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THE HUDSON
RIVER SCHOOL




               Cari C.~Alyssa W.~Alex L.
CLEARING UP
                            MISCONCEPTIONS…



• The Hudson River school is not, in fact, a school or institution
  (Unnecessary misnomer, we know.)

• It is, in fact, artistically acceptable to keep a stash of dead hummingbirds
  in your basement. (see slides on Martin Heade)

• All landscape artists have cool names.
SO WHAT WAS THE HUDSON RIVER
                      SCHOOL?




“The Hudson River School was a mid-
19th century American art movement
  embodied by a group of landscape
 painters whose aesthetic vision was
     influenced by romanticism.”
(In other words, an informal group of creepy, but like-minded and
                     awesomely-named painters.)
Landscape In The Adirondacks, Frederic Edwin Church   A Storm In The Rocky Mountains, Albert Bierstadt




     The Hudson River School style involved carefully detailed paintings with
          romantic, almost glowing lighting, sometimes called luminism.

     The paintings for which the movement is named depict the Hudson River
       Valley and the surrounding area, including the Catskill, Adirondack, and
      the White Mountains; eventually works by the second generation of artists
             associated with the school expanded to include other locales.
SO, WHY IS THE HUDSON
                          RIVER SCHOOL
                           IMPORTANT?
 Hudson River School paintings reflect three themes of America in the 19th century:
  discovery, exploration, and settlement.


 The HRS combines elements of Romanticism and Nationalism. The first Europeans who
  came to the New World tended to view nature either as an evil, forbidding wasteland or as a
  storehouse of economically valuable resources. In either case, wilderness was something to
  be quickly civilized, brought under human control in the name of progress…
                       The HRS paintings depict the American landscape as a pastoral setting,
  where human beings and nature coexist peacefully . In general, Hudson River School artists
  believed that the American landscape was an ineffable manifestation of God, though the
  artists varied in the depth of their religious conviction. In short: The Romantics that made up
   the HRS provided an alternative framework through which to see and appreciate the natural world.


 Hudson River School artists tended to celebrate American wilderness, and they were important in
   helping Americans to come to see the aesthetic and spiritual value in landscapes that were relatively
   untouched by human hands.
SOME ARTISTS OF THE HUDSON RIVER SCHOOL



Thomas Cole, (Founder)
Frederic Edwin Church
   Asher B. Durand
    Albert Bierstadt
 Martin Johnson Heade
 John William Casilear
    Thomas Moran


                       And now, some examples of these artists…
THOMAS COLE
 February 1, 1801-
February 11, 1848
THOMAS COLE




            Thomas Cole is recognized as the
         founder of the Hudson River School.
               Cole’s landscape paintings
               emphasized the untouched
           wilderness of America and his art
         quickly became popular. He inspired
         and became the leader of a group of
          like-minded artists including Asher
         Durand, Sanford Gifford, and Jasper
          Cropsey. Together they created the
            first truly “American” art style.
WORKS BY THOMAS COLE
ALBERT BIERSTADT
January 7, 1830 - February 18, 1902
BIOGRAPHY


•Born in Solingen, Germany.

• He was only about two years old when his family
moved from Germany to New Bedford in
Massachusetts.

•In 1853 he returned to Germany to study in
Dusseldorf, where he refined his technical abilities by
painting Alpine landscapes.

•Bierstadt returned to America in 1857, and joined an
overland survey expedition which allowed him to
travel westward across the country.
Oregon Trail                          Wind River Country 1



        Bierstadt was best known for his large landscapes of the American
West, and was the foremost painter of these scenes for the remainder of the
                              19th century.
HIS LEGACY




Because of Bierstadt's interest in mountain
landscapes, Mount Bierstadt in Colorado is         In 1998, the United States Postal Service issued a
named in his honor. Another Colorado mountain      set of 20 commemorative stamps entitled "Four
was originally named Mount Rosa, after             Centuries of American Art", one of which featured
Bierstadt's wife, but it was later renamed Mount   Albert Bierstadt's The Last of the Buffalo.
Evans after Colorado governor John Evans.
MORE WORK BY BIERSTADT
MARTIN JOHNSON HEADE
     August 11, 1819 –
     September 4, 1904
EARLY LIFE


                         Heade was born and raised in a small house in
                         Lumberville, Pennsylvania, along the Delaware River.

