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An Introduction to
Podcasting Hammers Hardware
DC Podfest – Tech Talk
November 10, 2018
Podcasting Gear 101
WELCOME TO PODCASTING
WELCOME TO PODCASTING
WELCOME TO PODCASTING
YOU ARE
HERE GOAL!
#1 – Podcasting Gear Principles
#2 – Parts and Pieces
#3 – Situational Podcasting
PODCASTING GEAR 101
Talk Topics
#1 – PODCASTING GEAR PRINCIPLES
#1 – Podcasting Gear Principles
#1 – PODCASTING GEAR PRINCIPLES
“If all you have is a hammer,
everything looks like a nail.”
-- Abraham Maslow
#1 – PODCASTING GEAR PRINCIPLES
The 5 Principles of Podcasting Gear
• Podcasting Gear is a set of audio hardware components.
• All audio hardware components are tools.
• Not all tools are created equal.
• No all Podcaster set of tools are the same.
• Tool popularity is influenced  marketing over usefulness.
#2 – PODCASTING PARTS AND PIECES
#2 – Parts and Pieces
Basic Recording Setup
• Computer
• Microphone
• Headphones
• Recording Software
• Internet Connection
#2 – PODCASTING PARTS AND PIECES
Basic Recording Setup
Laptop
Media Host
#2 – PODCASTING PARTS AND PIECES
Microphone
Headphones
USB Equipment Cabling
#2 – PODCASTING PARTS AND PIECES
USB Standard USB Mini
Music Microphones
• Condenser Microphones
• Great for Musicians/Singers
• Difficult to edit out sounds
• Usually need power
• Shotgun and Lavalier Mics
#2 – PODCASTING PARTS AND PIECES
– Blue Snowball – Blue Yeti
Podcasting Microphones
• Dynamic/Cardioid Mics
• Made for Radio/Podcasting
• Good at removing room noise
• Usually does not require power
• Need to get close to record
– Audio Technica
ATR2100 USB ($65)
– Heil Sound
PR-40 ($330)
#2 – PODCASTING PARTS AND PIECES
Dynamic/Cardioid
– Audio Technica
ATR2100 USB
– Heil PR-40
Condenser
– Blue Snowball
– Blue Yeti
#2 – PODCASTING PARTS AND PIECES
Recording Software
• Record Your Voice
• Adobe Audition ($49/mo.)
• Hindenburg ($95/copy)
• Audacity (Free + Plugins)
• Garage Band ($5)
#2 – PODCASTING PARTS AND PIECES
Advanced Recording Setup
DAW (digital audio workstation)
• Computer
• Audio Recording Software
• Audio Mixer
• XLR Microphone(s)
• Pop-Filters and Stands
• Headphones
• External Devices
• Studio Environment
#2 – PODCASTING PARTS AND PIECES
Advanced Recording Setups
Microphone #1
Laptop
Media Host
Headphones
Audio Mixer
Smartphone
#2 – PODCASTING PARTS AND PIECES
Microphone #2
XLR Equipment Cabling
#2 – PODCASTING PARTS AND PIECES
TS/TRS Equipment Cabling
#2 – PODCASTING PARTS AND PIECES
Mono Signal (L)Stereo Signal (L/R)
Two Mono Combining
to form a stereo TRS
Intro to Audio Mixers
Mixing Board, Mixing Desk,
Mixing Console, or Sound Board
• Multiple Microphones
• Multiple Devices
• Built for growth ($$-$$$)
Channels
• Complex Setup
Cabling and Use
#2 – PODCASTING PARTS AND PIECES
External Devices into Mixer
• Connect Smartphone,
Tablet, or player
• Skype call directly into
mixer
• Live show and sound
effects
#2 – PODCASTING PARTS AND PIECES
#2 – PODCASTING PARTS AND PIECES
Other Audio Setups
• Compressor/Limiter/Gate ($$$)
Optimize your workflow
• Studio Monitor Speakers
Listen without Headphones
• Axillary Recorders
Backup Recording
Recording on the Road
• No computer needed
• Mixed audio results
• Raw Audio Files
• Background noise
• Minimal Editing
#2 – PODCASTING PARTS AND PIECES
Mobile Recording Setup
Microphone #1
Laptop
Media Host
Headphones
Mobile Recorder
Smartphone
#2 – PODCASTING PARTS AND PIECES
Microphone #2
Mobile as Recorders
• Mobile Phone ($$$)
Onboard Microphone
• Extending Mobile Phones
Add-on Mics
• Sound Quality
• Background Sounds
M#2 – PODCASTING PARTS AND PIECES
Field Recorders
• Hand-held recorders ($$-$$$)
Portable Mini-Studios
• Creates multitrack files
Downloadable WAV/MP3
• Complex Setup
Configuration and Use
#2 – PODCASTING PARTS AND PIECES
Recording Online
• Call Recorders
• Double-Header Recording
• Your Own Phone
• Take Calls or Add Hosts
• YouTube Live Shows
#2 – PODCASTING PARTS AND PIECES
#3 – SITUATIONAL PODCASTING
#3 – Situational Podcasting
#1 – PODCASTING GEAR PRINCIPLES
“A person with a new idea
is a crank until the idea succeeds.”
