Automobile industry pocket guide 2013 (ACEA)

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Automobile industry pocket guide 2013 (ACEA)

  1. 1. EUROPEAN A U T O M O BI L E M A N U FAC T U R E R S AS S O CI AT I O N
  2. 2. PUBLISHED BY ACEA Communications department Please order your personal copy via communications@acea.be S TAT IS T IC S C O M PI L E D BY Quynh-Nhu HUYNH, Director Economics & Statistics Please direct enquiries to statistics@acea.be This paper is made in an environmentally-friendly way and according to FSC certification © ACEA_SEPTEMBER 2013
  3. 3. THE AUTOMOBILE INDUSTRY POCKET GUIDE Foreword With the latest data on vehicle production, registration, use and taxation, as well as employment and trade, ACEA’s Automobile Industry Pocket Guide provides a map of the European automobile industry today. As the key figures of this sixth edition clearly show, the automobile industry is the engine of Europe in terms of its skilled workforce, levels of investment in research and development, the size of its manufacturing base, as well as its trade and tax contributions. Today, however, the industry stands at a critical juncture, with the economic crisis having taken a harsh toll. Since the 2007 peak, vehicle registrations have shrunk by a quarter - down 4.4 million vehicles. Despite this difficult context, the automotive industry is ready to meet the challenges ahead. It is also ready to support Europe in its ‘mission growth’ of boosting industry’s share of EU GDP to 20% by 2020. In order to be able to adapt to changing demands, our sector requires a robust industrial policy. It needs a supportive regulatory framework that will foster competitiveness, ultimately stimulating growth, jobs and investment - thereby benefiting the European economy as a whole. Erik Jonnaert ACEA Secretary General 1
  4. 4. ACEA ABOUT ACEA
  5. 5. THE AUTOMOBILE INDUSTRY POCKET GUIDE ACEA represents Europe’s car, van, truck and bus makers Members and partners ACEA The European Automobile Manufacturers’ Association (ACEA) represents the fifteen Europe-based car, van, truck and bus makers: BMW Group, Daimler, DAF, Fiat, Ford of Europe, General Motors Europe, Hyundai Motor Europe, Iveco, Jaguar Land Rover, PSA Peugeot Citroën, Renault, Toyota Motor Europe, Volkswagen Group, Volvo Cars, Volvo Group. ACEA has permanent cooperation with the European Council for Automotive R&D (EUCAR), which is the industry body for collaborative research and development. ACEA has close relations with 29 national automobile manufacturers’ associations in Europe and maintains a dialogue on international issues with automobile associations around the world. It also works with a variety of institutional, non-governmental, research and civil society partners as well as with a number of industry associations with related interests. 5
  6. 6. ACEA ACEA’s mission and priorities ACEA’s mission is to: define and voice the common interests, policies and positions of the European automobile industry; engage in dialogue with the European institutions and other stakeholders in order to advance understanding of industry-related issues, and to contribute to effective legislation; act as a portal for specialist knowledge on vehicle-related regulation; communicate the role and importance of the industry, using reliable data and information; monitor activities that influence the automobile industry, cooperating with the actors involved; undertake strategic reflection on the increasingly global challenges of sustainability and competitiveness. The automotive industry is one of the most regulated sectors in Europe. This legislative framework consists of around 80 EU Directives and over 70 international UNECE regulatory agreements, mostly covering technical issues and standardisation. Through its member companies, ACEA taps into a wealth of technical, regulatory and practical expertise in the following priority fields: – Environment and sustainability – Competitiveness, market and economy – International trade – Research and innovation – Safety – Transport policy 6
  7. 7. THE AUTOMOBILE INDUSTRY POCKET GUIDE How ACEA works ACEA The ACEA Board of Directors is composed of the CEOs of its member companies. Additionally, a Commercial Vehicle Board of Directors addresses the specific issues facing the commercial vehicle manufacturers that ACEA represents: DAF Trucks, Daimler Trucks, Iveco, MAN Truck & Bus, Scania, Volkswagen Commercial Vehicles and Volvo Group. The day-to-day work of the ACEA secretariat is overseen by the Secretary General, who ensures that the Board of Directors’ priorities are addressed. Technical expertise and advisory input come from working groups on topics as diverse as emissions, road and vehicle safety, general transport policy and regulatory compliance. These specialist working groups are made up of experts from the member companies and are chaired by ACEA staff. 7
  8. 8. ACEA ACEA secretariat Secretary General Safety Director Communications Director Ivan Hodac Erik Jonnaert (as from 1 October 2013) Gianfranco Burzio Cara McLaughlin Statistics & Economics Director Communications Manager Quynh-Nhu Huynh Charles de Lusignan Technical Affairs Director Information Technology Director Erwin Kirschner Marc Vanderstraeten Trade & Economics Director Finance & Administration Director Erik Bergelin Tanguy De Decker Emissions & Fuels Director Paul Greening Environmental Policy Director Peter Kunze Legal & Taxation Director Marc Greven Trade Adviser Mobility & Sustainable Transport Director Máté Kander Petr Dolejsi Transport Policy Director Parliamentary Affairs Director Fuensanta Martinez-Sans Céline Domecq Regulatory Affairs Director Eskil Sturesson 8 ACEA Tokyo Office Anthony Millington +81 3 350 563 41 anrm@miinet.or.jp ACEA Avenue des Nerviens 85 B-1040 Brussels +32 2 732 55 50 info@acea.be ACEA Beijing Office Dominik Declercq +86 10 6463 4055 dd@acea-beijing.com
  9. 9. THE AUTOMOBILE INDUSTRY POCKET GUIDE ACEA members FORD OF EUROPE GmbH Henry Fordstrasse 1 D – 50725 Cologne T. +49 221 900 DAIMLER AG D – 70546 Stuttgart T. +49 711 170 www.bmwgroup.com www.daimler.com DAF TRUCKS NV Hugo van der Goeslaan 1 NL – 5643 PT Eindhoven T. + 31 40 214 9111 FIAT SpA Via Nizza 250 I – 10126 Turin T. +39 011 003 11 11 GENERAL MOTORS EUROPE AG ADAM OPEL AG Bahnhofsplatz D – 65423 Rüsselsheim T. +49 6142 770 www.daftrucks.com www.fiatspa.com www.gm.com ACEA BMW AG Petuelring 130 D – 80788 Munich T. +49 89 3820 www.ford.com 9
  10. 10. ACEA HYUNDAI MOTOR EUROPE GmbH Kaiserleipromenade 5 D – 63067 Offenbach am Main T. +49 69 271 4720 www.hyundai-europe.com IVECO SpA Via Puglia 35 I – 10156 Turin T. +39 011 006 11 11 www.iveco.com JAGUAR LAND ROVER Banbury Road Gaydon UK – Warwick CV35 ORR T. +44 19 2664 1111 www.jaguarlandrover.com RENAULT SA Quai Alphonse Le Gallo 13-15 F – 92109 Boulogne-Billancourt T. +33 1 41 04 50 50 www.renault.com TOYOTA MOTOR EUROPE SA Avenue du Bourget 60 B – 1140 Brussels T. +32 2 745 21 11 www.toyota.eu VOLKSWAGEN AG Berliner Ring 2 D – 38436 Wolfsburg T. +49 536 190 www.volkswagenag.com VOLVO CAR CORPORATION S – 405 31 Gothenburg T. +46 31 59 00 00 MAN Truck & Bus AG (Commercial Vehicle Board member) Postfach 50 06 20 D – 80995 Munich T. +49 891 580 01 www.mantruckandbus.com www.volvocars.com PSA PEUGEOT CITROËN Avenue de la Grande Armée 75 F – 75116 Paris Cedex T. +33 1 40 66 55 11 SCANIA AB (Commercial Vehicle Board member) S – 151 87 Sodertalje T. +46 8 55 38 10 00 www.psa-peugeot-citroen.com 10 AB VOLVO S – 405 08 Gothenburg T. +46 31 66 51 70 www.volvogroup.com www.scania.com
  11. 11. THE AUTOMOBILE INDUSTRY POCKET GUIDE Brussels ACEA member representations BMW Group Representative Office Boulevard de Waterloo 25 B –1000 Brussels T. +32 2 737 50 30 Fiat Delegation to Europe Rue Jules Cockx 12A B –1160 Brussels T. +32 2 513 63 92 Ford Motor Company EU Affairs Rue Montoyer 40 B7 B –1000 Brussels T. +32 2 761 06 11 GM Europe Public Policy & Government Relations Rue d’Idalie 11-13 B –1050 Brussels T. +32 2 773 69 81 Iveco Delegation to Europe A. Gossetlaan 28A B3 B-1702 Groot-Bijgaarden T. +32 2 467 12 11 ACEA Daimler EU Corporate Representation Rue Froissart 133 B –1040 Brussels T. +32 2 233 11 45 Hyundai Motor Group Brussels Office Rue de la Loi 227 B –1040 Brussels T. +32 2 205 03 60 Jaguar Land Rover Brussels Office Rue Abbé Cuypers 3 B –1040 Brussels T. +32 2 741 24 60 11
  12. 12. ACEA PSA Peugeot Citroën EU Delegation Avenue des Arts 53 B –1000 Brussels T. +32 2 545 11 79 Volkswagen Group EU Representation Rue Archimède 25 B –1000 Brussels T. +32 2 645 49 53 Renault European Affairs Avenue des Arts 40 B –1040 Brussels T. +32 2 274 10 00 Toyota Motor Europe Avenue du Bourget 60 B –1140 Brussels T. +32 2 745 33 13 12 Volvo Car Corporation Brussels Office EU Affairs Rue du Luxembourg 3 B –1000 Brussels T. +32 2 503 69 67 Volvo Group EU Representation Rue du Luxembourg 3 B –1000 Brussels T. +32 2 482 58 70 MAN Truck & Bus Brussels Office (Commercial Vehicle Board member) Rue Jacques de Lalaing 4 B –1040 Brussels T. +32 2 230 41 95 Scania EU Representation (Commercial Vehicle Board member) c/o Kreab Gavin Anderson Avenue de Tervueren 2 B –1040 Brussels T. +32 2 737 69 02
