Our Super Solar System


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Our Super Solar System

  1. 1. Our Super Solar System By: Kristen Dyksterhouse & Deb Colbrunn
  2. 2. Table of Contents <ul><li>Sun </li></ul><ul><li>Mercury </li></ul><ul><li>Venus </li></ul><ul><li>Earth </li></ul><ul><li>Mars </li></ul><ul><li>Jupiter </li></ul><ul><li>Saturn </li></ul><ul><li>Uranus </li></ul><ul><li>Neptune </li></ul><ul><li>Pluto </li></ul><ul><li>The Earth’s Moon </li></ul><ul><li>Motion of the Moon </li></ul><ul><li>Phases of the Moon </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Phases of the Moon – Video </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Seasons- Video </li></ul><ul><li>Water Cycle – Video </li></ul><ul><li>Cross-curricular Ideas </li></ul><ul><li>Postcard from an Alien </li></ul><ul><li>Postcard Template </li></ul><ul><li>Examples </li></ul><ul><li>My Place in the Universe - Template </li></ul><ul><li>Questions </li></ul>
  3. 3. Sun
  4. 4. Mercury <ul><li>Mercury is very hot and dry </li></ul><ul><li>because it is closest to the sun. </li></ul><ul><li>Some of Mercury’s craters are bigger than the whole state of Texas! </li></ul><ul><li>The largest crater is Beethoven at 643 km in diameter and it is the largest in the solar system. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Venus <ul><li>Venus is wrapped in a layer of sulfur-filled clouds. These clouds keep the Sun’s heat from escaping, making it the hottest of all the planets. </li></ul><ul><li>The brightest of all planets, Venus, is also known as the Morning Star and the Evening Star. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Earth <ul><li>Earth is the only planet in our solar system to have animals and plants living on it. </li></ul><ul><li>Earth is the only planet that has humans (as far as we know  ). </li></ul>
  7. 7. Mars <ul><li>Mars has the nickname the Red Planet because the sand on Mars is made of red iron oxide. </li></ul><ul><li>Mars has the largest canyon in the solar system. </li></ul><ul><li>Olympus Mons, a 550 km wide volcano, is the largest volcano in the solar system and covers an area about the size of Arizona. It is 27 km high in contrast to Mt Everest on Earth at 8.85 km. </li></ul><ul><li>Scientists recently discovered water on Mars. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Jupiter <ul><li>New moons are constantly being pulled into Jupiter’s gravitational pull. There are over 60 moons. </li></ul><ul><li>Jupiter is made up almost entirely of gasses and circled by faint rings of ice and dust. </li></ul><ul><li>Powerful winds dominate the atmosphere causing hurricane-like storms. The Great Red Spot is a storm that is three times the size of the Earth and has been raging for over 300 years! </li></ul>
  9. 9. Saturn <ul><li>Saturn is famous for the beautiful rings that circle around it. They are made from ice, rock, and dirt. </li></ul><ul><li>Saturn is made of gasses that are lighter than water. Therefore, if you could put Saturn in a tub of water, it would float! </li></ul><ul><li>Saturn has 31 moons. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Uranus <ul><li>Like Jupiter and Saturn, Uranus is also a gas planet and is circled by rings. </li></ul><ul><li>The faint bluish color of the planet is because the methane gas in the atmosphere absorbs red light and reflects blue light. </li></ul><ul><li>Uranus has 16 moons. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Neptune <ul><li>Neptune has 13 moons; one of which is the largest moon to orbit around a planet backwards. </li></ul><ul><li>Neptune is the last planet in our solar system that is made of gases. It is also surrounded by chunky rings. </li></ul><ul><li>The methane gas on Neptune gives the planet its blue color because the gas absorbs red light and reflects the blue back into space. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Pluto <ul><li>Although Pluto orbits the Sun and is round, it's not a planet. That's because Pluto hasn't cleared out its orbit of material. This was the reason that the International Astronomical Union chose to demote it from planet to dwarf planet in 2006. </li></ul><ul><li>Pluto has 3 moons. </li></ul>