-- Mark Twain
PODCAST GEAR RODEO
What equipment do I need
to record my podcast?
PODCAST GEAR RODEO
What do I need to work
on my bike?
PODCAST GEAR RODEO
Well… what kind of bike is it?
PODCAST GEAR RODEO
Or is what you call a bike not what I call a bike?
Level.01 – Beginner
#3 – SITUATIONAL PODCASTING
– Characters on “Last Man Standing” producing a podcast with everything you need. (Source: ABC)
Level.02 – Novice
#3 – SITUATIONAL PODCASTING
– Marc Marion interviews the POTUS on his podcast “WTF with Marc Marion”. (Source: LATimes.com)
Level.03 – Professional
#3 – SITUATIONAL PODCASTING
– NPR podcast training and production room. (Source: npr.org)
Level.04 – Production Studio
#3 – SITUATIONAL PODCASTING
#3 – SITUATIONAL PODCASTING
Each Podcast Show Requirements are Different
• Type of Show
• Number of Hosts
• Recording Locations
• Show Budget
• Technical Skill
#3 – SITUATIONAL PODCASTING
What equipment best serves
my podcasting situation?
#3 – SITUATIONAL PODCASTING
Example #1
1 x Host
1 x Studio
Microphone
Headphones
Laptop
USB Cables
Audio Cables
#3 – SITUATIONAL PODCASTING
Example #1
1 x Host
1 x Studio
Microphone
Headphones
Laptop
2nd
Microphones
2nd
HeadphoneAdd a Guest
In Studio/Online
Headphone
Splitter
Skype
AccountUSB
Port Hub
USB Cables
Audio Cables
#3 – SITUATIONAL PODCASTING
Example #2
2 x Hosts
1 x Studio
Laptop XLR Cables
Audio Cables
2x Microphones
2x Headphone
Mixer
#3 – SITUATIONAL PODCASTING
Example #2
2 x Hosts
1 x Studio
Laptop XLR Cables
Audio Cables
Mixer
3rd
Microphones
3rd
HeadphoneAdd a Guest
In Studio/Online
Headphone
Amp
Skype
Account
2x Microphones
2x Headphone
#3 – SITUATIONAL PODCASTING
Example #3
2 x Hosts
1 x Studio
Laptop XLR Cables
Audio Cables
Mixer
2x Microphones
2x Headphone
#3 – SITUATIONAL PODCASTING
Example #3
2 x Hosts
1 x Studio
Laptop XLR Cables
Audio Cables
Mixer
2x Microphones
2x Headphone
1 x Host/1 x Guest
Remote Studios
Internet
Connection
#3 – SITUATIONAL PODCASTING
How crazy can this podcasting
gear thing get?
MOBILE PODCASTER GEAR
1 x Host/1 x Guest
1 x Mobile Location
#3 – SITUATIONAL PODCASTING
Multi-Host/Multi-Guest
Multi-Studios
#3 – SITUATIONAL PODCASTING
Types of Shows
1 x Host
1 x Mobile
2 x Hosts
2 x Remote Studios
1 x Host/1 x Guest
2 x Remote Studios
1 x Host/2 x Guest
3 x Remote Studios
2 x Hosts/2 x Guest
4 x Remote Studios
#3 – SITUATIONAL PODCASTING
Types of Shows
4+ Hosts/Actors
1 x Pro Studio
1 x Host/1 x Guest
1 x Mobile Location
1 x Host/3+ Guest Panel
1 x Mobile Location
#3 – SITUATIONAL PODCASTING
The 5 ADDITIONAL Principles of Podcasting Gear
• Test, test, test… then test some more.
• YOU will sound different on other peoples gear.
• Keep it simple – Complexity creates chaos.
• Garbage in, garbage out. Garbage gear, Garbage results.
• There is no PERFECT setup.
PODCASTING GEAR 101
So… what podcasting gear
do you NEED
to start YOUR podcast?
