Universal Design for Learning An Educator’s Guide Kristi Carlson Walden University EDUC 6714
What is UDL? ―an approach to teaching, learning and assessment‖ (Howard, 2004, p. 26) ―flexible curricula that provide students with multiple ways of accessing content, multiple means for expressing what they learn, and multiple pathways for engaging their interest and motivation‖ (Howard, 2004, p. 26-27) UDL…―give all individuals equal opportunities to learn‖ (CAST, Inc., 2007–2011)
Inspiration for UDL The idea of ―Universal Design‖ connects to architectural design and the idea that all buildings need to be accessible to all people. (i.e. ramps, elevators, wider doorways) Universal Design for Learning is about providing alternatives so every child can learn. As teachers we must make sure we provide flexibility in the curriculum and our teaching method/style. Reauthorization of IDEA in 1997 mandates that all ―students be taught and make progress within the general education curriculum‖ (Laureate, 2009) CAST Video Overview Choose ―Watch a Video‖ Choose ―Universal Design and Universal Design for Learning‖
Universal Design for Learning .…a shift in our thinking…. More than our traditional adaptations and accommodations Every student must be provided with the opportunity to learn (Laureate, 2009) No longer just focused on the individual student, we are now focusing on the broader educational environment (Laureate, 2009) Not simply ―fixing‖ the student but ―fixing‖ how we teach and use our curriculum No longer a one-size fits all approach to teaching and learning Ask yourself--Is every student actually learning in my classroom?
UDL in Action―…each student (needs) to have access to the curriculum in a way that promotes the most learning for that individual‖ (Howard, 2004, p. 27) Providing multiple levels of text on the same content Learning about frogs—find books on frogs in multiple reading levels Digital copies of text with the read back capabilities at different speeds Develop Learning Profiles and teach to these learning styles, preferences, intelligences Make Choices available—this is more reflective of the real world
Universal DesignOutside the World of Education What implications does the idea of Universal Design have on us in the classroom?
Three Principles of UDL and Brain Research I: Multiple Means of Representation Recognition Network of the Brain II: Means of Action and Expression Strategic Network of the Brain III: Multiple Means of Engagement Affective Network of the Brain
Multiple Means of Representation presenting content and information in a variety of ways Source www.cast.org Recognition Network of the brain deals pattern recognition and the brain’s ability to process patterns (Laureate, 2009)Instructional Examples Visual/Auditory/Tactile/Kinesthetic Different Size Text/Color/Font Ability to amplify sound as needed Graphic Organizers w/pictures and text Examples Connect to other experiences
Multiple Means of Action and Expression Providing multiple ways for students to show what they know Source www.cast.org Strategic Network of the brain deals with the process, plans and actions for the plans (Laureate, 2009)Instructional Examples Providing choice—written, verbal, project-based Different software tools—mouse, keyboard, joystick Scaffolding and Activating Background Knowledge Use of wait time
Multiple Means of Engagement Stimulate interest and motivation for learning Source www.cast.org Affective network of the brain deals with emotions and sorting out what’s important and what’s not (Laureate, 2009) Instructional Examples Engaging learners Working alone, with partners, small group…providing choice Material must be relevant and interesting Use goal-setting Providing Choice and Options Rubrics and Checklists
Technology and UDL ―… powerful digital technologies applied using UDL principles enable easier and more effectivecustomization of curricula for learners. Advances in technology…have made ―on-the-fly‖ individualization of curricula possible in practical,cost-effective ways, and many of these technologies have built in supports, scaffolds, and challenges tohelp learners understand, navigate, and engage with the learning environment.‖Universal Design for Learning Guidelines CAST 2011
Technology and UDL If used correctly, technology can provide the flexibility necessary to make learning accessible to all students. Just as planning without technology much thought needs to go into planning with technology A good question to ask yourself: Does the technology allow students to do things different and do different things? If yes….then you are moving in the right direction of using technology to help you meet the goals of UDL
Examples of Technology Podcasts Edmodo Wikis Moodle Blogs Wallwisher Text-to-Speech Programs Google Docs Microsoft Word Kerpoof changing text size, color, type Thinkmap Online Graphic Organizers Bubble.us Illuminations Glogster eReaders Online Visual Thesaurus CAST eTrekker
UDL at Black Diamond Elementary Incorporating the principles of UDL will provide ALL students the opportunity to learn. Incorporating the principles of UDL will help us meet the needs of ALL of our diverse learners. Incorporating the principles of UDL will keep ALL students engaged and motivated in their learning.
CAST Online Tools and Resources Book Builder—Create and edit books so students can be reading books about a particular content at their instructional level. UDL Lesson Builder—Create and edit lessons which incorporate UDL principles. Search for other lessons already created by educators. Strategy Tutor—Planning on doing a research project with your students? Strategy tutor will provide support when students research via the internet. ―Strategy Tutor helps students read, research, collect and understand information better and more efficiently.‖ http://cst.cast.org/cst/guest/SPAGE,whatis
Additional Resources Center for Applied Special Technology CAST Lesson Builder National Center on Universal Design for Learning Technology Toolkit Wiki for UDL in the Classroom National Center for Learning Disabilities Search for UDL for related articles, commonly asked questions, other online tools
ReferencesCAST, Inc. (2007–2011). UDL curriculum self-check: Learn about Universal Design for Learning (UDL). Retrieved from http://udlselfcheck.cast.org/learn.phpCAST (2011). Universal Design for Learning Guidelines version 2.0. Wakefield, MA: Author.Howard, K. L. (2004). Universal design for learning: Meeting the needs of all students. Learning & Leading with Technology, 31(5), 26–29.Laureate Education, Inc. (Executive Producer). (2009). Reaching an engaging all learners through technology. Baltimore, MD: Author.