  13. 13. THE AUTOMOBILE INDUSTRY POCKET GUIDE ACEA associated organisations _BULGARIA ACM _AUSTRIA FFOE Automobile Industry Association of Austria Wiedner Hauptstrasse 63 A–1045 Vienna T. +43 5 90 900 48 00 F. +43 5 90 900 289 Association of Car Manufacturers and their Authorised Representatives for Bulgaria Veliko Tarnovo Street 37 BG–1504 Sofia T. +359 2 946 12 50 F. +359 2 94 33 944 www.svab.bg www.wk.or.at/fahrzeuge _CZECH REPUBLIC AIA CR (SAP) Automotive Industry Association of the CR Opletalova 55 CZ–110 00 Prague 1 T. +420 221 602 982 F. +420 224 239 690 www.autosap.cz _BELGIUM ACEA _CYPRUS OEB FEBIAC Employers & Industrialists Federation Belgian Federation of Automobile & Motorcycle Industries DBI Boulevard de la Woluwe 46 B6 B–1200 Brussels T. +32 2 778 64 00 F. +32 2 762 81 71 Acropoleos Avenue 2 & Glafkou Street PoBox 21657 CY–1511 Nicosia T. +357 22 66 51 02 F. +357 22 66 94 59 www.febiac.be http://en.oeb.org.cy www.bilimp.dk _DENMARK Danish Car Importers Association Rådhuspladsen 16 DK–1550 Copenhagen V T. +45 39 16 23 23 F. +45 39 16 24 24 13
  14. 14. ACEA _ESTONIA _FRANCE _GREECE AMTEL CCFA AMVIR (SEAA) Union of Estonian Car Sales and Service Enterprises French Automobile Manufacturers’ Association Association of Motor Vehicle Importers’ Representatives Pärnu Road 232 EST–11314 Tallinn T. +372 672 23 08 F. +372 650 21 97 Rue de Presbourg 2 F–75008 Paris T. +33 1 49 52 51 00 F. +33 1 49 52 51 88 Kifisias Avenue 296 GR–152 32 Chalandri – Athens T. +30 210 689 1400 F. +30 210 685 9 022 www.amtel.ee www.ccfa.fr www.seaa.gr _FINLAND _GERMANY _HUNGARY AUTOTUOJAT RY AHAI (MGSZ) Association of Automobile Importers in Finland German Association of the Automotive Industry Association of the Hungarian Automotive Industry Ateneuminkuja 2 C FIN– 00100 Helsinki T. +358 207 928 850 F. +358 207 928 859 Behrenstrasse 35 D –10117 Berlin T. +49 30 897 8420 F. +49 30 897 842 600 Thán Károly u. 3– 5 H–1119 Budapest T. +36 1 382 9805 F. +36 1 382 9810 www.autotuojat.fi 14 VDA www.vda.de www.gepjarmuipar.hu
  15. 15. THE AUTOMOBILE INDUSTRY POCKET GUIDE _ L AT V I A _IRELAND _ M A LTA AUTO ASOCIĀCIJAS ACIM Society of the Irish Motor Industry Automotive Association Association of Car Importers Malta Upper Pembroke Street 5 IRL– Dublin 2 T. +353 1 676 16 90 F. +353 1 661 92 13 Vangažu Street 5 LV–1024 Riga T. +371 6 752 99 79 F. +371 6 754 03 15 PoBox 50 Valletta Building MT– Sint Gwann T. +356 21 38 57 74 F. +356 21 22 33 06 www.simi.ie www.lpaa.lv _THE _LITHUANIA _ I TA LY ACEA SIMI NETHERLANDS RAI ANFIA LAA Motorcycle & Automobile Industry Association Italian Association of the Automobile Industry Lithuanian Autoenterpreneurs’ Association Corso Galileo Ferraris 61 I – 10128 Turin T. +39 011 554 65 11 F. +39 011 545 986 P. Žadeikos g. 1b LT– 06319 Vilnius T. +370 5 230 12 24 F. +370 5 230 12 25 Koningin Wilhelminaplein 30 PoBox 74800 NL–1062 KR Amsterdam T. + 31 20 504 49 49 F. +31 20 646 38 57 www.anfia.it www.laa.lt www.raivereniging.nl 15
  16. 16. ACEA _SLOVENIA ADS _ N O R W AY _PORTUGAL BIL ACAP Automobile Importers’ Association Automobile Association of Portugal Økernveien 99 PoBox 71 Økern N– 0508 Oslo T. +47 22 64 64 55 F. +47 22 64 85 95 Avenida Torre de Belém 29 P –1400– 342 Lisbon T. +351 21 303 53 00 F. +351 21 302 14 74 www.acap.pt www.bilimportorene.no Association of Automobile Manufacturers and Authorised Importers c/o Chamber of Commerce & Industry of Slovenia Dimiceva 13 SI – 1000 Ljubljana T. +386 1 58 98 217 F. +386 1 58 98 219 www.ads– slo.org _ROMANIA _POLAND PZPM ACAROM _SLOVAK REPUBLIC Al. Niepodległości 69 PL– 02– 626 Warsaw T. +48 22 322 71 98 F. +48 22 322 76 65 Str. Banu Mãrãcine – Bl. D5 RO –110194 Pitesti T. +40 248 211 245 F. +40 248 217 990 Tomášikova 26 SK – 821 01 Bratislava T. +421 2 4364 2235 F. +421 2 4364 2237 www.pzpm.org.pl 16 ZAP SR Polish Automotive Industry Association Automobile Manufacturers’ Association of Romania www.acarom.ro www.zapsr.sk Automotive Industry Association SR
  17. 17. THE AUTOMOBILE INDUSTRY POCKET GUIDE _SPAIN _SWITZERLAND _UNITED ANFAC AUTO-SUISSE Spanish Association of Car & Truck Manufacturers Automobile Association of Swiss Importers SMMT Iberia Mart II Building Calle Orense 34 E – 28020 Madrid T. +34 91 343 13 45 F. +34 91 343 13 77 Mittelstrasse 32 Postfach 5232 CH – 3001 Bern T. +41 31 306 65 65 F. +41 31 306 65 50 Great Peter Street 71 UK – London SW1P 2BN T. +44 207 235 70 00 F. +44 207 235 71 12 www.anfac.com www.auto-suisse.ch www.auto-schweiz.ch KINGDOM Society of Motor Manufacturers and Traders ACEA www.smmt.co.uk _SWEDEN _TURKEY BIL Sweden Swedish Association of Automobile Manufacturers & Importers OSD Box 26173 – Storgatan 19 S – 100 41 Stockholm T. +46 8 700 41 00 F. +46 8 791 23 11 Atilla Sokak 10 Altunizade TR– 34676 Istanbul T. +90 216 318 29 94 F. +90 216 321 94 97 www.bilsweden.se www.osd.org.tr Automotive Manufacturers’ Association 17
  18. 18. ACEA The European Council for Automotive R&D (EUCAR) is the collaborative research organisation of the major automobile manufacturers in Europe, with the mission to strengthen the competitiveness of the manufacturers through strategic collaborative research and innovation. The EUCAR Office is composed of: Simon Godwin sg@eucar.be Director Alessandro Coda ac@eucar.be Research Coordinator Assistant to Chairman and Director eucar@eucar.be EUCAR members are: BMW, DAF, Daimler, Fiat, Ford Europe, GM/Opel, Jaguar Land Rover, Porsche, PSA Peugeot Citroën, Renault, Scania, Volkswagen, Volvo Cars and Volvo Group. 18 Together with its members, EUCAR drives the strategy and assessment of collaborative automotive research and innovation, and establishes common work with the European Commission, member states and other key stakeholders. These activities facilitate the participation of EUCAR’s members in high-quality projects with industrially-relevant results. Projects are mainly financed through the EU Framework Programmes for research and innovation, matched with industry funding. EUCAR’s activities also cover commercial vehicle research and development. EUCAR collaborative research is focused on the following domains: Sustainable propulsion Safe and integrated mobility Affordability and competitiveness EUCAR is governed by its Council, composed of the heads of the research and advanced development divisions of the member companies. EUCAR’s Chairman is nominated annually from the Council on a rotating basis.
  19. 19. KEY FIGURES KEY FIGURES
  20. 20. THE AUTOMOBILE INDUSTRY POCKET GUIDE Cars and buses offer freedom and mobility for all, providing us with direct access to education, health and employment. Trucks and vans deliver the goods and services we take for granted in our daily lives, carrying 75% of freight transported over land and delivering 18 billion tonnes of goods per year. Many of our essential public services - such as postal, waste and emergency services - are delivered by cars, trucks and vans. 12.9 million people work in the sector – representing 5.3% of the EU employed population. The 3 million high-skilled jobs in automotive manufacturing represent 10% of the EU’s manufacturing employment. The automotive sector is the EU’s largest investor in R&D, accounting for 25% of total R&D spending. KEY FIGURES The automobile industry: the engine of Europe The EU auto industry invests over €32 billion into R&D and applies for 9,500 patents per year. 21
  21. 21. KEY FIGURES Vehicle manufacturing is a strategic industry in the EU, where 16.2 million cars, vans, trucks and buses are manufactured. Motor vehicles account for over €385 billion in tax contribution in just 14 EU countries - a vital source of government revenue. ACEA’s members operate 208 vehicle assembly and production plants in 22 countries across Europe. Europe’s cars, vans, trucks and buses are the cleanest, safest and quietest in the world. Europe leads the way in clean production, with decreasing quantities of water and energy used to manufacture a vehicle, and much less CO2 and waste produced in the process. 22 The European auto industry is a global player, delivering 6.6 million ‘Made in Europe’ vehicles around the world, and bringing in a €92 billion trade surplus. turnov The €839 billion turnover generated by the automotive sector represents 6.9% of EU GDP. The automobile industry has ripple effects throughout the economy, supporting a vast supply chain and generating an array of business services.
