Stellar Outreach, LLC
Astrosociology Research Institute
Creating a
Contact-Ready Earth
Kathleen D. Toerpe
When Contact?
intelligent?
friendly?
hostile?
superior?
biohazard?
beneficial?
2nd
Genesis?
panspermia?extant?
extinct?
More profound
(and more likely)
Contact scenario?
Confronting
our own place
in the universe
Contact . . . with new ideas &...
S
T
E
M
1. What does it mean to be ready?
2. How can we measure readiness?
3. What can we do to ready ourselves?
Ready
or
not?
#AmericaIsBeautful
Super Bowl 2014
7 Languages – 1 minute
Race
Gender
Ethnicity
Class
Religion
Sexual Orient...
Twitterverse
Erupted!
www.publicshaming.tumbler.com
not Ready
Bill Nye vs Kenneth Ham
Evolution?
Creationism?
Science
denied
30% of Americans – “humans and other
living things have existed in their present
form from the beginning of...
Scientists
discredited
68% Americans - only “moderately, a little,
or not at all trust scientists about the
environment” (...
really
not Ready
Kiev
Syria
Saudi
Arabia
France
disturbingly
not Ready
What
might it
mean...
... to be
Ready?
What are the core
attributes, attitudes or
abilities of what it
means to be Ready . . . .
for Contact?
Core Abilities
Students to be Ready - - -
to grasp to participate
to examine to react
to respond to adapt
to imagine to create
Graduation...
How to prepare
for Contact?
Crowd by Chris Amelung
As individuals living in societies
What are the
core abilities
that we will
need?
What would a
Contact-Ready
society look like?
Diversity &
Inclusivity
Religious
Pluralism
STEAM
Social Justice
#1 Diversity
& Inclusivity
Across all categories
Domestically &
internationally
Proscribes prejudice &
discrimination
...
#2 Social
Justice
Acknowledges consequences
of systemic inequities in
access to resources,
education, income, etc.
Mitig...
#3 Religious
Pluralism
Across all denominations &
belief systems
Domestically &
internationally
Protects rights of reli...
#4 Embrace
of STEAM
Embraces social and
behavioral sciences, arts, &
humanities into STEM
Accepts all of STEAM as
signif...
Diversity &
Inclusivity
Religious
Pluralism
STEAM
Social Justice
Credibility &Trust
1. What does it mean to be ready?
To create inclusive societies that embrace diversity and
pluralism; are religiously flex...
How
can we
measure
readiness?
WoodenThermometerbygameanna
Inspiration
Rio
Iván Almár & Jill Tarter
Measures intensity of social
impact of putative interception
of ETI signal
Assign...
 Defines quantifiable criteria to
establish impact significance
 Anticipate impact of single Contact
event
 Compare and...
Contact
Readiness
Scale
Measures readiness of any
given society to grasp, react,
and respond to Contact event
Assigns hier...
 Defines quantifiable criteria for
benchmark levels of readiness
 Anticipates readiness for Contact of
any specific soci...
5
4
3
2
1
Quantifiable criteria
•5 levels of benchmarks
•chart a society’s progress
•can be tailored to specific social
dy...
Here’s an example
of how it works . . .
5
4
3
2
1
Embraced as social & cultural values
Tolerance across all categories
Domestically & internationally
Proscrib...
5
4
3
2
1
Commitment to Inclusivity & Diversity
Increasing tolerance for diversity through
force of law, education, relig...
5
4
3
2
1
Commitment to Inclusivity & Diversity
Inconsistently tolerant and discriminatory
Tolerance across some, but no...
5
4
3
2
1
Commitment to Inclusivity & Diversity
Little institutional or cultural acceptance
of diversity
Tolerance acros...
5
4
3
2
1
Commitment to Inclusivity & Diversity
Dogmatic or ideological prejudices &
rampant overt discrimination
Exclus...
5
4
3
2
1
5
4
3
2
1
5
4
3
2
1
5
4
3
2
1
0.5
X
Diversity
Inclusivity
Social
Justice
Religious
Pluralism
Embrace
STEAM
Credi...