                         Until the 1850s, his family owned     Hicks, as painted by his
                                                               cousin, Thomas
                         and ran the town’s only general
                         store, the Lumberville Store & Post
                         Office.

                         He received his first art training
                         through an artist by the name of
                         Edward Hicks, who lived in the
                         area at the time.
Heade, photographed in
his late 30’s (1840s)
HUMMINGBIRDS. EVERYWHERE.


During his later years, around
1860, Heade took a year-long
   trip to Brazil (his first of
three), where he developed an
     obsession with South
  American Hummingbirds.
    Suddenly, everything he
painted was hummingbirds…
FLOWERS AND
HUMMINGBIRDS!
NESTS AND HUMMINGBIRDS!
FIGHTING HUMMINGBIRDS!
WE WARNED YOU ABOUT THE HUMMINGBIRDS.




While Heade was certainly well-known for his hummingbird portraiture (those
details were from 23 of over 40 hummingbird paintings), he was more highly
                    regarded for his work with landscapes.
Heade painted a variety of works using the American wilderness as a subject.
 His landscapes include the coasts of Maine, the marshes of Florida, and the
                           flat plains of the West.
        Some examples follow (no more hummingbirds, we promise)…
Evening Lake
              Alto
              (Florida)




York Harbor
(Coast of
Maine)
Sudden Shower
(Newberry
Marshes)




                The Great
                Sunset
                (Florida)
WORKS CITED


"Albert Bierstadt - The complete works." Albert Bierstadt - The complete works. N.p.,
             n.d. Web. 2 Nov. 2011. <http://www.albertbierstadt.org/>.

   "Hudson River School - Paintings collection." Hudson River School - Paintings
 collection. N.p., n.d. Web. 2 Nov. 2011. <http://www.hudson-river-school.org/>.

    "Hudson River School - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia." Wikipedia, the free
                    encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 3 Nov. 2011.
             <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hudson_River_School>.

"Hudson River School, Part 1." Department of History . N.p., n.d. Web. 3 Nov. 2011.
                 <http://www.history.vt.edu/Barrow/Hist3144

   "Martin Johnson Heade." Mark Harden's Artchive. N.p., n.d. Web. 3 Nov. 2011.
               <http://www.artchive.com/artchive/H/heade.html>.


"Martin Johnson Heade - The complete works." Martin Johnson Heade - The complete
  works. N.p., n.d. Web. 3 Nov. 2011. <http://www.martin-johnson-heade.org/>.

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Hudson River School Landscape Paintings