  22. 22. THE AUTOMOBILE INDUSTRY POCKET GUIDE Driving sustainable mobility... Europe’s cars, vans, trucks and buses are the cleanest, safest and quietest in the world. Europe leads the way in clean production, with decreasing quantities of water and energy used to manufacture a vehicle, and much less CO2 and waste being produced in the process. Over the past 30 years, safety technologies have helped halve the number of road deaths, despite a three-fold increase in traffic. One car in the 1970s produced as many pollutant emissions as 100 cars today. The average car engine emits 28 times less carbon monoxide than 20 years ago. In 2012, 71% of new cars emitted less than 140g of CO2 per kilometre, and more than half of those less than 120g. An average new car today consumes 15% less fuel per 100km than 10 years ago. Noise from passenger cars has been reduced by 90% since 1970. Pollutant emissions from trucks have been slashed to near-zero levels, down 98% since 1990. KEY FIGURES Trucks’ fuel consumption - and therefore CO2 emissions - has decreased by over a third since 1970. A modern truck needs just 1 litre of fuel to transport 1 tonne of goods over a distance of 100km. 25 of today’s trucks and buses are quieter than one built in 1980. 23
  23. 23. KEY FIGURES The automobile sector is the EU’s biggest investor in R&D R&D shares of sectors of the main world regions | 2011 Pharmaceuticals & biotechnology Automobiles & parts Software & computer services Chemicals Industrial engineering Aerospace & defence Leisure goods EU Technology hardware & equipment Electronical equipment General industrials Other 15% US 12% 25% 23% Japan 11% 0% 23% 11% 10% 20% 30% 5% 7% 25% SOURCE: THE 2012 EU INDUSTRIAL R&D INVESTMENT SCOREBOARD EUROPEAN COMMISSION, JRC/DG RTD 24 3% 4% 40% 50% 5% 5% 6% 16% 11% 2% 3% 7% 60% 3% 70% 11 3% 23% 4% 11% 1 4% 13% 5% 80% 13% 90% 100%
  24. 24. THE AUTOMOBILE INDUSTRY POCKET GUIDE Spurring innovation Patent applications filed by the automotive sector | 2012 55.6% EU 21.6% Japan 14.8% US 1.9% Switzerland 1.2% Taiwan 2.4% patents China 0.8% 9,541 were filed by the automotive sector Canada 0.8% a total of 2012, South Korea 0.9% In Others KEY FIGURES at the European Patent Office SOURCE: BASED ON EUROPEAN PATENT OFFICE DATA - 2013 25
  25. 25. EMPLOYMENT EMPLOYMENT
  26. 26. KEY FIGURES Key figures PRODUCTION NEW REGISTRATIONS EMPLOYMENT TURNOVER R&D INVESTMENT VALUE ADDED EXPORTS IMPORTS TRADE BALANCE MV IN USE (PARC) (EU27) Total motor vehicles (World) Total motor vehicles (EU27) Total passenger cars (World) Total passenger cars (EU27) Production value Total motor vehicles (World) Total motor vehicles (EU27) Total passenger cars (World) Total passenger cars (EU27) Diesel (Western Europe) Manufacture of motor vehicles (EU27) Total (including indirect, EU27) Manufacture of motor vehicles (EU27) ACEA members EU27 Extra-EU27 Extra-EU27 Extra-EU27 Total motor vehicles Passenger Cars Motorisation rate (cars) TAX REVENUE FROM MOTOR VEHICLES (EU15) W.EUROPE = EU15 + EFTA SOURCE: ACEA, VDA, AAA, IHS GLOBAL INSIGHT, EUROSTAT 26 2012 2012 2012 2012 2011 2012 2012 2012 2012 2012 2010 2010 2011 2012 2010 2012 2012 2012 2011 2011 2011 2012 84.1m units 16.2m units 63.1m units 14.6m units € 718.7bn 82.1m units 13.7m units 69.1m units 12.1m units 55% 2.2m people 12.9m people €840.5bn €32.3bn €141.1bn €119.8bn €27.9bn €91.9bn 277.0m units 242.2m units 483 per 1,000 inhab. €384.6bn = 19% of worldwide MV production = 23% of worldwide PC production = 17% of worldwide MV registrations/sales = 18% of worldwide PC registrations/sales = 7.2% of EU manufacturing = 5.3% of EU employed population = 4% of turnover = 9% of manufacturing sector
  27. 27. EMPLOYMENT EMPLOYMENT The automotive industry generates 12.9 million jobs in the EU Automobile sector: direct and indirect* employment AUTOMOTIVE INDUSTRY (PRODUCTION OPERATIONS) › Automobile manufacturing › Coachwork, trailers, caravans › Equipment and accessories (NACE c291) (NACE c292) (NACE c293) 2.2m jobs direct 3.0m jobs OTHER MANUFACTURING ACTIVITIES › Manufacture, retreading and rebuilding of rubber tyres and tubes › Manufacture of bearings, gears, gearing and driving elements › Manufacture of cooling and ventilation equipment › Manufacture of computers and other information processing equipment › Manufacture of electric motors, generators and transformers (NACE c2211) (NACE c2815) (NACE c2825) (NACE c262) (NACE c2711) manufacturing 0.8m jobs indirect (NACE g451) (NACE g452) (NACE g453) (NACE g473) (NACE n771) Total 12.9m jobs 4.3m jobs 10.7m jobs indirect 9.9m jobs non-manufacturing TRANSPORT (NACE h493) (NACE h4941) 4.8m jobs (NACE f4211) (NACE f4213) 0.7m jobs Trade › Passenger land transport (urban and suburban, taxi) › Freight transport by road CONSTRUCTION › Construction of roads and motorways › Construction of bridges and tunnels Taxation SOURCE: BASED ON EUROSTAT MOST RECENT DATA AVAILABLE - 2010 AUTOMOBILE USE › Sale of motor vehicles › Maintenance and repair of motor vehicles › Sale of motor vehicle parts and accessories › Retail sale of automotive fuel › Renting and leasing of motor vehicles * Indirect employment data does not report employment in raw material sector (eg steel, aluminium, glass, etc), textile, driving schools, licensing activities, vehicle testing, vehicle insurance and financing, etc. 29
  28. 28. EMPLOYMENT Trends in automotive employment in the EU EU automobile employment – by year | 2008 – 2010 Units 16,000,000 14,000,000 12,000,000 10,000,000 SOURCE: BASED ON EUROSTAT MOST RECENT COMPREHENSIVE DATA AVAILABLE - 2010 8,000,000 6,000,000 Manufacturing direct 4,000,000 Manufacturing indirect* Automobile use 2,000,000 Transport Construction 0 2008 EMPLOYMENT RELATED TO THE AUTOMOTIVE SECTOR 2009 2010 2008 2009 2010 % CHG 10/08 2,233,422 2,218,600 2,176,498 -2.5% 813,947 877,120 816,994 0.4% Automobile use 4,443,645 4,549,700 4,348,100 -2.2% Transport 5,111,300 4,816,500 4,818,900 -5.7% 759,100 748,400 713,200 -6.0% 13,361,414 13,210,320 12,873,692 -3.7% Manufacturing direct Manufacturing indirect * Construction Total * Indirect employment data does not report employment in raw material sector (eg steel, aluminium, glass, etc), textile, driving schools, licensing activities, vehicle testing, vehicle insurance and financing, etc. 30
  29. 29. EMPLOYMENT EMPLOYMENT 10% of EU’s manufacturing employment is in the automotive sector Total manufacturing employment in the EU (% share) Direct automotive EU manufacturing employment non-automotive 30m 90.0% Indirect automotive 2.7% manufacturing employment 0.8m 2.2m people = 7.3% of total EU employment in manufacturing Manufacturing employment related to the automotive sector 3.0m people = 10.0% of total EU employment in manufacturing Total automotive employment (manufacturing, services* and construction) 12.9m people EU27 total population in 2010 = 5.3% of EU employed population 493.8m people EU27 total employment in 2010 Trade Direct automotive employment (manufacturing) 216.4m people EU27 employed population in the manufacturing sector SOURCE: BASED ON EUROSTAT MOST RECENT DATA AVAILABLE - 2010 30.0m people Taxation SOURCE: BASED ON EUROSTAT DATA - 2010 7.3% manufacturing employment 2.2m = 13.9% of total employed population *in activities specified 31
  30. 30. EMPLOYMENT A closer look at automotive employment Direct automotive employment - by country | 2010 Units - in thousands 900 800 749 SOURCE: BASED ON EUROSTAT DATA 2010 - REVISED IN 2013 700 32 600 500 400 300 225 200 171 149 141 140 136 117 100 66 65 51 35 30 29 20 13 10 7 4 3 3 1 1 0 SK BE PT AT NL SI BG FI DK EE IE LT LV CY 0 DE FR IT PL ES CZ UK RO SE HU