USA
in
2014?
5
4
3
2
1
5
4
3
2
1
5
4
3
2
1
5
4
3
2
1
0.5
x
Diversity
Inclusivity
Social
Justice
Religious
Pluralism
Embrace
STEAM
Credi...
USA
in
2014? 4.2/10
Caveats:
1)Society ≠ Nation
2)Subjectivity Bias
3)Tentative Judgment
2. How can we measure readiness?
We can tentatively measure readiness on a Contact Readiness
Scale which forms the basis o...
How do
we ready
ourselves?
• To accept a new
world view
• To broaden our
idea of “life”
• To expand our
understanding of
t...
Diversity &
Inclusivity
Religious
Pluralism
STEAM
Social Justice
Credibility &Trust
Formal Education
Public Outreach
 Authentic messaging
 Realistic ET images
 Managing first
impressions/stereotypes
 De...
Institutional Readiness
 Advanced research in Contact
Readiness
 Formal Statement of Contact
Readiness
 Public debate a...
3. What can we do to ready ourselves?
Create societies that parallel the technologically and
morally advanced societies th...
Kathleen D. Toerpe
Creating a
Contact-Ready
Earth
ktoerpe@astrosociology.org
stellaroutreach@gmail.com
@ktoerpe
Sources and Photo Credits
Slides 1, 54
Adapted and remixed from 13A2 Living Room – East {notes} by striatic.
http://creati...
Sources and Photo Credits 2
Slide 7
http://publicshaming.tumblr.com/post/75447787843/speak-english-racist-revolt-as-coca-c...
Slide 13
Kiev - http://www.thetimes.co.uk/tto/news/world/europe/article3983265.ece
Syria - http://www.nytimes.com/2014/01/...
Slides 24 – 29, 50
Welcome Mat - http://blog.builddirect.com/wood-floors-and-use-of-mats/
Dalai Lama/Desmond Tutu -
http:/...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Creating a Contact-Ready Earth - Kathleen D. Toerpe

646 views

Published on

Contact scenarios - explored through the analogy of the Columbian decimation of indigenous tribes; the spread of Enlightenment science and philosophy; or the quantitative risk assessment of the Rio Scale and its recent offspring, the London Scale - all attempt to anticipate the consequences of contact after it has occurred. Can we intervene in the process beforehand and "stack the deck in our favor"? In the same way that public and private institutions conduct diversity training to anticipate, mitigate and prevent clashes arising from stereotypes of race, gender, ethnicity and sexual orientation, can we anticipate, mitigate and even prevent the social and cultural fallout unleashed by extraterrestrial contact well before any ET - microbial or intelligent - is even discovered? In essence, can we prepare ourselves for contact? This presentation goes beyond the immediate answer of increasing STEM literacy, to analyzing key social, cultural and political benchmarks and the kind of collaborative societal efforts needed to achieve them. What tools can we borrow from diversity training and other disciplines? How can we even measure their effectiveness pre-contact? What would a contact-ready Earth look like and where do we begin?

Published in: Technology
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
646
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
10
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
2
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Creating a Contact-Ready Earth - Kathleen D. Toerpe

  1. 1. Stellar Outreach, LLC Astrosociology Research Institute Creating a Contact-Ready Earth Kathleen D. Toerpe
  2. 2. When Contact? intelligent? friendly? hostile? superior? biohazard? beneficial? 2nd Genesis? panspermia?extant? extinct?
  3. 3. More profound (and more likely) Contact scenario? Confronting our own place in the universe Contact . . . with new ideas &perspectives Wedding Bean by Thomas M. Toerpe
  4. 4. S T E M
  5. 5. 1. What does it mean to be ready? 2. How can we measure readiness? 3. What can we do to ready ourselves?
  6. 6. Ready or not? #AmericaIsBeautful Super Bowl 2014 7 Languages – 1 minute Race Gender Ethnicity Class Religion Sexual Orientation
  7. 7. Twitterverse Erupted! www.publicshaming.tumbler.com
  8. 8. not Ready
  9. 9. Bill Nye vs Kenneth Ham Evolution? Creationism?