  13. 13. The Earth’s Moon <ul><li>Only 59% of the moon's surface is visible from earth. We always see the same side and the other side is always hidden. </li></ul><ul><li>The moon is the only extraterrestrial body that has ever been visited by humans. It is also the only body that has had samples taken from it. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Motion of the Moon <ul><li>The moon rotates at 10 miles per hour compared to the earth's rotation of 1000 miles per hour. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Phases of the Moon <ul><li>The changing shape of the bright part of the Moon that we see is called its phase. </li></ul><ul><li>The phases of the Moon depend on its position in relation to the sun and Earth. </li></ul><ul><li>As the Moon makes its way around the Earth, we see the bright parts of the Moon's surface at different angles. These are called &quot;phases&quot; of the Moon. </li></ul><ul><li>There are eight phases. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>New </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Waxing Crescent </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1 st Qtr </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Waxing Gibbous </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Full </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Waning Gibbous </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Last Qtr </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Waning Crescent </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Click Here to See the Phases of the Moon! </li></ul>
  16. 16. Seasons
  17. 17. Water Cycle - Video
  18. 18. Cross-Curricular Ideas <ul><li>Read “Postcards from Pluto” by Loreen Leedy. </li></ul><ul><li>Create an alien with construction paper and give it a name. </li></ul><ul><li>Write a postcard from your alien describing the planet that you are visiting. Be creative, but factual. </li></ul><ul><li>Fill in the chart “My Place in the Universe.” </li></ul>
  19. 19. Postcard from an Alien <ul><li>Front: </li></ul><ul><li>Design a colorful, detailed picture of the Alien’s Planet. </li></ul><ul><li>It should include FACTUAL DETAILS such as yellow gas clouds for Venus. </li></ul><ul><li>You may make it realistic or cartoon-like. </li></ul><ul><li>Back Address: </li></ul><ul><li>The alien is sending this postcard to you from his planet. </li></ul><ul><li>Write your actual address on the 3 address lines. </li></ul><ul><li>On the last 3 lines, write your planet, your Solar System, and your galaxy. </li></ul><ul><li>Stamp: </li></ul><ul><li>Create a small stamp design of either: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Your planet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A spacecraft </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A famous astronaut </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Include the name on the stamp, and the cost of the stamp. </li></ul><ul><li>Message: </li></ul><ul><li>Write the letter from the alien to you (use the alien’s voice for this letter). </li></ul><ul><li>The postcard is supposed to tell you about coming to visit on his planet. The alien should talk about interesting places to visit, places to see, and things to do. </li></ul><ul><li>Be creative! </li></ul><ul><li>(If you are from Mercury, an activity could be playing hide and seek in the craters. On Mars, you can ski at the Ice Cap.) </li></ul><ul><li>(Activity from Patti Sevakis - former co-teacher) </li></ul>
  20. 20. Message To:_____________________ Message From:___________________ _______________________________ _______________________________ _______________________________ _______________________________ _______________________________ _______________________________ _______________________________ _______________________________ _______________________________ _______________________________ _______________________________ _______________________________ _______________________________ _______________________________ _______________________________ _______________________________ _______________________________ Address: (your address) _____________________________ _____________________________ _____________________________ ________________(your planet) ________________(solar system) ________________(galaxy)
  21. 21. Examples
  22. 22. My Place in the Universe Galaxy ____________ Planet ____________ Hemisphere _____________ Continent ____________ Country ____________ State _____________ County ____________ City ____________ Home Address ____________________ ____________________ ____________________
  23. 23. Questions <ul><li>What planet has the most moons? </li></ul><ul><li>Why isn’t Pluto a planet anymore? </li></ul><ul><li>Which planets could potentially support life and why do you think so? </li></ul><ul><li>Which phase of the moon are we in right now? </li></ul><ul><li>What does the water cycle need to work? </li></ul>
  24. 25. Phases of the Moon - Video Back to Table of Contents Back to Phases of Moon Slide