  31. 31. EMPLOYMENT EMPLOYMENT Road transport accounts for almost half of all transport-related jobs Employment* – by mode of transport in the EU (% share) | 2010 Warehousing and support activities 23.9% Passenger transport 18.5% Railways 6.5% Air transport 3.8% Sea transport 1.7% Inland water transport 0.4% Pipelines 0.2% Trade Feight transport 28.0% Taxation SOURCE: BASED ON EUROSTAT DATA - 2010 Road transport 46.5% Postal and courier activities 17.0% * Employment in companies the main activity of which lies in the transport mode concerned 33
  32. 32. PRODUCTION PRODUCTION
  33. 33. PRODUCTION 23.2% of the world’s cars are produced in the EU Passenger car production - international comparison (% share) | 2000 – 2012 NAFTA Japan South Korea BRIC PRODUCTION EU* Units 25,000,000 37.1% 35.2% 20,000,000 39.3% 34.1% 26.2% 15,000,000 10,000,000 19.2% 20.3% 20.3% 14.3% 13.6% 15.8% 14.2% SOURCE: OICA - 2013 23.2% 11.0% 8.7% 5,000,000 8.4% 6.6% 7.2% 6.3% 6.6% 0 2000 2005 2010 2012 Passenger car production - world | 2012 VOLUME EU* % SHARE 14,611,284 23.2% 6,956,158 11.0% Japan 8,554,219 13.6% South Korea 4,167,089 6.6% 23,401,647 37.1% SOURCE: OICA – 2013 NAFTA BRIC Others Total World 5,379,144 8.5% 63,069,541 100% * Constant EU27 perimeter throughout the period 37
  34. 34. PRODUCTION Passenger car production - world (% share) | 2012 11.0% NAFTA SOURCE: ACEA - OICA – 2013 13.6% Japan 23.2% EU South Korea 6.6% India 5.2% Asia-Others 4.3% Brazil 4.2% Others 3.2% Russia 3.1% Europe - Others 1.0% Thailand 24.6% China 7.2% Asia - others : Australia, Indonesia, Malaysia, Taiwan, Thailand Europe - others : Serbia, Turkey, Ukraine Others : Argentina, Egypt, Iran, South Africa, Uzbekistan Commercial vehicle production - world (% share) | 2012 6.6% Japan 7.7% EU SOURCE: ACEA - OICA – 2013 India 38 17.8% China 41.9% NAFTA 4.1% Europe - Others 3.6% Others 3.5% Brazil 3.4% Turkey 2.7% Asia-Others 2.2% South Korea 1.9% Asia - others : Australia, Indonesia, Malaysia, Taiwan Europe - others : Russia, Serbia, Ukraine Others : Argentina, Egypt, Iran, South Africa, Uzbekistan
  35. 35. PRODUCTION World car production is on the rise Units +5.2% 60,000,000 +22.0% +6.6% +6.2% 40,000,000 -0.7% +4.2% +3.7% -3.4% +3.8% 2003 -9.4% +5.2% +1.5% 2002 +2.9% -0.9% +6.5% 50,000,000 SOURCE: BASED ON OICA - 2013 PRODUCTION World passenger car production – trend | 1997-2012 30,000,000 20,000,000 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 World passenger car production – international comparison | 2001-2012 Units 18,000,000 16,000,000 14,000,000 12,000,000 EU 10,000,000 SOURCE: BASED ON OICA – 2013 China 8,000,000 Japan 6,000,000 South Korea 4,000,000 India USA 2,000,000 Brazil 0 Russia 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 39
  36. 36. PRODUCTION World commercial vehicle production is climbing World commercial vehicle production - trend | 1999-2012 Units 25,000,000 20,000,000 SOURCE: BASED ON OICA – 2013 +4.0% -4.0% +7.0% +6.0% +6.7% -1.6% -1.6% +3.9% +38.1% +4.1% +4.5% 2011 2012 -11.3% 15,000,000 -21.2% 10,000,000 5,000,000 0 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 World commercial vehicle production - international comparison | 2001-2012 Units 9,000,000 8,000,000 7,000,000 6,000,000 USA 5,000,000 SOURCE: BASED ON OICA – 2013 China 40 4,000,000 EU 3,000,000 Thailand 2,000,000 Canada Japan 1,000,000 Mexico 0 India 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
  37. 37. PRODUCTION 16.2 million vehicles are produced in the EU + AUSTRIA BELGIUM CZECH REPUBLIC 19,060 507,204 33,890 541,094 1,171,774 568 1,172,342 n.a. 1,967,765 2,900 FRANCE ² 1,682,814 284,951 GERMANY ² 5,388,456 260,813 HUNGARY 396,817 142,662 2,900 241,186 28,000 n.a. 5,649,269 2,400 215,440 ITALY SOURCE: ACEA - 2012 (NATIONAL AUTOMOBILE ASSOCIATIONS) TOTAL 123,602 FINLAND NETHERLANDS PRODUCTION Motor vehicle production in the EU – by country | 2012 217,840 33,411 671,414 21,800 49,800 POLAND 540,000 103,923 764 644,687 PORTUGAL 115,735 43,831 3,990 163,556 ROMANIA 326,556 11,187 22 SLOVAKIA 900,000 SLOVENIA SPAIN SWEDEN ² UNITED KINGDOM EU ¹ 337,765 900,000 126,836 4,113 1,539,680 392,624 46,875 n.a. 162,814 1,464,906 94,045 16,289 1,575,240 14,611,284 1,435,990 186,204 16,233,478 162,814 130,949 1,979,179 1. Double countings are deducted from the totals 2. Figures for CVs + B&C were not communicated in 2012 41
  38. 38. PRODUCTION Trends in EU car production Passenger car production in the EU | 1990-2012 Units 18,000,000 +5.6% +8.8% 16,000,000 14,000,000 12,000,000 -3.2% +2% +12.4% +3.8% +2.9% +1.1% +3.1% +0.2% -1.2% -1.2% +1.9% +4.3% -0.9% +1.3% -6.7% +9.9% +2.7% -6.9% -12.8% -15.1% 10,000,000 8,000,000 SOURCE: ACEA – 2013 6,000,000 4,000,000 2,000,000 0 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia Austria, Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Italy, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom 42
  39. 39. PRODUCTION Trends in EU commercial vehicle production PRODUCTION Commercial vehicle production in the EU | 1990-2012 Units 3,000,000 +5.4% +13.2% +7.5% +17.3% 2,000,000 -7.7% -3.3% -3.3% -6.0% +2.3% +3.8% +3.3% +3.8% -5.2% +9.8% +39.3% +10.2% +2.2% -1.0% -18.7% +20.6% -23.5% -47.3% SOURCE: ACEA - 2013 1,000,000 0 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 43
  40. 40. PRODUCTION The EU produces 35 vehicles per 1,000 inhabitants Motor vehicle production per 1,000 inhabitants | 2012 180 167 160 140 120 112 100 Production / 1,000 inhabitants SOURCE: EUROSTAT; ACEA - 2013 80 69 64 60 49 43 40 35 25 22 17 17 17 16 16 11 3 0 SK CZ DE SI BE ES FR EU * Only production of cars available in 2012 44 30 20 UK HU SE* AT PL RO PT IT NL 1 FI*
  41. 41. PRODUCTION ACEA members operate 208 plants across Europe EU Plants NON - EU Austria 6 Belarus 2 Belgium 8 Kazakhstan 2 Bulgaria Plants 1 Russia 11 Serbia 2 Finland 2 Turkey 15 France 36 Ukraine 5 Germany 46 Uzbekistan 2 Hungary 5 Czech Republic Italy Netherlands 23 9 32 ALL MANUFACTURERS Countries Plants Total Europe 25 293 TOTAL EU 18 233 Countries Plants Poland 14 Portugal 6 Romania 3 ACEA MEMBERS Slovakia 3 Total Europe 22 208 Slovenia 1 TOTAL EU 17 183 Spain 15 Sweden SOURCE: ACEA - 2013 PRODUCTION Automobile assembly and production plants in Europe 14 United Kingdom 30 45
  42. 42. PRODUCTION Europe leads the way in resource-efficient production European automobile manufacturers have significantly reduced the environmental impact of vehicle production in recent years. Long-term strategies to reduce water consumption have made it possible to reduce the water use per car produced by 28.5% from 2005 to 2012. This includes the increased application of re-circulation technologies for the reuse of water. Water used million m3 m3/car 6.50 100 -35.3 % 95 6.00 90 85 5.50 80 75 5.00 SOURCE: ACEA - 2013 70 65 4.50 60 55 50 4.00 2005 2006 Water total (million m3/year) 46 2007 Water per unit produced (m3/car) 2008 2009 Total industry volume production 2010 2011 2012
  43. 43. PRODUCTION Energy consumption million MWh MWh/car -10 .7% 3.3 40 3.1 35 2.9 SOURCE: ACEA - 2013 30 2.7 25 2.5 20 2005 2006 Energy total (million MWh/year) 2007 2008 2009 2010 Energy per unit produced (MWh/car) 2011 2012 Total industry volume production PRODUCTION 45 As cars are equipped with more and more features to make them safer, more comfortable and more environmentallyfriendly, the complexity of production increases as well, which affects energy demand. However, manufacturers constantly work on improving energy-efficiency. As a result, total energy consumption over the last years, from 2005 to 2012, decreased by 10.7%. Fluctuation in energy per car produced can be explained by lower volumes in production in certain years and weather conditions such as the harsh winter of 2012. CO2 emissions million tons tons/car 14 0.90 13 0.85 12 0.80 11 0.75 -19.0 0% 0.70 SOURCE: ACEA - 2013 10 0.65 9 0.60 8 0.55 7 0.50 2005 2006 CO2 emissions total (million t/year) 2007 2008 2009 2010 CO2 emissions per unit produced (t/car) 2011 2012 Total industry volume production The CO2 emissions per vehicle produced in the same period dropped by 10.4%, while the overall figure went down by 19.0%, reflecting the industry’s efforts to reduce CO2 emissions. 47
