Chapter 4 Notes                             Section 1                The History of Louisiana GovernmentInfluenced by its ...
Section 2  Louisiana’s constitution  Patterned after US Constitution  3 branches of government  Power dividedChecks and Ba...
Heads the state’s legal office, the Department of JusticeProvides opinions on questions of law to all states agencies & ot...
State Legislatures   Old enough to vote; old enough to be elected   Candidate must be a registered voter   A resident of t...
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Chapter 4 notes

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Chapter 4 notes

  1. 1. Chapter 4 Notes Section 1 The History of Louisiana GovernmentInfluenced by its colonial founders.Spanish: parishes (geographical)French & Spanish government influences: civil laws based on civilcodes.Also based on British common law system.Common law (follows precedent)Civil law (uses a written code)Criminal law (protects society from criminals) Foundations ofGovernments.People given authority to write a state constitution prior to statehood.April 30, 1812: Louisiana 18th state to enter the union.Constitutional governmentState powers derived wereUS Constitution describing US Constitution. Reflects government by citizens: “We the People” (1st phase in Preamble) identifies purpose, organization, and purpose of governmentEstablishes division of power (federalism)Article 4: US Constitution 1) Pursues shared relationship between stateand federal governments. 2) Indicates powers belonging to the state.Bill of Rights The State ConstitutionProvides a framework for the state governmentActs in the US Bill of Rights 1) Non-discrimination laws stronger andmore detailed and specificLouisiana history 11 constitutions
  2. 2. Section 2 Louisiana’s constitution Patterned after US Constitution 3 branches of government Power dividedChecks and Balances Veto- refuse to approveExecutive Branch Implements the laws Operates state government Oversee state services Governor- chief executive officer other elected officials include- lieutenant, governor, secretary of state, treasurer, attorney general, commissioner of agriculture & forestry Governor (Bobby Jindal) Must be at least 25 years old A citizen of the US & Louisiana at least 5 years Elected for a 4-year term Can serve 2 back-to-back terms Deties- prepares & submits a budget to the legislature Appoints citizens to boards & commissions Calls special sessions of the legislature Lieutenant Governor (Jay Dardenne) Serves as a public relations office for the state Heads the State Department of culture, recreation, & tourism Somewhat like being vice president of the United States Acts as or replaces governor if needed.Attorney General (James D. “Buddy” Caldwell)
  3. 3. Heads the state’s legal office, the Department of JusticeProvides opinions on questions of law to all states agencies & othergovernment groupsCan bring legal actionSecretary of State (Tom Schedler)Chief election officer for LouisianaSole supervision duties of state held electionsKeeps official recordsTreasurer (John Neely Kennedy)Elected head of the Department of the TreasuryIn charge of the state’s income and expensesInvests state monies not neededProvides the governor and the legislature a yearly financial reportOther Elected Officials:Commissioner of AgriculturePromotes agriculture & forestry (Mike Strain)Oversees soil & water conservationCommissioner of Insurance (James J. Donelon)Enforces insurance laws passed by the legislatureThe board of Elementary & Secondary Education (BESE) (Jay Gulliot)Supervises educationAppoints the state superintendent of education Legislature BranchConsists 2 bodiesa) House of Representatives (Frank Hoffman)b) Senate (Mike Walsworth)Based on model called bicameral: cameraContains 144 members (39 senators, 105 representatives) elected fromgeographic districtsNew districts redrawn every 10 years
  4. 4. State Legislatures Old enough to vote; old enough to be elected Candidate must be a registered voter A resident of the state at least 2 years One year resident of the district Elected for 2-year term Maximum of 2 terms (total of 12 years) Legislature SessionsMeets every yearEven-numbered years: meets 30 days during a 45 day periodTax bills: can only be passed in even-numbered yearsOdd-numbered years: meets 60 days during an 85-day periodSpeaker of the House: resides over the House of Representatives(Chuck Kleckly)President of the Senate: resides over the SenateConstituents-people legislatures represent

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