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Place, Housing & Opportunity: Fair Housing for
Supporting Thriving Families and Communities
KEYNOTE ADDRESS - 2015 FAIR HO...
Why Fair Housing Matters
SUPPORTING THRIVING FAMILIES & COMMUNITIES
Housing matters, place matters….
The Significance of Housing to
Child Development
 Housing stressed families
spent 30% less on food, 50%
less on clothing,...
Place/Community Matters.
(Places of Toxic Stress)
“Point to a group of toddlers in a low-income neighborhood, and — especi...
The Role of Chronic Stress & ACE’s
(Adverse Childhood Experiences)
Toxic Stress:
Areas of Youth
Gun Violence
YOUTH VICTIMS OF
GUN VIOLENCE IN
COLUMBUS, 2012 (BY
RACE)
Thriving Neighborhoods = Thriving Children
Struggling neighborhoods = Struggling Children
Opportunity structures are vital...
Scope of the Challenge
SUPPORTING THRIVING FAMILIES & COMMUNITIES
Continued Challenges:
Disinvestment & Unhealthy Neighborhoods
Continued Challenges: Exclusion
Washtenaw Co. FHEA Data
Overall Opportunity (quintiles)
Very High [71.3 - 93.4]
High [62.7 - 71.3]
Moderate [54.2 - 62.6]
...
School Quality & Assisted
Housing in SE Michigan
Continued Challenges:
Dimensions of Affordability
Who isn’t served by the housing market?
Population at125% of the poverty...
Continued Challenges:
The Ghost of History
Baltimore: Passes First Racial Zoning Ordinance
in 1910/1911
(Used Public Health Language as Justification)
 "Blacks shou...
Opportunity
SUPPORTING THRIVING FAMILIES & COMMUNITIES
A New Family Portrait – Population Change by Race.
Source: Figure from the PolicyLink Equity Atlas
Recognition of the
Challenge and the Stakes
Quote from “Housing Affordability and Economic Equity –
Analysis,Washtenaw Cou...
Investing in Places & Assuring Housing
Choice in Areas of Opportunity
Where Do We Go
From Here?
 Raising awareness of the critical
need for fair housing to support an
economically vibrant com...
Innovation: Housing as a Health
Intervention
 Public health stakeholders are looking toward housing as a critical “social...
Place, Housing & Opportunity: Fair Housing for Supporting Thriving Families and Communities
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Place, Housing & Opportunity: Fair Housing for Supporting Thriving Families and Communities

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Keynote address for the Fair Housing Center of Southeastern Michigan's 2nd Annual Fair Housing Breakfast Event on March 25, 2015, in Ann Arbor MI. Slideshare of the presentation given by Jason Reece, Director of Research for the Kirwan Institute for the Study of Race & Ethnicity. www.fhcmichigan.org

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Place, Housing & Opportunity: Fair Housing for Supporting Thriving Families and Communities

  1. 1. Place, Housing & Opportunity: Fair Housing for Supporting Thriving Families and Communities KEYNOTE ADDRESS - 2015 FAIR HOUSING BREAKFAST FAIR HOUSING CENTER OF SOUTHEASTERNMICHIGAN ANN ARBOR, MI – MARCH 25TH 2015 JASON REECE DIRECTOR OF RESEARCH, THE KIRWAN INSTITUTE FOR THE STUDY OF RACE & ETHNICITY LECTURER, CITY & REGIONAL PLANNING PROGRAM, KNOWLTON SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE THE OHIO STATE UNIVERSITY
  2. 2. Why Fair Housing Matters SUPPORTING THRIVING FAMILIES & COMMUNITIES
  3. 3. Housing matters, place matters….
  4. 4. The Significance of Housing to Child Development  Housing stressed families spent 30% less on food, 50% less on clothing, and 70% less on health care (Joint Center for Housing Studies)  Children are particularly vulnerable to housing instability, impacting health and educational outcomes (stress, toxin/environmental exposure, classroom/school instability)  Housing instability can potentially undermine child development initiatives and interventions
  5. 5. Place/Community Matters. (Places of Toxic Stress) “Point to a group of toddlers in a low-income neighborhood, and — especially if they’re boys — they’re much more likely to end up dropping out of school, struggling in dead-end jobs and having trouble with the law. Something is profoundly wrong when we can point to 2-year-olds in this country and make a plausible bet about their long-term outcomes — not based on their brains and capabilities, but on their ZIP codes.” - Nick Kristof, “For Obama’s Second Term, Mr. President Start Here”. New York Times. January 23, 2012
  6. 6. The Role of Chronic Stress & ACE’s (Adverse Childhood Experiences)
  7. 7. Toxic Stress: Areas of Youth Gun Violence YOUTH VICTIMS OF GUN VIOLENCE IN COLUMBUS, 2012 (BY RACE)
  8. 8. Thriving Neighborhoods = Thriving Children Struggling neighborhoods = Struggling Children Opportunity structures are vital to combating the impact of poverty,creating strong neighborhoods and an environment in which children can become successful adults. Neighborhood conditions and childhood development are intricately intertwined
  9. 9. Scope of the Challenge SUPPORTING THRIVING FAMILIES & COMMUNITIES
  10. 10. Continued Challenges: Disinvestment & Unhealthy Neighborhoods
  11. 11. Continued Challenges: Exclusion
  12. 12. Washtenaw Co. FHEA Data Overall Opportunity (quintiles) Very High [71.3 - 93.4] High [62.7 - 71.3] Moderate [54.2 - 62.6] Low [45.1 - 54.1] Very Low [16.3 - 45.0] HUD’s FHEA Opportunity Index: Relative to Washtenaw County, Michigan Block Groups The Geography of Opportunity
  13. 13. School Quality & Assisted Housing in SE Michigan
  14. 14. Continued Challenges: Dimensions of Affordability Who isn’t served by the housing market? Population at125% of the poverty in the U.S. Nearly 1 in 3 children 1 out of 3 African Americans, Latinos and Native Americans 1 in 3 disabled 1 in 4 immigrants
  15. 15. Continued Challenges: The Ghost of History
  16. 16. Baltimore: Passes First Racial Zoning Ordinance in 1910/1911 (Used Public Health Language as Justification)  "Blacks should be quarantinedin isolated slums in order to reduce the incidents of civil disturbance, to prevent the spread of communicable disease into the nearby White neighborhoods, and to protect property values among the White majority."  Baltimore Mayor Bary Mahool, 1910
  17. 17. Opportunity SUPPORTING THRIVING FAMILIES & COMMUNITIES
  18. 18. A New Family Portrait – Population Change by Race. Source: Figure from the PolicyLink Equity Atlas
  19. 19. Recognition of the Challenge and the Stakes Quote from “Housing Affordability and Economic Equity – Analysis,Washtenaw County, MI” Office of Community and Economic DevelopmentWashtenaw County
  20. 20. Investing in Places & Assuring Housing Choice in Areas of Opportunity
  21. 21. Where Do We Go From Here?  Raising awareness of the critical need for fair housing to support an economically vibrant community  Identifying more resources to support fair housing  Building community will to work together (leveraging resources and supportivepartnerships) to support fair housing  Supporting a policy framework which assures access to opportunity for all
  22. 22. Innovation: Housing as a Health Intervention  Public health stakeholders are looking toward housing as a critical “social determinant” linked to health problems  We can anticipate more projects involving health practitioners and stakeholders to support housing as a health intervention Housing rehabilitation as part of the Nationwide Childrens Hospital Healthy Neighborhoods, Healthy Families Program

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