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Sc24 wg9-pdr-kurata-20160822


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ISO IEC/JTC 1/SC 24/WG 9 meeting (2016/8/22),
Grassroots activity for standardization on PDR (Pedestrian Dead Reckoning) benchmarking

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Sc24 wg9-pdr-kurata-20160822

  1. 1. Grassroots activity for standardization on PDR (Pedestrian Dead Reckoning) benchmarking Takeshi Kurata (AIST, Japan) PDR Benchmark Standardization Committee ISO IEC/JTC 1/SC 24/WG 9 meeting (2016/8/22)
  2. 2. PDR(Pedestrian Dead-Reckoning) Estimates velocity vector, relative altitude, and actions by measurements from a waist-mounted sensor module.  Wearing sensor module on waist  Easy to wear and maintain  Easy to measure data for action recognition  Relatively easily apply for handheld setting compared to shoe- mounted PDR based on Zero Velocity Updates (ZUPTs) 2 Handheld PDR 10-axis sensors • Accelerometers • Magnetic sensors • Gyro sensors • Barometer Waist-mounted PDR
  3. 3. In the year of 2010 • iPhone 4: the first popular consumer mobile device equipped with 9-axis sensors including accelerometers, magnetic sensors, and gyro sensors 3 G-spatial EXPO 2010: Handheld PDR (Pedestrian Dead Reckoning) on iPhone 4 (Maybe world’s first-ever live demo)
  4. 4. Lab-forming Field & Field-forming Lab • Borrowing from “Terraforming” • Lab-forming Field: Transforming a real field into a lab-like place. • Field-forming Lab: Transforming a laboratory into a field-like place. 4 • IoT • Real world modeling • AI • Big data analysis • Wearable • AR • VR Geospatial IoT  (G‐IoT), PDR Lab-forming Field Field-forming Lab
  5. 5. Standardization on PDR Benchmarking • PDR related R&D is highly active worldwide: Necessity for sharing common measures. • Description of the performance should be unified in spec sheets and scientific papers. • Different measures from absolute positioning methods such as GNSS, Wi-Fi, and BLE are required for PDR, which is a method of relative positioning. • PDR Benchmark Standardization Committee was established in 2014 as a platform of the grassroots activity. 5
  6. 6. Support Organizations • Asahi Kasei Corporation, Asia Air Survey Co., Ltd. (Y. Minami), INTEC Inc., MTI Ltd., KDDI R&D Laboratories, Inc., KOKUSAI KOGYO CO., LTD., SHIBUYA KOGYO CO., LTD., Koozyt, Inc., SITESENSING, inc., Sharp Corporation, Sugihara Software and Electron Industry Co., Ltd. (SSEI), Information Services International-Dentsu, Ltd. (ISID), Hitachi, Ltd., Frameworx, Inc. (S. Watanabe), MULTISOUP CO.,LTD., Milldea, LLC, Murata Manufacturing Co., Ltd., MegaChips Corporation, Recruit Lifestyle Co., Ltd. (K. Ushida), RICOH COMPANY, LTD., Rei-Frontier Inc., • Aichi Institute of Technology (K. Kaji), Akashi National College of Technology (I. Arai), Kanagawa Institute of Technology (H. Tanaka), Keio University (S. Haruyama, N. Kohtake, M. Nakajima), University of Tsukuba (T. Kurata), Tokyo Institute of Technology (S. Okada), Nagoya University (N. Kawaguchi), Niigata University (H. Makino), Ritsumeikan University (N. Nishio), National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST) (T. Kurata, M. Kourogi), Human Activity Sensing Consortium (HASC), Location Information Service Research Agency (LISRA) • 33 organizations in Japan as of April, 2016 6
  7. 7. Activity Examples in Japan 7 1st meeting of the committee (2014/05/22) 1st seminar in LBJ (2014/06/11) 2nd meeting of the committee (2015/05/19) 2nd seminar in LBJ (2015/06/13) Organized session in HCG symposium (2014/12/17) 3rd seminar in LBJ (2016/06/10) LBJ: Location Business Japan HCG: Human Communication Group Organized session in HCG symposium (2015/12/16) 3rd meeting of the committee (2015/05/19)
  8. 8. Competitions: IPIN and the others (cf. EvAAL presentation in IPIN 2105 etc.) 8 IPIN year EvAAL, IPSN, UbiComp/ISWC Zurich, Switzerland 2010 universAAL is launched Guimaraes, Portugal 2011 EvAAL: indoor localization Sidney, Australia 2012 EvAAL: + activity recognition Montbeliard, France 2013 EvAAL: same as 2012 Busan, Korea 1st IPIN competition 2014 EvAAL: 3 floors, smartphone IPSN: infrastruc. based + free Banff, Canada EvAAL-ETRI comp. 2015 EvAAL-ETRI: 6 floors, on/off-site IPSN: infrastruc. based + free UbiComp/ISWC: 2 floors, smartphone PDR, 90 subjects Madrid, Spain Indoor Localization Competition 2016 IPIN: smartphone (on/off-site), PDR, Robot IPSN: infrastruc. based + free, 2D/3D
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  10. 10. Open Data Contest in Logistics & PDR Challenge in Warehouse • Open data contest in logistics by Frameworx – Submission: 2016/4/18-2016/7/18 – Award ceremony: 2016/9/12 • PDR Challenge in Warehouse – Now planning – Will be held as a Japanese domestic contest in 2016 – Will be held as an international contest in IPIN 2017 11
  11. 11. Examples of picking workers’ trajectories estimated by PDR + WMS (Warehouse Management System) 12
  12. 12. PDR Challenge in Warehouse • Ubicomp/ISWC 2015 PDR Challenge – Scenario: Indoor Navigation – On-site – Continuous walking while keeping watching the navigation screen by holding the smartphone – Several minutes per trial • 2016 PDR Challenge in Warehouse (tentative) – Scenario: Picking work in a warehouse – Off-site – Not only walking but various actions including picking and carrying – Several hours per trial 13
  13. 13. IPIN2017 14
  14. 14. NWIP • Submit the NWIP after preparing the WD (CD candidate) • The structure of the Draft should be similar to ISO/IEC NP 18520 (Benchmarking of Vision-based Geometric Registration and Tracking Methods for MAR) – Benchmarking process + benchmark indicator + dataset for benchmarking 15