Undergraduate Studies     ePortfolio      Kyle McNamaraBachelor of Arts in Psychology,             2001                   ...
Personal Statement         As I near the end of my undergraduate journey I have found myself reflecting onwhat I have acco...
Continued         As a result, upon graduation I will pursueentrance into a graduate program in clinical socialwork with t...
Resume              47 Tamarack Dr., South Berwick, ME 03908 207-752-3130 kmcnamara@mail.com                              ...
2002-2005                           Clay Hill Farm Restaurant                        York, MEWaiter   Waiting tables at f...
Education1/7/2007-10/26/2011               Argosy University Online   South Berwick, MEB.A. in Psychology    3.25 GPARefe...
Reflection        During my time at Argosy I became proficient at numerous areas and theoreticalfoundations of psychology....
Table of ContentsCognitive Abilities: Critical Thinking and  Information LiteracyResearch SkillsCommunication Skills: Oral...
Professional Work Samples    Kyle McNamara    Argosy University  Argosy University
Professional Work SamplesCognitive Abilities Kyle McNamaraArgosy University
Professional Work Samples                                                           AbstractWhether undiagnosed ADHD poses...
Professional Work Samples                                    Undiagnosed ADHD and its Effects on Development              ...
Professional Work Samples               These findings help to show that there is a significant connection between comorbi...
Professional Work Samples“The people who make a career of treating this problem will tell you that only 20%of adults with ...
Professional Work SamplesMaterials               I employed a T-test for independent samples in order to establish whether...
Professional Work SamplesThe subjects were each rated on a scale of points, starting at zero, participants earned a point ...
Professional Work Samples                                                              Discussion       In terms of implic...
Professional Work Samples                                                          ReferencesArgosy University, (2010). PS...
Professional Work SamplesCumyn, L., French, L., & Hechtman, L. (2009). Comorbidity in Adults With Attention-Deficit Hypera...
Professional Work Samples Research SkillsKyle McNamaraArgosy University
Professional Work SamplesInstrumentation:In order to answer my research question of whether or not undiagnosed ADHD is det...
Professional Work SamplesThe subjects were each rated on a scale of points, starting at zero, participants earned a point ...
Professional Work SamplesThis is the phenomenon of not randomly assigning subjects to groups. Given the fact that the subj...
Professional Work SamplesThe amount of problems associated with ADHD and development lend itself to a more intense look at...
Professional Work SamplesArgosy, (2010). PSY302: module 7: online lecture. Retrieved on December 15, 2010 from       http:...
Professional Work SamplesCommunication Skills  Kyle McNamara Argosy University
Professional Work SamplesHYPOTHESIS: The lack of uniform and comprehensive drug testing in professional boxing poses troub...
Professional Work SamplesSUBPOINTS:1) The issue of steroids and performance enhancing drugs have dominated professional sp...
Professional Work Samples7) The lack of broad jurisdictional power for state athletic commissions who license and regulate...
Professional Work SamplesNow this may be a valid issue to raise in response to a sport like baseball where there is minima...
Professional Work Samples3) Although there has been precedent for promoters taking fights overseas for jurisdictional or p...
Professional Work SamplesEthics and Diversity Awareness       Kyle McNamara      Argosy University
Professional Work Samples      Identify the ethical code number and definition.The ACA’s ethical code that has been violat...
Professional Work Samples   Joe then goes on to breach ethical code C.5. again when Jill discloses her upbringing in a tra...
Professional Work SamplesThe reason this would be important is because without being able to understand and empathize to h...
Professional Work SamplesAmerican Counseling Association (2005). ACA Code of Ethics. Alexandria, VA: Author.
Professional Work SamplesKnowledge of Foundations of the Field          Kyle McNamara         Argosy University
Professional Work SamplesTed likes to study different personality theories. He believes that his favorite theory best desc...
Professional Work SamplesHow will you describe your personality? What characteristics or traits best describe what you kno...
Professional Work SamplesThe feelings of self-worth I have are a manifestation of my impulsive nature and lack of control ...
Professional Work SamplesRogers would view my personality traits as being maladaptive and incongruent with my organismic v...
Professional Work SamplesWhat does your chosen theory have to say about the types of behavior that you want to change?Huma...
Professional Work SamplesWhat have you learned about your personality due to this course?I have learned a lot about my per...
Professional Work SamplesArgosy University, (2009). PSY 361: Module 7: Online Lecture. Retrieved on October 28, 2009 from ...
Professional Work SamplesKnowledge of Applied Psychology        Kyle McNamara       Argosy University
Professional Work SamplesAlthough I temporarily no longer have access to the work I have done in the field of Applied Psyc...
Professional Work SamplesInterpersonal Effectiveness     Kyle McNamara    Argosy University
Professional Work SamplesComparing the Effectiveness ofCognitive-Behavioral Therapy toStimulant Medication for ADHD
What is ADHD?• ADHD is a biological  development disorder with  three hallmark symptoms;• Inattention• Hyperactivity• Impu...
Continued• The DSM-IV classifies  three separate subtypes in  the diagnosis of ADHD;• Predominately Inattentive• Predomina...
Stimulant Medication• One of the most common treatment options  for ADHD is stimulant medication.• The two main forms of m...
Efficacy of Stimulant Medication• Research studies have continually shown  both immediate release and controlled  release ...
Need for Individually Specific Dosage• The type and intensity of ADHD and its  symptoms varies greatly between  individual...
Need for Individually Specific Dosage• The type and intensity of ADHD and its  symptoms varies greatly between  individual...
Weaknesses of Stimulant Medication• The major problem with stimulant  medication is the potential for abuse or  illegal di...
Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy• Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy  (CBT) is another commonly  used treatment  option for ADHD.• A...
Continued• CBT consists of teaching kids methods  of self-control to alter behavior and  cognitive functioning  (Miranda, ...
Efficacy of CBT for ADHD• CBT was found to be effective in reducing  aggression when paired with anger  management (Mirand...
Combined medication and CBT• Combining CBT with stimulant  medication may be the most  effective method of treatment• Rese...
Conclusion• Both stimulant medication and CBT are  effective forms of treatment for ADHD.• It is important for doctors or ...
ReferencesChelonis, J. J., Johnson, T. A., Ferguson, S. A., Berry, K. J., Kubacak, B., Edwards, M. C., Paule, M. G., (2011...
ContinuedMiranda, A., & Presentacion, M. (2000). Efficacy of cognitive-behavioral therapy in the treatment of children wit...
