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Grounding Language in Action
Kristína Rebrová
[Grounded Cognition 2012]
Kristína Rebrová [Grounded Cognition 2012] Groundi...
Motor Resonance and Language
language of action evokes motor resonance
evidence:
neural: cognitive neuropsychology
behavio...
Neural Evidence: Pulvermueler (2005)
Pulvermueler et al. (2001): hearing/reading action verbs
produces somatotopic activat...
Neural Evidence: Pulvermueler (2005)
Hauk et al. (2004): fMRI study, movement vs. passive reading
Kristína Rebrová [Ground...
Neural Evidence: Pulvermueler (2005)
Pulvermueler et al. (2005): TMS study, movement vs. passive
reading
Kristína Rebrová ...
Behavioral Evidence: Indexical Hypothesis of Meaning
meaning based on action (and aordances)
transformation of language to...
Behavioral Evidence: Action-Sentence Compatibility Eect
Glenberg and Kashak (2002): comprehending a sentence that
implies ...
Behavioral Evidence: Action-Sentence Compatibility Eect
Zwaan and Taylor (2006)
same principle as Glenberg and Kaschak
rot...
The End
Thank you for your attention
kristina.rebrova@gmail.com
Kristína Rebrová [Grounded Cognition 2012] Grounding Langu...
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Grounded Cognition: Grounding Language in Action

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lecture from Grounded Cognition course at Faculty of Mathematics, Physics, and Informatics, Comenius University in Bratislava

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Grounded Cognition: Grounding Language in Action

  1. 1. Grounding Language in Action Kristína Rebrová [Grounded Cognition 2012] Kristína Rebrová [Grounded Cognition 2012] Grounding Language in Action
  2. 2. Motor Resonance and Language language of action evokes motor resonance evidence: neural: cognitive neuropsychology behavioral: psycholinguistics (interference eects) Kristína Rebrová [Grounded Cognition 2012] Grounding Language in Action
  3. 3. Neural Evidence: Pulvermueler (2005) Pulvermueler et al. (2001): hearing/reading action verbs produces somatotopic activation in the primary motor cortex EEG study, movement vs. lexical decision task kick (leg), pick (arm), lick (face) Kristína Rebrová [Grounded Cognition 2012] Grounding Language in Action
  4. 4. Neural Evidence: Pulvermueler (2005) Hauk et al. (2004): fMRI study, movement vs. passive reading Kristína Rebrová [Grounded Cognition 2012] Grounding Language in Action
  5. 5. Neural Evidence: Pulvermueler (2005) Pulvermueler et al. (2005): TMS study, movement vs. passive reading Kristína Rebrová [Grounded Cognition 2012] Grounding Language in Action
  6. 6. Behavioral Evidence: Indexical Hypothesis of Meaning meaning based on action (and aordances) transformation of language to meaning in 3 steps: 1 words = perceptual symbols 2 perceptual symbols = aordances 3 aordances ++ syntactic construction = action: (un)doable = (mis)understood 4 grammatical form: order of simulation, how to combine aordances language is made meaningful by cognitively simulating the actions implied by sentences Kristína Rebrová [Grounded Cognition 2012] Grounding Language in Action
  7. 7. Behavioral Evidence: Action-Sentence Compatibility Eect Glenberg and Kashak (2002): comprehending a sentence that implies action in one direction interferes with real action in the opposite direction Movement from and towards the body: when incongruent with the sentence movement reaction time is longer Task: sensical and nonsensical sentences, button Y/N near and far from the body John gave you a pizza. You gave a pizza to John. Also with abstract transfer sentences (Glenberg et al., 2008) Mary told you a story. You told a story to Mary. Kristína Rebrová [Grounded Cognition 2012] Grounding Language in Action
  8. 8. Behavioral Evidence: Action-Sentence Compatibility Eect Zwaan and Taylor (2006) same principle as Glenberg and Kaschak rotation movement to both sides John increased the speakers volume. Mary opened a jar of pickles. Kristína Rebrová [Grounded Cognition 2012] Grounding Language in Action
  9. 9. The End Thank you for your attention kristina.rebrova@gmail.com Kristína Rebrová [Grounded Cognition 2012] Grounding Language in Action

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