  44. 44. PRODUCTION Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC) emissions tons kg/car 65,000 4.10 3.90 60,000 3.70 - 42 55,000 .6% 3.50 50,000 3.30 3.10 45,000 - 34. SOURCE: ACEA - 2013 8% 2.90 40,000 2.70 35,000 2.50 2.30 30,000 2005 VOC emissions total (t) 2006 2007 VOC emissions per unit produced (kg/car) 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Total industry volume production Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC) are organic solvents mainly emitted from paintshops. The graph shows the VOC emissions per car produced and the absolute emissions of all passenger car manufacturers altogether. With new technologies such as water-based paints that replace solvent-based paints, manufacturers have been able to reduce emissions by 34.8% per vehicle over the last eight years. 48
  45. 45. PRODUCTION Waste (excluding scrap metal) kg/car PRODUCTION tons 1,700,000 120.00 -3.8% 8 1,600,000 100.00 1,500,000 80.00 1,400,000 60.00 1,300,000 SOURCE: ACEA - 2013 40.00 1,200,000 % +6.3 1,100,000 20.00 1,000,000 0.00 2005 2006 Waste total (t/year) excluding scrap metal 2007 2008 2009 Waste per unit produced (kg/car) excluding scrap metal 2010 2011 2012 Total industry volume production The total amount of waste generated by the manufacturing of vehicles went down 3.8% over eight years. The 6.3% increase noted in the waste per unit produced occurs mainly due to the increasing portion of one-way packaging which is a result of globalisation. Fluctuation both in absolute waste and waste per car, especially in 2008, can be explained by the occurrence of singular events such as the formation of demolition waste. 49
  46. 46. REGISTRATIONS REGISTRATIONS
  47. 47. R E GIS T R AT I O N S Europe accounts for 23% of all motor vehicle registrations New motor vehicle registrations – world (market shares) | 2012 2012 % share EUROPE 18,573 22.6% 19,648 -5.5% EU 13,749 16.8% 15,065 -8.7% 549 0.7% 539 1.9% 3,194 3.9% 2,902 10.0% EFTA Russia Turkey Ukraine AMERICA NAFTA of which USA MERCOSUR 818 1.0% 2011 % change 12/11 911 22.6% America 27.0% EU EFTA Russia Turkey Ukraine 16.8% 0.7% 3.9% 1.0% 0.3% NAFTA 21.4% USA 18.0% MERCOSUR 5.6% Brazil 4.6% -10.2% 264 0.3% 231 14.2% 22,151 27.0% 20,105 10.2% 17,525 21.4% 15,596 12.4% 14,786 18.0% 13,041 13.4% 4,626 5.6% 4,509 2.6% 3,796 4.6% 3,625 4.7% ASIA 33,644 41.0% 30,594 10.0% China 19,304 23.5% 18,505 4.3% India 3,580 4.4% 3,292 8.8% Japan 5,370 6.5% 4,210 27.5% South Korea 1,542 1.9% 1,580 -2.4% Asia-Others 1 3,849 4.7% 3,008 28.0% 7,704 9.4% 8,110 -5.0% 82,072 100.0% 78,457 4.6% of which Brazil SOURCE: ACEA, VDA - 2013 Europe REGISTRATIONS MOTOR VEHICLES in 1,000 units OTHERS TOTAL WORLD Asia 41.0% Others 9.4% China Japan India South Korea Asia-Others 1 23.5% 6.5% 4.4% 1.9% 4.7% 1. Indonesia, Malaysia, Pakistan, Philippines, Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam 53
  48. 48. R E G I S T R AT I O N S Over 16 million cars were registered in Europe in 2012 New passenger car registrations - world (market shares) | 2012 PASSENGER CARS in 1,000 units 2012 % share EUROPE 16,257 23.5% 17,048 -4.6% EU 12,054 17.5% 13,130 -8.2% 474 0.7% 462 2.5% 2,935 4.3% 2,654 10.6% EFTA Russia Turkey Ukraine AMERICA 1 NAFTA of which USA MERCOSUR 556 0.8% 2011 % change 12/11 594 238 0.3% 207 America 31.2% 17.5% 0.7% 4.3% 0.8% 0.3% NAFTA 24.8% USA 20.9% MERCOSUR 6.4% Brazil 5.3% 14.5% 21,529 31.2% 19,492 10.4% 17,098 24.8% 15,221 12.3% 14,440 20.9% 12,734 13.4% 4,431 6.4% 4,271 3.7% 5.3% 3,426 6.1% ASIA 24,200 35.0% 21,428 12.9% China 13,239 19.2% 12,214 8.4% India SOURCE: ACEA, VDA - 2013 23.5% EU EFTA Russia Turkey Ukraine -6.3% 3,634 2,777 4.0% 2,514 10.4% Japan 4,572 6.6% 3,525 29.7% South Korea 1,307 1.9% 1,316 -0.7% Asia-Others 2 2,306 3.3% 1,859 24.1% 7,074 10.2% 7,448 -5.0% 69,060 100.0% 65,416 5.6% of which Brazil 54 Europe OTHERS TOTAL WORLD Asia Others 10.2% China Japan India South Korea Asia-Others 2 1. Including light commercial vehicles 2. Indonesia, Malaysia, Pakistan, Philippines, Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam 35% 19.2% 6.6% 4.0% 1.9% 3.3%
  49. 49. R E GIS T R AT I O N S Europe accounts for 18% of worldwide commercial vehicle registrations New commercial vehicle registrations – world (market shares) | 2012 % share 2011 % change 12/11 EUROPE 2,316 17.8% 2,600 -10.9% EU 1,695 13.0% 1,935 -12.4% 75 0.6% 76 -1.8% 258 2.0% 248 4.1% EFTA Russia Turkey Ukraine 261 2.0% 317 17.8% EU EFTA Turkey Russia Ukraine 13.0% 0.6% 2.0% 2.0% 0.2% America 4.8% NAFTA 3.3% USA 2.7% MERCOSUR 1.5% Brazil 1.2% -17.6% 10.9% 26 0.2% 23 AMERICA 1 622 4.8% 613 1.4% NAFTA 427 3.3% 376 13.7% 346 2.7% 306 13.0% 195 1.5% 237 -18.0% 161 1.2% 200 -19.1% ASIA 9,444 72.6% 9,166 3.0% China 6,065 46.6% 6,291 -3.6% India 803 6.2% 777 3.3% Japan 797 6.1% 685 16.3% -10.8% of which USA MERCOSUR of which Brazil SOURCE: VDA, ACEA - 2013 Europe REGISTRATIONS COMMERCIAL VEHICLES in 1,000 units 2012 South Korea Asia-Others 2 OTHERS TOTAL WORLD 235 1.8% 263 1,543 11.9% 1,149 4.8% 662 13,041 -0.2% 4.8% 46.6% 6.2% 6.1% 1.8% 11.9% -4.8% 13,012 100.0% Others 34.3% 630 Asia 72.6% China India Japan South Korea Asia-Others 2 1. Excluding light commercial vehicles 2. Indonesia, Malaysia, Pakistan, Philippines, Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam 55
  50. 50. R E G I S T R AT I O N S The EU represents a market of almost 14 million vehicles Motor vehicle registrations in the EU - by country (in units) | 2012 TOTAL TOTAL AT 336,010 31,508 6,589 722 374,829 LV 10,665 2,236 1,605 92 14,598 BE 486,737 54,607 8,474 701 550,519 LT 12,170 1,598 2,759 145 16,672 BG 19,419 3,118 n.a. n.a. 22,537 LU 50,398 3,262 995 159 54,814 CY 10,967 1,293 88 n.a. 12,348 NL 502,528 56,576 12,002 779 571,885 CZ 174,009 11,821 7,234 731 193,795 PL 273,589 38,507 16,436 1,271 329,803 DK 170,763 24,109 3,770 506 199,148 PT 95,290 16,011 1,892 223 113,416 2,139 726 116 20,248 RO 66,436 9,389 2,817 1,463 80,105 111,251 11,469 3,252 533 126,505 SK 69,268 5,103 3,511 307 78,189 FR 1,898,760 381,233 45,678 6,062 2,331,733 SI 48,648 6,412 1,097 92 56,249 DE 56 17,267 FI SOURCE: ACEA - 2013 (NATIONAL AUTOMOBILE ASSOCIATIONS) EE 3,082,504 219,422 86,937 5,139 3,394,002 ES 699,589 76,933 12,827 1,642 790,991 GR 58,482 3,707 211 118 62,518 SE 279,899 39,303 5,610 1,629 326,441 HU 53,059 10,900 4,158 51 68,168 UK 2,044,609 239,641 42,280 7,233 2,333,763 EU ¹ 12,053,904 1,377,283 285,809 32,081 13,749,077 IE 79,498 10,874 1,120 236 91,728 IT 1,402,089 116,112 13,741 2,131 1,534,073 IS 7,902 444 87 69 8,502 NO 137,967 31,850 5,861 1,231 176,909 CH 328,139 30,922 3,853 509 363,423 EFTA 1. Data for Malta not available EU+EFTA 474,008 63,216 9,801 1,809 548,834 12,527,912 1,440,499 295,610 33,890 14,297,911
  51. 51. R E GIS T R AT I O N S Vehicle sales mirror economic growth New passenger car registrations in the EU and GDP | 1990-2012 New PC registrations – EU EU GDP Eurostat forecast +4 +3 +2 14,000,000 +1 +0 13,000,000 REGISTRATIONS 15,000,000 GDP growth (%) New PC registrations (units) SOURCE: AAA, ACEA, DG ECFIN 16,000,000 -1 12,000,000 -2 -3 11,000,000 -4 10,000,000 -5 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 New commercial vehicle registrations in the EU and GDP | 1997-2012 New CV registrations – EU EU GDP Eurostat forecast +4 +3 2,500,000 +2 2,300,000 +1 +0 2,100,000 GDP growth (%) New CV registrations (units) SOURCE: AAA, ACEA, DG ECFIN 2,700,000 -1 1,900,000 -2 -3 1,700,000 -4 1,500,000 -5 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 57