  10. 10. Science denied 30% of Americans – “humans and other living things have existed in their present form from the beginning of time” (Pew Research Center, December 2013) Creation Museum (Petersburg, Kentucky)
  11. 11. Scientists discredited 68% Americans - only “moderately, a little, or not at all trust scientists about the environment” (AP/GfK Roper Poll, Nov. 29 - Dec. 3, 2012) Chimney And Smoke by njaj
  12. 12. really not Ready
  13. 13. Kiev Syria Saudi Arabia France
  14. 14. disturbingly not Ready
  15. 15. What might it mean... ... to be Ready?
  16. 16. What are the core attributes, attitudes or abilities of what it means to be Ready . . . . for Contact?
  17. 17. Core Abilities
  18. 18. Students to be Ready - - - to grasp to participate to examine to react to respond to adapt to imagine to create Graduation Silhouette by iosphere
  19. 19. How to prepare for Contact?
  20. 20. Crowd by Chris Amelung As individuals living in societies
  21. 21. What are the core abilities that we will need?
  22. 22. What would a Contact-Ready society look like?
  23. 23. Diversity & Inclusivity Religious Pluralism STEAM Social Justice
  24. 24. #1 Diversity & Inclusivity Across all categories Domestically & internationally Proscribes prejudice & discrimination Enforces through legislation, education and normative pressure Marginalizes xenophobia & ethnocentrism Mitigates aversive intolerance, prejudice & discrimination
  25. 25. #2 Social Justice Acknowledges consequences of systemic inequities in access to resources, education, income, etc. Mitigates consequences through comprehensive legislation, education, intervention programs, etc.  Commits to securing inalienable human rights for marginalized populations Balances nationalist needs against global responsbilities
  26. 26. #3 Religious Pluralism Across all denominations & belief systems Domestically & internationally Protects rights of religious minorities Protects rights of non- religious Enforces through legislation, education and normative pressure Marginalizes militant or politicized extremism & fundamentalism
  27. 27. #4 Embrace of STEAM Embraces social and behavioral sciences, arts, & humanities into STEM Accepts all of STEAM as significant, relevant & applicable to society Encourages critical questioning & collaboration Seeks out expertise in policy- making process Promotes STEAM educational initiatives & bias- free curricula Marginalizes biased or partisan interference
  28. 28. Diversity & Inclusivity Religious Pluralism STEAM Social Justice Credibility &Trust
  29. 29. 1. What does it mean to be ready? To create inclusive societies that embrace diversity and pluralism; are religiously flexible and tolerant; dedicated to social justice; and guided by the process, knowledge, technology, and wisdom of the STEAM disciplines.
  30. 30. How can we measure readiness? WoodenThermometerbygameanna
  31. 31. Inspiration Rio Iván Almár & Jill Tarter Measures intensity of social impact of putative interception of ETI signal Assigns hierarchical numerical value to anticipated level of impact Sum of 3 variables × reliability factor Produces Rio Scale Index RSI = Q × Iván Almár & Margaret Race Measures intensity of social impact of putative discovery of ET microbe Assigns hierarchical numerical value to anticipated level of impact Sum of 4 variables × reliability factor Produces London Scale Index LSI = Q × London
  32. 32.  Defines quantifiable criteria to establish impact significance  Anticipate impact of single Contact event  Compare and judge significance of multiple Contact events
  33. 33. Contact Readiness Scale Measures readiness of any given society to grasp, react, and respond to Contact event Assigns hierarchical numerical value to levels of readiness Sum of 4 variables × credibility factor  Inclusivity & Diversity  Social Justice  Religious Pluralism  Embrace of STEAM × Credibility & Trust in Governance Produces Contact Readiness Index CRI = Q× Measures extent to which any given society is ready for Contact
  34. 34.  Defines quantifiable criteria for benchmark levels of readiness  Anticipates readiness for Contact of any specific society  Compares and judges readiness of multiple societies
  35. 35. 5 4 3 2 1 Quantifiable criteria •5 levels of benchmarks •chart a society’s progress •can be tailored to specific social dynamics of each society •starting point for self-assessment
  36. 36. Here’s an example of how it works . . .