VAPODA Meetup -- http://vapoda.org
First Monday – Every Month
Germanna Community College
Fredericksburg, Virginia
Virginia Podcasters Association
THANK YOU
Kyle Bondo
Gagglepod.com
kyle@gagglepod.com
Vapoda.org
kyle@vapoda.org

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DC Podfest Tech Talk: Podcasting Gear 101

  • 1. An Introduction to Podcasting Hammers Hardware DC Podfest – Tech Talk November 10, 2018 Podcasting Gear 101
  • 4. WELCOME TO PODCASTING YOU ARE HERE GOAL!
  • 5. #1 – Podcasting Gear Principles #2 – Parts and Pieces #3 – Situational Podcasting PODCASTING GEAR 101 Talk Topics
  • 6. #1 – PODCASTING GEAR PRINCIPLES #1 – Podcasting Gear Principles
  • 7. #1 – PODCASTING GEAR PRINCIPLES “If all you have is a hammer, everything looks like a nail.” -- Abraham Maslow
  • 8. #1 – PODCASTING GEAR PRINCIPLES The 5 Principles of Podcasting Gear • Podcasting Gear is a set of audio hardware components. • All audio hardware components are tools. • Not all tools are created equal. • No all Podcaster set of tools are the same. • Tool popularity is influenced  marketing over usefulness.
  • 9. #2 – PODCASTING PARTS AND PIECES #2 – Parts and Pieces
  • 10. Basic Recording Setup • Computer • Microphone • Headphones • Recording Software • Internet Connection #2 – PODCASTING PARTS AND PIECES
  • 11. Basic Recording Setup Laptop Media Host #2 – PODCASTING PARTS AND PIECES Microphone Headphones
  • 12. USB Equipment Cabling #2 – PODCASTING PARTS AND PIECES USB Standard USB Mini
  • 13. Music Microphones • Condenser Microphones • Great for Musicians/Singers • Difficult to edit out sounds • Usually need power • Shotgun and Lavalier Mics #2 – PODCASTING PARTS AND PIECES – Blue Snowball – Blue Yeti
  • 14. Podcasting Microphones • Dynamic/Cardioid Mics • Made for Radio/Podcasting • Good at removing room noise • Usually does not require power • Need to get close to record – Audio Technica ATR2100 USB ($65) – Heil Sound PR-40 ($330) #2 – PODCASTING PARTS AND PIECES
  • 15. Dynamic/Cardioid – Audio Technica ATR2100 USB – Heil PR-40 Condenser – Blue Snowball – Blue Yeti #2 – PODCASTING PARTS AND PIECES
  • 16. Recording Software • Record Your Voice • Adobe Audition ($49/mo.) • Hindenburg ($95/copy) • Audacity (Free + Plugins) • Garage Band ($5) #2 – PODCASTING PARTS AND PIECES
  • 17. Advanced Recording Setup DAW (digital audio workstation) • Computer • Audio Recording Software • Audio Mixer • XLR Microphone(s) • Pop-Filters and Stands • Headphones • External Devices • Studio Environment #2 – PODCASTING PARTS AND PIECES
  • 18. Advanced Recording Setups Microphone #1 Laptop Media Host Headphones Audio Mixer Smartphone #2 – PODCASTING PARTS AND PIECES Microphone #2
  • 19. XLR Equipment Cabling #2 – PODCASTING PARTS AND PIECES
  • 20. TS/TRS Equipment Cabling #2 – PODCASTING PARTS AND PIECES Mono Signal (L)Stereo Signal (L/R) Two Mono Combining to form a stereo TRS
  • 21. Intro to Audio Mixers Mixing Board, Mixing Desk, Mixing Console, or Sound Board • Multiple Microphones • Multiple Devices • Built for growth ($$-$$$) Channels • Complex Setup Cabling and Use #2 – PODCASTING PARTS AND PIECES
  • 22. External Devices into Mixer • Connect Smartphone, Tablet, or player • Skype call directly into mixer • Live show and sound effects #2 – PODCASTING PARTS AND PIECES
  • 23. #2 – PODCASTING PARTS AND PIECES Other Audio Setups • Compressor/Limiter/Gate ($$$) Optimize your workflow • Studio Monitor Speakers Listen without Headphones • Axillary Recorders Backup Recording
  • 24. Recording on the Road • No computer needed • Mixed audio results • Raw Audio Files • Background noise • Minimal Editing #2 – PODCASTING PARTS AND PIECES
  • 25. Mobile Recording Setup Microphone #1 Laptop Media Host Headphones Mobile Recorder Smartphone #2 – PODCASTING PARTS AND PIECES Microphone #2
  • 26. Mobile as Recorders • Mobile Phone ($$$) Onboard Microphone • Extending Mobile Phones Add-on Mics • Sound Quality • Background Sounds M#2 – PODCASTING PARTS AND PIECES
  • 27. Field Recorders • Hand-held recorders ($$-$$$) Portable Mini-Studios • Creates multitrack files Downloadable WAV/MP3 • Complex Setup Configuration and Use #2 – PODCASTING PARTS AND PIECES
  • 28. Recording Online • Call Recorders • Double-Header Recording • Your Own Phone • Take Calls or Add Hosts • YouTube Live Shows #2 – PODCASTING PARTS AND PIECES
  • 29. #3 – SITUATIONAL PODCASTING #3 – Situational Podcasting
  • 30. #1 – PODCASTING GEAR PRINCIPLES “A person with a new idea is a crank until the idea succeeds.” -- Mark Twain
  • 31. PODCAST GEAR RODEO What equipment do I need to record my podcast?