  • 1. THE HUDSON RIVER SCHOOL Cari C.~Alyssa W.~Alex L.
  • 2. CLEARING UP MISCONCEPTIONS… • The Hudson River school is not, in fact, a school or institution (Unnecessary misnomer, we know.) • It is, in fact, artistically acceptable to keep a stash of dead hummingbirds in your basement. (see slides on Martin Heade) • All landscape artists have cool names.
  • 3. SO WHAT WAS THE HUDSON RIVER SCHOOL? “The Hudson River School was a mid- 19th century American art movement embodied by a group of landscape painters whose aesthetic vision was influenced by romanticism.” (In other words, an informal group of creepy, but like-minded and awesomely-named painters.)
  • 4. Landscape In The Adirondacks, Frederic Edwin Church A Storm In The Rocky Mountains, Albert Bierstadt The Hudson River School style involved carefully detailed paintings with romantic, almost glowing lighting, sometimes called luminism. The paintings for which the movement is named depict the Hudson River Valley and the surrounding area, including the Catskill, Adirondack, and the White Mountains; eventually works by the second generation of artists associated with the school expanded to include other locales.
  • 5. SO, WHY IS THE HUDSON RIVER SCHOOL IMPORTANT?  Hudson River School paintings reflect three themes of America in the 19th century: discovery, exploration, and settlement.  The HRS combines elements of Romanticism and Nationalism. The first Europeans who came to the New World tended to view nature either as an evil, forbidding wasteland or as a storehouse of economically valuable resources. In either case, wilderness was something to be quickly civilized, brought under human control in the name of progress… The HRS paintings depict the American landscape as a pastoral setting, where human beings and nature coexist peacefully . In general, Hudson River School artists believed that the American landscape was an ineffable manifestation of God, though the artists varied in the depth of their religious conviction. In short: The Romantics that made up the HRS provided an alternative framework through which to see and appreciate the natural world.  Hudson River School artists tended to celebrate American wilderness, and they were important in helping Americans to come to see the aesthetic and spiritual value in landscapes that were relatively untouched by human hands.
  • 6. SOME ARTISTS OF THE HUDSON RIVER SCHOOL Thomas Cole, (Founder) Frederic Edwin Church Asher B. Durand Albert Bierstadt Martin Johnson Heade John William Casilear Thomas Moran And now, some examples of these artists…
  • 7. THOMAS COLE February 1, 1801- February 11, 1848
  • 8. THOMAS COLE Thomas Cole is recognized as the founder of the Hudson River School. Cole’s landscape paintings emphasized the untouched wilderness of America and his art quickly became popular. He inspired and became the leader of a group of like-minded artists including Asher Durand, Sanford Gifford, and Jasper Cropsey. Together they created the first truly “American” art style.
  • 10. ALBERT BIERSTADT January 7, 1830 - February 18, 1902
  • 11. BIOGRAPHY •Born in Solingen, Germany. • He was only about two years old when his family moved from Germany to New Bedford in Massachusetts. •In 1853 he returned to Germany to study in Dusseldorf, where he refined his technical abilities by painting Alpine landscapes. •Bierstadt returned to America in 1857, and joined an overland survey expedition which allowed him to travel westward across the country.
  • 12. Oregon Trail Wind River Country 1 Bierstadt was best known for his large landscapes of the American West, and was the foremost painter of these scenes for the remainder of the 19th century.
  • 13. HIS LEGACY Because of Bierstadt's interest in mountain landscapes, Mount Bierstadt in Colorado is In 1998, the United States Postal Service issued a named in his honor. Another Colorado mountain set of 20 commemorative stamps entitled "Four was originally named Mount Rosa, after Centuries of American Art", one of which featured Bierstadt's wife, but it was later renamed Mount Albert Bierstadt's The Last of the Buffalo. Evans after Colorado governor John Evans.
  • 14. MORE WORK BY BIERSTADT
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  • 16. MARTIN JOHNSON HEADE August 11, 1819 – September 4, 1904
  • 17. EARLY LIFE Heade was born and raised in a small house in Lumberville, Pennsylvania, along the Delaware River. Until the 1850s, his family owned Hicks, as painted by his cousin, Thomas and ran the town’s only general store, the Lumberville Store & Post Office. He received his first art training through an artist by the name of Edward Hicks, who lived in the area at the time. Heade, photographed in his late 30’s (1840s)
  • 18. HUMMINGBIRDS. EVERYWHERE. During his later years, around 1860, Heade took a year-long trip to Brazil (his first of three), where he developed an obsession with South American Hummingbirds. Suddenly, everything he painted was hummingbirds…
  • 22. WE WARNED YOU ABOUT THE HUMMINGBIRDS. While Heade was certainly well-known for his hummingbird portraiture (those details were from 23 of over 40 hummingbird paintings), he was more highly regarded for his work with landscapes. Heade painted a variety of works using the American wilderness as a subject. His landscapes include the coasts of Maine, the marshes of Florida, and the flat plains of the West. Some examples follow (no more hummingbirds, we promise)…
  • 23. Evening Lake Alto (Florida) York Harbor (Coast of Maine)
  • 24. Sudden Shower (Newberry Marshes) The Great Sunset (Florida)
  • 25. WORKS CITED "Albert Bierstadt - The complete works." Albert Bierstadt - The complete works. N.p., n.d. Web. 2 Nov. 2011. <http://www.albertbierstadt.org/>. "Hudson River School - Paintings collection." Hudson River School - Paintings collection. N.p., n.d. Web. 2 Nov. 2011. <http://www.hudson-river-school.org/>. "Hudson River School - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 3 Nov. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hudson_River_School>. "Hudson River School, Part 1." Department of History . N.p., n.d. Web. 3 Nov. 2011. <http://www.history.vt.edu/Barrow/Hist3144 "Martin Johnson Heade." Mark Harden's Artchive. N.p., n.d. Web. 3 Nov. 2011. <http://www.artchive.com/artchive/H/heade.html>. "Martin Johnson Heade - The complete works." Martin Johnson Heade - The complete works. N.p., n.d. Web. 3 Nov. 2011. <http://www.martin-johnson-heade.org/>.