Politics of Cambodia

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Politics of Cambodia

  1. 1. 캄보디아 정치Cambodian-Politics
  2. 2. Political history of Cambodia• ~1863 • dynasty of Angkor • Invasion of Vietnam• 1864~1940 • colony of FRANCE• 1941~1970 • Sihanouk declaration of independence from France • Sihanouk was selected as a king on 1955• 1970~1975 • Coup of general Lon Nol on 1970.3.28 • After coup, Khmer republic • Organization of Khmer Rouge
  3. 3. • 1975~1978 • Khmer Rouge’s revolution on 1975 • Declaration of Democratic Kampuchea on 1976 • Invasion of Vietnam on 1978• 1979~1989 • Under control of Vietnam, puppet government declare republic of Cambodia people’s democracy on 1979 • On 1989, withdrawal of Vietnam• 1989~1993 • On 1989, declaration of state of Cambodia• 1993~1998 • First general election on 1993.5 • Sihanouk was selected as a king on 1993 • Ranariddh and Hun Sen was elected as Co- Prime minister • Constitutional law settled on 1993
  4. 4. • 1998~2003 • 2nd general election on 1998.7 • Hun Sen was selected as 2nd prime minister• 2003~• 3rd general election on 2003.7.27• Norodom Sihamoni was selected as a king on 2004~current• Hun Sen was elected as Prime minister• He is still a prime minister• Coalition government was set by CPP and Funcinpec party
  5. 5. Current• Cambodia is a Constitutional monarchy • Prime minister – Government • Monarch - State
  6. 6. • The current Prime Minister of Cambodia and leader of the Cambodian Peoples Party (CPP) • Hun Sen is currently the longest serving leader in South East Asia • One of the longest serving prime ministersHun Sen in the world, having been in power through various coalitions since 1985.Age 59 • As a Prime Minister he is the head of the Government
  7. 7. GovernmentLegislative branch- Bicameral Parliament:1) National Assembly(Radhasphea)- 123 members- CPP holds the majority of seats2) Senate (Protsaphea)- 61 Members- CPP =43 seats- Funcinpec Party = 9
  8. 8. Norodom Sihanouk • King of Cambodia from 1941 to 1955 and again from 1993 until his semi- retirement and voluntary abdication on 7 October 2004 • Age: 89
  9. 9. Norodom Sihamoni • He is the eldest son of Norodom Sihanouk • Current reigning King of Cambodia since 29 October 2004 • Previously Cambodias ambassador to UNESCO • As a King he reigns but does not rule – head of stateAge: 59
  10. 10. Conclusion• King reigns but does not rule, therefore has no political power or the power to select his own heir.• Ability of Cambodia to peacefully appoint a new king shows the power and the stability of the government• 실질적인 권력은 Prime minister에게 있음• 파란만장한 과정속에서 캄보디아는 Constitutional Monarchy 를 갖추었다.
  11. 11. THANK YOU

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