Final Australia PPT


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Final Australia PPT

  1. 1. AustraliaAustralia By: Hana Abdalla, Alesha Francis, Sue De’Oliveira, Chelsea Panchan,By: Hana Abdalla, Alesha Francis, Sue De’Oliveira, Chelsea Panchan, and Krizzia Pradoand Krizzia Prado
  2. 2. Overview of AustraliaOverview of Australia Australia is located in theAustralia is located in the Southern HemisphereSouthern Hemisphere comprising the mainland of thecomprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the islandAustralian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerousof Tasmania and numerous smaller islands in the Indiansmaller islands in the Indian and Pacific Oceans.and Pacific Oceans.
  3. 3. Neighbouring countries include …Neighbouring countries include …
  4. 4. New ZealandNew Zealand to theto the Southeast.Southeast. New Caledonia to the Northeast
  5. 5. The population isThe population is 2222 millionmillion, with, with approximatelyapproximately 60%60% concentrated in andconcentrated in and around the mainlandaround the mainland state capitals ofstate capitals of Sydney, Melbourne,Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth andBrisbane, Perth and Adelaide.Adelaide. The nation's capitalThe nation's capital city iscity is Canberra,Canberra, in thein the Australian CapitalAustralian Capital Territory.Territory.
  6. 6. National BirdNational Bird The Emu (The Emu (Dromaius novaehollandiaeDromaius novaehollandiae), is the), is the largest bird native to Australia and the onlylargest bird native to Australia and the only extant member of the genusextant member of the genus DromaiusDromaius..
  7. 7. School attendance isSchool attendance is compulsory throughout Australia.compulsory throughout Australia. All children receive 11 years of compulsory educationAll children receive 11 years of compulsory education from the age of 6 to 16 (Year 1 to 10),[215] before theyfrom the age of 6 to 16 (Year 1 to 10),[215] before they can undertake two more years (Years 11 and 12),can undertake two more years (Years 11 and 12), contributing to an adult literacy rate that is assumed tocontributing to an adult literacy rate that is assumed to be 99%.
  8. 8. History of ChildcareHistory of Childcare SystemSystem Early Childhood Australia began as the Australian Pre-Early Childhood Australia began as the Australian Pre- School Association which was formed in 1938.School Association which was formed in 1938.
  9. 9. Early Childhood Australia is the topEarly Childhood Australia is the top assisted program in Australia that acts in theassisted program in Australia that acts in the concern of young children, families and  ECE.concern of young children, families and  ECE.
  10. 10. It was renamed the EarlyIt was renamed the Early Childhood Australia in 2003Childhood Australia in 2003
  11. 11. The Code of Ethics in Australia wasThe Code of Ethics in Australia was first developed in 1990first developed in 1990
  12. 12. Type of Childcare SystemType of Childcare System
  13. 13. Child Care ArrangementsChild Care Arrangements
  14. 14. Formal ChildcareFormal Childcare Formal Care is usedFormal Care is used in Australia in Australia  It is care that isIt is care that is away from theaway from the child's home (Eg.child's home (Eg. before and afterbefore and after school programs,school programs, long day care.long day care. occasional care andoccasional care and family daycare)family daycare)
  15. 15. Formal Care was used by 25% (787,400)Formal Care was used by 25% (787,400) children in 2002 which was an increasechildren in 2002 which was an increase from 1999 (which on 23% of childrenfrom 1999 (which on 23% of children were using Formal Child Care)were using Formal Child Care)
  16. 16. Most common used daycares were longMost common used daycares were long day care and preschool which wereday care and preschool which were attended by 10% and 8% of childrenattended by 10% and 8% of children
  17. 17. Followed byFollowed by Before & AfterBefore & After School ProgramsSchool Programs (8%) and(8%) and FamilyFamily DaycareDaycare (3%)(3%) andand OccasionalOccasional CareCare (1%)(1%)
  18. 18. Both long day care and preschool haveBoth long day care and preschool have increased steadily since 1993increased steadily since 1993
  19. 19. Informal CareInformal Care Informal care is a very commonInformal care is a very common form of child care, particularlyform of child care, particularly for very young children. It'sfor very young children. It's Non-regulated care, arrangedNon-regulated care, arranged by a child's parent/guardian,by a child's parent/guardian, either in the child's home oreither in the child's home or elsewhere.elsewhere.