My Future in LearningIn terms of lifelong learning, I see myself continuing on to graduateschool in order to obtain a Mast...
Contact Me   Thank you for viewing my           ePortfolio. For further information, pleasecontact me at the e-mail addres...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Au Psy492 M7 A3 E Portf Mc Namara K

421 views

Published on

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
421
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
7
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) recognizes three forms of ADHD; inattentive, hyperactive and combined inattentive hyperactive (Lavoie, 2008). The inattentive type is characterized as an individual suffering from an inability to concentrate along with being highly distractible (Lavoie, 2008). While not generally being disruptive in the classroom, these children have great difficulty concentrating or performing sustained acts of high mental activity (Lavoie, 2008). The hyperactive type is characterized by an individual who has great difficulty controlling impulses but few struggles with distractibility (Lavoie, 2008). The combined form of ADHD is the most common with 60 percent of individuals suffering from ADHD falling into this category (Lavoie, 2008).
  • Stimulant medication whether MPH or amphetamines generally comes in two forms, immediate release or extended release (Findling, 2008).
  • Robert Findling (2008) conducted an empirical research on the long-term use of stimulant medications, specifically MPH on children (Findling, 2008). His research found that both rapid release and extended release formulas were effective in combating the symptoms in ADHD and didn’t pose long-term tolerability problems (Findling, 2008). Additional research performed on the effectiveness of stimulant medication showed an increase in motivation for ADHD children (Chelonis et al., 2011).
  • In a research study conducted by Powell, Thomsen, Frydenberg and Rasmussen (2011) to evaluate the effectiveness of medication long-term they made use of the naturalistic observational method (Powell et al., 2011). After following 410 patients over the course of several years they found that stimulant medication was extremely efficacious in the treatment of ADHD (Powell et al., 2011). What they also found however was that the diversity between patients was great with many suffering from comorbid disorders along with variability in the intensity of ADHD symptoms (Powell et al., 2011). They discovered that the dosage required for patients could vary widely and that over time some individuals could require an increase or decreased dosage with others remaining static (Powell et al., 2011). They concluded their study by advocating for the need to take each individual case and the surrounding circumstances separately in order to best treat individuals (Powell et al., 2011).
  • In a research study conducted by Powell, Thomsen, Frydenberg and Rasmussen (2011) to evaluate the effectiveness of medication long-term they made use of the naturalistic observational method (Powell et al., 2011). After following 410 patients over the course of several years they found that stimulant medication was extremely efficacious in the treatment of ADHD (Powell et al., 2011). What they also found however was that the diversity between patients was great with many suffering from comorbid disorders along with variability in the intensity of ADHD symptoms (Powell et al., 2011). They discovered that the dosage required for patients could vary widely and that over time some individuals could require an increase or decreased dosage with others remaining static (Powell et al., 2011). They concluded their study by advocating for the need to take each individual case and the surrounding circumstances separately in order to best treat individuals (Powell et al., 2011).
  • Stimulant medication has long been a controversial topic as detractors don’t believe kids should be medicated with such powerful drugs. There is also a substantial amount of black market distribution of these drugs. Additionally there is the potential for abuse especially with rapid release formulas.
  • According to Miranda and Presentacion (2000), “In other words, the problem with hyperactive children seems to stem from a deficiency in the activation of planned and systematic thinking, and not from active but distorted thinking” (Miranda, Presentacion, 2000, p. 1).
  • CBT makes use of behavioral contingency plans for children to use in order to alter behaviors and suppress normal response to impulses (Miranda, Presentacion, 2000). Modeling is the imitation of behaviors observed from some form of role model or authority figure (Miranda, Presentacion, 2000). In this case, children will observe the acceptable behaviors of their peers or elders and attempt to imitate them in order to gain social acceptance.
  • Research performed by Miranda and Presentacion (2000) was centered around the effectiveness of combining traditional ADHD centered CBT with anger management in reducing aggressive behaviors from children with ADHD (Miranda, Presentacion, 2000). The research was performed on 32 children split into 4 groups, an aggressive group and a nonaggressive group receiving the anger management, and 2 of the same groups not receiving anger management (Miranda, Presentacion, 2000). All four groups showed significant improvement with the aggressive group receiving anger management showing the most improvement of the groups (Miranda, Presentacion, 2000). Yet another study on the use of CBT for ADHD was conducted over the course of an eight week long summer treatment program with 19 adolescents participating (Sibley et al., 2010). This program was designed specifically to address and treat symptoms or problems associated with adolescents diagnosed with ADHD (Sibley et al., 2010). These issues included conduct problems, defiance, social functioning, attention problems, organizational deficits, temperament and academics (Sibley et al., 2010). The participants were rated both before and after treatment by parents, teachers and researchers on an ADHD rating scale (Sibley et al., 2010). The results of the study had all but the Science/Health teacher reporting major improvements in all areas of functioning (Sibley et al., 2010).
  • Research for the combined use of CBT and stimulant medication is rare and especially with regards to such research on children. One research study however performed on adults consisted of 86 adults who had been receiving medication for treatment but still showed considerable symptoms (“Cognitive Behavioral,” 2010). The patients were randomly assigned to either receive CBT therapy or simple education and relaxation courses (“Cognitive Behavioral,” 2010). Out of the initial 86 patients 79 completed treatment and 70 participated in follow up assessments (“Cognitive Behavioral,” 2010). The participants were assessed on an ADHD rating scale conducted by doctors with those receiving CBT scoring considerably higher than those who did not (“Cognitive Behavioral,” 2010). This successful research should lead to an increased interest in this method of treatment and hopefully further research.
