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Italy (Sorrento, Amalfi)


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Italy (Sorrento, Amalfi)

  1. 1. ITALYby SantAnna Institute-Sorrento Lingue
  3. 3. Some data:• location: Southern Europe• the boot-shaped Italian Peninsula• lies between latitudes 35° and 48° N, and longitudes 6° and 19° E• area 301,230 km², 294,020 km² is land and 7,210 km² is water• coastline and border of 7,600 km on the Adriatic, Ionian, Tyrrhenian seas
  5. 5. CLIMATE• Highly diverse and , depending on location• Piedmont, Lombardy and Emilia-Romagna, have humid continental or temperate climate• climate of the Po valley region is continental with harsh winters and hot summers• the coastal regions have mild winters and warm and dry summers
  6. 6. MAJOR CITIESROME:Capital city of Italy , largest and most populous city, about 3 million inhabitantsThe historic capital of the Roman Empire
  7. 7. VENICE:• famous for its canals & palaces built on water. Venice is the Capital of the Veneto region• population: 271,251
  8. 8. • MILAN: one of the world capitals of design and fashion and capital of the Lombardy region
  9. 9. TURIN:• important industrial city• a business and cultural centre in northern Italy• headquarter of the Fiat company• population: 908,000 inhabitants
  10. 10. BOLOGNA:• capital city of the Emilia-Romagna region• one of the top cities in Italy in terms of quality of life
  11. 11. FLORENCE:• one of the most important Renaissance architectural and art centers• Duomo and Baptistery are magnificent
  12. 12. MAJOR CITIESRANK CITY POPUL. RANK CITY POPUL.1 ROME 2761477 8 FLORENCE 3712822 MILAN 1324110 9 BARI 3204753 NAPLES 959574 10 CATANIA 2934584 TURIN 907563 11 VENICE 2708845 PALERMO 655875 12 VERONA 2639646 GENOA 607906 13 MESSINA 2425037 BOLOGNA 380181 14 PADUA 214198
  13. 13. SOME INTERESTING FACTS• Italian Scuderia Ferrari is the oldest surviving team in Grand Prix racing (see photo)• Italy won the 2006 FIFA World Cup• currently the second most successful football team in the world, after Brazil, having won four FIFA World Cups• Genoa: hometown of explorer Christopher Columbus, composer Niccolò Paganini, actor Vittorio Gassman
  14. 14. • Milans Bocconi University, ranked among the top 20 best business schools in the world• Forbes has ranked Bocconi no. 1 worldwide in the specific category Value for Money• it ranks no. 5 in Europe and n. 15 in the world• La Sapienza University in Rome is Europes largest, with 140,000 students
  15. 15. • Mont Bianco: the highest point in Italy and the European Union• 14 volcanoes in Italy, three of which are active: Etna, Stromboli and Vesuvius
  16. 16. POPULATION• Italy has the fourth-largest population in the European Union and the 23rd-largest population worldwide with estimation of 60.6 million.• the population density- 200 persons per sq km, is the fifth highest in the European Union.• about 68% of Italian population is classified as urban contributed mainly by:• Milan 7.4 million Rome 3.7million• Naples 3.1million Turin 2.2 million
  17. 17. CULTURE
  18. 18. Despite the political and social distinction ofregions, Italys contributions to the cultural andhistorical heritage of Europe and the world isimmense;Italy is home to the greatest number of UNESCOWorld Heritage Sites and has rich collections ofworld art, culture and literature from manydifferent periods due to emigrations duringItalian diaspora;100,000 monuments of any sort
  19. 19. LANGUAGES• official language: Italian• numerous dialects spoken all over the country• FRIULIAN: one of the dialects• a number of minority languages have co- official status. French is co-official in the Valle d’Aosta• German has the same status as that of French in Alto Adige region
  20. 20. RELIGIONRoman Catholic with small Protestant and Jewish communities and a growing Muslim immigrant community
  21. 21. • 74% Italians believe in God, or a form of a spiritual life force• 16% believe there is some sort of spirit or life force• 6% do not believe that there is any sort of spirit, God, or life force
  22. 22. FAMILY VALUES• the family: centre of the social structure and provides a stabilizing influence for its members• in the north nuclear family lives together• in the south the extended family did reside together in one house
  26. 26. BUSINESS ETIQUETTE• Relationships & Communication• Business Meeting Etiquette• Dressing etiquette• Business cards
  27. 27. ARCHITECTURE• broad and diverse architectural style• considerable architectural achievements• Colosseum, the Milan Cathedral and Florence cathedral, the Leaning Tower of Pisa and the building designs of Venice
  28. 28. FESTIVALS AND TRADITIONS• The Palio di Siena: July, 2nd and August, 16th• Venice Carnival: February• The sicilian festival: May