  20. 20. The proportion ofThe proportion of children usingchildren using informal care in 2002informal care in 2002 (33%) has declined(33%) has declined from 38% in 1993.from 38% in 1993. Some 19% (591,600)Some 19% (591,600) were looked after bywere looked after by grandparent(s), 2%grandparent(s), 2% by siblings and 7%by siblings and 7% by other other relatives. Other (unrelated)Other (unrelated) people providedpeople provided care to 7% ofcare to 7% of children.children.
  21. 21. Use of informalUse of informal care was highestcare was highest for one year oldsfor one year olds and thenand then generallygenerally decreased as thedecreased as the age of childrenage of children increased. Overall,increased. Overall, 37% of children37% of children under five yearsunder five years used informal careused informal care compared to 30%compared to 30% of children agedof children aged 5-11 years5-11 years..
  22. 22. Type of CareType of Care
  23. 23. Underlying PhilosophyUnderlying Philosophy Each Child Care Centre has their own philosophy & mission.Each Child Care Centre has their own philosophy & mission.
  24. 24. The mission statement in Australia isThe mission statement in Australia is "Early"Early Childhood Australia will advocateChildhood Australia will advocate to ensure quality, social justice andto ensure quality, social justice and equity in all issues relating to theequity in all issues relating to the education and care of childreneducation and care of children from birth to eight years."from birth to eight years."
  25. 25. All child care centers …All child care centers … ……provide trust and reflect partnership betweenprovide trust and reflect partnership between children, their parents and staff.children, their parents and staff.
  26. 26. Each centreEach centre believe in highbelieve in high quality carequality care education for alleducation for all children!children!
  27. 27. All children and their families willAll children and their families will be treated with quality, regardlessbe treated with quality, regardless of ethnicity, gender, religion orof ethnicity, gender, religion or culture.culture.
  28. 28. Training of ChildcareTraining of Childcare WorkersWorkers Teachers values are:Teachers values are:  The rights of childrenThe rights of children  Leadership, excellence and respectLeadership, excellence and respect  Courage, honesty and opennessCourage, honesty and openness  Collaboration and diversityCollaboration and diversity  JusticeJustice  Social inclusion of children Social inclusion of children   The teachers provide postitiveThe teachers provide postitive learning environments for alllearning environments for all children. children. 
  29. 29. Role of Teachers:Role of Teachers: Teachers believe thatTeachers believe that having an having an  education  makes aeducation  makes a difference to thedifference to the lives of individualslives of individuals and toand to society. When society. When  teachers are creatingteachers are creating a learninga learning environmentenvironment for children, teachersfor children, teachers must provide themmust provide them with differentwith different interesting objects,interesting objects, and physicaland physical challenges.challenges.
  30. 30. When planning work with children the work can not beWhen planning work with children the work can not be static, meaning it must be dynamic and flexible. Childrenstatic, meaning it must be dynamic and flexible. Children should have an environment where they can learn. Theshould have an environment where they can learn. The teacher is there to provide a better understanding of theteacher is there to provide a better understanding of the children’s cues.children’s cues.
  31. 31.   Teachers provide an environmentTeachers provide an environment children can play is important because itchildren can play is important because it gives children the opportunity to begives children the opportunity to be truly engaged in exploration andtruly engaged in exploration and experimentexperiment
  32. 32. Availability, AccessibilityAvailability, Accessibility Programs likePrograms like the Child Carethe Child Care Benefit and theBenefit and the Child Care RebateChild Care Rebate provide a subsidyprovide a subsidy for child carefor child care usage for workusage for work related purposes.related purposes.
  33. 33. It is accessible toIt is accessible to everyone, buteveryone, but funding fromfunding from the governmentthe government is not accessibleis not accessible for everyone.for everyone. There areThere are daycares that aredaycares that are governmentgovernment funded, andfunded, and others are paidothers are paid for by workingfor by working parentsparents
  34. 34. As last reportedAs last reported In March 2010 there is aIn March 2010 there is a 65,780 vacancy in day cares,65,780 vacancy in day cares, up to 98% vacancies in remoteup to 98% vacancies in remote AustraliaAustralia
  35. 35. Child care costsChild care costs are high inare high in Australia.Australia. The amount ofThe amount of child care benefitchild care benefit (funding) that a family(funding) that a family receives is based onreceives is based on things such as numberthings such as number of children in childof children in child care, type of child carecare, type of child care and family.and family.
  36. 36. Funding has doubledFunding has doubled up fromup from $1.7 billion$1.7 billion 2004-05 to2004-05 to $3.7$3.7 billionbillion in 2008-09in 2008-09 Accessibility has increased in the 0-11 age group from 14% from March 06 to June 08.