China

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China

  1. 1. Notebook to be submitted on Monday, October 172. PROJECT # 3<br />Related to the celebration of UN Day<br /> -Ms. UN<br /> -Classroom Decoration <br />Mini-Museum of your country<br />Pictures (2-3) long bond paper <br />Beautiful pictures will be made into a diorama<br />
  2. 2. Submission on Monday, October 17<br />50 pts-Project #3 of the 2nd quarter<br />Additional 20 pts. Will be given if you will submit your project this week up to Saturday<br />10 pts-Assignment<br />10 pts.-Quizzes<br />After the submission of pictures on Oct.17<br />Oct.18-21 will be used for the mini-museum making (classroom will be transformed into a mini-museum of the country that you will represent in the UN day celebration)<br />
  3. 3. Additional to India’s Contributions<br />Literature<br />Panchatantra - first fable in the world<br />Sakuntala - first dramatic piece in the world <br />Mahabharata - longest epic poem in the <br /> world<br />BhagavadGita – the greatest and longest <br /> philosophical poem in the world<br />
  4. 4. Additional to India’s Contributions<br />2. Religion<br />Hinduism –oldest religion in the world<br /> Law of Reincarnation and Karma<br /> Reincarnation -transmigration of soul from one form to another<br /> Karma - the sum of all deeds of a person <br /> Nirvana - the state of ultimate happiness<br />Buddhism -founded by Buddha (enlightened one)<br />Jainism -founded by Mahavira (the great one)<br /> Ahimsa – non-violence approach<br />Sikhism - religion of the gurus<br />
  5. 5. CHINA<br />FOURTH CRADLE OF CIVILIZATION<br />OLDEST EXISTING CIVILIZATION<br />
  6. 6. CHINA<br />
  7. 7. CHINA<br />Until now they are using, doing and performing the culture that they developed before.<br />The civilization that was developed before, 1,500 years ago, still exist today.<br />The only remaining civilization of the ancient world.<br />
  8. 8. CHINA<br />Its name originated from the name of the fourth dynasty of China.<br />The Chin dynasty<br />Because during the Chin dynasty the Chinese people felt that they belong to a single nation.<br />
  9. 9. CHINA<br />People of China today wanted to call themselves as Han Chinese.<br />Because most of the ancestors of present Chinese were born during Han dynasty.<br />
  10. 10. CHINA<br />China’s old name was:<br />Chung-Kuo or Zhonghua<br />It means Middle Kingdom and Central Government respectively<br />Sinocentrism<br />The belief of the Chinese that they are at the center of the world and the only civilized people in the world.<br />
  11. 11. CHINA<br />
  12. 12. CHINA<br />Boundaries of China<br />Natural barriers/protection of China from invasion:<br /> N - Mongolian steppes and Gobi <br /> Desert<br /> E - South China Sea<br /> W - Tibetan Plateau and Takla<br />Makan Desert <br /> S - Vast jungle of Mainland SEA<br />
  13. 13. CHINA<br />
  14. 14. CHINA<br />Geography<br />
  15. 15. CHINA<br />Chinese civilization was established in the North Plain of China.<br />This fertile plain is being watered by 2 river systems:<br /> Huang Ho River<br /> Yangtze River<br />
  16. 16. CHINA<br />
  17. 17. CHINA<br />History<br />
  18. 18. CHINA<br />Start of Chinese civilization:<br /> - According to legend/myth<br />Pan Gu / Pan Ku<br />3 Intelligent Emperor<br />3 Sages / Sagas<br />
  19. 19. CHINA<br />Pan Gu/Pan Ku<br />
  20. 20. CHINA<br />3 Intelligent Ruler<br /> Fu Hsi - fishing and writing<br />ShenNung - farming<br /> Huang Ti - bricks out of mud<br />3 S ages<br /> Yao - model king<br /> Shun - model son/daughter<br /> Yu - control the flooding of the <br /> river Huang Ho<br />
  21. 21. CHINA<br /> - According to history<br />Chinese civilization like other civilizations started as a farming settlement:<br /> Neolithic Culture<br />Yang Shao - Painted vases/pottery<br />Long Shan - Black pottery<br />
  22. 22. CHINA<br />Mandate of Heaven<br /> - it is the belief of the Chinese that their rulers were sent by gods to rule. Chinese rulers were believed to be demi-gods.<br />