  29. 29. VISUAL ART• Painting: a warmth of colour and light, as shown in the works of Caravaggio and Titian• Michelangelo, Leonardo da Vinci, Donatello Botticelli, Fra Angelico,Caravaggio,Bernini, Titian and Raphael• The Last Supper and Mona Lisa (by Leonardo)
  30. 30. LITERATURE• The Divine Comedy by poet Dante Alighieri• Giovanni Boccaccio, Giacomo Leopardi, Alessandro Manzoni, Torquato Tasso, Ludovico Ariosto and Petrarch
  31. 31. THEATRE• Italian theatre reveal Roman tradition• in the modern age travelling troupes amused people in the form of juggling, acrobatics and humorous plays• The Commedia dellarte (16th century) was characterized by masked "types"; it was responsible for the advent of the actress and improvised performances based on sketches or scenarios
  32. 32. MUSIC• classical music has played an important role in Italian culture• instruments like piano and violin, were invented in Italy, and many of the prevailing classical music forms such as the symphony, concerto, and sonata were innovations of 16th and 17th century• Italy is the birthplace of opera, founded in the early 17th century, in cities such as Naples and Venice
  33. 33. • Jazz has a strong foothold in Italy. Most notable centers of jazz music in Italy include Milan, Rome, and Sicily• Italian pop music is represented annually with the Sanremo Music Festival which served as inspiration for the Eurovision song contest, and the Festival of Two Worlds in Spoleto
  34. 34. CINEMA• the Italian cinema is one the most important in the world• directors as L. Visconti, V. De Sica, R. Rossellini, P. P. Pasolini, F. Fellini, M. Antonioni and other ones were regularly awarded in Europe and USA in the 50, 60, and 70• nowadays Roberto Benigni and Sophia Loren are some of the icons of the Italian cinema
  35. 35. SCIENCE• through the centuries, Italy has given birth to some notable scientific minds• some are Leonardo da vinci , Galileo Galilei, Enrico Fermi• Nobel laureate Camillo Golgi discovered Golgi complex and received the Nobel Prize for his work
  36. 36. SPORTS- long and rich sporting tradition- most popular sport: football- basketball and volleyball: next most popular games- it has also got strong traditions in cycling, fencing, tennis, athletics, cycling, motorbiking and rugby
  37. 37. FASHION & DESIGN
  38. 38. History of Italian fashion• Italian fashion has a long tradition, is regarded as one of the most important in the world• Most fashionable in Europe
  39. 39. • according to the 2009 Global Language Monitor, Milan was nominated the true fashion capital of the world.• major Italian fashion labels are Gucci, Prada, Versace, Valentino, Armani, Dolce & Gabbana, Missoni, Fendi, Moschino, Max Mara and Ferragamo• Vogue Italia- the fashion magazine
  40. 40. • prominent in the field of design basically interior design, architectural design, industrial design and urban design• Italy has produced some well-known furniture designers, such as Gio Ponti and Ettore Sottsass• the latest trends in footwears emerge from Italy and then spread to whole of the world
  41. 41. ITALIAN FOODS- Italian food has become famous all over the world- its pasta based dishes and the use of cheese- the food is mostly combined with sauces
  42. 42. List of Dishes and recipes• Braciole• Bruschetta• Bresaola• Crostini con condimenti misti• Capicollo• Culatello• Curried Braised Rabbit stew• Insalata caprese• Insalata russa• Mozzarelline fritte (fried small mozzarellas)
  43. 43. Soup and sauce recipes• Acquacotta• Bagna càuda• Garmugia• Ginestrata• Minestrone• Pasta e fagioli• Sugo al Pomodoro• Fonduta• Grine Sauce
  44. 44. RICE DISHES• Arancine di riso• Basic Risotto• Insalata di riso• Pomodori col riso• Risotto alla milanese or Risotto with saffron• Risi e bisi• Riso with schrimps (con scampi)• Riso con piselli (risi e bisi)• Riso alla toscana• Riso al nero di seppia
  45. 45. Italian DessertsCake with Orange Peach jam tart withJuice Amaretti Pastiera NapoletanaStrawberry jamtart Zelten
  46. 46. Traditional Italian BiscuitsNovember Cenci Almond BiscuitsBiscuitsChocolate Biscuits withCarnival Balls Hazelnuts
  47. 47. Traditional Italian BiscuitsNovember Cenci Almond BiscuitsBiscuitsChocolate Biscuits withCarnival Balls Hazelnuts
  48. 48. EDUCATION
  49. 49. • public education is free and compulsory from 6 to 15 years of age and has a five-year primary stage and an eight-year secondary stage• an above-average output of scientific papers as compared to 90 countries in world
  50. 50. • 15 Italian universities ranked in the 2010 QS World University Rankings• two are ranked in the Top 200 of the world
  51. 51. • University of Bologna: the oldest college
  52. 52. • Sapienza University of Rome
  53. 53. • The University of Padua
  54. 54. TOURISM• Italy is the fourth highest tourist earner, and fifth  most visited country in the world• more than 43.2 million tourists a year visit the  country• rich art, cuisine, history, fashion and culture, its  beautiful coastline and beaches, its mountains,  ancient monuments especially those from the Greek  civilization and Roman civilization
