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Hybrid concurrency patterns


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Ruby developers need to stop using EventMachine. It's the wrong direction.

Lost in the "Threads vs Event Driven vs Process Spawning" debate is that you can combine them! Learn how Celluloid is improving thread programming by abstracting them using a higher level framework called Celluloid, how you can use Celluloid::IO to throw a reactor pattern into a thread. Using this approach, you can take advantage of threading and use all CPU power on a machine with JRuby or Rubinius. I also discuss the future of distributed objects and computing, and where I think things are going.

Published in: Entertainment & Humor
  • Hey guys! Who wants to chat with me? More photos with me here 👉
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  • i really can't tell all you young kids how much of my life i've spent debugging shitty threaded code and writing libraries to make is less error prone.

    it can't be done.

    give up. move on.
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  • @bdicasa I certainly agree that detecting bugs caused by non-threadsafe code can be very difficult, my core thesis remains strong and I stick to it. If you focus on making your code threadsafe when you design and build it initially, then you don't NEED to worry about finding bugs due to threading issues. When thread safety is written into every object from the start (which really isn't all that hard, really) then you won't have to address threading bugs, because they won't exist.
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  • @Brendten I'm not arguing the fact that knowing how to write thread-safe code is an absolute for any software developer. I'm also not arguing the fact that learning how to write thread safe code is hard. However issues with threading can be hard to detect, so why not use concurrency patterns that help you to avoid race conditions and deadlocks?
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  • @peterashford9 So true, Peter. I love Ruby, but I'm not a 'Rubyist'. A problem I've always had with a large group of 'rubyists' out there is that they seem to think being a Ruby dev absolves them from learning CS fundamentals in any way. You can't be a ruby developer without being a developer. Just because you started out as a Web designer/developer and found Ruby by way of Rails doesn't mean you can just ignore and/or not learn and practice the skills that are required fundamentals for software engineers using other languages. I would never even considering hiring a Java dev who couldn't write threadsafe code. Why should I consider hiring a 'rubyist' who can't, either? I hire developers who have the skills and knowledge that form the foundations of CS. If you have that, you can learn Java, or Ruby, or Python, or Objective C, or (*gack*) C# (or even more esoteric languages and frameworks we might use from time to time like Erlang, or OCaml, or Haskell, or whatever).
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Hybrid concurrency patterns

  1. 1. Threads and Events inHarmony with Celluloid Kyle Drake
  2. 2. Hi, I’m Kyle Drake. Iwork at Geoloqi Esri.We built a geofencing Textand real-time location streaming platform.
  3. 3. Last year, IText a didtalk at KRTConf.
  4. 4. I was really intopure event-driven Text(reactor patternbased) architecture.
  5. 5. EventMachine, Twisted, Node.js• Event-driven Text• No threads• One CPU core• Process Spawning
  6. 6. I releasedsinatra-synchrony,so I could use TextEventMachinewithout callbacks.
  7. 7. Since then, I’ve Textchanged my mind.
  8. 8. I’m really not a fanof EventMachine Textanymore.
  9. 9. EventMachine is• A frankenstein - guts the ruby internals• Not in active development Text• Makes non-blocking IO block• Requires special code from Ruby libraries• Hard to use in an OOP way• Is really difficult to work with• Poorly documented
  10. 10. Ruby developersneed to stop usingEventMachine. It’s Textthe wrongdirection.
  11. 11. Check thisbenchmark Textout:
  12. 12. Text
  13. 13. Predictions:More Cores.A lot more.
  14. 14. Predictions:More libraries =more memory
  15. 15. Will processspawning work forever? It might.
  16. 16. It might not.Thousands of cores?
  17. 17. Ruby MRI:Global Interpreter Lock (single CPU core) Rubinius and JRuby: Full threading (multiple CPU cores)~20KB per thread
  18. 18. We’re not finding a lot of thread safety issues in Ruby.
  19. 19. “Threading is hard”
  20. 20. Threading is not an intention!
  21. 21. Let’s fix it by abstractingthreads into how humans think!
  22. 22.• Developed by Tony Arcieri• Actor Pattern for Ruby• Lots of inspiration from Erlang
  23. 23. Each actor is aconcurrent objectrunning in its own thread
  24. 24. First “Killer App”: Sidekiq Mike Perham
  25. 25. Don’t get mewrong. Event-driven is still awesome.
  26. 26. “..seasoned engineers areusing a mix of threaded,event-based, andalternative concurrencyapproaches like Actors” - Alex Payne
  27. 27. What if we couldcombine threads and reactor patterns.. and actors?!
  28. 28.• One reactor pattern per Celluloid object• Multiple reactors? No problem!• Doesn’t mess with code outside of actor• Utilizes all CPU cores (using JRuby and Rubinius)• Websockets, messaging systems, your hugelysuccessful blog
  29. 29. You dont have tochoose between threaded and evented IO!
  30. 30. Let’s getdistributed.
  31. 31. "I thought of objects being like biological cells and/or individual computers on a network, only able to communicate with messages" - Alan Kay
  32. 32. Guess who was really into distributed network objects?
  33. 33. NeXT experimented with distributedobjects in the mid 90s.NeXT was way ahead of its time.
  34. 34. "Objects can message objects transparentlythat live on other machines over the network, and you dont have to worry about thenetworking gunk, and you dont have to worry about finding them, and you dont have to worry about anything. Its just as if you messaged an object thats right next door." - Steve Jobs
  35. 35. “Portable Distributed Objects”
  36. 36. • Objects talk over networks! • Uses 0MQ • Aware of eachothers’ existence • Distributed gossip protocol • Web UI • In the early stages, very promising
  38. 38. Help UsBuild This!
  39. 39. Thanks!