  52. 52. R E G I S T R AT I O N S Trend in new EU car registrations New passenger car registrations in the EU (in units – % change) | 1990-2012 Units 16,000,000 +3.8% 15,000,000 +5.0% +5.0% -2.1% +7.2% 14,000,000 +0.6% -2.7% +1.6% +1.0% -0.6% -8.0% -1.2% -5.5% 13,000,000 -0.6% +0.8% +4.9% -1.7% SOURCE: ACEA - 2013 +6.3% 58 -8.3% 12,000,000 11,000,000 +6.0% +0.7% -16.9% 10,000,000 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
  53. 53. R E GIS T R AT I O N S Trend in new EU commercial vehicle registrations New light commercial vehicle registrations in the EU (in units – % change) | 1997-2012 Units 2,000,000, +9.0% +5.6% +9.5% -2.8% -2.5% +3.0% +0.4% +5.7% -9.7% -2.7% +13.1% 1,500,000 -29.5% +8.7% +7.5% REGISTRATIONS SOURCE: ACEA, BASED ON AAA DATA - 2013 2,500,000 -7.4% 1,000,000 500,000 0 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 New medium & heavy commercial vehicle registrations in the EU (in units – % change) | 1997-2012 Units SOURCE: ACEA, BASED ON AAA DATA - 2013 500,000 400,000 +12.7% +2.5% 300,000 +9.5% -3.7% -10.0% +16.5% +6.1% +6.4% +6.5% -2.6% -1.2% +19.7% -44.4% -6.0% +7.1% 200,000 100,000 0 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 59
  54. 54. R E G I S T R AT I O N S A closer look at consumer demand New passenger cars sold in Europe* – by segment (in units) | 1994-2012 Units Small (A+B) Lower Medium (C) Upper Medium (D) Luxury (E+F) MPV SUV Others 6,000,000 5,000,000 SOURCE: IHS GLOBAL INSIGHT 4,000,000 3,000,000 2,000,000 1,000,000 0 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 New cars sold in Europe* – by segment (% share) | 2012 Lower medium (C) 23.0% Upper medium (D) 12.0% SOURCE: IHS GLOBAL INSIGHT Luxury (E+F) 60 4.0% MPV 12.0% SUV 12.0% Others 2.0% Small (A+B) 35.0% * Europe = EU27 (without Luxembourg) + Norway, Switzerland More information on trends in new car characteristics at www.acea.be
  55. 55. R E GIS T R AT I O N S 2.4 new cars were registered per 100 inhabitants in the EU in 2012 New passenger car registrations per 100 inhabitants (in units) | 2012 Units 12.0 9.8 REGISTRATIONS 10.0 8.0 6.0 4.9 4.4 4.0 4.0 3.8 3.7 3.5 3.3 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.0 2.1 1.7 1.7 1.5 1.3 1.3 1.3 0.9 0.7 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.3 HU GR LV LT RO BG 0.3 0.0 SOURCE: ACEA, EUROSTAT - 2013 LU CH BE AT DE NO IS UK FR DK NL SE SI EU 15 IT FI IE CZ ES CY EE SK PT PL EU 11 EU 27 EU = EU27, data for Malta n.a. EU15 = AT, BE, DE, DK, ES, FI, FR, GR, IE, IT, LU, NL, PT, SE, UK EU11 = BG, CY, CZ, EE, HU, LV, LT, PL, RO, SK, SI 61
  56. 56. R E G I S T R AT I O N S The drive towards fuel efficiency SOURCE: BASED ON AAA DATA - 1995-2009: EU15, 2010-2012: 23 EU COUNTRIES (DATA FOR BG, RO, CY, MT N.A.) Demand for passenger cars ≤ 120g CO2 /km | 1995-2012 Units 4,594,922 4,500,000 4,000,000 3,500,000 3,000,000 2,500,000 2,000,000 1,500,000 1,000,000 500,000 0 4,283,478 3,865,560 3,247,803 2,057,924 +6.8% 1,494,098 839,488 958,591 904,845 1,008,992 2003 2004 2005 2006 583,614 2 1995 1996 20,339 88,174 159,384 306,514 813 0 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 SOURCE: BASED ON AAA DATA - 1995-2009: EU15, 2010-2012: 23 EU COUNTRIES (DATA FOR BG, RO, CY, MT N.A.) New passenger cars in the EU – by CO2 emissions | 1995-2012 62 80% 65% CO2 emissions (g/km) 42% 37% 36% 34% 35% 23% 1995 7% 0% 1998 2001 23% 25% 27% 25% 16% 30% 29% 39% 33% 33% 19% 21% 15% 11% 8% 3% 0% 27% 26% 21% 20% 3% 31% 29% 28% 17% 32% 161+ 160-141 19% 12% 18% 140-121 120 and less 2004 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
  57. 57. R E GIS T R AT I O N S CO2 emissions of new cars: continuing the downward trend Average CO2 emissions of new cars in the EU in 2012 (in gCO2 /km) % change 2012/2007 DK 117 -25.7% PT 119 -16.6% NL 123 -25.1% FR 124 -16.8% IE 125 -24.2% GR 127 -22.9% BE 128 -16.4% IT 128 132 133 134 LU 138 -16.3% AT 138 -15.0% LT: 145 NL: 123 ; -25.1% PL: 141 ; -8.4% DE: 141 ; -17.0% FI 139 139 141 CZ 141 DE 141 LT 150 LV 153 SK: 141 145 EE CZ: 141 141 PL FR: 124 ; -16.8% 140 SK LU: 138 ; -16.3% -23.3% HU BE: 128 ; -16.4% -21.7% SE LV: 153 UK: 133 ; -18.8% -18.8% SI DK: 117 ; -25.7% IE: 125 ; -24.2% -16.0% UK EE: 150 -13.1% ES FI: 139 ; -21.7% SE: 139 ; -23.3% REGISTRATIONS Average CO2 of new cars in 2012 AT: 138 ; -15.0% SI: 134 -8.6% PT: 119 ; -16.6% HU: 140 IT: 128 ; -13.1% ES: 132 ; -16.% -17.0% GR: 127 ; -22.9% SOURCE: ACEA - 2013 63
  58. 58. R E G I S T R AT I O N S Most new cars have a diesel engine SOURCE: BASED ON AAA (DATA FOR THE EU15 + EFTA) Diesel penetration in the EU15 + EFTA (% of new cars registered) | 1990-2012 % share 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Diesel penetration in the EU15 + EFTA – by country (% of new cars registered) | 2012 % share 80 SOURCE: BASED ON AAA (DATA FOR EU15 + EFTA) 70 64 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 LU IE FR PT ES BE SE NO AT IT UK IS DE GR DK FI CH NL EU15 + EFTA More information on trends in new car characteristics at www.acea.be
  59. 59. VEHICLES IN USE VEHICLES IN USE
  60. 60. V E H IC L E S I N U S E Cars in the EU are on average 8.3 years old Average passenger car age – by country | 2010 Years 14 12 12.0 11.9 11.5 10.7 10.1 10 9.8 8.3 8.3 8.2 8 8.0 7.5 7.3 6.3 4 2 0 ESTONIA FINLAND SLOVAKIA GREECE PORTUGAL SWEDEN GERMANY FRANCE BELGIUM AUSTRIA UK VEHICLES IN USE SOURCE: ANFAC, ACEA - 2012 6 IRELAND EU* Passenger car fleet* – by age (% share) | 2010 SOURCE: ANFAC, ACEA - 2012 35.6% Cars > 10 years old 32.1% Cars 5-10 years old 32.2% Cars ≤ 5 years old * for available countries: Austria, Belgium, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Portugal, Slovakia, Sweden, United Kingdom. 67
  61. 61. VEHICLES IN USE The share of diesel in the EU car fleet is gradually increasing EU car fleet – by fuel type (% share) | 2012 Gasoline 60.6% SOURCE: ANFAC, ACEA - 2013 Diesel 35.9% Other 3.4% * for available countries: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Italy, Latvia, Netherlands, Poland, Romania, Sweden, United Kingdom. EU car fleet – by fuel type (% share) | 2010 Gasoline 61.5% SOURCE: ANFAC, ACEA - 2012 Diesel 35.3% 68 Other 3.2% * for available countries: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Netherlands, Poland, Romania, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom
  62. 62. V E H IC L E S I N U S E The EU’s vehicle fleet continues to grow EU passenger car fleet (in units) | 1990 – 2011 Units - in millions 300 250 200 100 50 0 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2011 2005 2010 VEHICLES IN USE SOURCE: EUROSTAT - 2013 150 2011 EU commercial vehicle fleet (in units) | 1990 – 2011 Units - in millions 40 35 30 25 SOURCE: EUROSTAT - 2013 20 15 10 5 0 1990 1995 2000 69
  63. 63. VEHICLES IN USE Vehicle spread in the EU Passenger car fleet – by country (% share - in units) | 2011 Units - in millions 45 17.7% 40 15.3% 35 13.2% 12.1% 30 25 9.2% 20 7.5% 15 SOURCE: EUROSTAT - 2013 10 70 3.2% 2.2% 5 2.1% 1.9% 1.9% 1.9% 1.8% 1.8% 1.2% 1.2% 1.1% 0.9% 0.8% 0.7% 0.7% 0.4% 0.3% 0.2% 0.2% 0.1% 0.1% SK LT SI LV EE CY LU MT 0 DE IT FR UK ES PL NL BE GR PT CZ AT SE RO FI HU BG DK IE
  64. 64. V E H IC L E S I N U S E The EU has the largest car fleet in the world Passenger car fleet (in units) | 2011 Units – in millions 300 242.2 200 150 130.72 100 57.7 50 55.9 35.0 27.5 RUSSIA BRAZIL 14.2 13.5 S. KOREA INDIA 1995 2011 S. KOREA INDIA 0 EU* USA JAPAN CHINA VEHICLES IN USE SOURCE: EUROSTAT, IHS GLOBAL INSIGHT 250 Passenger car fleet growth (in units) | 1995-2011 Units – in millions 300 SOURCE: EUROSTAT, IHS GLOBAL INSIGHT 250 200 150 100 50 0 EU* USA JAPAN CHINA RUSSIA BRAZIL * 27 countries included over the whole period 71