  • Au Psy492 M7 A3 E Portf Mc Namara K

    1. 1. Undergraduate Studies ePortfolio Kyle McNamaraBachelor of Arts in Psychology, 2001 1
    2. 2. Personal Statement As I near the end of my undergraduate journey I have found myself reflecting onwhat I have accomplished in the past 3 years and where I see myself going. When I begancollege initially I entered into a business program at the University of Maine Orono withdreams of making big money. After two short years I realized I was miserable and couldn’tsee myself doing something like that for the rest of my life. It was at this point I decided totake a break and reevaluate where I saw myself going and what would truly make mehappy. I had taken a couple of psychology courses in my time there and found the fieldfascinating. My curiosity was piqued so much so that while out of school I began acquiringbooks on the subject and reading them for personal satisfaction. After a little over a year outof school I decided that it was time to go back and there was little question what it would befor. I didn’t know where I wanted my education to ultimately take me; I just knew that Iwanted to study psychology. Now as I stand on the precipice of graduating I’m still not positive I know where Iwant my studies to lead me, but I’m beginning to have a better idea. I know one thing forcertain and that is I will continue my education by entering into graduate school. Ultimately Ifeel as though the most fulfilling line of work for me would be a career as a clinical socialworker. The reason I feel this was is that I would be able to be in direct contact with peoplewhose lives I was changing for the better. I can truthfully say that in my time as anundergraduate student the amount of knowledge I have gained has bettered my own lifeexponentially. My perspective on life and self-awareness has changed drastically, growingleaps and bounds in just a few short years. Aiding people in their own path of self-enhancement could prove to be a deeply rewarding experience. The idea of taking what Ihave learned and using it in a practical setting to diagnose and treat those withpsychological problems is intriguing. While I personally enjoy research, working with othersand making use of my critical thinking skills is the path I will likely follow.
    3. 3. Continued As a result, upon graduation I will pursueentrance into a graduate program in clinical socialwork with the goal of gaining a master’s degree andobtaining a license. The ability to use my educationto work in a hospital, school or community mentalhealth center is an appealing prospect and one Ibelieve I would excel in. I am skilled in interpersonalcommunication and possess strong critical thinkingskills that I feel are necessary to treat people on apersonal level. Being able to communicate andunderstand while extending unconditional positiveregard are skills crucial to helping those sufferingfrom mental illness and are areas I believe to be mystrong point. After reflecting on the last few years ofmy life and what I have achieved, I can begin to seemore clearly where my road will lead. While there iscertainly a lot of time and progress left to be madebefore my career can begin, I am comfortable in thedirection it is taking me.
    4. 4. Resume 47 Tamarack Dr., South Berwick, ME 03908 207-752-3130 kmcnamara@mail.com Kyle McNamaraObjectiveTo use my education in psychology to become a social worker.ExperienceJune 2008-Present South Berwick, MEPrivate Investor Self-employedI’ve spent the last 3 years traveling the United States, parts of Europe and Central America in order toexperience different cultures and broaden my horizons. During this time I have lived off privateinvestments I have made in a number of ventures on the internet. I feel I have gained valuableexperiences and perspectives immersing myself into cultures that I was not familiar with. Theseexperiences would prove to be very advantageous when working with patients of multiculturalbackgrounds.
    5. 5. 2002-2005 Clay Hill Farm Restaurant York, MEWaiter Waiting tables at fine dining restaurantInitially started as a bus boy when I was 16 years old in order to work a second job and savefor college. Moved my way up to be one of the two highest earning waiters within 2 years ofstarting. I eventually stopped working here when I moved away for college but have goneback to fill in when on vacations as they have needed help. Retain a great relationship withthe managers and owner.2000-2004 Bob’s Clam Hut Kittery, MEFood Server Food service Dining room organizerMy first real job was working at a Ben and Jerry’s ice cream shop inside of a restaurant.Worked throughout high school while also working a second job at Clay Hill Farm. Eventuallywas earning too much at Clay Hill Farm to continue working here but left on great terms andhad a wonderful experience for my first job.
    6. 6. Education1/7/2007-10/26/2011 Argosy University Online South Berwick, MEB.A. in Psychology 3.25 GPAReferencesRachel Davenport – 207-361-1771Jen Lewis – 207-361-2272Theresa McDonnell – 603-312-0993
    7. 7. Reflection During my time at Argosy I became proficient at numerous areas and theoreticalfoundations of psychology. I would say that my largest area of growth was criticalthinking and understanding with regards to how research studies are performed and thestatistical tools used to measure the results. Additionally I became proficient in usingpeer-reviewed journals and sources in order to increase the validity of my researchpapers. From the time I started to the time I finished learning APA style and correctlywriting papers in this format was a critical skill I learned to master. I was always anatural public speaker and skilled in interpersonal communication but learned how to bemore of an active listener and to pay more attention to nonverbal communication skillsto increase my ability in communication. I believe another of my largest areas of growth came from ethics and issues ofdiversity I studied in a number of courses here. One of my courses was the psychologyof women and I was the only male in the class. Having to interact in that environmentgave me a lot of perspective and a whole new understanding of the differences betweenthe genders not only biologically, but psychologically. I also learned a lot about howthat majority of psychological theories and foundations are strongly routed in westernvalues and ideals. This makes understanding different cultural values and beliefs criticalfor anyone who wants to work in this field.
    8. 8. Table of ContentsCognitive Abilities: Critical Thinking and Information LiteracyResearch SkillsCommunication Skills: Oral and WrittenEthics and Diversity AwarenessFoundations of PsychologyApplied PsychologyInterpersonal Effectiveness
    9. 9. Professional Work Samples Kyle McNamara Argosy University Argosy University
    10. 10. Professional Work SamplesCognitive Abilities Kyle McNamaraArgosy University
    11. 11. Professional Work Samples AbstractWhether undiagnosed ADHD poses developmental problems in childhood and adolescence. Young adults with ADHD(N=400) were asked to consent to the release of academic, criminal, medical and school behavioral records. Those who hadnot been diagnosed till post high school graduation (176) were the independent variable and compared to those subjectsdiagnosed at early age and treated from an early age (224). . The subjects were each rated on a scale of points, starting atzero, participants earned a point for every instance of poor academic achievement (failing a class), behavioral issues(suspensions, expulsions, documented reprimands, criminal history or substance abuse history). Significant correlation wasfound between undiagnosed subjects and developmental difficulties.
    12. 12. Professional Work Samples Undiagnosed ADHD and its Effects on Development The purpose of this study is to research the ways in which ADHD, and particularly those with undiagnosedADHD affected normal healthy development throughout childhood and adolescence. In doing this I felt there were anumber of developmental areas that would be important to include in my research, as the type of ADHD(hyperactive, inattentive or combined) could lead to a number of developmental issues in differing aspects of the subjectslife. Research has been done on the subject in the past, the results of which have historically shown a strong correlationbetween undiagnosed ADHD and later comorbid disorders such as depression and substance abuse. One such study wasdone by Biederman, Mick and Spencer (2007), “The ADHD adults had lower socioeconomic status, more workdifficulties, and more frequent job changes” (Biederman, Mick, Spencer, 2007). They also found, “The ADHD adults hadfewer years of education and lower rates of professional employment. Similarly, others have shown that among patientswith substance use disorders, ADHD predicts social maladjustment, immaturity, fewer social assets, lower occupationalachievement, and high rates of separation and divorce” (Biederman, Mick, Spencer, 2007).