  23. 23. CHINA<br />New Dynasty<br /> Problem emerge<br />Withdrawal<br />of mandate<br /> Old Dynasty<br />
  24. 24. CHINA<br />
  25. 25. CHINA<br />
  26. 26. CHINA<br />Hsia<br />Yu<br />Irrigation and Canal System that water the farmlands<br />Legend and tales were its only proof of existence<br />
  27. 27. CHINA<br />Shang<br />T’ang<br />Oracle Bone Reading<br />Foretelling of the Chinese. People who read through oracle bones were called shamans.<br />
  28. 28. CHINA<br />
  29. 29. CHINA<br />Chou/Zhou<br />Wu Wang<br />Longest dynasty (900 years)<br />Golden age of philosophy because great philosophers like Confucius, Laotius , Mencius and Hsun Tzu lived during this dynasty.<br />
  30. 30. CHINA<br />
  31. 31. CHINA<br />Confucius - Confucianism (Focuses on good relationships and respect to one another) <br />Laotius - Taoism (harmony with nature; balance of nature)<br />Mencius - Doctrine of the Mean (treatises on ethics)<br />Hsun Tzu - Legalism (harsh rule)<br />
  32. 32. CHINA<br />Chin<br />Shi Huang Ti (first great emperor)<br />Great Wall<br />To protect China from barbarians and invasion<br />Many people died in the construction of Great Wall because of the heavy work and extreme weather condition. It was made at the top of the mountains.<br />
  33. 33. CHINA<br />
  34. 34. CHINA<br />
  35. 35. CHINA<br />Burning of Books<br />Because Shi Huang Ti wants to build China that has no bad historical records and he also wanted that the history of China will start at his time.<br />
  36. 36. CHINA<br />Most durable dynasty<br />It was able to address China’s problems through Confucianism<br />Confucian classics were taught to foster peace and order<br />Civil service exam was implemented to determine the most qualified person for a specific government position.<br />
  37. 37. CHINA<br />Sui<br />Construction of Grand Canal<br />That linked major rivers in China to improve transportation and trading<br />
  38. 38. CHINA<br />
  39. 39. CHINA<br />Tang<br />Greatest dynasty<br />Peace , prosperity and stability were achieved during this dynasty.<br />People’s social and economic condition were improved<br />Cultural Flowering<br />Many inventions were done like paper and printing machine <br />
  40. 40. CHINA<br />
  41. 41. CHINA<br />Song<br />Cultural Maturity<br />Good culture of the past were improved, modified and developed more during this dynasty.<br />Thus, continuation of the peace, order and prosperity during the Tang occurred.<br />
  42. 42. CHINA<br />Yuan<br />First Foreign dynasty<br />Established by Kublai Khan, a Mongol, from Genghis Khan family<br />Peking (khanbalik) was made capital<br />Protect the Silk Trade Route for good trading between East and West<br />Arrival of Europeans to China ( Marco Polo)<br />China as Cathay or Xanadu<br />
  43. 43. CHINA<br />
  44. 44. CHINA<br />Ming<br />Intelligent dynasty<br />Revival of the glory of Tang and Song<br />Wanted to bring back the glory of pure Chinese dynasties<br />
  45. 45. CHINA<br />Qing/Ching<br />Second foreign dynasty of China<br />Established by the Manchus from Manchuria, to the northeast of China<br />Adopted Chinese culture<br />Forbidden City was established<br />
  46. 46. CHINA<br />
  47. 47. CHINA<br />
  48. 48. CHINA<br />Contributions to the world<br />4 Great contributions<br /> -Paper (CaiLlun)<br /> -Printing machine<br /> -Gunpowder<br /> -Compass<br />
  49. 49. CHINA<br />Because of Paper and Printing Press , the following were also invented:<br /> -Flying Money –first paper money<br /> -Peking Gazette -oldest newspaper<br /> -Diamond Sutra -first printed <br /> book<br /> -Art of War(Sun Tzu) -first war book<br /> -Parasol, Paper lantern etc.<br />
  50. 50. CHINA<br />Gunpowder or black powder resulted to the creation of the following:<br /> - Match<br /> -Fire cracker<br /> -Rocket<br />
  51. 51. CHINA<br />Compass led to FengShui and to other astronomical and astrological inventions<br />Other contributions: Calligraphy<br /> wheel barrow chopsticks silk<br /> water mill fan <br /> kite seismograph<br /> umbrella ink<br />

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