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Introduction for New Pilot Trainers


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Introduction for new pilot trainers. Including the key skills for trainers.

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Introduction for New Pilot Trainers

  1. 1. 1 Introduction to Training
  2. 2. 2 Objectives This training is designed to adequately equip you for the challenges ahead as a trainer
  3. 3. 3 Instructor Basics Think of the best instructors you have flown with?
  4. 4. 4 Instructor Basics Think of the worst instructors you have flown with?
  5. 5. 5 Instructor Basics What sort of instructor would you like to be?
  6. 6. 6 Instructor Basics Why Did You Want To Become An Instructor?
  7. 7. 7 Instructor Basics
  8. 8. 8 The Appropriate Attitude? You are disappointed with pre flight briefings. It is just as easy to discuss in the air. You strictly follow the syllabus, regardless of student progress? You are very good at telling your students what went wrong. You see everything? Your way is the only way. You are never wrong? If your trainee comes unprepared and doesn’t know his stuff that’s his problem, not yours.
  9. 9. 9 The Role Of The Trainer
  10. 10. 10 The Role Of The Examiner The Examiner’s basic function is to ensure that before a candidate is cleared to operate, his performance is of a standard required by the Examiner’s company and the CAA.
  11. 11. 11 Trainer vs. Examiner What is the difference between a Trainer and an Examiner? • Trainer’s function is to provide a trainee with the technical knowledge and training to meet the standards required by the company and the CAA. • Examiner’s role is to ensure that the trainee can carry out the manoeuvres and drills required ‘satisfactorily and unassisted’.
  12. 12. What Is The Learning Process? • Adults need to know why 12 Purpose for Learning Concept of being Responsible • They resent and resist situations in which they feel others are imposing their wills upon them • Greater quantity and quality of experience • Group discussion and simulation exercises Emphasis on Techniques that use Experience Need for Learning • Adults are ready to learn when they see a need for learning
  13. 13. What Is The Learning Process? • More efficient learning when the context is orientated to assist dealing with tasks or problems 13 Learning in Context Motivation • Adults are effected by external motivation • Internal motivation through job satisfaction / self esteem • Facilitated when the student participates Participation Participating Actively • Adults learn substantially more by participating actively rather than passively
  14. 14. 14 What Is The Learning Process? Active participation by the learner Purpose of the content Effective teaching / learning process
  15. 15. 15 Needs Of The Trainee “I never teach my pupils, I only attempt to provide conditions in which they can learn ” Albert Einstein
  16. 16. 16 Needs Of The Trainer
  17. 17. 17 Needs of Our Customers Safety & Comfort OTP Cheapest Price
  18. 18. 18 What Are The Obstacles To Effective Training?
  19. 19. 19 What Are The Obstacles To Effective Training? Cadets Helicopter Pilots Turbo Prop Pilots Military Pilots Command
  20. 20. 20 Training In An Aircraft • Safety issues •Weather • Airfield / ATC • RT • MEL / CDL • Normal daily management PLUS Training
  21. 21. 21 Line Training – How to Instruct Teaching / Briefing Listening Skills Intervention
  22. 22. 22 Instructor Responsibilities
  23. 23. 23 The Training Cycle Knowledge-Skill-Attitude Graph Agree Changes High Knowledge - Facilitate Low Knowledge - Instruct High Skill - Practice Low Skill - Demonstrate Attitude
  24. 24. 24 Threat and Error Management – The Concept “Defensive flying for pilots”
  25. 25. 25 Threat Definition  Occurs outside the influence of the crew  Increases the operational complexity  Requires crew attention if safety margins are to be maintained
  26. 26. Can be divided into two categories: 26 Threats Environmental Flight Operational
  27. 27. 27 Environmental Threats Airport ATC Adverse Weather Environmental
  28. 28. 28 Operational Threats Aircraft Dispatch Cabin Operational Pressure Ramp Manuals / Charts
  29. 29. 29 Error Definition  Flight crew actions or inactions that:  Lead to a deviation from crew intentions or expectations  Reduce safety margins  Increase the probability of adverse operational events
  30. 30. 30 Errors Flight crew errors can be divided into three types: Procedural Aircraft Handling Communication
  31. 31. 31 Aircraft Handling Errors Automation Systems Manual Flying Flight Control
  32. 32. 32 Procedural Errors Callouts Documentation Briefings Checklist PF/PNF
  33. 33. 33 Communication Errors Cross Verification External Inter Crew