  37. 37. 5 4 3 2 1 Embraced as social & cultural values Tolerance across all categories Domestically & internationally Proscribes prejudice & discrimination Enforces through legislation, education, religion, and normative pressure Marginalizes xenophobia & ethnocentrism Mitigates aversive intolerance, prejudice & discrimination Culture of inclusion Commitment to Inclusivity & Diversity
  38. 38. 5 4 3 2 1 Commitment to Inclusivity & Diversity Increasing tolerance for diversity through force of law, education, religion, etc. Tolerance across most, but not all, categories Occasional overt institutional discrimination  Verbal/social media harassment occasional; physical violence rare Aversive discrimination still institutionalized and accepted Pockets of xenophobia & ethnocentrism
  39. 39. 5 4 3 2 1 Commitment to Inclusivity & Diversity Inconsistently tolerant and discriminatory Tolerance across some, but not many, categories Guaranteed legal protections exist, but may not be uniformly enforced Verbal and physical harassment widespread Open conflict between forces of xenophobia & ethnocentrism versus forces of tolerance and pluralism Culture of mixed messages & uncertainty
  40. 40. 5 4 3 2 1 Commitment to Inclusivity & Diversity Little institutional or cultural acceptance of diversity Tolerance across few, if any, categories Much overt institutional discrimination, reinforced through education, religion, family, etc. Violent harassment common and normative Isolated pockets of resistance to prejudice and discrimination Culture of fear and resignation
  41. 41. 5 4 3 2 1 Commitment to Inclusivity & Diversity Dogmatic or ideological prejudices & rampant overt discrimination Exclusive, zero-sum or dualist world view Tolerance across no categories Institutions mandate and reward overt discrimination Violence to point of genocide Xenophobia & ethnocentrism reinforced through legislation, family and education Culture of hatred and fear
  42. 42. 5 4 3 2 1 5 4 3 2 1 5 4 3 2 1 5 4 3 2 1 0.5 X Diversity Inclusivity Social Justice Religious Pluralism Embrace STEAM Credibility Trust 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.1
  43. 43. USA in 2014?
  44. 44. 5 4 3 2 1 5 4 3 2 1 5 4 3 2 1 5 4 3 2 1 0.5 x Diversity Inclusivity Social Justice Religious Pluralism Embrace STEAM Credibility Trust 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.1 USA 2014? + + +
  45. 45. USA in 2014? 4.2/10
  46. 46. Caveats: 1)Society ≠ Nation 2)Subjectivity Bias 3)Tentative Judgment
  47. 47. 2. How can we measure readiness? We can tentatively measure readiness on a Contact Readiness Scale which forms the basis of social self-assessment. The resulting Contact Readiness Index can be used to anticipate and compare readiness of any society or social subgroup to positively respond to Contact.
  48. 48. How do we ready ourselves? • To accept a new world view • To broaden our idea of “life” • To expand our understanding of the universe
  49. 49. Diversity & Inclusivity Religious Pluralism STEAM Social Justice Credibility &Trust
  50. 50. Formal Education Public Outreach  Authentic messaging  Realistic ET images  Managing first impressions/stereotypes  Deeper pairing with NASA  Full STEM to STEAM  Co-disciplinary courses  Astrosociology  K – adult curricula  Broaden from ETI/microbial dichotomy: mid-range life?  Diverse/targeted outreach  Context of heterogeneous beliefs (race, religion, class…)  Stress natural phenomena, not supernatural
  51. 51. Institutional Readiness  Advanced research in Contact Readiness  Formal Statement of Contact Readiness  Public debate about definition of Life Increase our comfort level in co-existing with a new paradigm Overall Goal:
  52. 52. 3. What can we do to ready ourselves? Create societies that parallel the technologically and morally advanced societies that many expect to see from ETIs that we will encounter. Encourage societies to understand both intelligent and microbial ET life as natural parts of a complex and dynamic universe.
