from the application of excessiveforce.
  4. 4. Function of BonesSupportProtectionMovementMineral StorageBlood Cell Manufacturer
  5. 5. Description of Fractures are based on:Location of the breakHow the bone fragments alignIf the skin is broken or not
  6. 6. Greenstick Bone FractureA greenstick fracture occurs when a bone partiallybreaks on one side. This type of fracture often oc-curs in infants or young children because the boneshave not calcified yet.
  7. 7. Greenstick
  8. 8. Communited Bone FractureA fracture when a bone is broken, splintered, or crushed into a number of pieces.
  9. 9. Communited
  10. 10. Compound Bone Fracture
  11. 11. Compound Bone FractureA compound fracture (or open fracture) is when the broken bone is sticking out of the skin and is exposed.
  12. 12. TreatmentReducing the bone (or realigning the bone)Hard or soft cast to keep the bone immobilizedSurgery including pins, screws, or plates
  13. 13. External Treatments
  14. 14. PreventionRegular exercise helps bones rebuildDiet rich in calcium and mineralsWear protective clothing and pads when playing sports
  15. 15. ReferencesMedicineNetWorld of OrthopedicsUniversity of Maryland Medical CenterOrthopedics.About.com

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