  65. 65. VEHICLES IN USE The EU has 483 cars per 1,000 inhabitants Passenger car density per 1,000 inhabitants – world | 1995-2011 Units 500 SOURCE: EUROSTAT, IHS GLOBAL INSIGHT 400 448 483 447 452 380 461 454 417 373 293 300 251 236 200 179 143 1995 137 108 100 106 100 2 0 EU JAPAN USA S. KOREA RUSSIA BRAZIL 2005 41 11 3 CHINA 11 6 2011 INDIA Passenger car density per 1,000 inhabitants – EU | 2011 Units 700 658 610 600 589 570 551 545 535 525 519 500 502 490 483 482 470 470 466 464 461 447 436 428 417 400 394 368 324 SOURCE: EUROSTAT - 2012 300 72 300 298 203 200 100 0 LU IT MT LT FI CY AT DE SI FR BE EU ES PL NL UK SE GR PT CZ EE IE DK BG SK LV HU RO
  66. 66. TRADE TRADE
  67. 67. TRADE The EU automotive industry is a formidable exporter EU exports of passenger cars - by value (% share) North America (NAFTA) 26.8% EFTA & Eastern Europe 25.1% Asia & Oceania 34.0% Middle East 4.8% South America & Caribbean 2.4% SOURCE: BASED ON EUROSTAT DATA - 2012 TRADE Africa 6.8% 75
  68. 68. TRADE The EU exported 6.6 million vehicles in 2012 EU motor vehicle trade – by type (in €m) 2011 IMPORTS EXPORTS TRADE BALANCE IMPORTS Passenger cars Commercial vehicles (up to 5t) Commercial vehicles (over 5t) + buses & coaches TOTAL EXPORTS 24,237 93,606 69,369 23,670 107,887 84,217 3,913 3,780 -133 3,388 4,663 1,275 843 6,369 5,526 819 7,216 6,397 28,993 TRADE IN VALUE (¤m) SOURCE: EUROSTAT 2012 TRADE BALANCE 103,755 74,762 27,877 119,766 91,889 % CHG 12/11 EXPORTS TRADE BALANCE -2.3% 15.3% 21.4% -13.4% 23.4% ++ -2.8% 13.3% 15.8% -3.8% 15.4% IMPORTS 22.9% EU motor vehicle trade – by type (in units) 2011 SOURCE: EUROSTAT TRADE IN VOLUME (units) 76 Passenger cars Commercial vehicles (up to 5t) Commercial vehicles (over 5t) + buses & coaches TOTAL 2012 % CHG 12/11 IMPORTS EXPORTS IMPORTS EXPORTS IMPORTS EXPORTS 2,176,517 5,153,725 1,932,420 5,914,655 -11.2% 14.8% 326,756 362,268 269,972 428,402 -17.4% 18.3 24,573 856,242 92,838 245,186 277.8% -71.4% 2,527,846 6,372,235 2,295,230 6,588,243 -9.2% 3.4%
  69. 69. TRADE A closer look at imports of all vehicle categories Origin of EU motor vehicle imports (in units) 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 World 3,402,211 3,620,596 3,246,820 2,522,080 2,488,966 2,527,846 2,295,230 % CHG 12/11 % SHARE IN 2012 -9.2% 100.0% Turkey 561,914 620,836 666,586 497,799 568,896 571,142 518,427 -9.2% 22.6% South Korea 724,689 655,218 452,348 353,423 295,970 384,462 403,690 5.0% 17.6% Japan 970,386 971,861 879,620 691,638 618,914 440,320 347,759 -21.0% 15.2% 322,664 450,533 365,682 155,695 186,425 243,049 241,129 -0.8% 10.5% China 329,426 348,407 267,254 208,718 164,712 161,101 184,927 14.8% 8.1% Mexico SOURCE: EUROSTAT United States 101,378 152,045 183,686 116,308 139,186 184,196 163,550 -11.2% 7.1% India 51,391 63,035 101,705 267,065 233,441 260,922 163,503 -37.3% 7.1% South Africa 29,499 25,056 35,316 38,783 74,278 86,263 67,714 -21.5% 3.0% Switzerland 34,166 47,060 43,751 29,795 26,740 26,691 25,966 -2.7% 1.1% Thailand 75,011 82,865 62,645 35,822 44,383 39,950 25,198 -36.9% 1.1% TRADE Origin of EU motor vehicle imports (in units) | 2012 Units SOURCE: BASED ON EUROSTAT DATA 600,000 400,000 200,000 0 TURKEY S. KOREA JAPAN USA CHINA MEXICO INDIA S. AFRICA SWITZERLAND THAILAND 77
  70. 70. TRADE Most EU motor vehicle exports go to the US Main destinations of EU motor vehicle exports (in units) 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 5,031,578 5,319,592 5,359,061 3,740,221 4,772,147 6,372,235 6,588,243 3.4% 100.0% United States 999,431 981,493 880,691 550,856 714,944 751,824 883,590 17.5% 13.4% Russia 385,147 604,659 731,138 191,937 324,866 516,792 764,172 47.9% 11.6% China 61,764 99,103 137,823 174,242 349,737 487,108 534,662 9.8% 8.1% Turkey 375,636 258,308 256,255 188,650 383,890 434,377 388,250 -10.6% 5.9% Switzerland 237,706 267,905 259,276 225,443 281,867 321,999 329,629 2.4% 5.0% Japan 169,088 191,156 145,094 114,729 148,211 177,975 207,122 16.4% 3.1% Australia 116,744 136,236 136,615 96,376 141,256 156,798 190,335 21.4% 2.9% SOURCE: EUROSTAT World Ukraine 140,745 126,932 165,388 39,449 113,015 134,468 169,818 26.3% 2.6% Norway 148,012 176,565 143,819 122,510 167,647 178,217 167,214 -6.2% 2.5% South Africa 140,977 124,420 77,117 67,313 102,607 142,086 130,562 -8.1% 2.0% Destination of EU motor vehicle exports (in units) | 2012 Units 1,000,000 SOURCE: BASED ON EUROSTAT DATA 800,000 78 % CHG 12/11 % SHARE IN 2012 600,000 400,000 200,000 0 USA RUSSIA CHINA TURKEY SWITZERLAND JAPAN AUSTRALIA UKRAINE NORWAY S. AFRICA
  71. 71. TRADE The US, Japan and South Korea account for the highest import value for cars Origin of most EU passenger car imports - by value (in €m) 2006 Japan 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 33,397 29,721 22,046 22,483 24,237 23,670 -2.3% 5,470 6,344 5,977 2,952 3,483 4,665 5,492 17.7% 23.2% 12,012 United States 2007 31,601 World % CHG 12/11 % SHARE IN 2012 11,796 10,634 8,240 7,672 6,504 5,464 -16.0% 23.1% 100.0% South Korea 7,272 6,690 3,945 2,610 2,449 3,395 3,900 14.9% 16.5% Turkey 3,393 4,206 3,674 3,194 3,397 3,328 3,119 -6.3% 13.2% Mexico 1,334 1,992 2,405 1,499 1,771 2,465 2,341 -5.0% 9.9% 270 332 584 1,536 1,341 1,770 1,069 -39.6% 4.5% SOURCE: EUROSTAT India South Africa 366 70 300 469 847 904 549 -39.3% 2.3% China 298 482 541 398 455 394 331 -16.0% 1.4% Canada 89 Switzerland 86 70 38 70 136 179 32.1% 0.8% 142 193 152 120 114 106 123 16.0% 0.5% Passenger cars - origin of EU imports - by value (% share) | 2012 SOURCE: BASED ON EUROSTAT DATA 13.2% Turkey 16.5% South Korea 4.9% India 4.5% China 1.4% EFTA TRADE Africa 0.6% 23.1% Japan ASEAN 0.2% 33.8 % NAFTA Russia 0.1% 0.1% Middle East 0.0% Australia MERCOSUR 0.0% Others 1.6% 79
  72. 72. TRADE Most EU car imports come from South Korea Origin of most EU passenger car imports (in units) 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 3,014,086 3,214,833 2,783,532 2,212,025 2,139,820 2,176,517 1,932,420 -11.2% 100.0% South Korea 717,090 651,130 446,544 351,142 294,013 382,871 402,062 5.0% 20.8% Japan 940,670 949,317 852,805 676,461 604,151 429,803 345,895 -19.5% 17.9% Turkey 344,923 385,188 361,161 314,514 330,548 334,349 318,265 -4.8% 16.5% 12.1% World % CHG 11/12 % SHARE IN 2012 314,856 440,892 351,235 150,142 179,892 236,381 233,835 -1.1% Mexico 101,331 152,006 183,647 116,298 139,171 184,180 163,526 -11.2% 8.5% India SOURCE: EUROSTAT United States 49,433 61,389 99,121 265,659 231,987 259,776 162,928 -37.3% 8.4% China 308,720 336,075 252,801 154,266 155,262 149,025 111,881 -24.9% 5.8% South Africa 17,938 3,877 20,515 31,315 65,396 72,074 43,973 -39.0% 2.3% Switzerland 29,346 41,248 36,281 26,232 23,892 23,420 22,254 -5.0% 1.2% Taiwan 54,904 57,492 59,795 32,076 29,670 29,252 19,327 -33.9% 1.0% Origin of EU passenger car imports (in units) | 2012 SOURCE: BASED ON EUROSTAT DATA Units 80 450,000 400,000 350,000 300,000 250,000 200,000 150,000 100,000 50,000 0 S. KOREA JAPAN TURKEY USA MEXICO INDIA CHINA S. AFRICA SWITZERLAND TAIWAN
  73. 73. TRADE The US is the EU’s most valuable export market Main destinations of EU passenger car exports – by value (in €m) 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 World 67,776 70,658 69,416 48,088 76,149 93,606 107,887 15.3% United States 27,064 24,748 20,520 12,768 19,127 19,482 24,934 28.0% 23.1% 2,250 3,344 4,608 5,475 12,182 17,335 19,290 11.3% 17.9% China % CHG 12/11 % SHARE IN 2012 100.0% 4,290 6,627 8,758 2,563 4,063 7,016 8,727 24.4% 8.1% 4,002 4,318 4,360 3,935 5,219 6,646 6,813 2.5% 6.3% Japan 4,221 4,115 3,249 2,713 3,843 5,089 6,306 23.9% 5.8% Turkey 2,908 2,834 2,806 2,067 4,255 5,229 4,826 -7.7% 4.5% Australia SOURCE: EUROSTAT Russia Switzerland 1,831 2,097 2,186 1,613 2,758 3,177 3,496 10.1% 3.2% Norway 2,266 2,694 2,180 1,854 2,699 3,016 3,166 5.0% 2.9% Canada 2,082 2,074 2,057 1,789 2,414 2,480 2,995 20.7% 2.8% South Korea 1,018 974 911 805 1,682 1,955 2,496 27.7% 2.3% Passenger cars - destination of EU exports – by value (% share) | 2012 SOURCE: BASED ON EUROSTAT DATA 9.4% Russia EFTA 17.9% China 26.8% NAFTA 6.8% Others 1.3% MERCOSUR 0.2% India Africa 6.8% Japan 5.8% Middle East 4.8% Turkey 4.5% Australia 3.2% South Korea 2.3% ASEAN TRADE 8.1% 2.0% 81