    13. 13. Professional Work Samples These findings help to show that there is a significant connection between comorbid disorders andindividuals suffering from ADHD. I wanted to research further though into just how significant this difference was betweenthose suffering from diagnosed and treated ADHD, to those undiagnosed until reaching adulthood and just howsubstantially this effected their development. Cumyn, French, Hechtman, (2009), found that Adults with ADHD were foundto have both more current and present Axis 1 and 2 disorders (Cumyn, French, Hechtman, 2009). The research found thatAxis I disorders such as specific and social phobias, panic disorder, depression and nicotine addiction were present forADHD adults at a rate of 49% as opposed to 33.6% for those without ADHD (Cumyn, French, Hechtman, 2009). Axis IIdisorders were found at an even higher rate in those adults diagnosed with ADHD (27.585%) as to those without (8.04%).(Cumyn, French, Hechtman, 2009). Again though this research was based on comparing those with ADHD to thosewithout, as opposed to those with ADHD that was diagnosed and treated with ADHD that was undiagnosed into adulthood.This would lead to my research study design that used those with diagnosed and treated ADHD as the control group, whichis different from much of the current research literature on the subject. When taking into consideration the substantial data supporting a correlation between developmentalproblems such as low achievement and high rates of substance abuse problems, it becomes apparent that catching thedisorder at an early age is crucial towards developing normal and healthy functioning. Yet, according to Sternstein (2003),
    14. 14. Professional Work Samples“The people who make a career of treating this problem will tell you that only 20%of adults with ADHD know they haveit. (The disorder used to go by the shorthand ADD, but ADHD is now its official name.)” (Sternstein, 2003). Even moretroubling is her assertion that, “Misdiagnosis is common, as psychiatrists sometimes mistake ADHDs symptoms fordepression or anxiety. And ADHD adults, notoriously bad self-reporters, often dont see their shortfalls” (Sternstein, 2003).When you consider the potential for the existence of comorbid disorders, identifying and accurately diagnosing theseindividuals is critical in order to help in normal development, or to treat problems that have already arisen as a result of notbeing diagnosed early on. MethodParticipants 400 subjects that were 19+ in years of age were drawn from a regional online survey asking for participantswith ADHD that were diagnosed at an early age or in adulthood. Of the responders, 176 were individuals who had beendiagnosed with ADHD in young adulthood and 224 were individuals diagnosed at an early age and treated though outchildhood and adolescence.
    15. 15. Professional Work SamplesMaterials I employed a T-test for independent samples in order to establish whether or not the means of my two groupswere statistically different from each other. It was chosen because this form of test is one of the most simple and accuratetests to perform in inferential statistics specifically when testing for a significance between two means. I will know if theresults are significant depending on whether or not my t-value, coupled with the degrees of freedom I will reach asignificance level to compare with a preset alpha level, necessary confidence level needed to conclude the differencebetween means is statistically significant (Argosy, 2010).Procedure For this research study, the alpha level will be set at .05. After obtaining my sample of 176 young adults whowere diagnosed with ADHD after high school, and 224 young adults diagnosed and treated from an early age, I wouldbegin determining the mean or average number of participants in each group who showed significant academic, social andemotional development problems. The figures used to determine this came from compiling data through educationalrecords, criminal history, behavioral incidents in school and substance abuse history.
    16. 16. Professional Work SamplesThe subjects were each rated on a scale of points, starting at zero, participants earned a point for every instance of pooracademic achievement (failing a class), behavioral issues (suspensions, expulsions, documented reprimands, criminalhistory or substance abuse history such as drug arrests or drug treatment program participation. So as to not double up oncriminal history and drug offences, subjects received only one mark for such results instead of 2. Results The mean point total for participants who were undiagnosed throughout childhood and adolescent development was18 with a standard deviation of 3, while the diagnosed and treated subjects had a mean score of 8 with a standard deviationof 2. The resulting data after performing a t-test showed significant differences, t(398)= 39.88, p < .05. This resulted in anactual confidence level of 100% meaning there was a significant difference between the two means at the selectedconfidence level. This means that there is indeed a significant difference in healthy development for those who werediagnosed and treated as opposed to those who were not.
    17. 17. Professional Work Samples Discussion In terms of implications on the field I think given the extent to which there was a correlation that it would beimportant to study and develop better ways in which to identify and treat ADHD from an early age. Much like with manyother learning disabilities, the manifestation of symptoms is generally ignored or attributed to other problems before finallybeing discovered for what they truly are. With a disorder such as ADHD where the individuals afflicted with it can still berelatively high functioning and not quite as obvious to the layman, more widespread and effective diagnostic criteria andtesting could prove beneficial. The amount of problems associated with ADHD and development lend itself to a moreintense look at how to deal with the issue, and potentially develop standardized tests to help identify potential signs oflearning disorders such as ADHD. It could be beneficial to mandate testing for elementary students that could help teachersand parents notice the warning signs before it compounds on itself and becomes something far worse.
    18. 18. Professional Work Samples ReferencesArgosy University, (2010). PSY302: online lecture. Retrieved on December 18, 2010 from http://myeclassonline.com/re/DotNextLaunch.asp?courseid=4592623&userid=4404775&sessionid=afda059086&ta bid=BJpcw5JpjElmG0IrFXra6eFol7PYjLF5NIV7WXr5nCgHB5HgKf53iBrFeTCuRNp1&macid=ZNPlvKlHHjEi3 BaNX5FOZG5WublvMHlVfns6AyESNpeWXi3UXyA5ph1LvDeN/+ezehFOtPkJxOK2BYFNSpw4aTcBVWYf7tv VN3drUbJvLH26KfH83MooCQhUJJDauc9yvtTmwiFzlzZ6cvJFCFPZGP/g9U1opvXiJr2nrUdjsdG8e6rNqcfXOZn 9LdFZ6JnkThomas J Spencer, Joseph Biederman, & Eric Mick. (2007). Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: Diagnosis, Lifespan, Comorbidities, and Neurobiology. Ambulatory Pediatrics: Measuring Outcomes in Attention Deficit Hyperactivity..., 7(1), 73-81. Retrieved November 24, 2010, from Career and Technical Education. (Document ID: 1224442731).
    19. 19. Professional Work SamplesCumyn, L., French, L., & Hechtman, L. (2009). Comorbidity in Adults With Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 54(10), 673-683. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.Sternstein, A. (2003). Unquiet Minds. Forbes, 172(10), 106-108. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.