  55. 55. • Tourism is one of the fastest growing and most  profitable industrial sectors, with an estimated  revenue of $42.7 billion• the first actual tourists to come to Italy were  aristocrats during the Grand Tour, in late 17th century,  and flourishing in the 18th century.• Rome attracted thousands tourists from all over the  world which included most of the Mediterranean,  Northern Africa,England and the parts of the Middle  East• traders and merchants came to Italy from several  different parts of the world
  56. 56. • top attractions : Venice, Florence, Rome, Naples and Sicily• by the 1850s, less-cultural visits began to be made, and  several tourists also came to Italy for its nature and  weather• Ligurian coast around Venice, coastal Tuscany and the  Amalfi coast are popular• Capri, Ischia, Procida and Elba, and the Northern Lakes,  such as Lake Como, Lake Maggiore and Lake Garda 
  57. 57. -  Northwest Italy: Turin, the manufacturing capital & Milan, the business and fashion capital of the country- Northeast Italy: Venice,Verona,Vicenza, Padua, Trento, Bolzano, Bologna, Ferrara, Piacenza- Central Italy:the worlds best known landmarks such as the Colosseum. Florence, Tuscanys most visited city, nearby cities like Siena, Pisa, and Lucca also have rich cultural heritages
  58. 58. SOUTHERN ITALY:• Apulia, Basilicata, Calabria• Campania: Amalfi Coast, Sorrento Peninsula, Naples,  Pompeii & Herculaneum (Roman ruins), Paestum  (Greek ruins)• Sicily: largest island in the country &famous for its  archaeology, seascape and unique Sicilian cuisine• Sardinia: large island, 250 kilometers west of the  Italian coastline, includes beaches and archaeological  ruins
  59. 59. ECONOMY• In the 50- 60 Italian economy changed  from agriculture to industrial state• one of the 10 largest economies in the  world• unemployment is around 8.4% in 2011  and is forecast to remain around that  level for years
  60. 60. CORPORATIONS• smaller number of global multinational corporations• large number of small and medium-sized enterprises• historical "Industrial triangle" (Milan - Turin - Genoa) • Tuscan industrial triangle (Florence - Prato - Pistoia)
  61. 61. • Italy was the worlds 7th largest exporter in  2009• Italys major exports and companies by sector  are motor vehicles, chemicals and  petrochemicals, electrical engineering, home  appliances, aerospace and defense  technologies, firearms , fashion; food  processing, sport and luxury vehicles, yachts
  62. 62. Trade partners• Italys closest trade ties are with the other  countries of the European Union, with whom  it conducts about 59% of its total trade • Its largest EU trade partners, in order of  market share, are Germany (12.9%), France  (11.4%), and Spain (7.4%)
  63. 63. ENEL UTILITIESOne of the largest European utility providers, with a home base  in Italy and subsidiaries in Spain, Russia, Latin America and  Eastern Europe;It produces, distributes and sells electricity and gas all  over Europe, North America and Latin America 
  64. 64.    ENI OILAn Italian multinational oil and gas company, present in 70  countries, and currently Italys largest industrial  company with a market capitalization of  87.7 billion euros 
  65. 65. GENERALI GROUP INSURANCE• founded in 1831 in Trieste, is one of the most significant  participants in the global insurance and financial products  market• now present in 40 Countries• market shares in Germany, France, Austria, Spain, Switzerland  and Israel
  66. 66. INTESA SANPAOLO BANKING• one of the top banking groups in the euro zone• leader in Italy in all business areas (retail, corporate and  wealth management)• 5,700 branches • subsidiaries in Central-Eastern Europe,  Middle East and North Africa with a network of more than  1,700 branches
  67. 67. HEALTH & CARE• public healthcare system since 1978. Healthcare  account  for more than 9.0% of GDP• worlds 2nd best healthcare system, and the worlds 3rd  best healthcare performance• 12th highest worldwide life expectancy • smoking in public places including bars, restaurants,  night clubs and offices has been restricted to specially  ventilated rooms since 2005
  68. 68. SWOT ANALYSISSTRENGTHS WEAKNESS- member of G8 - limited natural resources- fashion hub - imports are high- processing & manufacturing of goods - high public debts- leading exporter in apparel trade - expensive labour- art and tourism - high crime zoneOPPORTUNITIES THREATS- world’s 4th largest gold reserve - uncertainty in retail sector- better relations with India, U.S , China - economic division between northern & - import of energy for processing &        southern Italymanufacturing - low production rate of apparels - security & potential threats from  terrorists & other gangs