  • 32. PODCAST GEAR RODEO What do I need to work on my bike?
  • 33. PODCAST GEAR RODEO Well… what kind of bike is it?
  • 34. PODCAST GEAR RODEO Or is what you call a bike not what I call a bike?
  • 35. Level.01 – Beginner #3 – SITUATIONAL PODCASTING
  • 36. – Characters on “Last Man Standing” producing a podcast with everything you need. (Source: ABC) Level.02 – Novice #3 – SITUATIONAL PODCASTING
  • 37. – Marc Marion interviews the POTUS on his podcast “WTF with Marc Marion”. (Source: LATimes.com) Level.03 – Professional #3 – SITUATIONAL PODCASTING
  • 38. – NPR podcast training and production room. (Source: npr.org) Level.04 – Production Studio #3 – SITUATIONAL PODCASTING
  • 39. #3 – SITUATIONAL PODCASTING Each Podcast Show Requirements are Different • Type of Show • Number of Hosts • Recording Locations • Show Budget • Technical Skill
  • 40. #3 – SITUATIONAL PODCASTING What equipment best serves my podcasting situation?
  • 41. #3 – SITUATIONAL PODCASTING Example #1 1 x Host 1 x Studio Microphone Headphones Laptop USB Cables Audio Cables
  • 42. #3 – SITUATIONAL PODCASTING Example #1 1 x Host 1 x Studio Microphone Headphones Laptop 2nd Microphones 2nd HeadphoneAdd a Guest In Studio/Online Headphone Splitter Skype AccountUSB Port Hub USB Cables Audio Cables
  • 43. #3 – SITUATIONAL PODCASTING Example #2 2 x Hosts 1 x Studio Laptop XLR Cables Audio Cables 2x Microphones 2x Headphone Mixer
  • 44. #3 – SITUATIONAL PODCASTING Example #2 2 x Hosts 1 x Studio Laptop XLR Cables Audio Cables Mixer 3rd Microphones 3rd HeadphoneAdd a Guest In Studio/Online Headphone Amp Skype Account 2x Microphones 2x Headphone
  • 45. #3 – SITUATIONAL PODCASTING Example #3 2 x Hosts 1 x Studio Laptop XLR Cables Audio Cables Mixer 2x Microphones 2x Headphone
  • 46. #3 – SITUATIONAL PODCASTING Example #3 2 x Hosts 1 x Studio Laptop XLR Cables Audio Cables Mixer 2x Microphones 2x Headphone 1 x Host/1 x Guest Remote Studios Internet Connection
  • 47. #3 – SITUATIONAL PODCASTING How crazy can this podcasting gear thing get?
  • 48. MOBILE PODCASTER GEAR 1 x Host/1 x Guest 1 x Mobile Location
  • 49. #3 – SITUATIONAL PODCASTING Multi-Host/Multi-Guest Multi-Studios
  • 50. #3 – SITUATIONAL PODCASTING Types of Shows 1 x Host 1 x Mobile 2 x Hosts 2 x Remote Studios 1 x Host/1 x Guest 2 x Remote Studios 1 x Host/2 x Guest 3 x Remote Studios 2 x Hosts/2 x Guest 4 x Remote Studios
  • 51. #3 – SITUATIONAL PODCASTING Types of Shows 4+ Hosts/Actors 1 x Pro Studio 1 x Host/1 x Guest 1 x Mobile Location 1 x Host/3+ Guest Panel 1 x Mobile Location
  • 52. #3 – SITUATIONAL PODCASTING The 5 ADDITIONAL Principles of Podcasting Gear • Test, test, test… then test some more. • YOU will sound different on other peoples gear. • Keep it simple – Complexity creates chaos. • Garbage in, garbage out. Garbage gear, Garbage results. • There is no PERFECT setup.
  • 53. PODCASTING GEAR 101 So… what podcasting gear do you NEED to start YOUR podcast?
  • 54. VAPODA Meetup -- http://vapoda.org First Monday – Every Month Germanna Community College Fredericksburg, Virginia Virginia Podcasters Association