    20. 20. Professional Work Samples Research SkillsKyle McNamaraArgosy University
    21. 21. Professional Work SamplesInstrumentation:In order to answer my research question of whether or not undiagnosed ADHD is detrimental to social, emotional andintellectual development I will be employing a T-test for independent samples in order to establish whether or not themeans of my two groups are statistically different from each other. It was chosen because this form of test is one of themost simple and accurate tests to perform in inferential statistics specifically when testing for a significance between twomeans. I will know if the results are significant depending on whether or not my t-value, coupled with the degrees offreedom I will reach a significance level to compare with a preset alpha level, necessary confidence level needed toconclude the difference between means is statistically significant (Argosy, 2010). For this research study, the alpha levelwill be set at .05.Results:After obtaining my sample of 300 young adults who were diagnosed with ADHD after high school, and 300 young adultsdiagnosed and treated from an early age, I would begin determining the mean or average number of participants in eachgroup who showed significant academic, social and emotional development problems. The figures used to determine thiscame from compiling data through educational records, criminal history, behavioral incidents in school and substance abusehistory.
    22. 22. Professional Work SamplesThe subjects were each rated on a scale of points, starting at zero, participants earned a point for every instance of pooracademic achievement (failing a class), behavioral issues (suspensions, expulsions, documented reprimands, criminalhistory or substance abuse history such as drug arrests or drug treatment program participation. So as to not double up oncriminal history and drug offences, subjects received only one mark for such results instead of 2. The mean point total forparticipants who were undiagnosed throughout childhood and adolescent development was 18 with a standard deviation of3, while the diagnosed and treated subjects had a mean score of 8 with a standard deviation of 2. After performing theformula for t-score the resulting value was 48.0384, with 598 being the degrees of freedom. This resulted in an actualconfidence level of 100% meaning there was a significant difference between the two means at the selected confidencelevel. This means that there is indeed a significant difference in healthy development for those who were diagnosed andtreated as opposed to those who were not.Threats to Validity:One of the biggest external threats to validity is the issue of selection bias, or issues in obtaining an accurate sample(Argosy, 2010). Since there is a certain level of obtrusion needed to obtain the necessary information, the informed consentprocess could end up turning away a substantial portion of respondents that could all share common characteristics. Interms of internal threats to validity, subject selection effects may prove the most detrimental to the study.
    23. 23. Professional Work SamplesThis is the phenomenon of not randomly assigning subjects to groups. Given the fact that the subjects were placed into theirgroup according to their history, it’s possible the sample could be skewed in a way unaccounted for. Maybe there are aninordinate number of subjects in the undiagnosed group who were raised in an environment where health care andsupervision were out of the question. It is possible that the sample would be heavily weighted towards the negative endwhere subjects were coming from broken homes with little support systems in place, setting them back regardless ofwhether or not they had ADHD. It is also possible that individuals of various cultures may respond differently to ADHDand how to cope or treat it. Without being careful to include a proportionate level of ethnic diversity the data couldpotentially have validity issues.Implications:In terms of implications on the field I think given the extent to which there was a correlation that it would be important tostudy and develop better ways in which to identify and treat ADHD from an early age. Much like with many other learningdisabilities, the manifestation of symptoms is generally ignored or attributed to other problems before finally beingdiscovered for what they truly are. With a disorder such as ADHD where the individuals afflicted with it can still berelatively high functioning and not quite as obvious to the layman, more widespread and effective diagnostic criteria andtesting could prove beneficial.
    24. 24. Professional Work SamplesThe amount of problems associated with ADHD and development lend itself to a more intense look at how to deal with theissue, and potentially develop standardized tests to help identify potential signs of learning disorders such as ADHD. Itcould be beneficial to mandate testing for elementary students that could help teachers and parents notice the warning signsbefore it compounds on itself and becomes something far worse.
    25. 25. Professional Work SamplesArgosy, (2010). PSY302: module 7: online lecture. Retrieved on December 15, 2010 from http://myeclassonline.com/re/DotNextLaunch.asp?courseid=4592623&userid=4404775&sessionid=9e7428ac19&ta bid=ApleVBmuayvQ4fM3oY4xttni5Nd6m8mfBUUE4cC2eSGobRYOrxeyHvuZjhomFr3Q&macid=KWayXTjLOz Qfr60sdxIf/xrgFekP31CJk0CDOJ1ry9LXNmJJFm+szDlUcJTzOqsU1q8ehyGffkev8DIYMxYMQ+yLdoHXt/EvB0 e2s1Nk/xI1ZdBxdbV39izHrgF95cSm/8R7Mh1FH2SkApJzgUrmD9FcTTJReahHTQRODB85dwykQerC5tSKkHQ OUxtNtJin
    26. 26. Professional Work SamplesCommunication Skills Kyle McNamara Argosy University
    27. 27. Professional Work SamplesHYPOTHESIS: The lack of uniform and comprehensive drug testing in professional boxing poses troubling questionswhich could potentially reveal the darkest and most tragic consequences of steroid use, unless legislative action forceschange.EXPLANATION: Over the last decade no story has dominated the sporting media more than the seeming saturation ofprofessional sports with performance enhancing drugs, with congress even pressuring some of the biggest leagues in ourcountry. For one reason or another though, the issue has gone relatively unaddressed in professional boxing until veryrecently as a result of contentious negotiations between Floyd Mayweather Jr. and Manny Pacquiao. Although there are avariety of reasons why boxing has been relatively impervious to the cloud cast by performance enhancing drugs, I think itactually poses the most troubling and potential for tragedy of all sports. Due to the brutal nature of boxing, the actions ofcheaters aren’t merely an assault on the record books, they are an assault on another person’s life. With the precedent set bycongress to intercede with the other major sports that resisted change, I believe they are not only within their right toaddress the issue in professional boxing, but should feel compelled. Unfortunately due to the lack of popularity boxingcurrently has, it may take a tragedy before this happens.
    28. 28. Professional Work SamplesSUBPOINTS:1) The issue of steroids and performance enhancing drugs have dominated professional sports coverage for over a decadenow.2) The unfair advantage gained through the use of performance enhancing drugs by means of increasedspeed, strength, reflexes and stamina poses the potential for serious injury or even fatality in a sport where two individualssquare off in close combat with little protective gear.3) With all of the evidence of boxers suffering from dementia or other mental illness, the use of performance enhancingdrugs in boxing could increase the rates of such illness amongst boxers.4) Although the number of boxers linked to performance enhancing drugs is relatively low compared to other majorsports, this is more likely representative of the extremely outdated drug testing currently used.5) There have been professional boxers linked to performance enhancing drugs, most notably the future hall of famerShane Mosley who was linked to the notorious PED lab BALCO.6) Organic change is unlikely due to the lack of a dominant and recognized organization such as there is in other sports likebaseball with the MLB. There are so many competing organizations that it would be extremely unlikely for anycollaboration to occur.