  53. 53. Kathleen D. Toerpe Creating a Contact-Ready Earth ktoerpe@astrosociology.org stellaroutreach@gmail.com @ktoerpe
  54. 54. Sources and Photo Credits Slides 1, 54 Adapted and remixed from 13A2 Living Room – East {notes} by striatic. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.5/ http://wpb.org/screen-on-the-green/movies/e-t-the-extra-terrestrial/ Slides 2, 33, 35, 54 ET- http://wpb.org/screen-on-the-green/movies/e-t-the-extra-terrestrial/ Allen Hills Meteorite - http://science1.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/2000/ast20dec_1/ Slides 3, 35, 54 Wedding Bean by Thomas M. Toerpe. Private collection. Slides 4, 5, 30, 48, 53 Jill Tarter at 100 Year Starship by Kathleen D. Toerpe Slide 6 http://www.breitbart.com/Breitbart-Sports/2014/02/02/Super-Bowl-Controversy-America-Th http://www.popsugar.com/Coca-Cola-Super-Bowl-Ad-2014-33894267#photo-33894278
  55. 55. Sources and Photo Credits 2 Slide 7 http://publicshaming.tumblr.com/post/75447787843/speak-english-racist-revolt-as-coca-cola- Slide 9 Bill Nye - http://www.nydailynews.com/news/national/bill-nye-science-guy-debates-creation-museum-fou Ken Ham - http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2552005/Bill-Nye-Science-Guy- attempts-prove-evolution-debate-creationist.html Slide 10 Creation Museum - http://www.thebostonliberal.com/fundamentalist-mentality-36167 PEW research- Public Views about Human Evolution, December 2013, PEW Research Center, http://www.pewforum.org/files/2013/12/Evolution-12-30.pdf Slide 11 Chimney And Smoke – njaj, artist - http://www.freedigitalphotos.net/images/Pollution_g405-Chimney_And_Smoke_p80664.htm AP/Roper Poll - http://www.pollingreport.com/enviro.htm
  56. 56. Slide 13 Kiev - http://www.thetimes.co.uk/tto/news/world/europe/article3983265.ece Syria - http://www.nytimes.com/2014/01/01/world/middleeast/syria.html?_r=0 Saudi Women - http://www.ecnmag.com/articles/2012/11/saudi-arabias-new-tracking- system-women France - http://www.amnesty.org/en/news-and-updates/france-must-heed-eu-call-end- roma-discrimination-2010-09-10 Slide 15 People looking up at stars - http://dw.de/p/12ne7 Slide 19 Graduation Silhouette by iosphere http://www.freedigitalphotos.net/images/Learning_g376- Graduation_Silhouette_p154077.html Slide 21 Crowd by amelungc http://www.flickr.com/photos/amelungc/340977429/ http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.5/ Sources and Photo Credits 3
  57. 57. Slides 24 – 29, 50 Welcome Mat - http://blog.builddirect.com/wood-floors-and-use-of-mats/ Dalai Lama/Desmond Tutu - http://www.scienceandreligiontoday.com/2009/09/30/congratulations-desmond-tutu-and- the-dalai-lama/ STEAM - http://sites.duke.edu/writing101_09_s2013_sk312wp2_jfw142/ (altered by author) Social Justice - http://bonnernetwork.pbworks.com/w/page/13112111/Book %20Recommendations%3A%20Social%20Justice Slide 31 Wooden Thermometer by gameanna Slide 32 Map of Rio - http://www.v-brazil.com/tourism/rio-de-janeiro/map-rio-de-janeiro.html Map of London – http://kids.britannica.com/comptons/art-54930/London-England Slide 49 People looking up at stars - http://dw.de/p/12ne7 Slide 51 – Kathleen Toerpe delivering a radio interview on current NASA space programs to the radio stations of Door County Daily News, 2013. Sources and Photo Credits 4

×