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Gum Disease: An Overview

A brief overview of gum disease, its symptoms, risk factors, complications, treatment, and prevention.

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Gum Disease:
An Overview
GINGIVITIS
Gingivitis is the most common type
of gum disease. In fact, according to
the CDC, approximately half of all
American adults suffer from gum
disease. A majority of those are
cases of gingivitis.
PERIODONTITIS
When left untreated, gingivitis will
progress to periodontitis, a more
dangerous form of gum disease.
Periodontitis is linked to a number of
serious and even fatal complications.
SYMPTOMS OF GINGIVITIS
Gum tissue that is red,
swollen, or inflamed
may indicate gingivitis.
Gums that bleed easily
when brushed or
scratched are likely
infected.
Persistent bad breath
that does not get
better after brushing
is a sign of gingivitis.
RED OR SWOLLEN GUMS GUMS THAT BLEED CHRONIC HALITOSIS
SYMPTOMS OF PERIODONTITIS
Teeth that have
become loose in the
absence of trauma
indicate periodontitis.
Gum tissue that pulls
away from teeth and
teeth shifting out of
place are signs of
periodontitis.
Tooth loss often
accompanies
advanced gum
disease.
LOOSE TEETH TOOTH LOSS
RECEEDING
GUMS/SHIFTING TEETH
RISK FACTORS
Smoking tobacco
increases risks for
gum disease by
damaging healthy
tissue and impairing
the body's ability to
fight infection.
TOBACCO
More than two
alcoholic drinks
per day increases
your risks for gum
disease, dry
mouth, and oral
cancer.
HEAVY DRINKING
The leading risk
factor for gum
disease is
inadequate
oral care.
POOR ORAL HYGIENE
COMPLICATIONS
Heart attack
Stroke
Hypertension
Kidney failure
Liver failure
Type 2 diabetes
Alzheimer's and Dementia
Erectile Dysfunction
Gum disease increases risks for:

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Gum Disease: An Overview

  • 2. GINGIVITIS Gingivitis is the most common type of gum disease. In fact, according to the CDC, approximately half of all American adults suffer from gum disease. A majority of those are cases of gingivitis. PERIODONTITIS When left untreated, gingivitis will progress to periodontitis, a more dangerous form of gum disease. Periodontitis is linked to a number of serious and even fatal complications.
  • 3. SYMPTOMS OF GINGIVITIS Gum tissue that is red, swollen, or inflamed may indicate gingivitis. Gums that bleed easily when brushed or scratched are likely infected. Persistent bad breath that does not get better after brushing is a sign of gingivitis. RED OR SWOLLEN GUMS GUMS THAT BLEED CHRONIC HALITOSIS
  • 4. SYMPTOMS OF PERIODONTITIS Teeth that have become loose in the absence of trauma indicate periodontitis. Gum tissue that pulls away from teeth and teeth shifting out of place are signs of periodontitis. Tooth loss often accompanies advanced gum disease. LOOSE TEETH TOOTH LOSS RECEEDING GUMS/SHIFTING TEETH
  • 5. RISK FACTORS Smoking tobacco increases risks for gum disease by damaging healthy tissue and impairing the body's ability to fight infection. TOBACCO More than two alcoholic drinks per day increases your risks for gum disease, dry mouth, and oral cancer. HEAVY DRINKING The leading risk factor for gum disease is inadequate oral care. POOR ORAL HYGIENE
  • 6. COMPLICATIONS Heart attack Stroke Hypertension Kidney failure Liver failure Type 2 diabetes Alzheimer's and Dementia Erectile Dysfunction Gum disease increases risks for:
  • 7. CANCER While evidence is still being compiled, initial studies suggest periodontitis is linked to the development of several forms of cancer. Among these are: Colon cancer Esophageal cancer Pancreatic cancer Breast cacner
  • 8. TREATMENT At NYC Smile Design, we provide several gum disease treatments. Among these are: Scaling and Root Planing Gum Recontouring Periodontal Plastic Surgery Periodontal Flap Surgery
  • 9. AT HOME You can help prevent gum disease at home by brushing your teeth after every meal and flossing morning and night. IN OFFICE Biannual visits are also essential for the prevention of gum disease - and useful for the detection of gingivitis, enabling treatment before infection deepens.
  • 10. CALL NYC SMILE DESIGN (212) 574-4660 TO SCHEDULE AN APPOINTMENT