    29. 29. Professional Work Samples7) The lack of broad jurisdictional power for state athletic commissions who license and regulate fights from state to state,make it so that broad sweeping change would be extremely difficult.8) Congress has already set a precedent for intervention in the other professional sports, so doing so when considering therisks associated should seem warranted.OBJECTIONS:1) Congress should spending time and tax dollars on more pressing and universal issues such as health care.2) Testing for Performance enhancing drugs is an almost futile enterprise because the users will always find a way aroundthe tests.3) There is only so much change the government could hope to make since boxers and promoters may simply decide tomove their fights overseas.RESPONSE TO OBJECTIONS:1) This is an objection that was raised in response to congresses actions towards the MLB, and to a lesser extent the NFL.
    30. 30. Professional Work SamplesNow this may be a valid issue to raise in response to a sport like baseball where there is minimal contact, but given thebrutal nature and inherent risks associated in boxing, the consequences of such illicit drug use could prove fatal for aninnocent person who entered the ring at a severe disadvantage. In addition, since congress has already set precedent forsuch action, not doing so when the stakes are so much higher would be baffling to say the least.2) While it is true that the drug manufacturers and users will always be finding new ways around testing and the creation ofnew undetectable drugs, this amounts to little more than a straw man argument and would be analogous to not protectingour borders because smugglers will always find new ways to bring things in. Just because you can’t totally eradicate aproblem doesn’t mean you should allow the criminals free reign to cheat without any fear of repercussion. If history is anyjudge, even the cheaters who were ahead of the curve at the time have been exposed as time went on. The professionalboxer Shane Mosley is a perfect example of this, as he was exposed for using PED’s in a bout against Oscar De La Hoyathree years after the fact even though he had passed his drug tests at the time.
    31. 31. Professional Work Samples3) Although there has been precedent for promoters taking fights overseas for jurisdictional or political reasons, they aregenerally for reasons the general boxing public could agree with. If a promoter began taking his fighters overseas in orderto circumvent comprehensive drug testing, those fighters would met with suspicion by a good number of people, and in theend the fighters and promoters would feel it where it hurts most to them, their wallet.
    32. 32. Professional Work SamplesEthics and Diversity Awareness Kyle McNamara Argosy University
    33. 33. Professional Work Samples Identify the ethical code number and definition.The ACA’s ethical code that has been violated with regards to multicultural counseling and respecting diversity is C.5.Nondiscrimination (ACA, 2005). This code states, “Counselors do not condone or engage in discrimination based onage, culture, disability, ethnicity, race, religion/spirituality, gender, gender identity, sexual orientation, maritalstatus/partnership, language preference, socioeconomic status, or any basis proscribed by law. Counselors do notdiscriminate against clients, students, employees, supervisees, or research participants in a manner that has a negativeimpact on these persons.” (ACA, 2005). Analyze how the counselor in the case study violated the specific code. Joe violated this code in multiple ways throughout his treatment of Jill. The first breach came when Jill revealed hersexual orientation to Joe and he in turn responded with shock and condemnation. By telling Jill her feelings were “immoraland wrong” he was discriminating against her sexual orientation. This ethical breach is escalated further when he refuses todiscuss it anymore in their therapy. This behavior by Joe is unethical and likely very damaging to Jill, it is the therapist’sduty to respect individual diversity but he is castigating hers.
    34. 34. Professional Work Samples Joe then goes on to breach ethical code C.5. again when Jill discloses her upbringing in a traditional Asian-Americanhome. She explains that she is having difficulty reconciling her individual wants with the cultural norms she wishes torespect and uphold. Joe however acts unethically by expressing his inability to relate to her cultural values and furthermorethat he wasn’t required to research them because of his location. This is a clear violation of the ethical code as counselorsare expected to respect multicultural differences and adapt their therapeutic behavior to be in accordance with the client’svalue system. By refusing to put forth an effort in doing so and subsequently not trying to refer her to someone who couldhelp her Joe is acting even more unethically. Examine the influence of your own personal values as it relates to the issue presented in the case.When examining the case and the issues presented in it I don’t believe my own personal values would have any impact onmy ability to treat Jill effectively. Although I myself am a white heterosexual male who grew up in a more western valueshousehold, I don’t hold any prejudices towards Jill’s upbringing or sexual orientation. So I don’t think my own personalvalues would influence me to act in anyway unethical directly or intentionally, it would be important for me to study andeducate myself on the values held by not only Jill, but the values held in a macro sense by the culture or groups sheidentifies with.
    35. 35. Professional Work SamplesThe reason this would be important is because without being able to understand and empathize to her world view, I may dothings unintentionally that could be misconstrued by Jill and deemed offensive or at least make her uncomfortable. Anexample of this could be something as simple as revealing the soles of my shoes to a Muslim, which could be taken as asign of disrespect even though I may not even realize I was doing it. This is why it is important for counselors to beeducated thoroughly on matters of multiculturalism and diversity; even a good intentioned therapist could end up behavingin a way detrimental to the patient.
    36. 36. Professional Work SamplesAmerican Counseling Association (2005). ACA Code of Ethics. Alexandria, VA: Author.
    37. 37. Professional Work SamplesKnowledge of Foundations of the Field Kyle McNamara Argosy University
    38. 38. Professional Work SamplesTed likes to study different personality theories. He believes that his favorite theory best describes the wayhuman nature operates and the concept of behavioral change. In fact, most people are like Ted when theystudy theories of personality. They find that one theory stands out as their favorite.In this final exercise, analyze aspects of your self-assessment from the preceding Final Projectassignments, and apply them to the theory of your choice.Working from the vantage point of that personality theory, address the following points:Theory ChosenI chose to analyze my personality from the vantage point of the humanistic perspective. The reason I chose thistheory of personality is because fundamentally humanist theory believes that people are good by nature, anddestructive thoughts or behaviors are simply a manifestation of false perceptions and individual holds(Argosy, 2009). Humanist theory is largely based around the idea that all humans possess some sort of inherentworth, and that the fundamental goal in life is to maximize this personal worth and potential through growth andunderstanding (Argosy, 2009). I chose this theory because I think a major detriment to my life and personality is atendency to view myself and my actions negatively and to not strive for my potential.
