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The Indonesian House of Representatives (DPR) has agreed to discuss the Draft of the Indonesian Criminal Code in its 2013 National Legislation Program (Prolegnas), together with other 69 Draft Laws. This, of course, is an encouraging development given that Indonesia has been trying for the longest time to enact its new Criminal Code. The current Indonesian Criminal Code is a legacy of the Dutch colonial
era. It is, therefore, essential to have an updated version of the Criminal Code to reflect modern development of criminal law as well as international human rights standards.
In 2006, it is estimated that 5,129 inmates in Indonesia are affected by HIV and AIDS, accounting for as much as 3% of the estimated total of people living with HIV and AIDS in the country. There is a growing concern of HIV transmission in prisons stemming from the relatively high percentage of AIDS-related deaths in prison. Although the overall mortality in prisons has decreased from 2007 to 2009, AIDS-related deaths have actually increased.
In its 2012 year end press release, the Indonesian National
Narcotic Board (BNN) stated that 71 drug offenders have
been sentenced to death in Indonesia. Twenty of them are
Indonesian nationals while the remaining 51 are foreigners.
One Indonesian national who was on death row for drug
offense is Meirika Franola or also known as Ola. President
Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono gave clemency to Ola in 2011 and commuted his sentence from death penalty to life sentence. The clemency given to Ola appears to be no longer valued when BNN exposed drug trafficking that dragged Ola again.