  74. 74. TRADE Almost 15% of EU car exports set sail to the US Main destinations of EU passenger car exports (in units) 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 4,301,184 4,743,045 4,797,916 3,375,224 4,234,470 5,153,725 5,914,655 14.8% 100.0% United States 993,405 972,316 874,508 547,326 708,575 731,138 873,628 19.5% 14.8% Russia 342,762 528,674 670,381 176,595 291,164 470,878 706,918 50.1% 12.0% China 60,383 95,925 136,239 172,218 345,581 478,877 526,769 10.0% 8.9% Turkey 247,886 225,505 223,331 170,456 339,556 388,000 349,979 -9.8% 5.9% Switzerland 212,941 243,348 233,163 203,939 255,874 291,899 300,976 3.1% 5.1% Japan 168,731 190,864 145,006 114,649 148,082 175,242 206,521 17.8% 3.5% 99,876 107,469 109,738 84,157 123,250 141,394 150,460 6.4% 2.5% Norway 125,799 151,956 122,103 110,027 147,473 153,694 144,232 -6.2% 2.4% South Africa 122,877 102,828 65,611 62,834 93,145 123,355 115,808 -6.1% 2.0% 83,707 85,291 98,188 82,576 99,169 94,849 109,767 15.7% 1.9% World SOURCE: EUROSTAT Australia Canada Destination of EU passenger car exports (in units) | 2012 Units 1.000,000 SOURCE: BASED ON EUROSTAT DATA 800,000 82 600,000 400,000 200,000 0 USA RUSSIA CHINA TURKEY SWITZERLAND JAPAN AUSTRALIA NORWAY S. AFRICA CANADA % CHG 12/11 % SHARE IN 2012
  75. 75. TAXATION TAXATION
  76. 76. TA X AT IO N CO2 taxation is gaining ground in the EU CO2 taxation is now well established across the European Union. 19 EU member states currently apply some form of CO2 tax to the registration and/or ownership of passenger cars, up from 17 in 2010. Finland and Greece both changed their annual circulation tax to a CO2 basis recently. The 19 EU countries that levy passenger car taxes partially or totally based on the cars’ CO2 emissions and/or fuel consumption are: Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Latvia, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Portugal, Romania, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom. The European automobile industry welcomes this trend towards CO2-related car taxation. However, it regrets the lack of uniformity in the implementation of these taxes. For more information, visit www.acea.be TAXATION European auto makers therefore support taxation for passenger cars that is: – exclusively based on CO2 emissions; – technologically neutral; – linear; and – budget neutral. SOURCE: ACEA TAX GUIDE 2013 85
  77. 77. TA X AT I O N Tax incentives help shape demand for electric vehicles Incentives for electrically-chargeable vehicles are now applied in all western European countries. The incentives mainly consist of tax reductions and exemptions, as in countries such as Belgium and the Netherlands, and bonus payments and premiums for the buyers of electric vehicles in Spain, Luxembourg and Portugal. The European car industry supports the further introduction of fiscal incentives for fuel efficiency. Tax measures are an important tool in shaping consumer demand towards fuelefficient cars and help create a market for breakthrough technologies, notably during the introduction phase. Innovations generally first enter the market in low volumes and at a significant cost premium, and this needs to be offset by a positive policy framework. Electric mobility will make an important contribution towards ensuring sustainable mobility. However, advanced conventional technologies, engines and fuels will play a predominant role for years to come. Governments must continue to include these CO2-efficient technologies and solutions in their overall sustainable mobility policy approach. For more information, visit www.acea.be 86 SOURCE: ACEA TAX GUIDE 2013
  78. 78. TA X AT IO N Motor vehicles are a vital source of government revenue Fiscal income from motor vehicles in the EU* AT € bn 2011 BE DK DE ES FI FR GR IE IT NL PT SE UK € bn DKK bn 2012 2011 € bn 2011 € bn 2011 € bn 2011 € bn 2011 € bn 2012 € bn 2012 € bn 2010 € bn 2011 € bn 2012 SEK bn 2012 £ bn 2011 Purchase or transfer 1. VAT on vehicle sales servicing/repair, parts, tyres 2.484 6.060 N.A. 27.175 4.031 1.310 14.554 0.170 0.387 18.100 1.400 1.076 21.000 12.500 2. Fuels & lubricants 5.517 7.534 16.970 40.036 18.325 3.742 35.332 4.143 2.720 31.315 7.708 2.310 49.500 26.920 3. Sales & registration taxes 0.485 0.408 13.800 0.478 1.008 2.076 0.100 0.387 1.142 1.999 0.420 Annual ownership taxes 1.635 1.512 9.872 8.422 2.807 0.706 1.098 1.116 1.075 6.610 3.586 0.362 12.200 5.820 0.010 0.065 – 3.656 0.676 0.299 Driving license fees 0.007 Insurance taxes 0.310 Tolls 1.512 0.934 1.757 4.051 1.422 0.550 0.274 0.759 TOTAL 12.217 17.214 EURO 12.2 17.2 0.365 – 0.920 0.349 42.769 80.769 26.731 5.7 80.8 26.7 3.000 0.800 0.025 1.572 0.055 7.065 69.014 5.584 7.1 69.0 5.6 5.186 3.396 0.266 4.200 1.500 4.569 67.826 18.749 4.459 90.700 46.740 4.6 67.8 18.7 4.5 10.4 54.3 GRAND TOTAL = €384.6bn * No data available for other EU member states. TAXATION SOURCE: ACEA - 2013 4.276 10.106 0.370 Customs duties Other taxes 0.295 87
  79. 79. TA X AT I O N Share of VAT in net price of cars Hungary Denmark 27% Belgium 25% Austria Czech Republic Bulgaria Italy Sweden Estonia 21% Latvia Romania 24% 20% Slovakia Lithuania Slovenia Netherlands UK Spain France Finland Greece Ireland 23% 19.6% Germany 19% Portugal Malta 18% Cyprus 17% Luxembourg SOURCE: ACEA - 2013 Poland 15% SOURCE: EUROPEAN COMMISSION - 2013 Excise duties on fuels in (€/1,000 litres) 88 AT BE BG CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GR HU IE IT LT LU LV MT NL PL PT RO SE SI SK UK EU minimum rates Unleaded Petrol 482 628 363 429 512 655 593 423 456 650 607 670 432 587 728 434 462 415 469 747 406 585 360 668 576 551 674 360 Diesel 397 428 330 400 437 470 444 393 331 470 428 330 398 479 617 330 335 336 382 440 355 368 330 621 449 368 674 330
  80. 80. EU27 CARS AT Austria BE Belgium NL Netherlands BG Bulgaria PC MT Malta PL Poland CY Cyprus RO Romania DE Germany SE Sweden DK Denmark SI EE Estonia SK Slovakia ES Spain UK United Kingdom MPV Multi-purpose vehicles VANS PT Portugal CZ Czech Republic FI FR France MCV Medium commercial vehicles > 3.5t but 16t HCV Heavy commercial vehicles > 16t CV MCV + HCV EUROPE EU27 + EFTA EFTA Iceland + Norway + Switzerland NAFTA USA + Canada + Mexico BRIC Brazil + Russia + India + China OTHERS GR Greece CH Switzerland HU Hungary IS Iceland IE Ireland NO Norway IT Italy RS Serbia LT Lithuania RU Russia LU Luxembourg TR Turkey Latvia UA Ukraine LV LCV Light commercial vehicles + minibus / coaches 3.5t TRUCKS Slovenia Finland Passenger cars SUV Sport utility vehicles MERCOSUR Argentina + Brazil + Paraguay + Uruguay BUSES + COACHES B&C Buses > 3.5t MOTOR VEHICLES MV Cars + vans + trucks + buses & coaches ASEAN Brunei + Cambodia + Indonesia + Laos + Malaysia + Myanmar + Philippines + Singapore + Thailand + Vietnam PM CO particulate matter carbon monoxide NOX nitrogen oxides CO2 carbon dioxide m g tkm GCW million gramme tonne-kilometre gross combined weight bn t pkm GDP AAA Auxiliary Automobile Association VDA German Association of the Automotive Industry OICA International Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers billion tonne passenger-kilometre gross domestic product
  81. 81. EUROPEAN AUTOMOBILE M A N U FA C T U R E R S A S S O C I AT I O N Avenue des Nerviens 85 B–1040 Brussels T +32 2 732 55 50 info@acea.be w w w. a c e a . b e EUROPEAN A U T O M O BI L E M A N U FA C T U R E R S A S S O CI AT IO N w w w. a c e a . b e

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