    39. 39. Professional Work SamplesHow will you describe your personality? What characteristics or traits best describe what you know yourselfto be?I think that when describing my personality two of the most important traits which have a major effect on who Iknow myself to be as a person are intense impulsivity and a lack of self-control coupled with negative self-worth. Iam an extremely impulsive person and it has a very destructive force in my life. I constantly engage in behaviors towhich I know I shouldn’t or regret later but give little to the consequences of which beforehand. Whether thismanifests itself socially and I do act in ways harmful to myself or others or personally where I neglect or avoidresponsibilities, my lack of self-control has disastrous consequences on my life. Humanist theory would likely seethis as being a trait caused by poor habits or anxieties to which I have become stuck and that are not congruent withthe person I am capable of becoming. Humanists believe that the present is the most important time because it iswhere changes towards self-improvement are possible and that dwelling on the past will negatively impact aperson’s self-worth (Argosy, 2009). A good amount of the time I find myself in a state of self-loathing over prioractions and behaviors and tend to succumb to my impulses as a way of comforting my anxieties. Humanist theorywould view this tendency to act impulsively as a means of defense to which I try and alleviate anxiety caused byprior consequences of destructive behavior (Argosy, 2009).
    40. 40. Professional Work SamplesThe feelings of self-worth I have are a manifestation of my impulsive nature and lack of control over thoseimpulses. Although I generally feel as though I possess a good deal of potential, I am constantly focused on myfaults and past behaviors which affects my personality in very negative ways and makes me a somewhat miserableperson to interact with. Rogers would describe my personality as being incongruent with my potential for self-actualization because I desire to strive towards reaching my potential, but allow my perceptions and pastexperiences to dictate my behaviors and actions (Herganhahn, Olson, 2007).What is the major force responsible for the origin and development of your personality, including thebiological, temperamental, environmental, and other aspects?I believe according to the humanist theory the major force responsible for the development of my personality wouldbe the product of temperamental forces. Humanists viewed all humans as innately good, and tend to have a drivetowards fulfillment of potential (Argosy, 2009). Since temperament is a person’s genetic predisposition towardscertain mental and behavioral traits I think the development of my personality according to humanists would belargely influenced by temperament (Dictionary, 2009). Since humanists viewed all humans as being innately goodand possessing a motivation towards self-fulfillment, the negative aspects of my personality could be described as aform of defense against the anxiety caused by lack of fulfillment (Argosy, 2009).
    41. 41. Professional Work SamplesRogers would view my personality traits as being maladaptive and incongruent with my organismic valuing processbecause I know they are incompatible with self-actualization but possess them regardless(Herganhahn, Olson, 2009). My tendency towards negative self-loathing would be attributable to my failure toperform to my full potential which goes against my innate desire to do so. It is likely that by acting impulsively is aresult of subceiving an experience as not being compatible with my view of self-worth and therefore actingimpulsively is a form of defense to avoid anxiety (Herganhahn, Olson, 2007). This is likely because while growingup I was abused by my father and always treated poorly and inhuman. Through the years I was never complimentedfor anything and constantly made to feel as though I was a failure. Rogers would say that my impulsivity and lowself-worth are a manifestation of interjected conditions of worth derived from my father (Herganhahn, Olson, 2008).Since I view myself as people of low self-worth which is not congruent with reality, I submit to my impulsivebehavior as a form of denial as to my true self and reality (Herganhahn, Olson, 2008).Identify one behavior that you want to change in your life.One behavior in my life that I want to change would be my tendency to neglect or avoid personal responsibilitiessuch as schoolwork or paying bills. I constantly have a hard time getting myself to sit down and focus on things towhich I know I need to get down and instead let my impulses take over and distract me until it is too late.
    42. 42. Professional Work SamplesWhat does your chosen theory have to say about the types of behavior that you want to change?Humanistic theory would say that this behavior would likely be caused by maladjustment between my innate desiretowards self-actualization and perceptions of self-worth inflicted by introjection of another’s values(Herganhahn, Olson, 2008). This tendency towards this behavior would be considered a defense mechanism bywhich I avoided reaching my full potential because of the anxiety that would cause my low feelings of self-worth(Herganhahn, Olson, 2008).Is it possible to change behavior? If so, how might this be accomplished?According to humanistic theory it is possible to change behavior, and in doing so the individual must focus on thepresent as this is where they are able to implement change (Argosy, 2009). In order to accomplish changing thisbehavior it would be important for me to take full responsibility for myself, and in doing so rework my perceptionsof personal self-worth (Argosy, 2009). By taking responsibility for my own actions and realizing that I am capableof achieving my goals, I would be able to pursue personal growth and a realistic understanding of my self-worth andpotential (Argosy, 2009). Realigning my subjective experiences closer to reality as opposed to those interjected bymy upbringing would be influential and changing my behavior (Argosy, 2009).
    43. 43. Professional Work SamplesWhat have you learned about your personality due to this course?I have learned a lot about my personality due to this course and especially humanistic theory. I have come tounderstand that a lot of my behaviors were manifestations of interjected value of myself and potential as a result ofan abusive upbringing (Herganhahn, Olson, 2009). Through repeated abuse and constant criticism I came to viewmyself as an individual who would likely amount to nothing. This caused great anxiety in my life and is truly anobstacle for me to overcome if I would like to become a congruent person. I know I possess great potential and thetools in which to be successful and happy but through the indoctrination of viewing myself as being worthless Ihave developed a lot of maladaptive behaviors and negative personality traits. This has caused me to have little self-worth and constantly be miserable and anxious about the future, I also constantly neglect things to which I trulydesire because I have this false belief that I am incapable of amounting to anything. Although this has caused greatdespair in my life I think that at least going forward if I stay focused on the present and realizing my goal that I canwork towards self-actualization and eventually become a much more congruent and healthily developed person.
