Wildlife in tamil nadu and tourism.


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A detailed description about the gulf of Mannar and the Annamalai jungle.

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Wildlife in tamil nadu and tourism.

  1. 1. The Gulf Of Mannar Biosphere By Kunal Class 9
  2. 2. A Biosphere • A biosphere is an area where land, water and the atmosphere meet each other. • Biospheres are very rich in the variety of life in them.
  3. 3. The Gulf Of Mannar Biosphere is the earliest marine biosphere reserve in India. It was declared a Biosphere Reserve in 1989. Gulf of Mannar The Gulf of Mannar is located south of the Palk Strait between Srilanka and India.
  4. 4. Area is more than 10,500 metre square. It hosts more than 3,600 species of flora and fauna. It is known for its pearl banks. The biosphere includes beaches, estuaries, seaweed, sea grass, coral reefs, salt marshes and mangrove forests.
  5. 5. The Gulf of Mannar is one of the richest coastal regions in Asia. More than 117 hard coral species have been recorded in this biosphere. Sea turtles, sharks, dugongs and dolphins frequently visit this area.
  6. 6. Sea weed, sea grass, coral reefs, salt marshes and mangrove forests are the types of vegetation that thrive here.
  7. 7. The gulf of Mannar is very popular for its pearl banks. The pearls are exported to various places around the Earth. Pearl fishing in the gulf of Mannar in 1926
  8. 8. The biosphere consists of a wide variety and a large population of fish. The main occupation here is hence, fishing.
  9. 9. The mangroves growing in the biosphere provide protection from tsunamis. During the 2004 tsunami, a coastal village protected by these mangroves recorded only 2 deaths. Whereas, another coastal village of about the same population that did not have mangroves recorded hundreds of deaths.
  10. 10. 47 villages are located near the biosphere. Their combined population is more than 50,000. This has led to overharvesting of marine species.
  11. 11. Local fishermen rely on the reef to feed their families. Increased pollution and coral mining have also reduced catches.
  12. 12. Several species such as dolphins, dugongs, sharks, whales and sea cucumbers are endangered. The government of India is planning to create a channel linking the Gulf of Mannar to the Bay of Bengal. This could disturb the marine life.
  13. 13. In 1986, a group of 21 small islands were declared the ‘Gulf of Mannar Marine National Park’. In 1989, the park and it’s 10 km buffer zone were declared the ‘ Gulf of Mannar Biosphere Reserve’.
  14. 14. The Agasthyamalai Biosphere Reserve
  15. 15. Agasthyamalai Biosphere Reserve The Agasthyamalai Biosphere Reserve is located amongst the Western Ghats in Kerala and Tamil Nadu near Tirunelveli.
  16. 16. This biosphere covers an area of about 3,500 km square. The ABR is composed of 3 wildlife sanctuaries and the adjoining areas of the Kallakad Mandutharai Tiger reserve. It is located at a high altitude and is home to many rare species of plants and animals.
  17. 17. The ABR provides habitat to many rare and endangered species of animals. Some of them are the tiger, Asian elephant and the NilgiriTahr.
  18. 18. The biosphere also provides home to many people also. It is home to one of the oldest surviving ancient tribe on Earth, the Kanikaran.
  19. 19. The biosphere is located in the Western Ghats Most Deciduous Forests. Almost the entire area is covered with a rainforest with tall trees.
  20. 20. More than 2,000 varieties of medicinal herbs also exist in the ABR. About 50 of them are rare species.
  21. 21. The biosphere is a good place for tourism. The rare and endangered species in it attract tourists.
  22. 22. The availability of medicinal herbs provides plants for medicinal purposes.
  23. 23. The mountainous region provides land for adventure parks.
  24. 24. The Agasthyamalai biosphere reserve has to tackle poaching and illegal hunting of animals. Many humans living near it often cut trees for wood from the forest.
  25. 25. In 2011, foreign tourism generated $121 million in India. In Tamil Nadu alone, there were around 2.2 million foreign wildlife tourists.
  26. 26. The huge amount of revenue generated from tourism encourages the government to invest in the tourism industry. The beauty and variety of wildlife in the country impresses tourists. So, areas are declared as wildlife sanctuaries, national parks and biospheres.
  27. 27. Tourism plays a significant role in encouraging the government to preserve the wildlife of the country.