    44. 44. Professional Work SamplesArgosy University, (2009). PSY 361: Module 7: Online Lecture. Retrieved on October 28, 2009 from http://myeclassonline.com/ec/crs/default.learn?CourseID=3638408&Survey=1&47=4404775&ClientNodeID=4045 11&coursenav=2&bhcp=1Hergenhahn, B. R. & Olson, M. H. (2007). An Introduction to Theories of Personality. (7th Ed). Upper Saddler River, N.J.:Pearson
    45. 45. Professional Work SamplesKnowledge of Applied Psychology Kyle McNamara Argosy University
    46. 46. Professional Work SamplesAlthough I temporarily no longer have access to the work I have done in the field of Applied Psychology, I believe thework I did in completing the course at Argosy University, Industrial and Organizational Psychology gave me a solidfoundation in this field. One of the major things I took away from this course was the way in which psychological theoriesand research studies could be applied to the workplace to encourage a more productive environment. Research done on hownoise and lighting can affect worker productivity would be very beneficial in running a business. Also communication andnegotiation strategies are beneficial for human resource officers in dealing with employee moral or conflict. Usingpsychological theories or ideas is also something I regularly use in my own life to help better organize and navigate throughconflicts in my day to day life and interaction with other people. Using tools learned in interpersonal communicationcourses such as active listening are also very important ways in which I have made use of applied psychology.
    47. 47. Professional Work SamplesInterpersonal Effectiveness Kyle McNamara Argosy University
    48. 48. Professional Work SamplesComparing the Effectiveness ofCognitive-Behavioral Therapy toStimulant Medication for ADHD
    49. 49. What is ADHD?• ADHD is a biological development disorder with three hallmark symptoms;• Inattention• Hyperactivity• Impulsiveness (Lavoi, 2008).
    50. 50. Continued• The DSM-IV classifies three separate subtypes in the diagnosis of ADHD;• Predominately Inattentive• Predominately Hyperactive• Combined Inattentive/Hyperactive
    51. 51. Stimulant Medication• One of the most common treatment options for ADHD is stimulant medication.• The two main forms of medication used are Methylphenidate (MPH) and amphetamines (Findling, 2008).
    52. 52. Efficacy of Stimulant Medication• Research studies have continually shown both immediate release and controlled release MPH to be effective and tolerable long-term.• Studies have shown the use of stimulant medication to be extremely effective in combatting the symptoms of ADHD.
    53. 53. Need for Individually Specific Dosage• The type and intensity of ADHD and its symptoms varies greatly between individuals (Powell et al., 2011).• Comorbid disorders may also develop such as depression, anxiety or substance abuse (Powell et al., 2011).• These issues dictate a need to take each individual case separately in order to provide proper dosage and medication option (Powell, et al., 2011).
    54. 54. Need for Individually Specific Dosage• The type and intensity of ADHD and its symptoms varies greatly between individuals (Powell et al., 2011).• Comorbid disorders may also develop such as depression, anxiety or substance abuse (Powell et al., 2011).• These issues dictate a need to take each individual case separately in order to provide proper dosage and medication option (Powell, et al., 2011).
    55. 55. Weaknesses of Stimulant Medication• The major problem with stimulant medication is the potential for abuse or illegal distribution.• There has long been a stigma associated with its use for children and questions regarding its safety.
    56. 56. Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy• Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is another commonly used treatment option for ADHD.• Advocates for CBT view ADHD as a cognitive deficiency that prevents a child from thinking properly before acting on an impulse(Miranda, Presentacion, 2000).
    57. 57. Continued• CBT consists of teaching kids methods of self-control to alter behavior and cognitive functioning (Miranda, Presentacion, 2000).• Modeling is a technique used to help teach children acceptable behavior (Miranda, Presentacion, 2000).
    58. 58. Efficacy of CBT for ADHD• CBT was found to be effective in reducing aggression when paired with anger management (Miranda, Presentacion, 2000).• Research on CBT for adolescents with ADHD showed significant reductions in problem areas specific to this age group (Sibley et al., 2010).
    59. 59. Combined medication and CBT• Combining CBT with stimulant medication may be the most effective method of treatment• Research on adults with ADHD showed tremendous improvement when combining CBT with stimulant medication (“Cognitive Behavioral,” 2010).
    60. 60. Conclusion• Both stimulant medication and CBT are effective forms of treatment for ADHD.• It is important for doctors or therapists to take into account all the extraneous variables and issues particular to each individual in determining effective treatment and dosage options.• Further research needs to be conducted on the effectiveness of combined treatment especially with regards to children.
    61. 61. ReferencesChelonis, J. J., Johnson, T. A., Ferguson, S. A., Berry, K. J., Kubacak, B., Edwards, M. C., Paule, M. G., (2011). Effect of methylphenidate on motivation in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Experimental and clinical psychopharmacology, 19(2), 145-153. doi:10.1037/a0022794Findling, R. L., (2008). Evolution of the treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in children: a review. Clinical Therapeutics, 30(5), 942-957. doi:10.1016/j.clinthera.2008.05.006Lavoie, T. (2008, Part 1: Introduction and overview to ADHD. The Exceptional Parent, 38(3), 74-74-75. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/223497621?accountid=34899
    62. 62. ContinuedMiranda, A., & Presentacion, M. (2000). Efficacy of cognitive-behavioral therapy in the treatment of children with adhd, with and without aggressiveness. Psychology in the Schools, 37(2), 169. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.Powell, S. G., Thomsen, P. H., Frydenberg, M., & Rasmussen, H. (2011). Long-term treatment of ADHD with stimulants: A large observational study of real-life patients. Journal of Attention Disorders, 15(6), 439-439- 451. doi:10.1177/1087054710368486Sibley, M. H., Pelham, W. E., Evens, S. W., Gnagy, E. M., Ross, M. J., Greiner, R. A., (2010). An evaluation of a summer treatment program for adolescents with adhd. Cognitive and Behavioral Practice, 18(4), 530-544. doi:10.1016/j.cbpra.2010.09.002
    63. 63. My Future in LearningIn terms of lifelong learning, I see myself continuing on to graduateschool in order to obtain a Masters degree. From there I foresee myselfcontinuing onto higher education or at the very least continuing to takeclasses and courses to keep myself updated on the current trends inthe field of psychology. Ever since I first became interested inpsychology I have become obsessed with books on evolutionarypsychology and anthropology, as well as cognition and theories ofpersonality. Whenever I finish a book I inevitably go find another andhaven’t spent much time reading anything but non-fiction psychologyrelated books in the last 5 years. It is a topic and field I thoroughly enjoyand would spend time learning about it even if I didn’t plan to make acareer out of it. I hope that choosing to make a career out of it actuallyboosts my thirst for knowledge in the field and I never cease to befascinated by the subject.
    64. 64. Contact Me Thank you for viewing my ePortfolio. For further information, pleasecontact me at the e-mail address below. Kmcnamara@mail.com

    ×